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A Study on the physicochemical Properties and Palatability of Hanwoo Beef Loin in $1^+$ Grade (한우 $1^+$ 등급육의 이화학적 특성과 기호성에 관한 연구)

  • 문윤희;김미숙;김대진;양종범;강세주
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.1288-1292
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    • 1999
  • The physicochemical properties and palatability of Hanwoo(cow, steer, and bull) beef loin(1+ carcass grade) were studied. pH(5.56~5.69), moisture content(67.6~69.0%), crude protein content(17.8~18.7%), and crude fat content(11.9~13.8%) of Hanwoo beef loin did not show significant difference between the types of Hanwoo. L(44.5~46.9), a(19.9~20.6), and b(10.3~11.6) color parameters, water holding capacity (69.4~70.5%), volatile basic nitrogen content(9.86~11.28mg%), thiobarbituric acid value(0.148~0.158 mg malonaldehyde/kg), and cooking loss(26.3~27.9%) of beef loin did not show significant difference between the types of Hanwoo either. Hardness, myofibrillar fragmentation index(MFI), and chewiness of beef loin were 6.1~6.9 dyne/cm2, 50.3~54.9, and 39.5~ 52.0g, respectively. No differences were found in hardness and MFI between the types of Hanwoo, while chewiness of cow was much lower than that of steer and bull(p<0.05). Cow was the best in palatability.

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Current situation and future prospects for beef production in South Korea - A review

  • Chung, Ki Yong;Lee, Seung Hwan;Cho, Soo Hyun;Kwon, Eung Gi;Lee, Jun Heon
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.31 no.7
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    • pp.951-960
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    • 2018
  • Hanwoo cattle are an important food source in Korea and their supply can have a major impact on meat availability for Korean consumers. The Hanwoo population was 1.8 million head in 2005 and gradually increased to 2.6 million in 2015. Per capita beef consumption has also increased, to 11.6 kg per year in 2015, and is expected to continue to increase. Because intramuscular fat percentage is a critical contributor to meat quality, Hanwoo cattle are fed a high-energy corn-based diet for long fattening periods. Long fed diet causes significant alterations in fat percentage in the loin muscle and other areas of the carcass. However, these long feeding periods increase feeding costs and beef prices. Recently, there has been increased Korean consumer demand for lean beef which has less fat, but is tender and priced more reasonably. These consumer demands on the Korean beef industry are driving differing beef production systems and also changes to the beef grading methodology. Korean government has made a significant investment to select bulls with favorable production traits using progeny testing. Progeny tested bull semen has been disseminated to all Hanwoo farmers. A beef traceability system has been employed for all cattle breeds in Korea since 2009. Hanwoo cattle are ear-marked with a 12-digit identification number from birth to slaughter. This number allows traceability of the management history of individual cattle, and also provides information to consumers. Traceability including management information such as herd, farm, year of birth, and carcass data can determine estimated breeding values of Hanwoo. For a sustainable Hanwoo industry, research scientists in Korea have attempted to develop feeds for efficient fattening periods and precision feeding systems based on genetic information for Hanwoo cattle. These initiatives aim to Korean consumer demands for beef and provide more precision management in beef production in Korea.

Nutritional Composition and Physico-chemical Meat Quality Properties of Korean Hanwoo Bull Beef (한우수소의 부위별 영양성분조성 및 이화학적 육질특성)

  • Cho, S.H.;Park, B.Y.;Kim, J.H.;Choi, Y.H.;Seong, P.N.;Chung, W.T.;Chung, M.O.;Kim, D.H.;Ahn, C.N.
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.49 no.6
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    • pp.871-880
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    • 2007
  • This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between the socio-demographic factors and the Korean consumers’ palatability evaluation and to collect the sensory information for development of prediction palatability model of Hanwoo beef. Ten cuts〔Abjin (short plate), Bosup (top sirloin), Cheggt (striploin), Dngsim (loin), Guri (chuck tender), Hongduke (eye of round), Moksim (chuck roll), Sulgit (bottom round), Udoon (top round), Yangi (brisket)〕 were separated from 10 Hanwoo bulls beef(~24 months old) and prepared with the same manner for 3 different cooking methods such as boiling, grilling and roasting. The cooked beef samples were served to 650 consumers recruited from Seoul, Joongbu, Honam and Youngnam locations and evaluated tenderness, juiciness, flavor and overall acceptability. The living location, age, gender, occupation, eating habit and cut were significantly related with the sensory properties when bull beef were cooked as boiled cooking(p<0.05). In grill cooking, only occupation, income and cut had the significant effect on the overall acceptability of Hanwoo bull beef(p<0.01). When bull beef were cooked as Korean traditional roast cooking, consumer’s sensory properties were significantly different by the living location, age, occupation, income, eating habit of consumers and cut(p<0.05). Also, results from the principal component analysis showed that palatability scores of Korean consumers were decided with different contribution scores of tenderness, juiciness, flavor and overall acceptability of cut depending on cooking methods. In conclusion, Korean consumers’ palatability for Hanwoo bull beef were related with the socio-demographic factors and the sensory results were different by cut and cooking methods.

Effect of Socio-demographic Factors on Sensory Properties of Korean Hanwoo Bull Beef by Different Cut and Cooking Methods (사회인구학적 요인이 한우수소고기의 부위 및 요리형태별 관능특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Soo-Hyun;Kim, Jin-Hyoung;Kim, Jae-Hee;Seong, Pil-Nam;Park, Beom-Young;Kim, Kyung-Eui;Seo, Gu-Reo-Un-Dal-Nim;Lee, Jong-Moon;Kim, Dong-Hun
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.49 no.6
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    • pp.857-870
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    • 2007
  • This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between the socio-demographic factors and the Korean consumers’ palatability evaluation and to collect the sensory information for development of prediction palatability model of Hanwoo beef. Ten cuts〔Abjin (short plate), Bosup (top sirloin), Cheggt (striploin), Dngsim (loin), Guri (chuck tender), Hongduke (eye of round), Moksim (chuck roll), Sulgit (bottom round), Udoon (top round), Yangi (brisket)〕 were separated from 10 Hanwoo bulls beef(~24 months old) and prepared with the same manner for 3 different cooking methods such as boiling, grilling and roasting. The cooked beef samples were served to 650 consumers recruited from Seoul, Joongbu, Honam and Youngnam locations and evaluated tenderness, juiciness, flavor and overall acceptability. The living location, age, gender, occupation, eating habit and cut were significantly related with the sensory properties when bull beef were cooked as boiled cooking(p<0.05). In grill cooking, only occupation, income and cut had the significant effect on the overall acceptability of Hanwoo bull beef(p<0.01). When bull beef were cooked as Korean traditional roast cooking, consumer’s sensory properties were significantly different by the living location, age, occupation, income, eating habit of consumers and cut(p<0.05). Also, results from the principal component analysis showed that palatability scores of Korean consumers were decided with different contribution scores of tenderness, juiciness, flavor and overall acceptability of cut depending on cooking methods. In conclusion, Korean consumers’ palatability for Hanwoo bull beef were related with the socio-demographic factors and the sensory results were different by cut and cooking methods.

Research on the Reformation of the Selection Index for Hanwoo Proven Bull (한우보증씨수소 선발지수 개선에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Hyo-Sun;Hwang, Jeong-Mi;Choi, Tae-Jeong;Park, Byong-Ho;Cho, Kwang-Hyun;Park, Cheol-Jin;Kim, Si-Dong
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.52 no.2
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    • pp.83-90
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    • 2010
  • Hanwoo proven bulls have been selected since 1987 and consequently contributed to farmers for the improvement of beef cattle in Korea. The demand for the quality beef production as well as higher production efficiency was erupted after early 2000 as relatively cheap imported beef released. Therefore the pressure on the reformation of selection index for Hanwoo proven bulls have been piled up to furnish with Hanwoo's competitive. A total of 734 progeny test data were analyzed to select traits and their weights in the selection index to meet the beef market requirement. Regression analysis with stepwise selection method was used to select proper trait and its weight for selection index. A series of computer simulation was carried out to compare the currently using selection index with the alternate two selection indices proposed in this study. New selection index using standardized breeding values of Loin eye Muscle Area (LMA), Backfat Thickness (BFT) and Marbling Score (MS) with weight ratio 1:-1:6 was proposed. Results showed higher performance in improving MS and BFT gain by 22% and 31% still holding 86%~89% of genetic gain achieved by current index in Carcass Weight (CW) and LMA when new selection index was fitted. Because, new index has little consideration for production cost, further research should be performed to build selection index including cost and income simultaneously.

Effect of Aging Time on Physicochemical Meat Quality and Sensory Property of Hanwoo Bull Beef

  • Cho, Soohyun;Kang, Sun Moon;Seong, Pilnam;Kang, Geunho;Kim, Yunseok;Kim, Jinhyung;Lee, Seounghwan;Kim, Sidong
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.68-76
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    • 2016
  • This study was conducted to investigate the meat quality and sensory properties of 12 major cuts from 10 Hanwoo bulls (25-32 mon of age) after they were aged at 2℃ for 0, 7, 14, and 21 d. Protein content (%) was between 19.17 and 22.50%. Intramuscular fat content ranged from 2.79 to 8.39%. The collagen content of the chuck roll, chuck tender, and short plate muscles was higher (1.97-2.04%) than that of the striploin muscles (1.48%) (p<0.05). CIE lightness (L*) values increased with an increase in aging days for tenderloin, loin, chuck roll, oyster blade, short plate, top sirloin, and eye of round muscles (p<0.05). Most muscles, except the short plate, showed no significant changes in redness CIE (a*) and yellowness (b*) color values during aging. The tenderloin, loin, and striploin showed significantly higher water holding capacity (58.60-62.06%) than that of chuck roll and short plate (53.86-57.07%) muscles (p<0.05). The Warner-Bratzler shear force values of most muscles decreased significantly as the aging period increased (p<0.05), exception the tenderloin. The chuck tender muscles showed the highest cooking loss, whereas tenderloin muscle showed the lowest (p<0.05). The tenderloin muscle had the longest sarcomere length (SL) (3.67-3.86 μm) and the bottom round muscle had the shortest SL (2.21-2.35 μm) (p<0.05). In the sensory evaluation, tenderness and overall-likeness scores of most muscles increased with increase in aging days. The tenderloin and oyster blade showed relatively higher tenderness and overall-likeness values than did the other muscles during the aging period. No significant differences were noted in juiciness and flavor-likeness scores among muscles and aging days.

Discrimination study between carcass yield and meat quality by gender in Korean native cattle (Hanwoo)

  • Kim, Do-Gyun;Shim, Joon-Yong;Cho, Byoung-Kwan;Wakholi, Collins;Seo, Youngwook;Cho, Soohyun;Lee, Wang-Hee
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.33 no.7
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    • pp.1202-1208
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    • 2020
  • Objective: The aim of this study was to identify a distribution pattern of meat quality grade (MQG) as a function of carcass yield index (CYI) and the gender of Hanwoo (bull, cow, and steer) to determine the optimum point between both yield and quality. We also attempted to identify how pre- and post-deboning variables affect the gender-specific beef quality of Hanwoo. Methods: A total of 31 deboning variables, consisting of 7 pre-deboning and 24 post-deboning variables from bulls (n = 139), cows (n = 69), and steers (n = 153), were obtained from the National Institute of Animal Science (NIAS) in South Korea. The database was reconstructed to be suitable for a statistical significance test between the CYI and the MQG as well as classification of meat quality. Discriminant function analysis was used for classifying MQG using the deboning parameters of Hanwoo by gender. Results: The means of CYI according to 1+, 1, 2, and 3 of MQG were 68.64±2.02, 68.85±1.94, 68.62±5.88, and 70.99±3.32, respectively. High carcass yield correlated with low-quality grade, while high-quality meat most frequently was obtained from steers. The classification ability of pre-deboning parameters was higher than that of post-deboning parameters. Moisture and the shear force were the common significant parameters in all discriminant functions having a classification accuracy of 80.6%, 71%, and 56.9% for the bull, cow, and steer, respectively. Conclusion: This study provides basic information for predicting the meat quality by gender using pre-deboning variables consistent with the actual grading index.

Categorical data analysis of sensory evaluation data with Hanwoo bull beef (한우 수소 고기 관능평가 데이터에 대한 범주형 자료 분석)

  • Lee, Hye-Jung;Cho, Soo-Hyun;Kim, Jae-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Data and Information Science Society
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.819-827
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    • 2009
  • This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between the sociodemographic factors and the Korean consumers palatability evaluation grades with Hanwoo sensory evaluation data. The dichotomy logistic regression model and the multinomial logistic regression model are fitted with the independent variables such as the consumer living location, age, gender, occupation, monthly income, and beef cut and the the palatability grade as the dependent variable. Stepwise variable selection procedure is incorporated to find the final model and odds ratios are calculated to find the associations between categories.

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Effect of Carcass Traits, Sarcomere Length and Meat Quality Properties on Beef Longissimus Tenderness at 24 hr Postmortem (한우육의 도체특성, 근절길이 및 품질특성이 연도에 미치는 영향)

  • 문성실;강근호;허선진;정진연;양한술;김진성;주선태;박구부
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.109-114
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    • 2003
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effect of sarcomere length, carcass and quality traits on tenderness of Hanwoo beef at 24 hr postmortem. Immediately after slaughter, a total number of 30 carcasses(Hanwoo bull) selected, and sarcomere length was determined during rigor development(1, 3, 6, 12 and 24 hr). Tenderness group of longissimus dorsi muscle classified into tender group($\leq$7.5 kg/$\textrm{cm}^2$, n=9), or tough group($\geq$9.0 kg/$\textrm{cm}^2$, n=9) by shear force value at 24 hr postmortem, and estimated carcass traits, meat color, connective tissue and sensory property at 24 hr postmortem. Results showed that tender group had heavier carcass weight, thicker back fat, higher marbling score, lighter meat color, more white fat color and lower texture score(p<0.05). The change of sarcomere length was linearly decreased(p<0.05) from 3 hr postmortem, and the sarcomere length of tender group was significantly(p<0.05) longer than that of tough group at 3, 6 and 24 hr postmortem. The tender group showed significantly lower(p<0.05) shear force value of intramuscular connective tissue(IMCT), better(p<0.05) tenderness and overall acceptability compared to the tough group. Results indicated that tenderness of beef longissimus dorsi muscle could be improved by thicker back fat, higher marbling score and lower texture score, and predicted by sarcomere length of pre-rigor(3 and 6 hr postmortem). Also, the tenderness of beef longissimus dorsi muscle could be closely related to shear force value of IMCT, compared to total collagen and soluble collagen content in the same age.

Effect of Dietary Clay Mineral on Meat Quality of Hanwoo (Korean Cattle) Bull Beef during Refrigerated Storage (점토 광물질의 급여가 비거세 우육의 저온저장 중 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee Sung Ki;Kim Yong Sun;Liang Cheng Yun;Ju Myung Kyu;Park Yeon Soo
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.253-259
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    • 2004
  • The effect of dietary clay mineral on meat quality in M. longissimus of Hanwoo (Korean cattle) bull beef during refrigerated storage (4$^{\circ}C$) was investigated. Experimental groups were divided into control (basal diet) and CT-1.25% (basal diet + 1.25% clay mineral) groups. There was no significant differences in proximate and fatty acid compositions between control and CT-1.25% groups. The pH of control group was significantly (p<0.05) changed during storage, but CT-1.25% group was little affected by storage time. CIE a* (redness), chroma (C*) values and R630-R580 were significantly (p<0.05) decreased during storage for both groups. In particular, those values decreased more rapidly in the control group. The rate of metmyoglobin accumulation during storage increased more rapidly in the control group. Therefore, discoloration in the control group was more accelerated compared to the CT-1.25% group. TBARS (thiobarbituric acid reactive substances) which represents lipid rancidity were significantly (p<0.05) lower in CT-l.25% group than in the control. Water-holding capacity (WHC) was significantly (p<0.05) increased during storage for both groups, and CT-1.25% group had significantly (p<0.05) higher WHC than control group. Consequently, feeding of clay mineral (1.25%) was effective in increasing meat color stability and WHC, and retarding lipid oxidation than did control group.