• Title, Summary, Keyword: Hatching

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Natural hatching-induced and management for Pacific herring Clupea pallasii eggs attached to the gill net (그물에 부착한 청어 (Clupea pallasii) 어란의 자연 부화유도 및 관리방안)

  • JI, Hwan-Sung;LEE, Dong Woo;CHOI, Jung Hwa;CHOI, Kwang Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.51 no.3
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    • pp.370-374
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    • 2015
  • Pacific herring Clupea pallasii eggs were attached to the gill net in Korean coastal waters off Busan. To conservation and management the eggs attached to the gill net, we followed the natural hatching in coastal waters from five days after fertilization to the hatching finished, where the temperature was $9^{\circ}C$. The diameter of fertilized eggs was 1.24-1.55 mm (n= 50), and had a segmented pale yellow yolk, no oil globule. Natural hatching had started by 10 days after fertilization. Mass hatching occurred around 11-12 days after fertilization, most of eggs separated from the gill net. Therefore, when the Pacific herring eggs attached in gill net, should be natural hatching-induced in coastal waters during 12-14 days.

Effect of Making a Hole in Zona Pellucida by Laser on Hatching of Frozen-thawed ICR Mouse Embryos (레이저를 통한 투명대내의 천공이 동결융해 ICR 마우스 수정란의 부화에 미치는 영향)

  • Yong, Hwan-Yul
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.1-4
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    • 2008
  • This study was performed to investigate the effect of laser-assisted hole in the zona pellucida (ZP) of frozen-thawed ICR mouse embryos on the process of hatching that is critical for expanded blastocysts to implant into endometrium, Vitrification medium, composed of ethylene glycol and sucrose supplemented with 7.5% (w/v) PVP, was used to freeze $2{\sim}4$ cell stage embryos recovered from oviducts of superovulated and mated female mice before storing them in $LN_2$. Right after thawing them, a laser beam was shot to make a hole in ZP followed by culturing in KSOM for $96{\sim}120\;hr$ and examining development to blastocyst and hatching every 12 hr. Laser-treated embryos showed significantly higher hatching rate compared to control (92.9% vs. 22.1%, p<0.05). From around Day 4, blastocysts developed from laser-treated embryos started hatching while the blastocysts of control group failed to hatch showing a lot of shrinkage. This study shows that a laser-assisted hole in ZP improves the hatching rate of blastocysts developed from frozen-thawed, in vitro cultured ICR mouse embryos.

Effects of Adulterants in HCl on Artificial Hatching in the Silkworm Eggs (염산의 협잡물이 잠종의 인공부화에 미치는 영향)

  • 김윤식;김락상
    • Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.35-39
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    • 1975
  • The acid treatment hatching method has been used practically for about 60 years and a number of investigators have studied about the artificial hatching for silkworm e99s, but the basic theory about the acid treatment hatching is not clarified yet. It is no exaggeration to say that the accidents of non hatching is continued ceaselessly in the silkworm egg by hydrochloric acid treatment. It is believed that the accident is due to the adulterants in HCl lather than inattention of acid treatment. Therefore, the authors mixed hydrochloric acid (analytical grade) with or added it to chemical ingredients which are possible to be included in the process of hydrochloric acid production, and treated it to summer and fall silkworm egg. The metalic adulterants such as iron, mercury, lead and arsenic are appeared not to be worried, but damage of SO$_3$ and free chlorine is seemed to lie considerable. Therefore, before acid treatment for hatching hydrochloric acid was warmed to 50$^{\circ}C$ with shaking to evaporate several injurious gases, by whick the damage due to use of hydrochloric acid for acid treatment hatching is prevented considerably. In conclusion, it is recommended to pretest bioassay with every HCl samples before artificial hatching of silkworm egg.

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Effect of Temperature, Salinity and Preservation Method on Hatching Rate of Resting Egg of Korean Rotifer, Brachionus plicatilis (S-type) (수온, 염분 및 보관방법에 따른 한국산 Rotifer, Brachionus plicatilis (S-type) 내구란의 부화율)

  • Park, Heum-Gi;Hur, Sung-Bum
    • Journal of Aquaculture
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.339-344
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    • 1996
  • The effect of temperature ($24\~36^{\circ}C$ and salinities ($5\~30$ ppt) on hatching rate of the resting egg of the Korean rotifer, Brachionus plicatilis was investigated. The highest hatching rate of the resting egg was $85.7\%$ at $28^{\circ}C$ and 15 ppt. The hatching rates of the resting eggs with salinities were not significant at $326{\circ}C$ and $36^{\circ}C$. Hatching was faster at higher temperature. The resting eggs stored at $5^{\circ}C$ in dark hatched simultaneously within two days, however, those at $28^{\circ}C$ in dark hatched intermittently within 14 days. But, final hatching rate of the resting egg at $28^{\circ}C$ was higher at $28^{\circ}C$ than that at $5^{\circ}C$. With regard to drying temperature and time of resting egg, the resting egg dried at $30^{\circ}C$ for 1 hour showed the highest hatching rate ($46.4\%$).

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Hatching Rate of Pacific Cod (Gadus macrocephalus) in a Large Volume Hatching Rate of Pacific Cod (Gadus macrocephalus) in a Large Volume of the Hatching Jar (대용량 부화기를 이용한 대구 Gadus macrocephalus 수정란부화율)

  • Gwak, Woo-Seok;Han, Dong-Hoon;Lee, So-Gwang
    • Korean Journal of Ichthyology
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.195-200
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    • 2010
  • A large volume of hatching jar was tested whether it is an effective to hatch fertilized eggs of Pacific cod. The volume of hatching jar did not show any significant differences in survival of the fertilized eggs; 48.3% for the jar of 15 L and 50.4% for that of 42 L. Survival rate of the fertilized eggs in a large volume of hatching jar ranged from 40.0 to 71.2%, which was higher than those of conventional small circular tank. A higher survival could be achieved even though stocking density of fertilized eggs was as high as 5,000 mL/jar. Consequently, the tested hatching jar allowed for incubation of a greater number of eggs with higher survival rate in a much smaller space. In addition, it reduces costs and manpower, and requires a relatively small amount of water per individual unit (6,700 mL/min), and provides a way to incubate multiple rearing groups in a quarantine environment.

Effects of Prostaglandins on Embryonic Expansion and Hatching by Developmental Stage in Mouse (발생단계에 따라 Prostaglandins가 생쥐배아의 팽창과 부화에 미치는 영향)

  • 전용필;김정훈;윤용달;김문규
    • Development and Reproduction
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.179-187
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    • 1998
  • The effects of prostaglandins in hatching and implantation have been studied but the results were various, and those are not well known by the embryonic stage. The present study examined the effects of prostaglandin $E_2$(PG $E_2$) and prostaglandin $F_2$$_{\alpha}$ (PG $F_2$$_{\alpha}$) on the expansion and hatching of mouse embryos by embryonic stage. Also we tried to measure the concentration of prostaglandins of morula, expanded, and hatching embryos. In early morula stage embryos, high concentration of PG $E_2$(>100$\mu$M) showed cytotoxicity but PG $F_2$$_{\alpha}$ did not. The hatching was inhibited all groups but not gave negative effects on expansion. In 84 hr and 96 hr stage embryos, the hatching rate was decreased at all treatment groups but not inhibited the expansion. When combine prostaglandin with indomethacin, the hatching rate was increased significantly compared to the prostaglandin-treated groups, and as lower and lower the PG $E_2$ concentration, the hatching rate increased to the control level. The embryonic synthesis of PG $E_2$ increased dramatically but that of PG $F_2$$_{\alpha}$ increased gradually. PG $E_2$ showed cytotoxicity at early stage embryos much than late stage embryos, but PG $F_2$$_{\alpha}$ did not. Hatching was inhibited by the high PG $F_2$$_{\alpha}$ concentration. It is suggested that the inhibition of hatching might be at resulted from cytotoxicity of PG $E_2$ on embryo. However, it is thought that the mechanisms of inhibition of hatching are different between PG $E_2$ and PG $F_2$$_{\alpha}$. In conclusion, it can be suggested that PG $E_2$ and PG $F_2$$_{\alpha}$ concerned with the expansion and hatching, and their effects on hatching were different by the embryonic stage.$/ concerned with the expansion and hatching, and their effects on hatching were different by the embryonic stage.

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Studies on the ability of hatching to the artificial hatching silkworm eggs which restoraged for 20 days (5$^{\circ}C$) after treatment. (냉장침산잠종의 재냉장이 잠난 부화에 미치는 영향)

  • 김윤식
    • Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
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    • no.11
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    • pp.55-57
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    • 1970
  • There are many reports concerning to the restoring times, and the range of times are very wide. Author restored the artificial hatching silkworm eggs 1 ice pit (5$^{\circ}C$) two different method; one restored in directly after protected following different times 24 hours, 48 hours and 72 hours of room temperature (24$^{\circ}C$), another protected above suggested times and room temperature then indirectly keeping medium temperature (1$0^{\circ}C$)6 hours. It was incubated in $25^{\circ}C$ temperature after about 20 days of restoring. Pure line and hybrid silk warm eggs are no difference hatching ratio in 72 hours blocks by restoring. Especially good hatching ratio obtained by the medium temperature treatment rather than directly restoring.

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Hatching Rate and Larval Viability of Cultured Marine Fish Exposed to Water-soluble Fraction of Kuwait Crude Oil during Egg Development (난발생중 원유의 수용성 성분에 노출된 해산 양식어류 수정란의 부화율 및 자어의 생존능력)

  • 이갑현;장영진;강덕영
    • Journal of Aquaculture
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.115-122
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    • 1999
  • Exposure experiments during the egg development were conducted to assess the influences of 5 different concentrations (0, 25, 50, 75 and 100%) of water-soluble fraction (WSF) of Kuwait crude oil on the eggs and larvae of black seabream (Acanthopagrus schlegeli), red seabream (Pagrus major) and olive flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus). All experiments were triplicated. Hatching time and hatching rate were examined on the eggs. The median lethal time ($LT_{50}$), morphological abnormality and swimming activity (swimming frequency and speed) of larvae were also investigated. The time and rate of egg hatching were not significantly influenced by WSF on the eggs of the fishes. The larvae exposed to WSF during the egg development were also not significantly influenced on the $LT_{50}$ and swimming activity. But the higher morphological abnormalities of notochord were observed from the larvae in 100% WSF exposure.

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Sex Differentiation of the Gonad in Red Sea Bream, Pagrus major with Cultured Condition (양식산, 참돔 Pagrus major의 생식소 성분화)

  • 김형배
    • Journal of Aquaculture
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.529-546
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    • 1998
  • Gonadal part that developed by indifferentiation period for 6 months after hatching is made as gonad and fat body. These gonad are thin semi-transparant and undistinguished germ cell. Germinal epithelium is distinguished by development of gonad epithelial tissue from 7 months after hatching. Sex differentiation is begun by oogonia develoment at 8 months after hatching. Primary oocytes grow over germinal epithelium of gonadal cavity, at 9 months after hatching, gonadal cavity become ovarian cavity as they increasing. As soon as oocytes at 13 months after hatching are filled with the whole part of gonad, degeneration of oocyte is begun. And then, gonad has cavity tissue, a small number of oocyte are located in gonadal cavity. At 15 months after hatching, new primary oocyte develop and cavity of ovarian tissue in the central of ovarian cavity. Spermatogonia multiplicate and cavity tissue consist of testicular tissue. These gonad become hermaphrodite and then ditermine the sex of female and male. These results show the red sea bream is juvenile hermaphrodite and undif-ferentiated gonochoristic teleost. Male and female differentiation type of gonad is divided in undifferentiation stage, oogonia-like stage, ovary-like stage, ovary development stage, hermaphroditic testis stage, hermaphroditic ovary stage, and testis development stage. Undifferentiation stage is continued total lenth 18cm at 13 months after hatching. ovary-like stage is continued total length 11~18cm at 13 months after hatching. Ovary-like stage is continued total length 14~26cm at 10~14 months after hatching. Ovary development stage begins from total length 20cm, 14 months after hatching. At 20 months after hatching, 44 percent of total sampled individuals had ovary. Hermaphroditic ovary stage first begins total length 19~20 cm at 15 months after hatching, but it is not observed total length 28~29cm at 20months after hatching. Hermaphroditic testis stage first begins total length 21~22cm at 20months after hatching and is continued for 20months. Testis development stage first begins total length 20~21cm at 20 months after hatching, and is occupied 33 percent total length 28~29cm at 20 months. The beginning of sex differentiation more than 50 percent is from total length 16cm at 11 months after hatching. Sex determination begins total length 20cm, 14months after hatching in female and total length 20cm, 15 months after hatching in male. Sex determination more than 50 percent begins total length 23cm,, 17 months after hatching. Undifferentiated gonadal part of red sea bream consist gonad and fat body. As differentiation is going on and gonad is growing, fat body shrinks. This appearence is showed the same tendency in 3-year old red sea bream. 1.9mm larvae after hatching grow about 19mm larvae for 47 days. The relationship between the total length and body weight of larvae and juveniles in $BW=4.45{\times}10^{-6}TL^{3.4718}$ r=0.9820. Fishes in cage culture grow to maximum total length 28.4cm. The relationship between the total length and body weight of these fishes is $BW=2.36{\times}10^{-2}TL^{2.9180}$, r=0.9971. Undifferentiated gonadal part of red sea bream consist gonad and fat body. As differentiation is going on and gonad is growing, fat body shrinks.

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Some Aspects of Laying, Incubation and Hatching in the Great Reed-Warbler

  • Yoo, Jeong-Chil;Park, Yu-Seong
    • 한국생태학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.107-111
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    • 2002
  • During the breeding season of 1998, breeding ecology of the Great Reed-Warbler (Acrocephalus arundinaceus orientalis) was studied at Yangsoo-ri and Yongdam-ri of the Yangpyung-gun, Kyunggi province, Korea. Egg-weight (CV: 6.25) was more variable than either length or breadth, and breadth was the least variable of the measures. Significant variations In overall egg-weight occurred between clutches, and that more of the total variation in egg-weight and shape are due to inter-clutch variation as to intra-clutch variation when the data were pooled. The last egg tends to be larger than the remaining eggs in the clutch of the Great Reed-Warbler, suggest- ing the Great Reed-Warbler may adopt the brood-survival strategy. When method 3 was used, the most common incubation period is 12 days. In the Great Reed-Warbler, the length of the incubation period was related to clutch-size when method 1 (r=0.485, p<0.05) and method 2 (r=0.621, p<0.01) were employed, but not related to egg weight. The average number of days of hatching asynchrony was 2.5, raging 0.5∼2.5. Asynchronous hatching was related to the clutch size (r=0.66, p<0.01). Hatching sequence was closely related to the laying sequence (r=0.93, p<0.001), suggesting Great Reed-Warblers incubate their eggs before clutch completion. The effect of egg weight on hatching asynchrony was found in Great Reed-Warblers (t-test, p<0.01).

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