• Title, Summary, Keyword: Hatching

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Embryonic Growth, Hatching Time and Hatchability Performance of Meat Breeder Eggs Incubated under Continuous Green Light

  • Shafey, T.M.;Al-mohsen, T.H.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.15 no.12
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    • pp.1702-1707
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    • 2002
  • The effects of dark-control (D) and continuous green light (GL) exposure of incubated meat-type breeder eggs (Hybro) on embryonic growth from 5 to 15 days of age, hatching time, hatchability per cent and chick hatching weight were investigated in three consecutive experiments at 33, 38, and 41 weeks of age. A total of 798 eggs were used in this study. Eggs were set in an incubator on trays either in the D or under two tubes of 20-watt green fluorescent light during the first 18 days of incubation. Eggs from both treatments were transferred to the dark hatching compartment at 19 days of incubation. The light intensity was in the range of 1,340 to 1,730 lux at the surface of the eggs. GL incubation of eggs significantly (p<0.01) increased weight (expressed as an absolute value) and daily weight gain of embryos at 11 and continued to 15 days of age, hatchability per cent by 4.8%, reduced dead embryos per cent and chick weight at hatch by 37 and 2%, respectively and accelerated hatching time by about 24 h when compared with the D-control incubation. Chicks hatched at 504 h of incubation had significantly (p<0.01) higher body weight, expressed as an absolute value or as a percentage of egg weight, than those hatched earlier at 456 h of incubation. It was concluded that the GL incubation of meat breeder eggs reduced incubation period and chick weight at hatch and increased embryonic growth and hatchability per cent.

Effects of incubation temperature on the embryonic viability and hatching time in Russian sturgeon (Acipenser gueldenstaedtii)

  • Kim, Eun Jeong;Park, Chulhong;Nam, Yoon Kwon
    • Fisheries and aquatic sciences
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    • v.21 no.9
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    • pp.23.1-23.8
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    • 2018
  • Background: Russian sturgeon (Acipenser gueldenstaedtii) is an emerging candidate species in the Korean aquaculture domain owing to its highly valued caviar. Although the embryonic development of this species was previously described, the complete image data on the morphological differentiation of developing embryos have not been yet fully available. Further, with the viewpoint of larval production in hatchery, the effects of temperature on embryonic viability and the temporal window of hatching event have not been extensively studied. Hence, the objective of this study was to provide a complete set of photographic image data on the embryogenesis and also to examine the effects of incubation temperatures on embryonic viability and hatching event in farm-bred Russian sturgeon. Results: Typical characteristics of embryonic development including uneven, holoblastic cleavages with unequal blastomeres, followed by the formation of germ layer, neurulation, and organogenesis until hatching, were documented. Under different temperature conditions (12, 16, or $20^{\circ}C$), viability of embryos incubated at $12^{\circ}C$ was significantly lower as relative to those of 16 and $20^{\circ}C$ incubated embryos. Hatchability of embryos was higher, and the timing of hatching event was more synchronized at $20^{\circ}C$ than at 12 and $16^{\circ}C$. Conclusion: Data from this study suggest that the incubation of Russian sturgeon embryos at $20^{\circ}C$ would be desirable in the hatchery practice with respect to the good hatchability of embryos and the synchronization of hatching events. Additionally, the updated image data for complete embryonic development could be a useful reference guide for not only developmental researches but also artificial propagation of Russian sturgeon in farms.

Effect of Epidermal Growth Factor (EGF) and anti-EGF on Early Embryonic Development in Mice (Epidermal Growth Factor (EGF)와 anti-EGF가 생쥐배아의 발생에 미치는 영향)

  • 변혜경;이호준
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.61-69
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    • 1997
  • The present study was carried out to investigate the effects of EGF and anti-EGF on early embryonic development and hatching in mice. Developmental and hatching rates of mouse em-bryos from 2-cell to morular stage which were cultured in Ham's FlO medium supplemented with EGF (1-1,000 ng/ml) or anti-EGF (whole serum diluted from 1:10 to 1:1,000) were compared to those of control When mouse early 2-cell embryos were cultured in the EGF supplemented medium, blastulation was accelerated compared with control. Hatching rate was also significantly (p

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Incubation Time Required for Hatching, and Ecological Characteristics of the Mode of Life Related with Total Numbers of the Suckers on Each Short Arm of the Hatched Juvenile Larvae of Octopus ocellatus (Cephallopoda: Octopodidae), in Western Korea

  • Kim, Sung Han;Jun, Je-Cheon
    • The Korean Journal of Malacology
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.133-139
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    • 2016
  • The incubation time required for hatching of O. ocellatus were investigated through the processes of egg and embryonic developments by the dissecting microscopic and visual observations. And differences in ecological characteristics of the plankton mode of life or the benthic mode of life according to total numbers of the suckers on each short arm of the hatched juvenile larvae of O. ocellatus were studied by comparisons with other octopodidae species. Compared with the recent a few results reported by other researchers associated with the incubation time required for hatching by female adult mother of O. minor (73-90 days after spawning at $20.9-21.5^{\circ}C$ ranges), in this study, the incubation time required for hatching by female adult mother of O. ocellatus was 56-57 days after spawning at $11.0-20.4^{\circ}C$. Therefore, the incubation time required for hatching by female adult mother varied with Octopodidae species. In this studies, each ovarian egg laid by a female was connected to an egg string attaching to the surface of the wall or bottom of vacunt shell of Rapana venosa. Egg and embryonic developments of this species were studied in the indoor aquaria, in the specific gravity ranging 1.024-1.025. the hatched juvenile of O. ocellatus is 10.3 mm in the mean total length and 4.5 mm in mantle length, and each of its short arms has 18-20 suckers. The just hatched juvenile larvae of O. ocellatus enter the benthic mode of life (benthic larval stage) after hatching. In particular, regarding differences in ecological characteristics of the mode of life according to total numbers of the suckers, O. vulgaris may not need to have many suckers because they enter the planktonic mode of life after hatching, however O. ocellatus may need to have many suckers, because they should adapt to the benthic mode of life. And also the just hatched juvenile larvae of O. minor (bearing many suckers more than O. ocellatus) enter the benthic mode of life (benthic larval stage) after hatching. Therefore, the total number of the suckers on each short arm of the hatched juvenile larvae can be used for determining whether an octopus species has planktonic larval stages or benthic larval stage (benthic mode of life). In particular, The intracohort cannibalism phenomena appeared at the hatched juvenile larval stage because the larval stage of O. ocellatus and O. minor enter into the benthic larval stage in the early stage, unlike entering into the plaktonic larval stage in other Octopus species such as O. vulgaris: at this time, the early hatched larvae fed the late hatched larvae (they are the same species and almost same ages). Therefore, the intracohort cannibalism pheneomena occur in the just hatched juvenile stage of only O. ocellatus and O. minor.

Biochemical Overripeness Characterization of Artificially Maturated Japanese Eel Anguilla japonica Egg (인위적으로 성숙시킨 뱀장어 Anguilla japonica 성숙란의 생화학적 과숙 특징)

  • Kwon, O-Nam;Adachi, Shinji
    • Journal of Aquaculture
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.176-180
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    • 2008
  • This study clarified biochemical overripeness characterization of ovulated eggs of Anguilla japonica and suggested a method maintained overripeness after ovulation for high hatching rates. In maturated Japanese eel eggs, the relationships between fertilization rate and hatching rate, and fertilization and survival rates were measured. DNA contents showed the significantly low 0.653 pg/ug protein in 20% downward hatching rate trial with decrease of hatching rate(P<0.05), whereas RNA/DNA ratio showed the significantly high 1.058 in 20% downward hatching rate trial(P<0.05). And activities of total alkaline protease and ACPase according to the hatching rate groups did not show the significant difference(P>0.05). The protein contents were assayed the significantly high 186.16 ug/mg protein in 20% downward hatching rate trial(P<0.05). However, the overripened eggs had lowed hatching rate, because of stimulate the overripening of normal maturated eggs due to the continuous supplement of protein (vitellogenin). We suggested that need to reduce supplement speed or interception of vitellogenin produced in live for prevent overripeness of maturated eggs after ovulation

Sexual Differentiation in Korean Stumpy Bullhead Pseudobagrus brevicorpus Derived from Artificial Fertilization (꼬치동자개 Pseudobagrus brevicorpus 인공종묘의 성분화 과정)

  • Oh, Min-Ki;Park, Jong-Young;Kang, Eon-Jong;Yang, Sang-Geun;Kim, Eung-Oh;Jo, Yong-Cheol
    • Korean Journal of Ichthyology
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.255-262
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    • 2008
  • The endemic Korean stumpy bullhead Pseudobagrus brevicorpus is a first-grade endangered wild fish as designated by the Ministry of Environment of Korea. As part of its restoration and proliferation effort, a histological study of this fish was carried out to investigate sex differentiation and gonadal development based on F1 generation individuals obtained by artificial breeding. On days 4~5 after hatching, a pair of genital ridges including clusters of primordial germ cells was observed between the gut and the mesonephric duct. On days 20 after hatching, the ovary began to initially differentiate and contained early oocytes with chromatin-nucleolus and peri-nucleolus stages on days 30~40 after hatching. As yolk material accumulated after day 80 from hatching, the oocytes grew increasingly large and were surrounded by a distinct follicular layer. On days 306 after hatching, the oocytes grew toward a mature ovum. In the males, the testis was distinguished by emergence of spermatogonium cells on 25 days after hatching, and day 40 after hatching it contained a small number of seminal lobes forming cysts. From 173 days after hatching, the testis consisted of numerous enlarged seminal lobes including spermatocytes and spermatids. Over 14 months after hatching, some seminal lumens were filled with spermatozoa.

Improvement of Occasional Artificial Hatching and Incubation Method in Diapause Egg of the Wild Silkmoth, Antheraea yamamai (천잠알의 수시부화 및 최청법 개선)

  • Yoon, Hyung-Joo;Kang, Pil-Don;Lee, Sang-Mong;Kim, Sam-Eun;Kim, Ki-Young
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.46 no.2
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    • pp.295-302
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    • 2007
  • We investigated starvation of hatching larvae, occasional artificial hatching and incubation method to establish year-round rearing of the wild silkmoth, Antheraea yamamai. In the test of starvation of hatching larvae for brushing at a time, the survival rate of the fourth instar of larvae starved for 1 day after hatching in $25^{\circ}C\;and\;5^{\circ}C$ was 83.3% and 96.0%, respectively. The result represents that the survival rate is high at low temperature during starvation. In the occasional artificial hatching test for multi-times rearing of A. yamamai, the useful hatchability is high at $5^{\circ}C$ in case of preserving eggs for 2 months from incubation time, and at both $2.5^{\circ}C\;and\;0^{\circ}C$ in case of over 6 months. A new incubation method with pre-incubation at $15^{\circ}C$ and 24 D photoperiod showed high hatchability about 80% for only 2 days compared with hatching for 5-6 days in traditional incubation method with the preservation at $25^{\circ}C$.

Effects of Prostaglandins on In Vitro Development of Bovine Embryos (소 체외 수정란의 체외 발육에 미치는 Prostaglandins의 영향)

  • Shin, S.O.;Park, S.B.;Park, C.K.
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.27-32
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    • 2007
  • This study was conducted to examine the effects of prostaglandin $F_2{\alpha}(PGF_2{\alpha})$ and prostaglandin $E_2 (PGE_2)$ on the expansion and hatching of bovine embryos. During the in vitro culture, embryos were cultured with the following groups: (1) 0, 1, 10 and 100ng/ml $PGF_2{\alpha}$ (2) 0, 1, 10 and 100 ng/ml $PGF_2{\alpha}$, (3) low concentration of $PGF_2{\alpha}$ ; low concentration of $PGF_2{\alpha}$, (1ng/ml : 1ng/ml), (4) low concentration of $PGF_2{\alpha}$ : high concentration of $PGF_2{\alpha}$ (1ng/ml : 10ng/ml) (5) high concentration of $PGF_2{\alpha}$ : low concentration of $PGE_2$ (10ng/ml 1ng/ml) (6) high concentration of $PGF_2{\alpha}$ : high concentration of $PGE_2$(10 ng/ml : 10ng/ml). In the results of this study, treatment of $PGF_2{\alpha}$ or $PGE_2$ did not affect in vitro development to blastocysts. However, the hatching rates of embryos cultured with 10ng/ml $PGE_2$(10.3%) and 1ng/ml $PGF_2{\alpha}$ 10ng/ml $PGE_2$(22.2%) were significantly (P<0.05) higher than in control (4.3% and 12.7%) and other treatment groups. All groups treated with high concentrations of $PGF_2{\alpha}$ showed decreased hatching rates. Thus, this results suggested that $PGF_2{\alpha}\;and\;PGE_2$ were concerned with the hatching in bovine embryos, and their effects on hatching were different by the concentrations.

The Life - History of Radix auricularia coreana under Different Laboratory Condition (사육조건에 따른 물달팽이 ( Radix auricularia coreana ) 의 실험실 생태조사)

  • 조신형;이정길
    • The Korean Journal of Malacology
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.47-51
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    • 1996
  • Radix auricularia coreana, the intermediate host of Fasciola gigantica, is the most common pulmonate snail in Korea, This species is often found intermingled with Austropeplea ollula, the intermediate host of F. hepatica, in their natural habitats. In the present study. the life history of Radix auricularia coreana was examined under three different laboratory conditions. Egg-masses were taken from the field-collected adult R. auricularia coreana and incubated in the temperature ramges of 22-26$^{\circ}C$. The hatching began after 11 days from spawned eggs, and complete hatching took about 12 days. The hatching rate was about 88%. The juvenile snails were cultured at three different laboratory conditions. When the juvenile snails were cultured in the aquarium fed on lettuce leaves at 22-26$^{\circ}C$, the snails reached 20 mm in shell length at 86 days after hatching. The bottom of each aquarium was filled up with washed sand(1.5 cm) and decomposing ark shells were put on the sand. The aquarium was then filled with four litres of distilled water and continuously aerated. Most of snails (93%) survived until the experimenta period. The dggs are laid in 40 days after hatching; the averge number of eggs per egg-mass was 40.8.

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Spawning Characteristics and Artificial Hatching of Female Mottled Skate, Beringraja pulchra in the West Coast of Korea

  • Kang, Hee-Woong;Jo, Yeong-Rok;Kang, Duk-Yong;Jeong, Gyeong-Suk;Jo, Hyun-Su
    • Development and Reproduction
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.247-255
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    • 2013
  • The gonadsomatic index (GSI) of mottled skate was the highest in April, GSI and HSI showed a reverse phase for its reproductive cycle. The fish had one pair of egg capsules, having 1 to 7 fertilized eggs, and spawned all the year round. When surveying the reproductive characteristics of females over 63 cm in disc width, we found the spawning peak was between April to June, and the appearance ratio of egg capsules was the highest in May (32.1%). The eggs were hatched at $8^{\circ}C$, $13^{\circ}C$, $18^{\circ}C$, water temperature (12.8 to $24.2^{\circ}C$), and the best hatching temperature was $18^{\circ}C$. The number of fish hatched was 4 to 5 fish/egg capsules, and the hatching rate was 100%. The sex ratios of hatching larvae were 45.5% female and 54.5% male. Therefore this study will provide fundamental data and information for artificial reproduction of the mottled skate.