• Title, Summary, Keyword: HLA-B

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Genotyping of HLA-B by Polymerase Chain Reaction-Sequence Specific Primer (Polymerase Chain Reaction-Sequence Specific Primer를 이용한 HLA-B 유전자의 DNA 다형성 조사)

  • Jang, Soon-Mo
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.147-150
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    • 2007
  • Most expressed HLA (human leukocyte antigen) loci exhibit a remarkable degree of allelic polymorphism, which derives from sequence differences predominantly localized to discrete hypervariable regions of the amino terminal domain of the molecule. In this study, the HLA-B genotypes were determined in twenty students unrelated koreans using the PCR-SSP (polymerase chain reaction-sequence specific primer) technique. Several specific primer pairs in assigning the HLA-B gene were used ($B^{\ast}4001/4007$, $B^{\ast}4901/5001/4501$, $B^{\ast}3701$, $B^{\ast}5801$). The results of PCR-SSP, the HLA-B3701 primer was detected one (5%), the $HLA-B^{\ast}5801$ were detected four (20%), the $HLA-B^{\ast}4001/4007$ were detected nineteen (95%) and the $HLA-B^{\ast}4901/5001/4501$ were detected twenty. This study shows that the PCR-SSP technique is relatively simple, fast and a practical tool for the determination of the HLA-B genotypes. Moreover, these results genotype frequency of the HLA-B gene could be useful for database study before being applied to individual identification and transplantation immunity.

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HLA-B27 DNA Typing using Group Specific Polymerase Chain Reaction (중합효소연쇄반응을 이용한 HLA-B27 유전자분석)

  • Kyung Ok Lee;Sung Hoi Hong;Moom Ju Oh;Kyung In Kim;Min Jung Kim
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.223-229
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    • 1996
  • HLA-B27 gene, one of the HLA-class I molecule, is strongly associated with ankylosing spondylitis. It has been most frequently used as a disease-correlated HLA gene by clinicians. In most laboratories, conventional HLA-B27 typing is still performed by cell cytotoxicity tests or fluorescence serology with specific antibodies. In this study, DNA typing method for HLA-B27 was developed by using group specific Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). Four HLA-B27 cell lines (HOM-2, JESTHOM, WT24 and BTB) and fifty six B27 Korean individuals defined by serology were used. The results of control cell and B-27 positive individual samples were correlated well with the data which was performed by serological method. All of B27 positive PCR products gave positive signals on Southern blot hybridization with B27 specific probe. This study shows that the HLA-B27 DNA typing is a relatively simple, fast and practical tool for the determination of the HLA-B27 gene in routine clinical laboratory work.

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Allopurinol-induced severe cutaneous adverse reactions: A report of three cases with the HLA-B58:01 allele who underwent lymphocyte activation test

  • Kim, Eun-Young;Seol, Jung Eun;Choi, Jae-Hyeog;Kim, Na-Yul;Shin, Jae-Gook
    • Translational and Clinical Pharmacology
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.63-66
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    • 2017
  • Allopurinol-induced severe cutaneous adverse reactions (SCARs) such as Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS), toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), and drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) syndrome are reportedly associated with the $HLA-B^{\star}58:01$ genotype. Three patients who developed SCARs after allopurinol administration were subjected to HLA-B genotyping and lymphocyte activation test (LAT) to evaluate genetic risk and to detect the causative agent, respectively. All three patients given allopurinol to treat gout were diagnosed with DRESS syndrome. Symptom onset commenced 7-24 days after drug exposure; the patients took allopurinol (100-200 mg/d) for 2-30 days. HLA-B genotyping was performed using a polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-sequence-based typing (SBT) method. All patients had a single $HLA-B^{\star}58:01$ allele: $HLA-B^{\star}13:02/^{\star}58:01$ (a 63-year-old male), $HLA-B^{\star}48:01/^{\star}58:01$ (a 71-year-old female), and $HLA-B^{\star}44:03/^{\star}58:01$ (a 22-year-old male). Only the last patient yielded a positive LAT result, confirming that allopurinol was the causative agent. These findings suggest that patients with $HLA-B^{\star}58:01$ may develop SCARs upon allopurinol administration. Therefore, HLA-B genotyping could be helpful in preventing serious problems attributable to allopurinol treatment, although PCR-SBT HLA-B genotyping is time consuming. A simple genotyping test is required in practice. LAT may help to identify a causative agent.

$RpoB_{127-135}$ Peptide Derived from Mycobacterium tuberculosis is Processed and Presented to HLA-$A^*0201$ Restricted CD8+ T Cells via an Alternate HLA-I Processing Pathway

  • Cho, Jang-Eun;Cho, Sang-Nae;Cho, Sungae
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.250-255
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    • 2014
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) resides and replicates inside macrophages. In our previous report, we reported that CD8+ T cell-mediated immune responses specific for the peptide derived from MTB RNA polymerase beta-subunit ($RpoB_{127-135}$) could be induced in TB patients expressing HLA-$A^*0201$ subtype. In order to examine whether $RpoB_{127-135}$ specific CD8+ T cells can recognize MTB infected macrophages in vitro, CD8+ T cell lines specific for $RpoB_{127-135}$ peptide were generated from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of healthy HLA-$A^*0201$ subjects by in vitro immunization technique. In this study, we observed $RpoB_{127-135}$ specific CD8+ T cells could recognize and destroy macrophages infected with MTB for 2 to 4 days. $RpoB_{127-135}$ specific CD8+ T cell immune response was inducible from PBMC of healthy subjects expressing HLA-$A^*0206$ subtype, one of HLA-A2 supertype members. Next, we investigated the HLA-I processing mechanism of $RpoB_{127-135}$ peptide in MTB infected macrophages. As a result, the presentation of the MTB derived epitope peptide, $RpoB_{127-135}$, to CD8+ T cells was not inhibited by the treatment with brefeldin-A (ER-Golgi transport inhibitor) or lactacystin (proteasome inhibitor), which blocks the classical HLA-I processing pathway. However, $RpoB_{127-135}$ specific CD8+ T cell activity was blocked either by the blocking agent for the endocytosis (cytochalasin D) or by the blocking antibody (W6/32) for HLA-I molecules. Therefore, the $RpoB_{127-135}$ peptide may be processed by accessing the alternate HLA-I processing pathway. Understanding the processing and presentation mechanisms of the MTB derived proteins will help to improve the efficacy of vaccines and the efficiency of therapeutic agents for TB.

The Frequencies and Disease-Association of HLA Alleles in Bipolar Patients (양극성 장애환자에서 HLA 대립형의 빈도와 질병연관성)

  • Jun, Tae-Youn
    • Korean Journal of Biological Psychiatry
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.79-87
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    • 1994
  • For the purpose of evaluating the human leukocyte antigen(HLA) disease-association with bipolar disorder, HLA class I and class II allelic frequencies were assessed in 37 bipolar patients and were compared to the data from normal population. HLA class 1 typing was performed with microlymphocytotoxicity method while class II(DRB1) genotyping with reverse dot blot hybridization and sandwich method. Statistical analysis consisted of relative risk, Haldane's modified relative risk, Fisher's exact test and Bonferoni's corrected P. The results were as follows : 1) Bipolar patients showed increased allelic frequency of HLA A3 which has statistical significance. 2) Allelic frequencies of HLA B7, B14 and B54 were higher, while those of B51 and B55 were lower in bipolar patients, but they were not statistically significant. 3) Both of increased frequencies of DR2 in bipolar patients and DR15 in normal controls had statistical significance. The results of the present study suggested that some of HLA allelic types might be associated with bipolar disorder. To clarify the genetic influence of HLA to bipolar disorder, we should do consecutive study of bipolar disorder with new information about HLA system including alleles.

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A Study of Genetic Polymonhisms of HLA-class I and II Genes Using Polymerase Chain Reaction (중합효소연쇄반응을 이용한 HLA-class I, II 유전자군의 유전적 다형성에 관한 연구)

  • Kyung-Ok Lee
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.11-25
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    • 1998
  • The HLA genes located in the short arm of chromosome 6 specify heterodimeric glycoproteins involved in the regulation of the immune response. Recently, in the elucidation of HLA polymorphism, serological and cellular typing methods have been replaced by DNA typing using polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The purpose of this study was to establish the HLA DNA typing methods and determine gene frequencies of HLA molecules in Koreans. PCR-SSP (sequence specific primers) and PCR-RFLP (restriction fragment length polymorphism) techniques were used for the analysis of HLA-A, -B, -C, DRBl genes and HLA-DQAl, DQBl, DPBl genes, respectively. The results of B-lymphoblastoid cells used for control experiment were consistent with the previous data identified in the 11th International Histocompatibility Workshop. Seventeen, 23, 16, 8, 16, 13 and 37 types of HLA-A, B, C, DQAl, DQBl, DPBl and DRBl alleles were found, respectively, in a total of unrelated 120 Korean individuals. The most frequent HLA alleles were $A^*$02 (27.0%), B$^*$40 (17.6%), Cw$^*$01 (19.2%), DQAl$^*$0301 (32.1%), DQBl$^*$0303 (12.9%), DPBl$^*$0501 (31.3%) and DRBl$^*$1501 (9.2%) among Koreans. This study shows that DNA typing method using PCR technique is a relatively simple, fast and practical tool for the determination of the HLA-class I and II genes. Moreover, the data of HLA gene frequencies could be useful for the Korean database before clinical applications, including organ and unrelated bone marrow transplantation, anthropological study, disease association and individual identification.

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HLA-A, HLA-B, HLA-DRB1 Polymorphisms and Risk of Cervical Squamous Epithelial Cell Carcinoma: A Population Study in China

  • Xiao, Xue;Liu, Li;Li, Wei-Jie;Liu, Juan;Chen, Dun-Jin
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.7
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    • pp.4427-4433
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    • 2013
  • Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer in women. HLA class I and II alleles polymorphisms have been shown to be associated with cervical cancer risk, but results have varied among different populations. In this study, the HLA-A, -B, and -DRB1 alleles among 100 southern Chinese women with cervical squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) were compared to 254 controls. Our results showed that $B^*51$:01:02 allele frequency was significantly higher in patients with SCC than in healthy controls ($P=3.17{\times}10^{-5}$, $P_c$=0.005, OR=26.7). Statistical analysis also revealed a significantly decreased frequency of $B^*51$:01:02 ($P=7.01{\times}10^{-4}$, $P_c$=0.03, OR=0.12) in patients with SCC when compared with healthy controls. These results indicate that HLA-$B^*51$:01:02 may confer susceptibility to SCC and HLA-$B^*51$:01:02 may contribute to resistance to the development of SCC in Chinese women. None of the HLA-A-B or HLA-A-B-DRB1 haplotypes were significantly different in cases and controls after multiple testing corrections, indicating the individual allele associations to be independent of the identified haplotypes. These results support the hypothesis that some HLA-B alleles could be involved with susceptibility for developing SCC.

Development of HLA-A, -B and -DR Typing Method Using Next-Generation Sequencing (차세대염기서열분석법을 이용한 HLA-A, -B 그리고 -DR 형별 분석법 개발)

  • Seo, Dong Hee;Lee, Jeong Min;Park, Mi Ok;Lee, Hyun Ju;Moon, Seo Yoon;Oh, Mijin;Kim, So Young;Lee, Sang-Heon;Hyeong, Ki-Eun;Hu, Hae-Jin;Cho, Dae-Yeon
    • The Korean Journal of Blood Transfusion
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.310-319
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    • 2018
  • Background: Research on next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based HLA typing is active. To resolve the phase ambiguity and long turn-around-time of conventional high resolution HLA typing, this study developed a NGS-based high resolution HLA typing method that can handle large-scale samples within an efficient testing time. Methods: For HLA NGS, the condition of nucleic acid extraction, library construction, PCR mechanism, and HLA typing with bioinformatics were developed. To confirm the accuracy of the NGS-based HLA typing method, the results of 192 samples HLA typed by SSOP and 28 samples typed by SBT compared to NGS-based HLA-A, -B and -DR typing. Results: DNA library construction through two-step PCR, NGS sequencing with MiSeq (Illumina Inc., San Diego, USA), and the data analysis platform were established. NGS-based HLA typing results were compatible with known HLA types from 220 blood samples. Conclusion: The NSG-based HLA typing method could handle large volume samples with high-throughput. Therefore, it would be useful for HLA typing of bone marrow donation volunteers.

Purification of Anti-HLA Antibodies in Human Placenta Sera (사람 태반혈청내의 항HLA항체 정제)

  • Lim, Byung-Uk;Han, Hoon;Rhyu, Moon-Gan;Kim, Tae-Kyu;Kim, Gum-Ryong;Lee, Chong-Hoon
    • The Journal of the Korean Society for Microbiology
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.79-83
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    • 1984
  • To determine the existence of anti-HLA antibodies finally in 220 human placental extracts to be proved negative antiserum by previous anti-HLA A,B,C antibody screening procedure, the present study was performed by fractionation of immunoglobulins using saturated ammonium sulfate and by simple batch method on DEAE cellulose. Thereafter using known 150 T-lymphocyte panels, complement-dependent microlymphocytotoxicity test was performed to observe the existence of anti-HLA antibodies and the degree of the antibody response of the concentrates. The following results were obtained: 1. Of total 141 placental sera concentrated 45 cases(31.9%) were showed significant anti-HLA A,B,C antibody response after concentration(Excellent, 19(13.5%), Good, 3(2.1%), Weak, 23(16.3%)). 2. Anti-HLA specificities of placental sera obtained after concentration were A2, A24, B13, B27, B44, B51, CN1, C7. 3. A new type C new-1 anti-HLA antibody that is only expressed in Korean people, was obtained. 4. 79 placental sera purrified by simple batch method using DEAE cellulose were showed negative anti-HLA antibody responses.

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The Prevalence of Human Leucocyte Antigen(HLA)-B51 in Patients with Behcet's Disease (베체트 질환자로부터 Human Leucocyte Antigen(HLA)-B51 발생빈도)

  • Cho, Seang-Sig
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.189-195
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    • 2006
  • Behcet's disease (BD) is a chronic, multisystemic disorder which is more frequently seen in the Mediterranean basin, Middle East, and Far East. The causes and pathogenesis of BD are unknown although many possibilities are being investigated. The diagnosis of BD is based on clinical manifestations because there are no pathognomonic laboratory tests. So, the purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of HLA-B51 in patients with BD. We used the whole blood of 33 patients diagnosed with BD at Chosun University Hospital from August 2003 to January 2006. For the HLA-B51 test, we extracted the DNA from the whole blood of 33 BD patients, and we investigated it through the nested PCR method. Data were analyzed using the SPSS/PC 10.0. The frequencies of gender of the 33 cases diagnosed as BD were male 13 (39.4%) and female 20 (60.6%). The frequencies of age group of the 33 cases diagnosed as BD were 20 yrs 8 (24.2%), 30 yrs 12 (36.4%), 40 yrs 8 (24.2%), 50 yrs 1 (3.0%), and 60 yrs and 70 yrs 2 (6.1%), respectively. The frequencies of HLA-B51 of the 33 cases diagnosed as BD were HLA-B51-negative 18 (54.5%) and HLA-B51-positive 15 (45.5%). In conclusion, BD occurred more often in women than men (1: 1.53), and the mean age of the BD patients was 39.8 years old. HLA-B51 was positive in 45.5% of patients with BD, and was statistically significant in age (p<0.05).

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