• Title, Summary, Keyword: HS tariff classification

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A HS tariff classification service based on a knowledge convergence performance system supporting decision elements and field terms (결정요소 및 현장용어 지원 지식융합 수행 시스템 기반의 HS 관세분류 서비스에 관한 실증 연구)

  • Kim, Eunsoo;Song, ByungJun;Lee, Jong Yun
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.49-55
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    • 2015
  • In the FTA environment, it is necessary to comply with the rules of origin in order to receive duty-free benefits. To do this, they have to precede the Harmonized System(HS) tariff classification of the goods and understand thoroughly the basic principles that constitute the tariff schedule of HS classification. For the correct classification, they should understand exactly the product name of "Heading" about the items, "Legal Note" in the relevant "Section" or "Chapter" as well as provisions of the commentary. Therefore, this paper proposes to develop a HS classification services based on the performance system of knowledge convergence of field terms commonly used in various industries. In result, our services can provide users the conveniences which users first selects one of seven decision elements of the classification and perform the classification easily and accurately.

A Study on Methodology of Self-determination of HS Commodity Classification for Utilizing FTA Preferential Tariff of SMEs (중소기업의 FTA 특혜활용을 위한 HS 품목분류 자가결정 방법에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Young-Chun;Ryu, Geun-Woo;Lee, Ju-Young
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.91-116
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    • 2014
  • This study reviews the methodology for utilizing information technology by which even non-professionalists in FTAs and commodity classification area can perform the determination of commodity classification, with ease and by themselves, by means of easy utilization of the information on commodity classification and FTAs, of importing and exporting goods. This article examines the technological elements and logics, etc. which simulate the commodity classification for utilizing FTAs. To achieve this, the author has developed the technology to support the determination of commodity classification numbers by accumulating the database of examples for classification after analyzing the classification factors by each commodity item. Utilizing this Commodity Classification Determination Supporting System, users can enjoy effects of education as well as consulting. In this regards, the advantages of this system can be enumerated as followings : Firstly, self-checking on commodity classification can be performed. Secondly, time and cost for classification can be saved. Thirdly, comprehensive competitiveness will be enhanced by allowing traders to achieve the benefit of FTA preferential tariff, for they will be able to issue the Certificate of Origins on a more accurate and precise basis of commodity classification.

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A Study on the Implication and Comparative Analysis of Criteria to Determine Origin under Korea's FTA with USA, EU and ASEAN (한국의 주요 FTA별 원산지 결정기준의 비교와 시사점)

  • Jung, Jae-Woo;Lee, Kil-Nam
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.143-166
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    • 2011
  • This paper describes the characteristics and outline of rules of origin among Korea and USA, EU, ASEAN. The main focus of this paper is to conduct comparative analysis on rules of origin. Rules of origin are used to determine the country of origin of a product for purposes of international trade. There are two common types of rules of origin depending upon application, the preferential and non-preferential rules of origin Non-preferential rules of origin are used to determine the country of origin for certain purposes. The basis for the non-preferential rules originates from the Kyoto convention which states that if a product is wholly obtained or produced completely within one country the product shall be deemed having origin in that country. For a product which has been produced in more than one country, the product shall be determined to have origin in the country where the last substantial transformation took place. To determine exactly what was the last substantial transformation, three general rules are applied : Change of tariff classification(on any level, though 4-digit level is the most common), Value added-rule.(ad-valorem), and Specific process rule. While criteria of wholly obtained or produced in one country is almost similar to those of theses area and countries, in compliance with value percentages of Substantial Transformation, sufficient working or processing, Korea-US FTA adapts 'Regional Value Content', meanwhile Korea-EU FTA adapts 'Import Content' rule. Finally, Korea-US FTA and ASEAN FTA adapt FOB price for the calculation value added, on the other hand Korea-EU FTA adapts EXW price.

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The Strategies for Vitalization of Exporting Horse Industry in Korea (우리나라 말(馬)산업의 수출활성화 방안)

  • Lee, Young-Soo;Kwon, Soon-Koog
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.131-155
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    • 2014
  • The horse industry is a very large and important part of our national and local economies. As the horse industry which includes agriculture, business, sports, gaming, entertainment, and recreation is recently leads to interests in the local market, it is expected to maximize social and economic effects as a higher value-added industry. In reality, however, the portion of the horse industry is very poor in the entire agricultural industry, and it is prepared under very weak conditions for vitalization due to many restricted factors caused by low awareness and weak competitiveness in the horse industry. Under the circumstances, the paper presents Korean export status of horse industry and suggests the strategies for vitalization of exporting horse-related goods. The results of the study are as follows: Korean government needs to revise the law for export expansion, clarify HS tariff classification of horse-related industry, expand export items and markets, provide the export support policies and support the technical alliance with advanced countries.

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