• Title, Summary, Keyword: HTO 증기

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TFWT and OBT Concentrations in Rice Plants Exposed to HTO Vapor during Daytime and Nighttime at Different Seed-Developing Stages (벼의 종실 발육단계에 따른 주간 및 야간 HTO 증기 피폭시 TFWT 및 OBT 농도)

  • Choi, Yong-Ho;Lim, Kwang-Muk;Lee, Won-Yun;Kang, Hee-Suk;Choi, Heui-Joo;Lee, Han-Soo;Diabate, Silvia;Strack, Siegfried
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.9-18
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    • 2003
  • Rice plants at different seed-developing stages were exposed to HTO vapor in an exposure box for 1 h during daytime and nighttime to investigate the levels of tissue free water $^3H$ (TFWT) and organically bound $^3H$ (OBT) in different plant parts. In the daytime experiment, TFWT concentrations in leaves at the end of exposure $(h_0)$ were around 100% of the 1 hour mean HTO concentrations in air moisture whereas in the nighttime experiment, they were as low as $30{\sim}40%$ of the air concentration. TFWT concentrations in both experiments decreased very rapidly in the beginning but much mote slowly later and those at harvest were hundreds to hundred thousands times lower than those at $h_0$. OBT concentrations varied with time in different manners depending on plant parts and exposure times and differed between at $h_0$ and at harvest by factors of less than 10 on the whole. Even during nighttime exposures, OBT was produced at about a third the rate for daytime exposures. The degree of the conversion of airborne HTO into OBT in mature rice seeds, being several times higher in the daytime experiment than in the nighttime experiment, was highest after the exposure peformed at the most actively seed-developing stage for both experiments. It is estimated that OBT would contribute much more to the ingestion radiation dose than TFWT if rice plants are exposed to HTO vapor for the seed-developing period.

TFWT and OBT Concentrations in Soybean Plants Exposed to HTO Vapor at Different Growth Stages (콩의 생육단계별 HTO 증기 피폭에 따른 작물체내 TFWT 및 OBT 농도)

  • Lim, K.M.;Choi, Y.H.;Lee, W.Y.;Park, H.G.;Kang, H.S.;Choi, H.J.;Lee, H.S.
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.213-219
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    • 2004
  • Soybean plants were exposed to HTO vapor in an exposure box for 1 hour at different growth stages. Relative concentrations of TFWT at the end of exposure (percent ratios of TFWT concentrations to mean HTO concentrations in air moisture in the box during exposure) decreased on the whole in the order of leaf > shell > seed > stem with the highest values of 40.2% and 6.4% for leaf and stem, respectively. TFWT concentrations reduced by factors of several thousands to several hundred-thousands from the end of exposure till the harvest. The reduction factor decreased in the order of leaf > shell > seed > stem. Relative OBT concentrations at harvest (ratios of the OBT concentration in the dry plant part at harvest to the initial leaf TFWT concentration, ml $g^{-1}$) were in the range of $2.2{\times}10^{-5}{\sim}9.5{\times}10^{-3}$ for seeds being the highest when the exposure was performed at the actively seed-developing stage. The exposure time-dependent variation in the OBT concentration was much greater in seeds and shells than in leaves and stems. It was indicated that OBT would contribute to almost all the radiation dose due to the consumption of soybean seeds in most cases after an acute exposure of growing plants to HTO vapor. Present results are applicable to establishing and validating soybean $^3H$ models for an acute accidental release of HTO.

Evaluation Model and Experimental Validation of Tritium in Agricultural Plant (농작물의 삼중수소 오염평가 모델 개발 및 실험검증)

  • Kang Hee Suk;Keum Dong-kwon;Lee Hansoo;In Jun;Choi Yong Ho;Lee Chang Woo
    • Journal of Nuclear Fuel Cycle and Waste Technology(JNFCWT)
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    • v.3 no.4
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    • pp.319-328
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    • 2005
  • This paper describes a compartment dynamic model for evaluating the contamination level of kritium in agricultural plants exposed by accidentally released tritium. The present model uses a time-dependent growth equation of plant so that it can predict the effect of growth stage of plant during the exposure time. The model including atmosphere, soil and plant compartments is described by a set of nonlinear ordinary differential equations, and is able to predict time-dependent concentrations of tritium in the compartments. To validate the model, a series of exposure experiments of HTO vapor on Chinese cabbage and radish was carried out at the different growth stage of each plant. At the end of exposure, the tissue free water(TFWT) and the organically bound tritium(OBT) were measured. The measured concentrations were agreed well with model predictions.

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