• Title, Summary, Keyword: Hanwoo

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Linkage Mapping and QTL on Chromosome 6 in Hanwoo (Korean Cattle)

  • Kim, J.W.;Park, S.I.;Yeo, J.S.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.16 no.10
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    • pp.1402-1405
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    • 2003
  • The QTL(quantitative traits loci) linkage mapping of Hanwoo (Korean Cattle) chromosome 6 for daily gain and marbling score was performed using 378 individuals from 18 paternal half-sib families in Hanwoo. Hanwoo chromosome 6 were mapped to total length of 394.2 cM between 28 microsatellite loci using 36 microsatellite primers of BTA 6 linkage group. The QTL analysis for daily gain in Hanwoo showed 8 microsatellite loci (BM3026-5.66, EL03-5.58, BM4311-5.29, ILSTS035-4.50, BMS1242-4.37, BM1329-3.67, BM415-3.11, BMS2460-3.03) in larger than LOD score 3.0. Based on the QTL analysis for marbling score, LOD scores of 12 microsatellite loci (BM415-8.88, BM3026-7.15, ILSTS093-5.45, ILSTS035-4.91, EL03-4.69, BMS690-4.52, BM1329-4.43, BMS511-3.74, BMS1242-3.66, BMS518-3.65, BM4311-3.41, BMC4203-3.36) were found larger than 3.0.

Detection of DNA Fragment to Differentiate Korean Cattle

  • Yeo, J.S.;Kim, J.W.;Chang, T.K.;Nam, D.H.;Han, J.Y.;Choi, C.B.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.15 no.8
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    • pp.1071-1075
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    • 2002
  • In order to identify and develop the specific DNA marker for the identification of Hanwoo (Korean Cattle) from other breeds, a specific DNA marker of 519 bp was identified and sequenced from polymorphic analysis using RAPD-PCR for 6 cattle breeds. Two different repetitive sequences, $(AAC)_5$ and $(GAAGA)_2$, were selected and designed to use specific probe to develop a DNA marker for Hanwoo specific. When the $(AAC)_5$ probe was applied, the 10 kb specific DNA marker showed in the DNA fingerprinting from 237 of 281 Hanwoo individuals. This novel Hanwoo specific DNA probe is useful to perform the marker-assisted selection for screening Hanwoo purity as an unique genetic source.

A Genetic Marker for the Korean Native Cattle (Hanwoo) Found by an Arbitrarily Primed-Polymerase Chain Reaction (AP-PCR)

  • Lee, Ji-Seon;Lee, Chang-Hee;Nam, Doo-Hyun;Jung, Young-Ja;Yeo, Jung-Sou
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.208-212
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    • 2000
  • In order to develop a specific genetic marker for the Korean native cattle (Hanwoo), an arbitrarily-primed polymerase chain reaction (AP-PCR) analysis of 6 different cattle breeds was attempted. Eight different arbitrary primers, each longer than 20-mer nucleotides, were used. In comparison to the AP-PCR patterns, several distinctive DNA bands that are specific for a certain breed were detected. When the primer Kpn-X was employed, a 280bp DNA fragment was found to be specific only for Hanwoo. In an individual analysis of Hanwoo, this AP-PCR marker was observed in 123 head of cattle among the 153 that were tested (80.4%). Nucleotide sequencing revealed that this fragment has a short microsatellite sequence of tandem repeat, $A(G)_{1-2}\;(C)_{1-3}AGAG$. According to the analysis of AP-PCR band patterns, Hanwoo was discovered to be genetically most closely-related with Holstein among the various cattle breeds.

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Comparison of Spermatozoa Recovery Methods on Cauda Epididymal Sperm of Hanwoo Bulls

  • Kang, Sung-Sik;Kim, Ui-Hyung;Jeon, Min-Hyeong;Lee, Myung-Suk;Cho, Sang-Rae
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.321-326
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    • 2018
  • In this study, two epididymal spermatozoa recovery methods in relation to sperm number, motility, viability and acrosome reaction were examined. Seven bulls were castrated and 7 testicles with epididymides were transferred to the laboratoy. Epididymis in each bull was randomly used for flushing and mincing methods with semen extender (Optixcell, IMV, France). The recovered spermatozoa with adjusted sperm concentration to $40{\times}10^6cells/mL$ was diluted with optixcell and cryopreserved. In experiment 1, the difference in the total number of spermatozoa using flushing and mincing methods was insignificant (2570.0 and $2505.2{\times}10^6cells/mL$, respectively). For experiment 2, the percentage of motile spermatozoa and motility parameters between flushing and mincing methods were studied through the use of sperm class analyzer after frozen-thawing. The percentage of total motile sperm between flushing and mincing methods was almost the same with $89.5{\pm}12.8$ and $91.4{\pm}7.9%$, respectively. The same is the case with experiment 3 wherein the viability and acrosomal integrity of frozen-thawed epididymal spermatozoa by flushing and mincing was insignificantly different. The results from the study showed that both flushing and mincing methods can be used for epididymal spermatozoa recovery in bull.

Antimicrobial Activities of Lactoferrin and its Hydrolysate Obtained from the Colostrum of Hanwoo and Holstein Cattle (한우와 젖소 초유로부터 분리한 Lactoferrin과 가수분해물의 항균활성)

  • 양희진;이수원
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.48 no.4
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    • pp.595-602
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study is to demonstrate antimicrobial activities of the lactoferrin and its peptic hydrolysates obtained from the colostrums of Hanwoo(Korean native cattle) and Holstein cattle. In the measurement of antimicrobial activity to E. coli O111 and other microorganisms, bovine lactoferrin showed a higher antimicrobial activity than that of Hanwoo cow's lactoferrin . The minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of lactoferrin against E. coli O111 was exhibited 1.5mg/ml(Holstein) and 2.75mg/ml (Hanwoo). The same result was also observed between bovine lactoferrin hydrolysate (0.12mg/ml) and Hanwoo cow's lactoferrin hydrolysate (0.25mg/ml). In addition of lysozyme, antimicrobial activity of lactoferrin was increased.

Effect of Dietary KocetinTM on Meat Quality of Hanwoo Loin

  • Kang, Min-Gu;Kim, Hyun-Joo;Lee, Hyun-Jung;Jang, Ae-Ra;Yun, Gwan-Sik;Jo, Cheo-Run
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.53 no.6
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    • pp.541-548
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    • 2011
  • This study was performed to determine the effects of dietary Kocetin$^{TM}$ on meat quality of Hanwoo (Korean native cattle) beef. Samples were divided into 3 groups; dietary supplementation of Kocetin$^{TM}$ (KC) at 21 and 42 ppm (n=4), and non-supplemented control (n=3) for 75 days. The KC composed of 10% of quercetin which was a bioactive compound. After slaughtering the Hanwoo, each loin from 10 Hanwoos were obtained and analyzed. Dietary supplementation of KC did not affect the final pH, water holding capacity, drip loss, cooking loss, surface color, total phenolics content, radical scavenging activity, and sensory scores. Dietary quercetin also showed no difference in both TBARS and VBN values. Textural profile analysis results also showed no difference, except for adhesiveness and springness. Springness was significantly higher in loin from Hanwoo treated by dietary KC at 42 ppm when compared to control. Results revealed that the loin from Hanwoo fed dietary KC up to 42 ppm (approximately 4.2 ppm of quercetin) was not sufficient to have clear positive effects on meat quality of loin.

Relationships between Response to FAA (Fertility-Associated Antigen) and Semen Characteristics and Conception Rate of Artificial Insemination in Hanwoo (한우의 FAA (Fertility-Associated Antigen)에 대한 반응성과 정액성상 및 인공수정 수태율과의 관계)

  • Lee, Seoung-Soo;Noh, Seung-Hee;Park, No-Hyung;Won, You-Seog
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.9-12
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    • 2011
  • This study was undertaken to determine whether the presence of fertility-associated antigen (FAA) in semen would influence semen characteristics and conception rate of artificial insemination in Hanwoo. The response to FAA of 36 heads of proven bull, 7 heads of young bull, and 27 heads of performance-tested bull was that one proven bull was FAA-negative and the others were FAA-positive, therefore FAA-negative bull was 1.4%. FAA-negative bull was lower in first and second semen concentrations than those of FAA-positive bull in 5,301 semen of 21 heads of proven bull, then FAA-negative bull was fewer as 11.5% in total sperm counts. The estrus of 22 heads was 70d-nonreturned in 36 cows first inseminated with frozen semen of FAA-negative bull, but that of 249 heads in 378 cows first inseminated with frozen semen of FAA-positive bull. Each conception rate was 61.1% and 65.9%, respectively. The difference of conception rates was 4.8%. These results indicate that the response of FAA to semen were influenced semen characteristics and conception rate of artificial insemination, but further investigations are needed to confirm the results.

Effect of Single Nucleotide Polymorphism of Endothelial Differentiation G-Protein Coupled Receptor 1 (EDG1) Gene on Marbling Score in Hanwoo

  • Shin, Sung-Chul;Chung, Eui-Ryong
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.776-782
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    • 2012
  • Marbling (intramuscular fat) is the most economically important meat quality trait in Hanwoo (Korean cattle). The endothelial differentiation G-protein coupled receptor 1 (EDG1) gene, involved in blood vessel formation, is located within the genomic region of a quantitative trait locus (QTL) for marbling on bovine chromosome 3. Thus, the EDG1 gene can be considered as a positional and functional candidate gene for meat quality in beef cattle. This study aimed to identify single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the EDG1 gene and to evaluate their associations with carcass traits in Hanwoo population. We have sequenced a fragment of 5'-UTR of the EDG1 gene and identified one SNP. Genotyping of the g.166A>G SNP marker was carried out using PCR-RFLP analysis in 309 Hanwoo steers in order to evaluate their association with carcass traits. The g.166A>G SNP marker showed a significant effect on the marbling score. Animals with the GG genotype had higher marbling score compared with AA and AG genotypes (p<0.05). This SNP marker also showed a significant additive effects for the marbling score (p<0.05). These results suggest that the EDG1 gene can be used as a molecular marker for DNA marker-assisted selection in order to increase the levels of the marbling score in Hanwoo.

Discrimination of Hanwoo from Holstein/black Angus meat by PCR-RFLP of MC1R gene (MC1R 유전자의 PCR-RFLP를 이용한 한우육과 젖소육/black Angus 수입육의 구분)

  • Kim, Tae-Jung;Lee, Jae-Il
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.45 no.3
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    • pp.335-339
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    • 2005
  • The melanocortin 1 receptor (MC1R) plays an important role in regulation of melanin pigment synthesis within mammalian melanocytes. Mutations within the gene encoding MC1R have been shown to explain coat color variations within several mammalian species including cattle. To develope a rapid and accurate method for the identification of Hanwoo, we performed a modified PCR-RFLP analysis of MC1R gene using single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) within MC1R as a target. A size of 538 bp (537 bp for Hanwoo) was amplified by PCR, digested with Hpa II, and electrophoresed on a 1.5% agarose gel. A PCR product from Hanwoo showed a single band of 537 bp, whereas two fragments of 328 bp and 210 bp were detected in both Holstein and Black angus. The current result suggests that the PCR-RFLP using our primers and enzyme digestion system would be very accurate, easy and reproducible method to discriminate between Hanwoo and Holstein/Black angus meat.

Changes of Nitrogen and Soluble Reactive Phosphorus Content in Hanwoo Manure Using Probiotics to Feed and Manure: A Field Study (사료와 축분에 생균제 첨가 시 한우분 내 질소와 수용성인의 함량 변화: 현장연구 중심으로)

  • Choi, In-Hag
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.379-383
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    • 2013
  • This study was conducted to investigate the changes in nitrogen and soluble reactive phosphorus(SRP) contents from hanwoo manure using probiotics to feed and manure additives during 5 weeks. A total of 45 hanwoo(24 months old) with averaging $580{\pm}20$ kg in weight were randomly assigned to 3 dietary treatments with 3 replicates per treatment(5 hanwoo per pen, $5{\times}8m$). The treatment were supplemented, control, T1(10 kg roughage + 2 kg concentrate(2% probiotics as-fed basis)), and T2(10 kg roughage + 2 kg concentrate(2% probiotics as-fed basis) + 7 kg probiotics on the surface of hanwoo manure (top-dressing)). During the experimental period, there were statistically significant differences(P<0.05) in pH values at 3 and 5 weeks; TN contents at 5 weeks; and SRP contents at 5 weeks in all treatments. Adding probiotics to feed or feed and manure increased manure pH in comparison with controls. As time increased, changes in TN contents decreased in the order: T2 > Control > T1. Especially, the reduction in SRP contents in all treatments at 5 weeks was in following order: T1 > T2 > Control. This result suggests that it is possible to make efficient use of probiotics as feed and manure additives for reducing environmental pollution or to provide fundamental information on livestock managements to producers.