• 제목/요약/키워드: Happiness

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Happiness Leisure Experiences in Consumption

  • RODRIGUES, Paula;SOUSA, Ana;VELOSO, Monica
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.377-388
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    • 2022
  • The Personal sense of uniqueness (PSU) is positively associated with subjective well-being and has been recently shown its correlation with happiness, influencing consumer's experience behavior. However, the effects of hedonic and eudaimonic experience on conspicuous and inconspicuous (consumer's need for status and inner fulfillment) are unknown. The purpose of this research is to address a gap existing in the literature by testing the effects of PSU on hedonic and eudaimonic leisure experiences and how happiness leisure experiences effects conspicuous and inconspicuous consumption. The relationships hypothesized in the model are tested using partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) and bootstrapping procedure. Data was gathered using a self-administrated survey, answered by 200 consumers based on consumers' leisure experiences. The findings of this study suggest that (i) PSU positively and significantly influence hedonic and eudaimonic happiness; (ii) the effect of PSU on eudaimonic happiness is higher than in hedonic happiness; (iii) eudaimonic happiness positively and significantly influence conspicuous and inconspicuous consumption; and (iv) hedonic happiness negatively and significantly influence conspicuous and inconspicuous consumption. This study helps fill a gap in the literature by introducing and testing the effect of hedonic and eudaimonic leisure experiences and the relationship between these constructs and PSU and (in) conspicuous consumption.

The Effect of Physical Self-concept on Sportswear Dependence and Psychological Happiness (신체적 자기개념이 스포츠웨어 의존성 및 심리적 행복감에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Hyunsook
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.42 no.6
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    • pp.1039-1055
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    • 2018
  • This study investigates the effect of physical self-concept and sportswear dependence on psychological happiness for women over 20 years of age who participate in life sports. Survey questionnaires were developed and implemented to collect data. Three hundred and thirty nine responses were analyzed to test the structural equation model using SPSS 21.0 and Amos 21. The results were as follows. First, physical selfconcept had a significant positive effect on psychological happiness and sportswear dependence mediated the relationship between them. Second, sports competence had a significant effect on psychological happiness and sportswear dependence respectively. Third, appearance satisfaction did not significantly affect psychological happiness and had a significant positive effect on sportswear dependence. Fourth, physical strength satisfaction did not affect psychological happiness and sportswear dependence. Fifth, health condition had a significant positive effect on psychological happiness and negatively influenced sportswear dependency. In conclusion, physical self-concept and sportswear dependence plays an important role in psychological happiness that requires a differentiated marketing strategy in the sportswear market.

Development and Evaluation of the Effect of a Happiness Self-Coaching Program for New Graduate Nurses Working in Cancer Care Unit (암병동 신규간호사를 위한 행복 셀프코칭 프로그램 개발 및 효과)

  • Ryu, Eui Jeong;Jeon, Mi Yang
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.161-169
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to examine the effect of a Happiness Self-Coaching program for new graduate nurses working in cancer care units. Methods: A quasi-experimental pretest-posttest, nonequivalent control-group design was applied to conduct the study. Study participants were new graduate nurses employed within 12 months and working as shift employees at G university hospital, located in J city. A total of 21 new graduate nurses participated in the study, 10 in the experimental group, and 11 in the control group. The happiness self-coaching program was conducted weekly for 70 minutes from February 1 to June 6, 2016 for 6 weeks. The experimental group received the Happiness Self-Coaching program through lectures, presentation, group activities, and strength card play. Data were analyzed by using repeated measure ANOVA and paired t-test. Results: The experimental group demonstrated significantly higher happiness (F=6.82, p=.003) and self-efficacy (F=3.38 p=.045) levels compared to the control group. Conclusion: The Happiness Self-Coaching program was effective in enhancing new graduate nurses' happiness and self efficacy. It is recommended that nursing organizations to apply the Happiness Self -Coaching program to facilitate adaption of new graduate nurses in cancer care units.

Factors Influencing the Happiness of Late School-aged Children: A Focus on Family Strength and Self-control

  • Jin, Bo Kyoung;Ahn, Hye Young
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.245-254
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to obtain research-based evidence on the relationships among general characteristics, family strength, self-control, and happiness among late school-aged children using a correlational research design. Methods: The participants were 172 fifth- and sixth-grade students from two public elementary schools. Data were collected by employing structured questionnaires, including the Korean Family Strengths Scale for Strengthening Family II, a self-control scale, and a happiness scale. Data analysis was conducted using SPSS version 23.0. Results: The level of happiness of late school-aged students showed significant correlations with family strength (r=.78, p<.001), and self-control (r=.59, p<.001). Family strength had a significant positive correlation with self-control (r=.55, p<.001). The factors with a significant impact on participants' happiness were family strength (${\beta}=.63$, p<.001), self-control (${\beta}=.21$, p<.001), exercise frequency, and self-perceived health. The total explanatory power of the model was 69%, and the explanatory power of family strength for the level of happiness was 61%, showing that the family strength was the most important factor that promoted happiness in late school-aged students. Conclusion: These findings imply that improving family strength is an important aspect of promoting happiness among late school-aged children. Interventions to strengthen late school-aged children's self-control are also necessary.

Factors related to Happiness of Male and Female Individuals in One-Person Households: Using the 2017 Community Health Survey (1인 가구 남성과 여성의 행복감 관련 요인: 2017년 지역사회건강조사 자료 활용)

  • Kim, Kyung Sook
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.109-124
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the happiness level of one-person households according to gender in Korea and identify factors influencing householders' happiness. Methods: This was a descriptive correlational study design using the 2017 Community Health Survey data. The participants were 8,724 male and 16,810 female individuals in one-person households. Complex samples descriptive statistics, cross analysis, general linear model, and multi-order regression were conducted to identify the health status, health behavior, and factors influencing happiness. Results: The mean score of happiness was higher in female than male individuals. The main factors of happiness of male householders were suicide thought experience, subjective health level, and experience of having necessary medical services. The main factors of happiness of female householders were suicide thought experience, household income, depression experience. Conclusion: It is necessary to develop and implement nursing interventions and policies according to priorities for the happiness of one-person householders.

The Development of Happiness Index for Korean (한국인의 행복지수 공식 개발)

  • Kim, Myoung-So;Han, Young-Seok
    • Survey Research
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.1-38
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    • 2006
  • This study was conducted to develop a happiness index for Korean. 16 factors of happiness derived from both exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis based on a nationwide sample of 1503 Korean adults were reclassified into 3 components of Alderfer's need theory. The LISREL was used to measure the weight of each happiness factor. The results showed that happiness index was functioned by a formula(Happiness=2.5*existence+2.5*relationship+5*growth). Applying this formula, the average happiness score for Korean was 57.71. It was also demonstrated that the degree of happiness differed according to individual's gender, region, and income. Men was happier than women, while there was no significant difference among ages. As far as the region concerned, those who live in Seoul and Daejeon were happier than the others. People who earn over 2,500,000 won per month were happier than the others in terms of economic status. Finally, the result of the discriminant function analysis revealed that individual or psychological growth factor was more important than existence and relationship factors. Based on these significant research findings, practical implications and future research directions were discussed.

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The Research on the Gifted Children's Happiness (영재들은 행복한가?: 영재, 잠재적 영재, 일반학생의 행복관련 정서적 특성 비교)

  • Han, Ki-Soon;Kim, Young-Mi
    • Journal of Gifted/Talented Education
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.519-542
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of the present study was to examine the emotional characteristics related to gifted children's happiness, such as happiness index, optimism, psychological wellbeing, and school education happiness. For the study, 201 gifted students who were currently enrolled in gifted education centers, 124 potentially gifted students who were nominated by teachers for their scientific interests and high performances, and 141 general middle school students participated in the study. The results indicated that both the gifted and the potentially gifted students showed significantly higher emotional characteristics related to happiness compared to the general students. There was no significant difference between the gifted and the potentially gifted in the diverse aspects of happiness. Interestingly, significant interaction between gender and giftedness was found. Girls were happier when they were identified as the gifted, compared to the boys. Variables related to the happiness were also investigated, and the results indicated that the peer relationship and the family happiness were the most important variables that explained gifted children's happiness in general.

Influence of Interpersonal Stress and Attitude toward Help on Happiness in Elementary School Students (초등학생의 대인관계 스트레스와 도움추구태도가 행복에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Min-Jung;Jeong, Goo-Churl
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.492-503
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of elementary school students' interpersonal stress and attitudes toward help on happiness. The subjects were 171 elementary school students. Data were analyzed using ANOVA, Pearson's correlation analysis, and hierarchical regression analysis. The results of the study are as follows. First, there was a significant negative correlation between interpersonal stress and happiness. Attitudes toward help had a significant positive correlation with happiness. Second, parents and peer relationship stress had significant negative influence on happiness. Third, help seeking attitude toward parents and teacher among the sub-factors of help seeking attitude had a significant positive influence on happiness. Fourth, the relationship between parental stress and happiness showed a significant mediating effect on parents and teacher attitude toward help. The relationship between teacher stress and happiness showed a significant mediating effect on teacher attitude toward help. The relationship between peer relationship stress and happiness had no mediating effect of attitude toward help. Based on these results, we discussed the importance of attitude toward help in the relationship between stress and elementary school students' happiness.

Effects of students' satisfaction with school meal programs on school happiness in South Korea

  • Kwon, Sooyoun;Kim, Oksun;Lee, Youngmi
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.342-347
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    • 2018
  • BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: School meals are not just meals consumed at school, they are part of the culture, education, and life experience at school. Nevertheless, few studies have revealed the influence of school meals on students' school lives. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of satisfaction with the school meal program on students' school happiness. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A survey conducted in December 2015 asked 2,336 students (1,062 elementary school students, 880 middle school students, and 394 high school students) about their satisfaction with the school meal program and their school happiness. Multiple regression analyses were used to examine the relation between the students' school meal satisfaction and their happiness level. RESULTS: The average level of satisfaction with school meals of elementary school students was 4.1 out of 5 points, comparatively higher than that of middle and high school students, with a significant difference between school levels (P < 0.001). In addition, school happiness, as well as overall happiness, of elementary school students was higher than that of middle and high school students (P < 0.001). The school meal operation factor (0.232, P < 0.001) had the most influence on students' school happiness, followed by the school meal environment factor (0.219, P < 0.001) and school meal quality factor (0.136, P < 0.001). Overall satisfaction (0.097, P = 0.001) and school meal hygiene factor (0.095, P = 0.001) also had significant influences on students' school happiness. CONCLUSIONS: Students' satisfaction with the school meal program was related to their school happiness. Therefore, plans to enhance students' satisfaction with a school meal program needs to be implemented, with emphasis on placing a priority on school meal operation and school environment factors, in order to improve students' level of happiness.

The Effects of well-being-oriented activities on the Happiness of University Students Attended Physical Education (교양체육 수업에 참여한 대학생의 웰빙지향행동이 행복감에 미치는 영향)

  • Seo, Soo-Jin
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.10
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    • pp.537-544
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to identify the impact of well-being-oriented activities of university students in liberal arts and physical education classes on happiness. First, among well-being-oriented activities, females are more likely to have eco-friendly behavior, well-being-oriented, hobby-orientation and exercise orientation, and males are more likely to be better at purchasing well-being products and mental health. Happiness was found to be higher in boys than in outer happiness, self-controlled happiness, and inner happiness. By grade, there was no difference between men and women in well-being activities, and the happiness showed that the second and third grades were higher than the first grade, while the second and third grade were higher in inner happiness. The happiness level showed that the number of students who attended three sessions showed higher level of happiness. Second, among the well-being activities of students in liberal physical education classes, external happiness shows in hobby-orientation, mental health and exercise orientation. Self-regulating shows in well-being meal, hobby orientation, mental health. Inner happiness shows in well-being meal, hobby orientation, mental orientation and exercise orientation.