• Title, Summary, Keyword: HRQoL

Search Result 100, Processing Time 0.045 seconds

A Path Analysis of Factors Influencing Health-related Quality of Life among Male Adults (성인 남성의 건강 관련 삶의 질에 영향을 미치는 요인에 관한 경로 분석)

  • Cha, Bo-Kyoung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
    • /
    • v.27 no.4
    • /
    • pp.399-409
    • /
    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze factors influencing health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among male adults. Methods: Participants were 196 male adults who were recruited from June to July 2016. Seven variables related to HRQoL including age, perceived stress, physical activities, problem drinking, social support, self-esteem, depression were measured. Data were analyzed using the SPSS/WIN 20.0 program and Amos 18.0 for descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficients and path analysis. Results: The mean for HRQoL was 80.14. The path analysis showed that depression had the greatest direct effect on HRQoL. It was found that perceived stress had direct and total effects on HRQoL. It also mediated the paths of social support and self-esteem to HRQoL. These factors account for 68% of the total variance, and the fit indices of the model satisfied the criteria of fitness. Conclusion: The results indicate that these factors influencing HRQoL should be considered when developing programs to improve HRQoL for male adults.

Advantages of Distal Subtotal Gastrectomy over Total Gastrectomy in the Quality of Life of Long-Term Gastric Cancer Survivors

  • Kwon, Oh Kyoung;Yu, Byunghyuk;Park, Ki Bum;Park, Ji Yeon;Lee, Seung Soo;Chung, Ho Young
    • Journal of Gastric Cancer
    • /
    • v.20 no.2
    • /
    • pp.176-189
    • /
    • 2020
  • Purpose: This study evaluated differences and shifting patterns in the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of 5-year gastric cancer survivors after either a distal subtotal gastrectomy (DSG) or total gastrectomy (TG). Materials and Methods: We analyzed the prospectively collected HRQoL data of 528 patients who survived 5 years without recurrence using the European Organization for the Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Core Quality of Life Questionnaire and the EORTC Quality of Life Questionnaire-Stomach module according to the type of surgery. The purpose was to identify the proportion of patients with deteriorating HRQoL and to assess the clinical significance of these changes. Results: Deteriorating HRQoL was prevalent in both groups, including a large proportion of the DSG group. Decreased overall health status and scores on several function scales were less in the DSG group, while increases on the symptom scales were higher in the TG group. For most of the scales, gaps in HRQoL during the early postoperative period did not merge within the 5 years. Scores on the diarrhea and body image scales revealed "moderate changes" in both groups. Conclusions: During the 5-year period after surgery, the TG group suffered from inferior HRQoL compared to the DSG group. However, a large proportion of the DSG group also suffered HRQoL deterioration. In general, the TG group experienced more HRQoL decline, with diarrhea and body image being the major concerns for both groups. To improve HRQoL after gastrectomy, patients must be better informed about post-gastrectomy symptoms. These symptoms must be vigorously investigated, and medical interventions should be available parallel to nutritional support. Favorable evidence of function-preserving gastrectomy should be established and disseminated to improve the HRQoL of early gastric cancer patients.

What Explains Socioeconomic Inequality in Health-related Quality of Life in Iran? A Blinder-Oaxaca Decomposition

  • Rezaei, Satar;Hajizadeh, Mohammad;Salimi, Yahya;Moradi, Ghobad;Nouri, Bijan
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
    • /
    • v.51 no.5
    • /
    • pp.219-226
    • /
    • 2018
  • Objectives: This study aimed to explain the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) gap between the poorest and the wealthiest quintiles in the capitals of Kermanshah and Kurdistan Provinces (Kermanshah and Sanandaj), in western Iran. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted among 1772 adults. Data on socio-demographic characteristics, socioeconomic status (SES), lifestyle factors, body mass index, and HRQoL of participants were collected using a self-administered questionnaire. The slope and relative indices of inequality (SII and RII, respectively) were employed to examine socioeconomic inequality in poor HRQoL. Blinder-Oaxaca (BO) decomposition was used to quantify the contribution of explanatory variables to the gap in the prevalence of poor HRQoL between the wealthiest and the poorest groups. Results: The overall crude and age-adjusted prevalence of poor HRQoL among adults was 32.0 and 41.8%, respectively. The SII and RII indicated that poor HRQoL was mainly concentrated among individuals with lower SES. The absolute difference (%) in the prevalence of poor HRQoL between the highest and lowest SES groups was 28.4. The BO results indicated that 49.9% of the difference was explained by different distributions of age, smoking behavior, physical inactivity, chronic health conditions, and obesity between the highest and lowest SES groups, while the remaining half of the gap was explained by the response effect. Conclusions: We observed a pro-rich distribution of poor HRQoL among adults in the capitals of Kermanshah and Kurdistan Provinces. Policies and strategies aimed at preventing and reducing smoking, physical inactivity, chronic health conditions, and obesity among the poor may reduce the gap in poor HRQoL between the highest and lowest SES groups in Iran.

Impact of Obesity on Health-Related Quality of Life among Children (비만이 소아의 삶의 질에 미치는 영향)

  • Kwon, Yon Jung;Jeong, Jo Eun;Huh, Hyu Jung;Cho, Hyun;Kim, Dai Jin
    • Korean Journal of Biological Psychiatry
    • /
    • v.22 no.3
    • /
    • pp.128-134
    • /
    • 2015
  • Objectives To examine the relationship between health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and body mass index (BMI) of obese children. Methods This cross-sectional study included 387 children. HRQoL was measured with the PedsQLTM 4.0 Generic Core Scale. BMI was classified according to the World Health Organization Asia-Pacific obesity guidelines. Psychosocial factors (body image, self-esteem, and depression/anxiety) were also measured. Data were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance, Pearson's correlation and Path analysis. Results Obese participants reported lower score for physical evaluation, self-esteem, appearance evaluation component of body image, total HRQoL score, and physical/emotional/social function components of HRQoL ; they reported higher score for depression/anxiety. In addition, results indicated that as BMI increased, appearance evaluation, total HRQoL score, and social function component of HRQoL dropped. Path analysis revealed that BMI did not directly affect HRQoL ; however, BMI directly affects body image and self-esteem, indirectly mediates depression/anxiety, and thereby impacts on an individual's HRQoL. Conclusions Body image and self-esteem, rather than BMI itself, have more influence on HRQoL. This reinforces the importance of therapeutic intervention to enhance body image and self-esteem among obese children.

Factors Influencing Health-related Quality of Life in Patients with Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (전립선비대증환자의 건강 관련 삶의 질 영향 요인)

  • Kim, Jeong-Sun;Moon, Vit-Na
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
    • /
    • v.40 no.2
    • /
    • pp.287-297
    • /
    • 2010
  • Purpose: This study was done to examine the relationship of low urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), depression, sexual function, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and to identify factors influencing HRQoL in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) living in the community. Methods: A total of 218 patients with BPH were recruited into the study. The data were collected by personal interviews using questionnaires and were analyzed with SPSS (version 17.0) computer program, and included descriptive statistics, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression analysis. Results: The relationship between HRQoL and LUTS with depression had a significant negative correlation, whereas the relationship between HRQoL and sexual function had a significant positive correlation. Depression, age, LUTS, number of chronic disease, and excercise were found to be significant predictors (35.6%) of the Physical Component Summary of HRQoL. Depression, stress, smoking, LUTS, and sexual function were found to be significant predictors (48.2%) of the Mental Component Summary of HRQoL. Conclusion: To improve HRQoL of patients with BPH, nurses should focus on the factors identified in this study when doing nursing assessments, and should develop nursing intervention programs for BPH prevention and symptoms management in primary care settings.

The Effects of Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain and Depression on Health-related Quality of Life by Gender in Community-dwelling Older Adults (저소득층 재가노인의 근골격계 만성통증과 우울이 건강관련 삶의 질에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Seung-Hee;Yang, Soon-Ok
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
    • /
    • v.21 no.1
    • /
    • pp.21-30
    • /
    • 2010
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of chronic musculoskeletal pain and depression on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) according to gender in community-dwelling older adults. Methods: The subjects of this study were 209 elderly individuals who were receiving visiting nursing services from a public health center located in Gangwon-do. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire from March to April, 2008. SPSS/WIN 13.0 was used for data analysis. Results: Depression and HRQoL showed a significant difference between male and female subjects. There was a negative correlation between chronic musculoskeletal pain, depression, and HRQoL. In the male elderly, depression was the most significant predictor of HRQoL, while in the female elderly, chronic musculoskeletal pain was the most significant predictor of HRQoL. Conclusion: The study showed that chronic musculoskeletal pain was the variable with the highest explanatory power for HRQoL in the female elderly. Therefore, chronic musculoskeletal pain needs to be assessed and managed first in nursing interventions to improve HRQoL of the female elderly.

Health-related Quality of Life After Treatment for Malignant Bone Tumors: A Follow-up Study in China

  • Sun, Yong-Jian;Hu, Yan-Jun;Jin, Dan;Li, Jian-Wei;Yu, Bin
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
    • /
    • v.13 no.7
    • /
    • pp.3099-3102
    • /
    • 2012
  • Aim: We conducted the present study to assess health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among bone cancer patients after surgical treatment in one large teaching hospitals in China, and assess the risk factors for improving the physical or mental HRQoL. Methods: 344 eligible adult patients who were admitted to the hospital with malignant bone tumors during the period of Jun. 2008 to Dec. 2011, and a reference group with 361 health cases was recruited in the same hospital during the same period. All 344 patients were followed up for one year. The HRQoL before treatment and after one year was evaluated with the Medical Outcome Short Form 36 (SF-36). Results: All 8 domains of HRQoL had the lowest scores greatly improved over the first year after discharge. However, the patients still had significantly lower scores in every domain than the reference group one year after discharge. Age and type of surgery were associated with HRQoL in the mental domain. Conclusion: The HRQoL of patients with malignant bone tumors greatly improved one year after the treatment. This study also highlighted the utility of HRQoL assessment for prognostic evaluation of patients after surgical treatment for bone cancer.

A Study of Depression and Health Related Quality of Life in Patients with End-Stage Renal Disease on Hemodialysis (혈액투석 중인 말기 신장질환 환자의 우울과 삶의 질)

  • Kim, Hyoung-Jun;Lee, Woo-Mi;Ahn, Seon-Ho;Song, Ju-Heung;Kim, Jae-Min;Kim, Sung-Wan;Lee, Sang-Yeol
    • Anxiety and mood
    • /
    • v.2 no.2
    • /
    • pp.128-135
    • /
    • 2006
  • Objective : In this study, we investigated the prevalence of depression and its impact on the healthrelated Quality of life (HRQoL) of the patients with End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) on Hemodialysis. Method : The Quality of life (QOL) of patients was evaluated by HRQoL Questionnaire, "Medical Outcome Survey 36-Item Short Form Health Survey Korean Version (SF-36-K)". The patients on Hemodialysis in ESRD, were chosen from the hemodialytic room at Wonkwang University and Jeongeup-Asan Hospital. The number of patients was 95 (64 from Wonkwang University Hospital and 31 from Jeongeup-Asan Hospital) and all of them were above 19 years old. We performed various investigations to find a statistical correlations between HRQoL and physical & psychosocial factors such as the demographic characteristics, clinical characteristics (hemoglobin level and albumin level etc), and the score of Beck's depressive inventory (BDI). Results : The HRQoL value of patients on hemodialysis in ESRD is far poorer than the HRQoL reference value of Koreans and Americans, who are in normal healthly. The prevalence of depressive symptoms by BDI of the ESRD patients on hemodialysis is 68.6%, and age and depression have negative correlations with HRQoL of the patients. However, education level, serum albumin level, and social support have positive correlations with HRQoL. The patient group with depression has significantly poorer HRQoL than the group without depression. Conclusion : The HRQoL of ESRD patients on hemodialysis is not good in both physical and mental aspects. The prevalence of depression is very high and depression has negative impact of HRQoL of patients. Based on our study, it is essential to accompany with therapeutic Strategy to improve the HRQoL of ESRD patients on hemodialysis.

  • PDF

Mediation Effect of Self-Efficacy on the Relationship between Perceived Self-Management Support and Health-Related Quality of Life among Cancer Survivors (암 생존자의 지각된 자기관리 지지와 건강관련 삶의 질의 관계에서 자기효능감의 매개효과)

  • Lee, Bo Gyeong;Lee, Tae Sook;Kim, Soo Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
    • /
    • v.49 no.3
    • /
    • pp.298-306
    • /
    • 2019
  • Purpose: This study aimed to examine the levels of perceived self-management support, self-efficacy for self-management, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in cancer survivors, and to identify the mediating effect of self-efficacy in the relationship between perceived self-management support and HRQoL. Methods: This study used a descriptive correlational design. Two hundred and four cancer survivors who had completed treatment participated in the study. Measurements included the Patient Assessment of Chronic Illness Care Scale, the Korean version of the Cancer Survivors' Self-Efficacy Scale, and the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation coefficient analysis, and multiple regression analysis using Baron and Kenny's method for mediation. Results: The mean score for perceived self-management support was 3.35 out of 5 points, self-efficacy was 7.26 out of 10 points, and HRQoL was 65.90 out of 100 points. Perceived self-management support was significantly positively correlated with self-efficacy (r=.29, p<.001) and HRQoL (r=.27, p<.001). Self-efficacy was also significantly correlated with HRQoL (r=.59, p<.001). Furthermore, self-efficacy (${\beta}=.55$, p<.001) had a complete mediating effect on the relationship between perceived self-management support and HRQoL (Z=3.88, p<.001). Conclusion: The impact of perceived self-management support on HRQoL in cancer survivors was mediated by self-efficacy for self-management. This suggests that strategies for enhancing self-efficacy in cancer survivors should be considered when developing self-management interventions for improving their HRQoL.

Predictors of Health-related Quality of Life (HRQoL) in the Home-dwelling Disabled Persons by using EQ-5D: Results from the 3rd Korea National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey 2005 (재가 장애인의 EQ-5D를 활용한 건강관련 삶의 질의 영향 요인: 국민건강영양조사 제 3기(2005) 자료를 토대로)

  • Chung, Sung-Suk;Joung, Kyoung-Hwa
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
    • /
    • v.22 no.3
    • /
    • pp.291-302
    • /
    • 2010
  • Purpose: This study was a secondary data analysis aimed at identifying the predictors of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of the home-dwelling disabled person by using EQ-5D which is a standardized instrument used as a measure of health outcome. Methods: Data were drawn from the 3rd Korea National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey conducted by the Ministry of Health and Welfare (MOHW). Subjects were 1,021 home-dwelling disabled persons over 19 years of age. Data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics, t-test, Pearson's correlation, one-way ANOVA, Scheff$\acute{e}$ test, and Stepwise multiple regression. Results: HRQoL (Health Related Quality of Life) is differentiated within age, genders, educational level, employment status, economic status, types and grades of disability, health problems associated with limited mobility, and the limited duration of time. HRQoL is correlated with age, number of cohabiters, educational level, grades of disability, activities of daily living (ADL), and instrumental ADL (IADL). HRQoL is significantly associated with ADL, health problems in connection with limited mobility, employment status, types of disability, marital status, grades of disability, and the limited duration of time. These factors explained 63.7% of variance in HRQoL. Conclusion: HRQoL among the disabled is related to their characteristics, ADL, and IADL. For this reason, it is necessary to develop health programs to promote those variables required to improve HRQoL.