• Title, Summary, Keyword: HNC

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Evaluation of Head and Neck Cancer Awareness and Screening Status in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

  • Alhazzazi, Turki Y
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.1135-1139
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    • 2016
  • Background: Head and neck cancer (HNC) is one of the deadliest cancers worldwide. Early detection is a key determinant of HNC prognosis. Hence, raising awareness of this disease may improve survival rates. The present study evaluated the level of awareness and screening status for HNC in the general population of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Materials and Methods: An e-questionnaire was distributed during our HNC awareness campaign at the Red Sea Mall in Jeddah. The questions assessed HNC knowledge and screening status among participants. Results: Of the 112 respondents, 68% indicated that they had no knowledge of HNC. Social media was the major source of information (39%) for respondents. The majority (40%) believed that it was the joint responsibility of dentists, dental hygienists, and general physicians to screen for HNC; 82% had never been screened. Conclusions: Knowledge and awareness of HNC must be increased in the general population and among dental health professionals.

Abundances of HCN and HNC in the Red MSX Sources

  • Choi, Yun-Hee;Lee, Jeong-Eun;Kim, Kee-Tae
    • The Bulletin of The Korean Astronomical Society
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.60.2-60.2
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    • 2010
  • We have studied the abundance ratio of HNC and HCN toward the Red MSX Sources (RMS) using HCN (J=1-0), HNC (J=1-0), $H^{13}CN$ (J=1-0), $HN^{13}C$ (J=1-0),and $N_2H^+$ (J=1-0) lines observed with the Mopra 22 m radio telescope. The RMS are massive young stellar objects identified by the MSX satellite data combined with the 2MASS data. HCN and HNC (a geometrical isomer of HCN) are among the most basic interstellar molecules. According to our analysis, the column density of HCN is found to be correlated with that of HNC. Additionally, the [HNC]/[HCN] abundance ratio is sensitive to the core temperature because HNC is depleted in high temperature regions. This result is consistent with the previous results seen in low mass starless or protostellar cores.

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Trends in Incidence of Head and Neck Cancer in the Northern Territory, Australia, between 2007 and 2010

  • Jayaraj, Rama;Singh, Jagtar;Baxi, Siddhartha;Ramamoorthi, Ramya;Thomas, Mahiban
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.18
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    • pp.7753-7756
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    • 2014
  • Incidence trends of head and neck cancer (HNC) have implications for screening strategies, disease management, guiding health policy making, and are needed to further oral cancer research. This paper aims to describe trends in age-adjusted HNC incidence rates focusing on changes across calendar period between 2007 and 2010 in Australian Northern Territory. Age-adjusted incidence rates of HNC were calculated for 2007-2010 using Northern Territory population based data assembled by Department of Health, Northern Territory Government of Australia. Changes in the HNC rate ratio (RR) and Estimated Annual Percentage Change (EAPC) between 2007-2008, 2008-2009 and 2009-2010 were calculated. A total of 171 HNC patients were recorded by the Northern Territory Department of Health during the time period between 2007 and 2010, out of which, 135 were males (78.9% of male HNC patients) and 36 were females (21.1% of female HNC patients). In conclusion, HNC incidence rate has decreased in the Northern Territory Australian males but remains unchanged in Australian females. High incidences of HNC may be associated with the high smoking rate and high alcohol consumption in the Northern Territory. Continued monitoring of trends in HNC incidence rates is crucial to inform Northern Territory based cancer prevention strategies.

커버스토리 (주)HNC 임재영 대표 - 과감한 투자로 성공의 그림을 그리다 (주)HNC 임재영 대표

  • 벤처기업협회
    • Venture DIGEST
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    • no.2
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    • pp.18-20
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    • 2009
  • 혁신', '창조', '소통'. 이 세 단어는 여느 기업의 비전이 아니라 바로 임재영 대표를 수식하는 말이다. 경영의 혁신을 꾀하고, 비즈니스와 연계되는 모든 것을 창조하며, 인간과 기술의 소통공간을 창출하는 HNC(www.hnceng.com) 임재영 대표. 그의 성공비결을 들어본다.

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MDM2 and TP53 Polymorphisms as Predictive Markers for Head and Neck Cancer in Northeast Indian Population: Effect of Gene-Gene and Gene-Environment Interactions

  • Bhowmik, Aditi;Das, Sambuddha;Bhattacharjee, Abhinandan;Choudhury, Biswadeep;Naiding, Momota;Deka, Sujata;Ghosh, Sankar Kumar;Choudhury, Yashmin
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.14
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    • pp.5767-5772
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    • 2015
  • Background: Polymorphisms in the MDM2 309 (T>G) and TP53 72 (G>C) genes are reported to increase the susceptibility to head and neck cancer (HNC) in various populations. The risk for HNC is also strongly associated with etiologic habits such as smoking, alcohol consumption and/or chewing of betel quid (BQ). In a case-control study, we investigated the significance of the above polymorphisms alone, and upon interaction with one another as well as with various etiologic habits in determining HNC risk in a Northeast Indian population. Materials and Methods: Genotyping at 309 MDM2 and 72 TP53 in 122 HNC patients and 86 cancer free healthy controls was performed by PCR using allele specific primers, and the results were confirmed by DNA sequencing. Results: Individuals with the GG mutant allele of MDM2 showed a higher risk for HNC in comparison to those with the TT wild type allele (OR=1.9, 95%CI: 1.1-3.3) (p=0.022). The risk was further increased in females by ~4-fold (OR=4.6, 95% CI: 1.1-19.4) (P=0.04). TP53 polymorphism did not contribute to HNC risk alone; however, interaction between the TP53 GC and MDM2 GG genotypes resulted in significant risk (OR=4.9, 95% CI: 0.2-105.1) (p=0.04). Smokers, BQ- chewers and alcohol consumers showed statistically significant and dose-dependent increase in HNC risk, irrespective of the MDM2 genotype. Conclusions: MDM2 genotype could serve as an important predictive biomarker for HNC risk in the population of Northeast India.

Head and Neck Cancer in Saudi Arabia: a Systematic Review

  • Alhazzazi, Turki Y;Alghamdi, Faisal T
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.8
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    • pp.4043-4048
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    • 2016
  • Background: Head and neck cancer (HNC) is the ninth most common cancer worldwide, and has a poor 5-year survival rate averaging 50%, which has not changed for decades. A high prevalence of HNC has been reported in the southwestern region of Saudi Arabia, as compared to other areas of the country. However, data in regards to HNC are scattered and not well documented. Thus, the aim of this systematic review was to gather all available and updated important information regarding HNC in Saudi Arabia, and highlight the gaps of knowledge in our country with regard to this disease. In addition, suggestions of solutions to overcome the current status and improve our future standard of care to fight HNC are also highlighted. Materials and Methods: The electronic databases PubMed and Google Scholar using English-language literature were used for this systematic review, using specific inclusion and exclusion criteria and keywords. The search was performed in April 2016 and updated in June 2016. Results: Our search revealed twenty-one studies that fulfilled our inclusion and exclusion criteria and that were conducted in Saudi Arabia. These studies investigated different aspects of HNC, including prevalence, risk factors, biomarkers, and assessed knowledge and awareness of both public and practitioners with regard to HNC. Conclusions: This review uncovered a big gap in our epidemiological data in cancer information in general, and head and neck cancer in particular. In addition, a lack of knowledge and awareness of both the public and health care practitioners hinders the early diagnosis of disease and negatively impact the prognosis, treatment and outcome. The Ministry of Health in Saudi Arabia should develop a more systematic way and adapt policies to gather cancer information in general, and head and neck cancer in particular, from all governmental and private sectors from all over the kingdom, and develop educational programs to raise the knowledge and awareness of HNC in the country.

HCN and HNC observation toward three different phases of massive star formation

  • Jin, Mi-Hwa;Lee, Jeong-Eun;Kim, Kee-Tae
    • The Bulletin of The Korean Astronomical Society
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.67.1-67.1
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    • 2013
  • It has been known that HCN is one of ubiquitous high-density gas tracer, and the abundance ratio between HCN and its Isomer, HNC sensitively depends on kinetic temperature in star-forming regions. Here we investigate the molecular abundance ratio toward three different evolutionary phases of massive star formation: Infrared Dark Clouds, High-mass Protostellar Objects and Ultracompact HII Regions. We obtained the abundances of HCN and HNC using optically thin H13CN and HN13C lines observed with the KVN single-dish telescopes and MAMBO 1.2mm and SCUBA $850{\mu}m$ continuum data. According to our results, the ratio of [HCN]/[HNC] increases statistically with the evolutionary stage, indicative of the effect of temperature. We also found a strong anti-correlation between the column density of molecular hydrogen and the HNC abundance.

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Association of Cyclin D1 Variants with Head and Neck Cancer Susceptibility: Evidence from a Meta-analysis

  • Lin, Hai;Fang, Lian;Lin, Dong
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.14
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    • pp.5645-5651
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    • 2014
  • Whether cyclin D1 (CCND1) gene variants increase susceptibility to head and neck cancer (HNC) is undetermined. Therefore, we performed the present meta-analysis to systematically assess any possible association between CCND1 variants (G870A and G1722C) and HNC risk. Seventeen studies for CCND1 G870A and three studies for CCND1 G1722C were included. Overall, CCND1 polymorphisms (G870A and G1722C) had no association with increased HNC risk (p>0.05). In the subgroup analysis by smoking status, significantly increased HNC risk was found among smokers under allele contrast, homozygous comparison and recessive models (p<0.05), smoking carriers of A allele and AA genotype appearing at elevated risk. In conclusion, while there was overall a lack of any association between CCND1 polymorphisms (G870A and G1722C) and HNC risk, smokers carrying the A allele and AA genotype of the CCND1 G870A polymorphism may be susceptible to HNC development.

Association of RAD 51 135 G/C, 172 G/T and XRCC3 Thr241Met Gene Polymorphisms with Increased Risk of Head and Neck Cancer

  • Kayani, Mahmood Akhtar;Khan, Sumeera;Baig, Ruqia Mehmood;Mahjabeen, Ishrat
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.23
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    • pp.10457-10462
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    • 2015
  • Homologous recombination repair (HRR) plays an important role in protection against carcinogenic factors. Genes regulating the HRR mechanisms may impair their functions and consequently result in increased cancer susceptibility. RAD 51 and XRCC3 are key regulators of the HRR pathway and genetic variability in these may contribute to the appearance and progression of various cancers including head and neck cancer (HNC). The aim of the present study was to compare the distribution of genotypes of RAD51 (135G/C, 172 G/T) and XRCC3 (Thr241Met) polymorphisms between HNC patients and controls. Each polymorphism was genotyped using the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymerase (PCR-RFLP) technique in 200 pathologically confirmed HNC patients along with 150 blood samples from normal, disease free healthy individuals. We observed that homozygous variant CC genotype of RAD51 135G/C was associated with a 2.5 fold increased HNC risk (OR=2.5; 95%CI=0.69-9.53; p<0.02), while second polymorphism of RAD 51 172 G/T, heterozygous variant GT genotype was associated with a 1.68 fold (OR=1.68; 95%CI=1.08-2.61; p<0.02) elevation when compared with controls. In the case of the Thr241Met polymorphism of XRCC3, we observed a 16 fold (OR=16; 95% CI=3.78-69.67; p<0.0002) increased HNC risk in patients compared to controls. These results further suggested that RAD51 (135G/C, 172 G/T) and XRCC3 (Thr241Met) polymorphisms may be effective biomarkers for genetic susceptibility to HNC. Larger studies are needed to confirm our findings and identify the underlying mechanisms.