• Title, Summary, Keyword: HPV

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Prevalence of Human Papillomavirus and Co-Existent Sexually Transmitted Infections among Female Sex Workers, Men having Sex with Men and Injectable Drug abusers from Eastern India

  • Ghosh, Ishita;Ghosh, Pramit;Bharti, Alok Chandra;Mandal, Ranajit;Biswas, Jaydip;Basu, Partha
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.799-802
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    • 2012
  • Background: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a very common sexually transmitted disease affecting both men and women and is responsible for different ano-genital cancers in either sex. Co-existing sexually transmitted infections (STI) including HIV have been considered as important co-factors for carcinogenesis induced by HPV. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of any HPV, HPV 16 and HPV 18 and also concomitant STIs among female sex workers (FSW), men having sex with men (MSM) and injectable drug users (IDU). Material and Method: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 45 FSWs, 26 MSMs and 58 IDUs who attended the STI or de-addiction clinics. Genital scrape samples collected from glans penis and coronal sulcus in males and cervical squamo-columnar junction in females were tested for HPV DNA by PCR using HPV L1 consensus primer. Type specific PCR to detect HPV 16 and 18 was done on the samples positive on consensus PCR. All participants were tested for associated STIs including HIV and hepatitis B and cervical cytology was done on all females. Results: Among the FSWs, HPV was detected in 73.3% and HPV 16 and 18 was detected in 25.7%. Though the HPV prevalence was similarly high among MSMs (69.2%) and IDUs (72.4%), the prevalence of HPV 16 and 18 was much lower in these groups compared to the FSWs. Prevalence of cervico-vaginal infection with Trichomonas vaginalis and syphilis was significantly higher in the HPV positive women compared to the HPV negative women. There was no statistically significant difference in the prevalence of other STIs among HPV positive and negative women and men. Conclusion: HPV infection is highly prevalent among FSW, MSM and IDUs. Trichomonas vaginalis infection is more frequent in HPV positive women.

Human Papillomavirus Infection and Prognostic Predictors in Patients with Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

  • Huang, Hui;Zhang, Bin;Chen, Wen;Zhou, Shuang-Mei;Zhang, Yong-Xia;Gao, Li;Xu, Zhen-Gang;Qiao, You-Lin;Tang, Ping-Zhang
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.891-896
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    • 2012
  • This study focused on infection rates and subtypes of human papillomavirus (HPV) in patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), and the relationship between HPV status and prognosis of the disease. We evaluated sixty-six OSCC patients who met the enrollment criteria during the period from January 1999 to December 2009. The presence or absence of oncogenic HPV types in tumors was determined using the SPF10 LiPA25 assay. Overall survival (OS) and disease specific survival (DSS) for HPV positive and HPV negative patients were estimated using Kaplan-Meier analysis. The Cox regression model was applied for multivariate analysis. HPV-DNA was detected in 11(16.7%) of all specimens. Among them, 7 were type HPV-16, while other types were HPV-16/11, HPV-35, HPV-58/52, and HPV-33/52/54. Patients with HPV positive tumors were more likely to be female, non-smokers and non-drinkers (p=0.002, 0.001 and 0.001, respectively). After a median follow-up of 24.5 months, patients with HPV positive tumors had significantly better overall survival (HR=0.106[95%CI=0.014-0.787], p=0.016,) and disease specific survival (HR=0.121[95%CI=0.016-0.906], p=0.030). Patients with HPV positive OSCC have significantly better prognosis than patients with HPV negative tumors. HPV infection is an independent prognostic factor.

Pre-vaccination Prevalence and Genotype Distribution of Human Papillomavirus Infection among Women from Urban Tunis: a Cross-sectional Study

  • Guettiti, Haifa;Ennaifer, Emna;Attia, Leila;Chelly, Dalenda;Alaya, Nissaf Ben;Aissa, Rim Ben;Laassili, Thalja;Boubaker, Samir
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.21
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    • pp.9361-9365
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    • 2014
  • Background: To estimate the pre-vaccination distribution of human papillomavirus (HPV) types among women from urban Tunis. Materials and Methods: A total of 611 women aged 18-69 years were enrolled in three local gynaecological outpatient departments. All underwent a gynaecological examination with Pap test and dry swab for HPV detection and typing performed by linear array genotyping test (Roche). Cytological examination was conducted on conventional Pap smears. Results: HPV DNA was found in 6.5% of the women; the most frequent HPV types were HPV 16 and HPV 11 at 3.27% and 1.96%, respectively. The second most frequent high risk (HR) HPV type was HPV 58 (0.82%) followed by HPV 18, HPV 31 and HPV 33 found in only 0.33% of women. Single infections with HPV types, targeted by the quadrivalent vaccine (6, 11, 16, and 18), were detected in 3.6 % of the study patients (55% of positive women). HPV infection was found in 3.83% of women with normal cytology and in 47.4% of women with cytological abnormalities. No statistically significant trend in prevalence by age group emerged for any HPV type or for high or low risk types. Conclusions: These data show a relatively low prevalence of HPV infection in women from urban Tunis with a high proportion of HPV16 and HPV58. This should be considered in the upcoming screening programs and vaccination strategy.

The Effect of Human Papillomavirus(HPV) Related Health Belief and Self-Efficacy on the Infection Preventive Behavioral Intention among Female College Students (여대생의 인유두종바이러스 예방접종 관련 건강신념과 자기효능감이 감염예방행위의도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Yunyoung;Kim, Ju Yeon;An, Min Jin
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.674-683
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    • 2021
  • In this study, we investigated the effect of HPV related Health Belief and Self-Efficacy on HPV Infection Preventive Behavioral Intention considered to be the main impact in determining disease prevention behavior. Subjects of this study were female college students attending a four-year college. It was collected 405 data analyzed with SPSS 25.0 Statistics Program. In order to understand the effect of the subject's HPV related Health Belief and Self-Efficacy on HPV Infection Preventive Behavioral Intention, the general characteristics influenced HPV Infection Preventive Behavioral Intention were introduced as a control variable, and analyzed with Hierarchical Multiple Regression Analysis. Personal health belief and self-efficacy need to be improved to develop interventions that can increase HPV Infection Preventive Behavioral Intention in female college students. Based on the research results, it is necessary to develop and operate various programs to improve HPV prevention behavior.

Low Prevalence of HPV in Male Sexual Partners of HR-HPV Infected Females and Low Concordance of Viral Types in Couples in Eastern Guangdong

  • Huang, Yue;Lin, Min;Luo, Zhao-Yun;Li, Wen-Yu;Zhan, Xiao-Fen;Yang, Li-Ye
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.1755-1760
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    • 2013
  • Objective: To investigate the prevalence of genital high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) in male sexual partners of HR-HPV infected women and the concordance of viral types in couples in China, and comprehend the role of men play in HPV transmission to women. Methods/Materials: 94 asymptomatic women and their husbands from rural Chaozhou participated in epidemiologic screening for HPV infection. Cervical cells from females were collected for high risk HPV screening by real time-PCR, and they were positive for at least 1 of 13 HR-HPV subtypes, then these samples were genotyped. Approximately one mouth later, penile epithelial cells from 94 asymptomatic husbands were collected for HPV genotyping. At the same time, a cross-sectional study was conducted in 366 male patients from sexually transmitted disease (STD) outpatient clinic in China for the prevalence of genital HR-HPV infection in men having frequent sex behavior. Penial epithelial cells were collected for HPV 6/11 and HPV 16/18 detection by fluorescent real-time quantified PCR. Results: Among 94 couples, the prevalence of genital HR-HPV infection in men whose wife was positive for cervical HR-HPV was 5.32% (5/94). Only 2.63% (2/76) had the same high risk viral type presented by their wife. HPV 16 proved to be the most prevalent viral type in men and in couples. Of 366 male patients from STD outpatient clinic, the prevalence of HPV 16/18 infection in men with or without HPV 6/11 was 6.85% and 8.16%, respectively. The incidence of HPV 16/18 was higher in men aged more than 35 years than the young men (18-35 years). Conclusion: The prevalence of genital HR-HPV infection in male sexual partners of HPV-positive women in China was lower than that expected, and the concordance of high risk viral type between couples was extremely low. These data suggested that infected men consitute an important viral reservoir, contributing to transmission of HR-HPV to women and maintenance of infection, but HR-HPV infection may be less likely to persist in men than in women.

Human papilloma virus in oral cancer

  • Kim, Soung Min
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.42 no.6
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    • pp.327-336
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    • 2016
  • Cervical cancer is the second most prevalent cancer among women, and it arises from cells that originate in the cervix uteri. Among several causes of cervical malignancies, infection with some types of human papilloma virus (HPV) is well known to be the greatest cervical cancer risk factor. Over 150 subtypes of HPV have been identified; more than 40 types of HPVs are typically transmitted through sexual contact and infect the anogenital region and oral cavity. The recently introduced vaccine for HPV infection is effective against certain subtypes of HPV that are associated with cervical cancer, genital warts, and some less common cancers, including oropharyngeal cancer. Two HPV vaccines, quadrivalent and bivalent types that use virus-like particles (VLPs), are currently used in the medical commercial market. While the value of HPV vaccination for oral cancer prevention is still controversial, some evidence supports the possibility that HPV vaccination may be effective in reducing the incidence of oral cancer. This paper reviews HPV-related pathogenesis in cancer, covering HPV structure and classification, trends in worldwide applications of HPV vaccines, effectiveness and complications of HPV vaccination, and the relationship of HPV with oral cancer prevalence.

Frequency and Type-distribution of Human Papillomavirus from Paraffin-embedded Blocks of High Grade Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia Lesions in Thailand

  • Swangvaree, Sukumarn Sanersak;Kongkaew, Phon;Ngamkham, Jarunya
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.1023-1026
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    • 2013
  • Cervical cancer is the most important female gynecological cancer, the second leading cause of cancer mortality in women worldwide and the second most common cancer in Thai women. The major cause of cervical cancer is persistent infection of human papillomavirus (HPV), leading to abnormal epithelial lesions, with progression to precancerous and invasive cancer. This study was conducted to investigate the frequency and type distribution of HPV in Thai women who had abnormal cytology. HPV detection from FFPE confirmed abnormal of high grade cervical intraepithelial lesions were for SPF-10-Innogenic Line Probe Assay. HPV-positivity was detected in 320/355 cases (90.14%) and HPV-negativity in 35/355 (9.86%). HPV-positive was found 147/320 cases (41.4%) of single infection, whereas 173/320 cases (48.7%) showed the multiple HPV infection. The most common seven types were HPV-16, -52, -18, -11, -51, -31 and -33, in that order. HPV 16 and 18, the important oncogenic HPV type, were observed in 64.8% of HSIL cases. Interestingly, a high proportion of multiple infections was found in this study and more than ten types could be detected in one case. Therefore, HPV infection screening program in women is essential, particularly in Thailand. Effective primary and secondary prevention campaigns that reinforce HPV screening for HPV detection and typing may be decrease the incidence and mortality of cervical cancer in the future and may lead to significantly improve the quality of life in Thai women.

Prevalence of Human Papillomavirus Types and Phylogenetic Analysis of HPV-16 L1 Variants from Southern India

  • Kabekkodu, Shama Prasada;Bhat, Samatha;Pandey, Deeksha;Varghese, Vinay Koshy;Shukla, Vaibhav;Ghosh, Supriti;Kushtagi, Pralhad;Bhat, Parvati;Gopinath, Puthiya Mundayat;Satyamoorthy, Kapaettu
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.2073-2080
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    • 2015
  • Background: The human papillomavirus (HPV) and its variants show wide geographical distribution and have been reported to cause cervical lesions. With cervical neoplasia as the leading cancer in Indian women, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the multiple infection HPV type distribution and variant genotypes in cervical samples from the coastal Karnataka region, India. Materials and Methods: A total of 212 samples were screened by nested polymerase chain reaction using PGMY9/11 and GP5+/6+ primers. HPV positive samples were sequenced to identify the types and a phylogenetic tree was constructed using the neighbor-joining method. Results: Sequence analysis identified a total of 14 HPV types distributed in 20%, 73.3% and 82.5% of non-malignant, pre-malignant [low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL) and high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL)] and cervical cancer samples. The distribution of high risk HPV in cancer samples was HPV 16, 76.4%, HPV18, 11.7%, HPV81, 2.9%, HPV31, 1.4%, HPV35, 1.4% and HPV 45, 1.4%. Multiple infections were observed in 11.8% of tumor samples with HPV 16 contributing to 62.5% of cases. In non-malignant samples, 20% of HPV positive samples were detected with HPV16, 82.3%, HPV33, 5.8% and HPV58, 5.8% and very low incidence of multiple infections. Comparative phylogenetic analysis of HPV variants identified 9 HPV sequences as new papillomavirus species, predominantly classified as European lineage type. Conclusions: The findings for HPV infections associated with progression of cervical cancer in coastal Karnataka region and HPV variant analysis provide baseline data for prevention and HPV vaccination programs.

Distribution of Oncogenic Human Papillomavirus Genotypes at High Grade Cervical Lesions above CIN 2 Grade with Histological Diagnosis

  • Kim, Geehyuk;Park, Sungyoung;Wang, Hye-young;Kim, Sunghyun;Park, Sangjung;Yu, Kwangmin;Lee, Boohyung;Ahn, Seung-Ju;Kim, Eun-Joong;Lee, Dongsup
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.37-45
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    • 2016
  • High risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) is major risk factor for uterine cervical cancer. There are approximately 15 types of HR-HPV. Liquid based cytology samples (116 samples) with high grade cervical lesions belonging to cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 2, CIN 3, carcinoma in situ (CIS) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) were used after histologic confirmation. HR-HPV genotype assay was conducted using DNA chips. The HR-HPV infection rate was 81.9% with SCC samples showing the highest HR-HPV infection rate of 31%. CIN 3, CIS and CIN 2 showed infection rates of 25%, 16.4% and 9.5%, respectively. According to age with HR HPV infection rate, the 30~39 years-old group showed the highest infection rate by 92.3%. According to distribution with HR HPV genotyping, HPV 16 showed the highest infection rate by 42.3% whereas HPV 33 and HPV 58 showed infection rates of 11.7% and 10.8%, respectively. HPV 18 which is the second most common infected HPV genotype in the world showed 3.6%. Of the three most common oncogenic HR-HPV genotypes in CIN 2, we detected HPV 16, 35, 58; CIN 3 was HPV 16, 33, 58; CIS was HPV 16, 58, 33 (35/52); and SCC was HPV 16, 33, and 18 (31/52/58). Among the HPV 18, CIN 2, CIN 3, CIS and SCC showed 0.9%, 0.9%, 0% and 1.8%, respectively. The most often used preventive vaccines for cervical cancers use HPV 16 and HPV 18 as targets. However, results derived from this study suggest that a preventive vaccine against HPV 16 and HPV 18 would not be optimal for populations in this study.

Investigation of Detected by Recent Various Human Papillomavirus from General Hospital in Seoul Area (최근 서울지역 종합병원에서 다양한 인유두종바이러스의 검출에 대한 실태조사)

  • Lee, Jun-Beom;Park, Chang-Eun
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science
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    • v.48 no.3
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    • pp.247-254
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    • 2016
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is a necessary precondition of cervical cancer. A change from cytology to molecular HPV testing is, however, challenging. A new HPV DNA chip test for the infection of 22 HPV genotypes were developed in Korea. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence and genotype distribution of HPV infection in the Seoul area. Over the last year, a total of 5,614 samples were tested. Using a chip test, HPV genotypes were detected in 1,596 (28.4%); of which, 679 (42.5%) were considered as high risk and low risk HPV were 152 (9.5%). 831 were single positive samples (n=1596). The most frequently found genotypes in all HPV-single positive samples (n=831) were HPV-16 (16.5%), 58 (15.2%), 52 (8.8%), 51 (7.1%) and 56 (5.9%). Mixed genotypes (n=219) were detected in 2 (n=176, 11.0%), 3 (n=37, 5.9%), and 4 (n=2, 0.1%) positive samples (n=1596). This study demonstrated that epidemical investigated HPV infection in patients of general hospital. These findings could be used to indicate a nationwide distribution of HPV and the adoption of vaccines. It is hoped that additional epidemiological research regarding the outcomes that are important to decision makers will be conducted.