• Title, Summary, Keyword: HVAC요소

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A Study on Safety by Risk Assessment of Clean Room (Clean Room 위험성 평가에 따른 안전성 확보에 관한 연구)

  • Song Yun-Suk;Yoon Myong-O;Hyun Seong-Ho;Lee Chang-Woo;Yoon Yo-Song;Kim Sung-Min
    • Fire Science and Engineering
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.78-85
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    • 2004
  • This research analyzes Clean Room accidents, and presents research Clean Room, major fire prevention standards of Clean Room (FM, IRI, and NFPA Code), various results from Fire Simulation of analysis. The results are : the smoke diffusion is very quick coupled with the Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning (HVAC) systems under fire ; the possibility of getting the result and the possibility the role of the Sprinkler systems to reduce the diffusion of the smoke. We learn about the importance to stop operating Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning (HVAC) systems and to operate the Sprinkler system for securing safety with fire detection. Therefore, This research will be contributing to secure safety of Clean Room.

A Study on the Application of AHP to Design Decision Model on Fuzzy System (퍼지시스템을 토대로한 디자인 결정모델에서 AHP 적용에 관한 연구)

  • Woo Se-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Intelligent Systems
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.309-314
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    • 2006
  • As a part of study to develop a building design support system for architectural designer's design decision process, the drawbacks of fuzzy system-based design decision model suggested in the previous study have been made up for. A method of logically taking the characteristic and impact of design elements into designing HVAC type was suggested. For purpose of mirroring HAVC designer's working process, a model was developed using AHP, a way of decision making process in the inference process of optimum design values.

A Study on Insertion Loss Estimation Formulas of Rectangular Silencers for Ships (선박용 사각 소음기의 삽입손실 추정식 연구)

  • Kim, Tae-Gyoung;Hong, Suk-Yoon;Song, Jee-Hun;Kwon, Hyun-Wung;Kong, Young-Mo
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.26 no.7
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    • pp.820-826
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    • 2016
  • The acoustic performance estimation formulas for silencers are developed mainly by theoretical or empirical methods. However, the existing formulas are available only for a limited range of silencers. In this paper, the procedures for noise analysis of the silencers are established by comparing analytic results to experimental results. With the proven analysis procedures, impedances of the rectangular silencers for ships are adversely predicted from National Environmental Balancing Bureau (NEBB) data, and with the estimated impedances, insertion loss formulas for large silencers are developed using boundary element method (BEM). The developed formulas can be efficiently used for predicting acoustic performance of the silencers for ships.

A Study of Automotive IP Design based on the Driver's Cognitive Characteristics (운전자의 인지특성을 고려한 자동차 IP 설계에 관한 연구)

  • Kang, Seon-Mo;Paik, Seung-Youl;Park, Peom
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.81-91
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    • 1998
  • 운전자의 안전과 감성적 요구사항이 중요시 되는 차세대 자동차의 IP(Instrument Panel) 설계를 위해 운전자으 인지특성을 고려하였다. 오디어 유닛과 HVAC(Heat, Ventilation and Air Condition)등의 주요 IP 구성요소 설계에 중점을 두었으며, 운전자의 인지특성과 가장부합하는 형태의 IP를 도출하기 위해 인지실험을 실시하였다. 첫 번째로, 기존의 차량에 설계된 IP 궁성요소를 분석하였으며, 이를 바탕으로 버튼의 수와 배열, LCD패널의 위치등을 조합하여 총 16개의 IP 프로토타입을 제작하였다. 다음으로, 제작된 프로타입을 각각 0.2, 0.4, 0.6초의 간격으로 Tachisto scope를 이용하여 피실험자에게 제시한후, 인간의 인지 지도(Human cognitive Map)에 근거한 '그리가 방법(Drawing Method)'을 이용하여 그들의 단기기억(Short-term Memory)상의 정보를 주어진 답안지에 그리도록 하였다. 이 인지실험의 다구찌 분석을 통하여 운전자의 인지특성을 고려한 최적의 IP형태를 제시하였다.

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A Study on Envelope Design Variables for Energy Conservation of General Hospital Ward Area by Sensitivity Analysis (민감도 분석을 통한 종합병원 병동부의 에너지 절감 외피 설계요소 도출)

  • Oh, Jihyun;Kwon, Soonjung;Kim, Sunsook
    • Journal of The Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.7-14
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: Since the large hospitals are one of the most intensive energy users among building types in Korea, it is important to investigate and apply appropriate energy conservation measures. There are many researches on energy conservation measures for HVAC system in hospitals, but only few useful guidelines for envelope design variables were existed. The building envelope is one of the important factors to building energy consumption and patients' comfort. The purpose of this study is to suggest the most influential envelope design variables for each end-use energy demand. Methods: 100 samples were generated by LHS(Latin Hypercube Sampling) method. After energy performance simulation, global sensitivity analysis was performed by the regression method. DesignBuilder, Simlab 2.2 and JEPlus were used in this process. Results: The most influencing variables are SHGC, SHGC and VT for heating, cooling, and lighting, respectively. However, the most influencing variable for total energy demand is WWR(Window to Wall Ratio). The analysis was conducted based on the coefficient of variance results. Implications: The six envelop design variables were ranked according to the end-use energy demand.

Life Cycle Costing for HVAC Systems through Case Studies of Domestic Construction Projects (사례분석을 통한 공조설비 LCC분석 개선방안)

  • Yang Hee-Chan;Lee Seung-Hoon;Hyun Chang-Taek
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute Of Construction Engineering and Management
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    • pp.279-282
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    • 2002
  • 최근 건설사업시장의 개방과 건설사업관리제도(이하CM)의 도입으로 국내 건설업계 및 생산시스템에도 많은 변화가 일어나고 있다. 이에 따라, 건축물의 초기시설비는 물론 유지관리 및 최종 폐기단계까지의 비용을 종합적으로 고려한 건물생애주기비용(이하 LCC)에 대한 중요성이 증대되었으며 특히 기계장치의 유지관리비 중 많은 부분을 차지하는 공기조화시설 부문에서 LCC가 주로 검토되고 있다. 그러나 국내에서는 공기조화 설비의 LCC에 대한 절차 및 기준 등이 미비하여 효과적인 LCC분석이 이루어지지 않고 있다. 본 연구는 최근 수행된 국내 공기조화 설비분야의 LCC분석 사례를 조사하여, 국내 공조설비의 LCC분석의 문제점을 분석하였다. 또한 사례 분석을 중심으로 공조설비의 LCC분석 절차를 제시하고 이 절차에 따라 7개의 사례를 비교분석하였다. 그 결과, LCC측면에서 최적 대안을 선정하는 경우 각 대안 별로 뚜렷한 차이를 보이고 있는 에너지비용과 초기투자비를 주된 비용요소로 고려하는 것이 가장 효과적인 것으로 나타났다.

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Machine Learning Approach for Pattern Analysis of Energy Consumption in Factory (머신러닝 기법을 활용한 공장 에너지 사용량 데이터 분석)

  • Sung, Jong Hoon;Cho, Yeong Sik
    • KIPS Transactions on Computer and Communication Systems
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.87-92
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    • 2019
  • This paper describes the pattern analysis for data of the factory energy consumption by using machine learning method. While usual statistical methods or approaches require specific equations to represent the physical characteristics of the plant, machine learning based approach uses historical data and calculate the result effectively. Although rule-based approach calculates energy usage with the physical equations, it is hard to identify the exact equations that represent the factory's characteristics and hidden variables affecting the results. Whereas the machine learning approach is relatively useful to find the relations quickly between the data. The factory has several components directly affecting to the electricity consumption which are machines, light, computers and indoor systems like HVAC (heating, ventilation and air conditioning). The energy loads from those components are generated in real-time and these data can be shown in time-series. The various sensors were installed in the factory to construct the database by collecting the energy usage data from the components. After preliminary statistical analysis for data mining, time-series clustering techniques are applied to extract the energy load pattern. This research can attributes to develop Factory Energy Management System (FEMS).

A Design and Implementation of Data Registry for sharing data elements of Intelligent Building Systems (지능형 빌딩 시스템의 데이터 요소 공유를 위한 데이터 레지스트리의 설계와 구현)

  • Kim, Chang-Yong;Kim, Sheung-Kown
    • Proceedings of the Korean Operations and Management Science Society Conference
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    • pp.562-565
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    • 2000
  • A data registry is a physical place to keep characteristics of classes of objects exist in the real world when they are chosen to record as data. It provides a centralized directory to describe the meaning, representation, and identification of data elements and their values. It assists to prevent redundancy and to preserve common understanding about the data described in a metadata set. In this paper, we investigate and classify various components of IBS(Intelligent Building Systems), specially HVAC in Building Automation Systems. We present IBSDR(Intelligent Building Systems Data Registry) model that specifies not only the detailed information on data elements but also the process of documenting data in IBS. It functions as the medium to create the data sharing environment to maintain exact meaning of data for every data elements so that database management designers or related users can create and exchange their DB without major modification. It also serves as a clearinghouse for information about IBS data. So all users can freely retrieve from and register data elements to IBSDR based on ISO/IEC 11179 through World Wide Web.

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Electrical Properties of $BaTiO_3$ PTC Ceramics with Additional Elements (첨가원소에 따른 $BaTiO_3$ 계 PTC 세라믹스의 전기적 특성)

  • Kim, Hye-Jin;Hong, Youn-Jeong;Lee, Kyu-Mann
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.305-306
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    • 2006
  • 자동차의 난방 열원은 HVAC(Heating, Ventilating & Air Conditioning)에 내장되어 있는 히터코어 (Heater Core) 에서 공급하게 되며, 이 히터코어는 엔진에서 가열된 냉각수 열원을 이용하게 된다. 그러나 최근 디젤 엔진의 경우 연소효율의 개선과 CEGR(Cooled Exhaust Gas Recirculation) 시스템의 적용으로 냉각부하가 증가하여 냉각수가 가지는 가용 열원이 기종보다 약 30~40% 정도 저하되고 있다. 따라서 디젤 자동차 및 하이브리드용 자동차의 난방 보조 히터의 국산화 개발이 시급해진 상황이며 초정밀, 고효율 보조 히터의 개발이 요구되고 있다. 현재 적용되고 있는 보조 히터 중에서 PTC 히터는 PTC 소자의 발열을 이용하여 공기를 직접 가열하기 때문에 추가적인 연료소비가 없고 소형 및 저가라는 장점이 있다. PTC 세라믹 소자는 $BaTiO_3$를 모체로 하며, 이의 특성 항상 및 제어를 위해서는 적절한 dopant를 선택하여 균일하게 doping 해야 한다. 지금까지 dopant에 따른 구성 요소 및 역할은 비교적 잘 알려져 있다. 하지만, 자동차용으로 사용되기 위해서는 12V의 저전압에서 동작해야 하며, 또한 소자의 두께가 얇아지게 됨에 따라서 발생하는 전기적 short와 같은 문제점들을 해결하여야 한다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 PTC 세라믹 소자에서 도펀트 종류와 양 조절을 통한 저저항을 확보하고, PTC 세라믹 소자의 박막화를 달성하고자 하였다.

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Heating and Cooling Load according to the Climatic Conditions of Foreign Cities (해외 주요 도시의 기후특성에 따른 최대공조부하 요소별 분석)

  • An, Seung-Hyun;Kim, Jong-Ho;Lee, Jung-Hun;Lee, Sang-Yup;Song, Doo-Sam
    • Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.81-87
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    • 2014
  • According to the domestic construction business will continue stagnant, many domestic construction companies are expanding their business into foreign countries. As results, building design guidelines including HVAC design for foreign countries considering the regional climate conditions are needed. Also, green building design strategies to minimize the heating and cooling load are key issue to win a contract in construction business in the world. In this study, peak heating and cooling loads were calculated for the representative cities in the world : Seoul, St. Petersburg, Singapore and Mecca. The analyzed building was a typical high-rise office building and the building envelope properties, indoor heat gain, residence and operating schedules were same in all cases. Only the weather conditions were different by cases.