• Title, Summary, Keyword: Hatching

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Effects of EGF and PAF on the Hatching and Implantation of Peri-implantation Stage Embryos

  • Cheon, Yong-Pil
    • Development and Reproduction
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.27-34
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    • 2010
  • A fertilized oocyte can get the competence for implantation through cleavage and stage-specific gene expression. These are under the control of autonomous and exogenous regulators including physiological culture condition. Endogenous and exogenous growth factors are considered as critical regulators of cleaving embryos during travel the oviduct and uterus. In this study, an effort was made to evaluate comprehensively the quality of embryos for implantation, grown in media enriched with EGF and PAF. The study evaluated developmental rates on given time, blastulation and hatching rates, and adhesion rates. Developmental rates of blastocyst to the hatching stage were significantly high in PAF treated group compared to the control in a dose-dependent manner but not in EGF group. Implantation rates were significantly high both PAF and EGF in a dose-dependent manner. H7, a PKC inhibitor, blocked the process of hatching of the blastocysts but combined treatment of EGF and PAF enhanced the hatching and implantation of blastocsyts. Based on these results it is suggested that EGF and PAF support acquirement of implantation competence at blastocyst stage through a PKC pathway.

Automatic Estimation of Artemia Hatching Rate Using an Object Discrimination Method

  • Kim, Sung;Cho, Hong-Yeon
    • Ocean and Polar Research
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.239-247
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    • 2013
  • Digital image processing is a process to analyze a large volume of information on digital images. In this study, Artemia hatching rate was measured by automatically classifying and counting cysts and larvae based on color imaging data from cyst hatching experiments using an image processing technique. The Artemia hatching rate estimation consists of a series of processes; a step to convert the scanned image data to a binary image data, a process to detect objects and to extract their shape information in the converted image data, an analysis step to choose an optimal discriminant function, and a step to recognize and classify the objects using the function. The function to classify Artemia cysts and larvae is optimally estimated based on the classification performance using the areas and the plan-form factors of the detected objects. The hatching rate using the image data obtained under the different experimental conditions was estimated in the range of 34-48%. It was shown that the maximum difference is about 19.7% and the average root-mean squared difference is about 10.9% as the difference between the results using an automatic counting (this study) and a manual counting were compared. This technique can be applied to biological specimen analysis using similar imaging information.

Some Aspects of Laying, Incubation and Hatching in the Great Reed-Warbler

  • Yoo, Jeong-Chil;Choi, Yu-Seong
    • The Korean Journal of Ecology
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.241-245
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    • 2002
  • During the breeding season of 1998, breeding ecology of the Great Reed-Warbler (Acrocephalus arundinaceus orientalis) was studied at Yangsoo-ri and Yongdam-ri of the Yangpyung-gun, Kyunggi province, Korea. Egg-weight (CV: 6.25) was more variable than either length or breadth, and breadth was the least variable of the measures. Significant variations in overall egg-weight occurred between clutches, and that more of the total variation in egg-weight and shape are due to inter-clutch variation as to intra-clutch variation when the data were pooled. The last egg tends to be larger than the remaining eggs in the clutch of the Great Reed-Warbler, suggesting the Great Reed-Warbler may adopt the brood-survival strategy. When method 3 was used, the most common incubation period is 12 days. In the Great Reed-Warbler, the length of the incubation period was related to clutch-size when method 1 (r=0.485, p<0.05) and method 2 (r=0.621, p<0.01) were employed, but not related to egg weight. The averagee number of days of hatching asynchrony was 2.5, raging 0.5~2.5. Asynchronous hatching was related to the clutch size (r=0.66, p<0.01). Hatching sequence was closely related to the laying sequence (r=0.93, p<0.001), suggesting Great Reed-Warblers incubate their eggs before clutch completion. The effect of egg weight on hatching asynchrony was found in Great Reed-Warblers (t-test, p<0.01).

The Relationship between Vegetation Cover and Hatching Success, and Chicks' Survival in Black-Tailed Gulls on Hongdo Island

  • Lee, Who-Seung;Kwon, Young-Soo;Yoo, Jeong-Chil
    • Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.35-39
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    • 2006
  • During the breeding seasons in 2002 and 2003, the influences of vegetation cover on breeding processes of Black-tailed Gulls (Laurs crassirostris) were studied on Hongdo Island. We checked dutch sizes, calculated hatching success and survival rates on day 15 and a vegetation cover, There was significant positive relationship between vegetation cover and hatching success, and survival on day 15. In order to analyze the relationship, sample nests were categorized as 'exposed' and 'covered' nests, and the breeding processes at each nest were compared. Hatching success and survival on day 15 in covered nests were significantly higher than ones in exposed nests. However, in clutch size, there was no significant difference. The rate of the hatching and survival failure was different amongst the categorized nests. The primary cause of hatching failure in covered and exposed nests was 'disappeared', and the primary causes of survival failure on day 15 were 'disappeared' and 'killed by adults'. The failure in exposed nests was significantly larger than that of covered nests. In the breeding of Black-tailed Gulls on Hongdo Island, vegetation cover influenced the survival of eggs and chicks as the cover provided shelter against predators and extreme weather.

Effects of 3,5,3'-triiodo-L-thyronine (T3) Immersion on Development of Fertilized Egg and Newly Hatching Larva of Black Seabream, Acanthopagrus schlegeli (감성돔, Acanthopagrus schlegeli 수정란과 부화자어의 발달에 미치는 3,5,3'-triiodo-L-thyronine (T3)의 침지처리 효과)

  • 강덕영
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.34-41
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    • 2003
  • The hatching of fertilized egg and early development of larval black seabream, Acanthopngrus schlegeli by immersion of 3,5,3'-triiodo-L-thyronine ($T_3$) with doses of 0.01~0.5 ppm in tank were examined for early development periods and compared with control fish immersed by 0.1 N NaOH and 99% alcohol. Larvae were fed with rotifers for first 5 days during experimental period. Yolk absorption of larvae from $T_3$ immersion groups were significantly faster than that of control. Although hatching times among each groups were not significant difference. the hatching rates of larvae in higher doses (0.1 ppm and 0.5 ppm $T_3$ groups) were significantly lower than control. The results of $T_3$ immersion experiments to newly hatching larvae indicated that exogenous $T_3$induced significant faster the absorption of yolk and oil globule, faster the development of myotome and digestive duct and higher the growth rate of larvae than larvae of control. These results indicate that $T_3$ immersion supplements appear to confer a distinct advantage to eggs and larvae of black seabream, which is in early fragile developmental stage.

Investigation on the Survival and Hatching Rate of Fertilized Eggs in Olive Flounder Paralichthys olivaceus During Commercial Transport Conditions (넙치(Paralichthys Olivaceus) 수정란 수송조건에 따른 생존율 및 부화율 조사)

  • Suh, Jong-pyo;Yoon, Young-seock;Kim, Sung-hyun;Lee, Woo-jai;Lee, Chi-Hoon;Lee, Young-Don
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.53 no.4
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    • pp.486-491
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    • 2020
  • This study was investigated the survival and hatching rate of fertilized eggs in olive flounder Paralichthys olivaceus at water temperature, salinity, duration of transport and different stock densities during commercial transport. The observed optimal temperature during transport was 17.5℃ similar to the natural environmental conditions. The proper salinity was observed to be at 33 psu (practical salinity unit) in both surviving and hatching rate. In terms of the duration of transport, there were no differences until 12 hours between survival and hatching rate, but shorter time of transport would be better. With the best conditions during transport, 20,000 eggs/L were handled in both survival and hatching rate. These results can be essential in the production and transport of healthy olive flounder seeds.

Use of Non-Contact Type Diode Laser on Assisted Hatching of Mouse Embryos (생쥐 수정란의 보조부화술에 있어서 Non-Contact Type인 Diode Laser의 이용)

  • Kim, D.H.;Lee, M.S.;Kang, H.G.;Han, S.W.;Kim, M.K.;Park, W.I.;Lee, H.T.;Chung, K.S.;Lee, H.J.
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.185-192
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    • 1999
  • The present study was performed to investigate the efficacy and safety of laser assisted hatching (AH) on mouse embryos. Non-contact $1.48{\mu}m$ diode laser system used to create a precise hole on zona pellucida. 2-cell embryos were collected from the mice (ICR) that had the coitus vaginal plug confirmed at 48 hours after hCG injection. Collected 2-cell embryos were cultured in the HTF medium supplemented with 0.4% BSA. For experiments, embryos at 8-cell stage were used after 18-22 hours in culture. After assisted hatching, the embryos were further cultured in HTF medium containing 0.1% PVP (anti-hatching system) for 3 days. For evaluate efficiency of laser on mouse embryo hatching, the effect of AH methods (acidic tyrode, pronase and laser), the number of artificial holes (1, 2 and 3 hole) and the irradiation time of laser (2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 ms) were examined. Hatching rates of laser AH group (95.2%) was significantly higher than that of control group (50.8%), but there was no differences among the laser (95.2%), acidic tyrode (100%) and pronase (98.5%) groups. Hatching rates of the number of zona pellucida opening by laser, there were no differences among the 1 hole (87.5%),2 hole (92.1%) and 3 hole (85.9%) groups. Developmental and hatching rates of embryos according to laser irradiation time were similar in the treatment groups. Therefore, these results suggest that laser AH using non-contact $1.48{\mu}m$ diode laser is a simple and accurate and effective procedure for AH. Based on these results, laser AH could be use safely for human ART program.

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Spawning Periodicity and Behavior of Amphiprion melanopus and Development of Mass Hatching System for Clownfishes (Cinnamon Clownfish Amphiprion melanopus의 산란 주기, 산란 행동 및 Clownfish류의 부화장치 개발)

  • Noh, Gyeong-Eon;Rho, Sum;Shin, Sang-Ok;Chang, Young-Jin
    • Development and Reproduction
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.133-141
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    • 2011
  • The marine ornamental industry has become a multi-billion dollar industry these days. As developing, however, this industry has been criticized for the indiscriminate captures and the destruction of the surrounding environment. To circumvent these problems, it is suggested to breed the organisms artificially. While clownfishes Amphiprion sp. and Premnas sp. are the most famous ornamental organisms in the trade, few studies are yet available on the culture and commercial production of these fishes. These studies were performed to investigate the spawning periodicity, behavior and the habits during egg incubation, and to provide the information on the mass hatching system. The spawning periodicity and frequency were different in 4 pairs under the constant condition, temperature, salinity and photoperiod. On the contrary, the male's behaviors for egg incubation are almost same in the all. The egg-fanning activity of the male increased as the developing eggs reaching to the hatching day. Based on the above results, we designed a new artificial hatching system, the rotating type (RT), and compared it with the aeration type (AT) and spray type (ST) that were previously described. RT showed higher hatching rate of 87.3% than AT (74.4%) and ST (60.5%). Also, there were no significant differences in the hatching rate regardless of the number (2, 3, 5) of hatching plates. We suggest RT may accommodate various number of hatching plates and constitute a better hatching system for clownfishes.

Toxic Effects of Heavy Metal (Pb, Cr, As) on the Hatching Rates of Fertilized Eggs in the Olive Flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) (중금속(Pb, Cr, As)이 넙치(Paralichthys olivaceus) 수정란 부화율에 미치는 독성 영향)

  • Park, Jong-Soo;Park, Seung-Yoon;Hwang, Un-Ki
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Biology
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.238-244
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    • 2012
  • Toxic effects of heavy metal (Pb, Cr, As) were examined by the hatching rates of fertilized eggs in the oliver flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus. Eggs were exposed to Pb, Cr, As (0, 10, 100, 500, 1,000, 2,500, 5,000 ppb) and then normal hatching rates were investigated after 48 h. The normal hatching rates in the control condition (not including heavy metal) were greater than 80%, but suddenly decreased with increasing of heavy metal concentrations. Pb, Cr and As reduced the normal hatching rates in concentration-dependent way and a significant reduction occurred at concentration grater than 100, 100, 500 ppb, respectively. The ranking of heavy metal toxicity was Cr>As>Pb, with $EC_{50}$ values of 415, 518 and 1,029 ppb, respectively. The no-observed-effect-concentration (NOEC) and lowest-observed-effect-concentration (LOEC) show each 100 bbp and 500 ppb of normal hatching rates in exposed to Pb and As. The NOEC and LOEC of normal hatching rates in Cr were 10 ppb and 100 ppb, respectively. From these results, the normal hatching rates of P. olivaceus have toxic effect at greater than the 100 ppb concentrations in Pb, As and the 10 ppb concentrations in Cr in natural ecosystems. These results suggest that biological assay using the normal hatching rates of P. olivaceus are very useful test method for the toxicity assessment of a toxic substance as heavy metal in marine ecosystems.

Acute Toxicity of TBT Influencing on the Production of Coastal Olive Flounder (연안 어중의 넙치 생산성에 영향을 미치는 TBT의 급성 독성)

  • 탁건태;김중균
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.333-340
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    • 1999
  • The toxic effect of TBTO on Chlorella and Rotifer was observed. The value of 48hr-LC50 for Chlorella (3.3$\mu\textrm{g}$/L) estimated to be almost 500 times as high as that for Rotifer (6.7ng/L). A fertilized egg of olive flounder exposed in an embryo-formation stage was mostly influenced by TBTO toxicity when the fertilized egg at each stage until hatching was exposed to TBTO at the concentrations of 5 to 200ng/L. The values of LT50 were estimated to be 68.0, 41.0, 21.0, 13.0, 7.7 and 4.7 hours at 5, 10, 25, 50, 100 and 200ng/L of TBTO, respectively when the fertilized egg in a morula stage was exposed to TBTO, and the 48hr-LC50 was 8 ng/L. In case of TBTO treatment in an embryo-formation stage, the values of LT50 were 33.0, 12.5, 3.5, 1.3, 0.5 and 0.2 hours at 5, 10, 25, 50, 100 and 200ng/L of TBTO, respectively, and the value of 48hr-LC50 was 4ng/L. The values of LT50 were estimated to be 17.0, 11.0, 6.2, 4.0, 2.6 and 1.7 hours at 5, 10, 25, 50, 100 and 200ng/L of TBTO, respectively when the fertilized egg in a stage just before hatching was exposed to TBTO, and the 48hr-LC50 was below 1ng/L. The percentages of hatching were 46.2, 20.6, 21.9, 20.6 and 13.2% at 25, 50, 100, 250 and 500ng/L of TBTO, respectively when the fertilized egg in the stage just before hatching was exposed to TBTO and the measurement was done at second day after the completion of hatching. However no survival after the completion of hatching was found in all cases. With the treatment of 1, 5 and 10ng/L of TBTO, the percentages of hatching were 80.5, 70.0 and 44.1%, respectively. The percentages of survival until second day after the completion of hatching were 80.0, 63.3 and 9.1%, respectively. The percentages of hatching and survivability after the completion of hatching for the control were 84.5 and 82.5%, respectively.

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