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Study on Estimation of Relative Conception Rate in Hanwoo Bull (한우 씨수소의 상대적 수정능 추정에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Seoung-Soo;Noh, Seung-Hee;Park, No-Hyung;Won, You-Seog
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.57-66
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    • 2010
  • The conception rate of cow is a major factor in farm management. The environment of farm and management of cow are the best influencing factors on conception rate, and the fertility of bull is the second influencing factor. In Hanwoo bull, however, the informations limited to performance and carcass traits have been offered to Hanwoo farmer. Therefore, this study analysed the estimated relative conception rates (ERCR) for estimation of fertility of bulls, using the 8,892 mating data with 116 heads of prove bull to produce progeny. Mean of least square means of conception rate after first insemination was 50.95% in bull herds. On the standard of this mean, ERCRs after first insemination of each bull were analysed. Values ranged from -26.1% to +21.0%, the difference was 47.1%. Among 116 heads of bull analysed, KPN582 showed the highest ERCR as 21.0%, KPN550 (18.3%), KPN656 (16.7%), KPN632 (15.8%), KPN690 (14.9%) were gone behind, but KPN621 was the lowest as -26.1%, KPN680 (-21.3%), KPN674 (-16.2%), KPN569 (-15.9%), KPN699 (-14.9%) were succeeded. If ERCRs of Hanwoo bull will be offered to Hanwoo farmer, it will be worthwhile.

Relationships between Response to FAA (Fertility-Associated Antigen) and Semen Characteristics and Conception Rate of Artificial Insemination in Hanwoo (한우의 FAA (Fertility-Associated Antigen)에 대한 반응성과 정액성상 및 인공수정 수태율과의 관계)

  • Lee, Seoung-Soo;Noh, Seung-Hee;Park, No-Hyung;Won, You-Seog
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.9-12
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    • 2011
  • This study was undertaken to determine whether the presence of fertility-associated antigen (FAA) in semen would influence semen characteristics and conception rate of artificial insemination in Hanwoo. The response to FAA of 36 heads of proven bull, 7 heads of young bull, and 27 heads of performance-tested bull was that one proven bull was FAA-negative and the others were FAA-positive, therefore FAA-negative bull was 1.4%. FAA-negative bull was lower in first and second semen concentrations than those of FAA-positive bull in 5,301 semen of 21 heads of proven bull, then FAA-negative bull was fewer as 11.5% in total sperm counts. The estrus of 22 heads was 70d-nonreturned in 36 cows first inseminated with frozen semen of FAA-negative bull, but that of 249 heads in 378 cows first inseminated with frozen semen of FAA-positive bull. Each conception rate was 61.1% and 65.9%, respectively. The difference of conception rates was 4.8%. These results indicate that the response of FAA to semen were influenced semen characteristics and conception rate of artificial insemination, but further investigations are needed to confirm the results.

Study on In Vitro Fertilization of Proven Bull Semen for Selection of Young Bull in Hanwoo (한우 보증종모우 선발을 위한 후보종무우 정액의 체외수정에 관한 연구)

  • 박병권;김홍기
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.33-38
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    • 2000
  • This study was undertaken in an effort to select the sire bull in Hanwoo through in vitro fertilization of proven bull semen. It was used for in vitro fertilization that of the 20 proven bull semen with follicular oocytes derived from slaughterhouse ovaries of Hanwoo. The stage of maturation on the time course of bovine cumulus-enclosed oocytes incubated for 24 hours was found the highest(96.4%) than hose of other maturationi time. In vitro fertilization rate of bovine oocytes with proven bull sperm showed from 61.5 to 88.9%. Polyspermy of in vitro fertilized oocytes according to proven bulls were the highest KP 491(61.5%) nothing but KP 486, KP 491 and KP 497.

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Comparison of Spermatozoa Recovery Methods on Cauda Epididymal Sperm of Hanwoo Bulls

  • Kang, Sung-Sik;Kim, Ui-Hyung;Jeon, Min-Hyeong;Lee, Myung-Suk;Cho, Sang-Rae
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.321-326
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    • 2018
  • In this study, two epididymal spermatozoa recovery methods in relation to sperm number, motility, viability and acrosome reaction were examined. Seven bulls were castrated and 7 testicles with epididymides were transferred to the laboratoy. Epididymis in each bull was randomly used for flushing and mincing methods with semen extender (Optixcell, IMV, France). The recovered spermatozoa with adjusted sperm concentration to $40{\times}10^6cells/mL$ was diluted with optixcell and cryopreserved. In experiment 1, the difference in the total number of spermatozoa using flushing and mincing methods was insignificant (2570.0 and $2505.2{\times}10^6cells/mL$, respectively). For experiment 2, the percentage of motile spermatozoa and motility parameters between flushing and mincing methods were studied through the use of sperm class analyzer after frozen-thawing. The percentage of total motile sperm between flushing and mincing methods was almost the same with $89.5{\pm}12.8$ and $91.4{\pm}7.9%$, respectively. The same is the case with experiment 3 wherein the viability and acrosomal integrity of frozen-thawed epididymal spermatozoa by flushing and mincing was insignificantly different. The results from the study showed that both flushing and mincing methods can be used for epididymal spermatozoa recovery in bull.

Relationships of Scrotal Circumference of Hanwoo Sire to Semen Characteristics and Conception Rate of Artificial Insemination in Farm (한우 씨수소의 고환 둘레와 정액 성상 및 농가 인공수정 수태율과의 관계)

  • Lee, Seoung-Soo;Noh, Seung-Hee;Park, No-Hyung;Won, You-Seog
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.51-55
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    • 2010
  • The relationships of scrotal circumference (SC) to semen characteristics and the conception rate (70 days-nonreturn rate) of artificial insemination in farm were studied with 137 heads of bull in Hanwoo. The average and range of SC were $38.27{\pm}3.90$ cm and 26.0~52.5 cm, respectively. Hanwoo bulls were classified with SC, divided into 34 cm below group, 34~39 cm group, and 39 cm over group. The 5,487 semen records of 43 heads of bull from July. 1. 2007 to June. 30. 2008. were used to determine the relationships between SC and semen characteristics. The semen concentration and total sperm number of each group were 11.18, 16.68, and $17.4{\times}10^8/ml$, and 69.83, 101.64 and $114.40{\times}10^8$/ejaculate. The bulls with 34 cm or more SC were higher than the bulls with 34 cm below in semen concentration and total sperm number (p<0.01). But between SC and semen volume have no significant relationship (p>0.05). The 9,862 mating records of 44 farm with 137 heads of bull were used to determine the relationships between SC and conception rate. The conception rate of 1st artificial insemination were 73.31, 74.16, and 77.33 % in each group. Also SC was positively correlated with pregnancy rate (r=0.12, p=0.17). These results indicate that SC correlates positively with semen characteristics, and maybe with pregnancy rate in Hanwoo.

Effect of sperm penetration of oocytes after in vitro fertilization (IVF) with cauda epididymal spermatozoa in Hanwoo bull after feeding of timothy hay (티모시 건초 급여 한우 씨수소 정소상체 정자의 수정 효과)

  • Kang, Sung-Sik;Kim, Ui-Hyung;Lee, Seok-Dong;Lee, Myeong-Suk;Cho, Sang-Rae
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.320-324
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    • 2018
  • In this study, we examined effect of sperm penetration of oocytes after in vitro fertilization (IVF) with cauda epididymal spermatozoa in Hanwoo bull after feeding of timothy hay. One testicle with epididymides was castrated from one Hanwoo bull (14 months of age) and spermatozoa recovered from cauda epididymis and cryopreserved. As control, frozen Hanwoo semen was used. Matured cumulus oocyte complexes were co-incubated with frozen-thawed cauda epididymal spermatozoa for 12 or 18 hours. After IVF, presumptive zygotes were cultured in modified synthetic oviductal fluid. In experiment 1, we examined sperm penetration rate at 12 hours of IVF with epididymal sperm. Total penetration rate among cauda epididymis and control was similar(mean${\pm}$standard error, cauda epididymis and control vs. $49.7{\pm}11.3$ and $54.4{\pm}12.8%$). In experiment 2, cleavage and blastocyst developmental rate were evaluated at day 2 and day 8 after IVF for 18 hours. Cleavage rate among cauda epididymis and control was similar(cauda epididymis and control vs. $81.2{\pm}3.4$ and $82.7{\pm}2.5%$). However, blastocyst developmental rate of cauda epididymis group was significantly higher than that of control group(cauda epididymis and control vs. $24.4{\pm}1.6$ and $12.2{\pm}2.8%$, p<0.05). In conclusion, cauda epididymal spermatozoa in Hanwoo bull has high embryo developmental competence and can be used as an alternative to ejaculated frozen sperm in vitro.

A Study on the physicochemical Properties and Palatability of Hanwoo Beef Loin in $1^+$ Grade (한우 $1^+$ 등급육의 이화학적 특성과 기호성에 관한 연구)

  • 문윤희;김미숙;김대진;양종범;강세주
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.1288-1292
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    • 1999
  • The physicochemical properties and palatability of Hanwoo(cow, steer, and bull) beef loin(1+ carcass grade) were studied. pH(5.56~5.69), moisture content(67.6~69.0%), crude protein content(17.8~18.7%), and crude fat content(11.9~13.8%) of Hanwoo beef loin did not show significant difference between the types of Hanwoo. L(44.5~46.9), a(19.9~20.6), and b(10.3~11.6) color parameters, water holding capacity (69.4~70.5%), volatile basic nitrogen content(9.86~11.28mg%), thiobarbituric acid value(0.148~0.158 mg malonaldehyde/kg), and cooking loss(26.3~27.9%) of beef loin did not show significant difference between the types of Hanwoo either. Hardness, myofibrillar fragmentation index(MFI), and chewiness of beef loin were 6.1~6.9 dyne/cm2, 50.3~54.9, and 39.5~ 52.0g, respectively. No differences were found in hardness and MFI between the types of Hanwoo, while chewiness of cow was much lower than that of steer and bull(p<0.05). Cow was the best in palatability.

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Analysis of epididymal sperm from Korean native bull (Hanwoo) aged at 8 and 15 months before freezing and after thawing

  • Kang, Sung-Sik;Cho, Sang-Rae;Kim, Ui-Hyung;Park, Chang-Seok;Kim, Hyeong-Cheol;Chung, Ki-Yong;Lee, Seok-Dong;Jang, Sun-Sik;Jeon, Gi-jun;Kim, Sidong;Lee, Myeong-Suk;Yang, Byoung-Chul
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.109-116
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    • 2016
  • The recovery of epididymal sperm in animals is considered as one of the important tools to preserve high value or endangered species. However, there are no appropriate castrating indicators such as months of age in bull, sperm morphology, and motility, particularly in young Korean native bull (Hanwoo). Therefore, this study aimed to investigate sperm number, morphology, and motility of sperm in the epididymis tail of young Hanwoo bulls at 8 and 15 months of age. After castration, epididymal tails were collected and minced with blades to recover sperm. In experiments 1 and 2, sperm number, morphology, and motility were examined. Total number of sperm and percentage of normal sperm from bulls at 8 months of age was lower than that of bulls at 15 months of age after collection (P<0.05). Percentage of abnormal head, tail, proximal cytoplasmic droplet, dead and damaged acrosome of sperm from bulls at 8 months of age were higher than those of bulls at 15 months of age (P<0.05). In experiment 3, sperm motility from bulls at 8 and 15 months of age were examined before freezing and after thawing. Frozen-thawed sperm at 8 months of age showed low total motility and motile sperm with ${\geq}25{\mu}m/sec$ compared to those at 15 months of age and commercially-used sperm (P<0.05). In conclusion, sperm derived from the epididymal tail of bulls at 8 months of age showed high abnormal morphology and poor motility, which are not adequate for AI and IVF. On the other hand, sperm derived from the epididymal tail of bulls at 15 months of age showed high normal morphology and motility.

Growth Curve Characteristics of Bull and Steer of Hanwoo(Korean Cattle) (한우 거세 및 비거세우의 성장곡선 특성)

  • Kim, N.S.;Ju, J.C.;Song, M.K.;Chung, C.S.;Choi, Y.I.;Park, C.J.
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.44 no.5
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    • pp.519-522
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    • 2002
  • Body weight-age data from 60 bulls and 60 steer of Hanwoo in the Korean Native Cattle Improvement Center was used to determine the growth curve parameters with Gompertz equation. Estimated growth curve functions were as follows; Bul l : $W_t$ = 906.1.exp{-3.956.exp(-0.0034t)} Steer : $W_t$ = 823.1.exp{-3.301.exp(-0.0027t} Mature weight estimated with Gompertz equation of bull is higher than earlier studies. And the major factor raising differences from the other is feeding level. Relative body weights of steer to bull were rapidly decreased to 79.2% until 19.5 months of age, and then increased slowly. The ratio was 90.8% at mature state. Body weight was under-estimated for bull at birth, but over-estimated for steer, and the body weight variations of bull were larger than the steer.

Current situation and future prospects for beef production in South Korea - A review

  • Chung, Ki Yong;Lee, Seung Hwan;Cho, Soo Hyun;Kwon, Eung Gi;Lee, Jun Heon
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.31 no.7
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    • pp.951-960
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    • 2018
  • Hanwoo cattle are an important food source in Korea and their supply can have a major impact on meat availability for Korean consumers. The Hanwoo population was 1.8 million head in 2005 and gradually increased to 2.6 million in 2015. Per capita beef consumption has also increased, to 11.6 kg per year in 2015, and is expected to continue to increase. Because intramuscular fat percentage is a critical contributor to meat quality, Hanwoo cattle are fed a high-energy corn-based diet for long fattening periods. Long fed diet causes significant alterations in fat percentage in the loin muscle and other areas of the carcass. However, these long feeding periods increase feeding costs and beef prices. Recently, there has been increased Korean consumer demand for lean beef which has less fat, but is tender and priced more reasonably. These consumer demands on the Korean beef industry are driving differing beef production systems and also changes to the beef grading methodology. Korean government has made a significant investment to select bulls with favorable production traits using progeny testing. Progeny tested bull semen has been disseminated to all Hanwoo farmers. A beef traceability system has been employed for all cattle breeds in Korea since 2009. Hanwoo cattle are ear-marked with a 12-digit identification number from birth to slaughter. This number allows traceability of the management history of individual cattle, and also provides information to consumers. Traceability including management information such as herd, farm, year of birth, and carcass data can determine estimated breeding values of Hanwoo. For a sustainable Hanwoo industry, research scientists in Korea have attempted to develop feeds for efficient fattening periods and precision feeding systems based on genetic information for Hanwoo cattle. These initiatives aim to Korean consumer demands for beef and provide more precision management in beef production in Korea.