• Title, Summary, Keyword: HL-60 cells

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Effects of Selaginella Tamariscina on Apoptosis via the Activation of Caspase-3 in HL-60 (권백의 Caspase-3 활성화를 통한 HL-60 세포에서 세포사멸 유도효과)

  • Nam Hang Woo;Lee Sung Won;An Byung Sang;Chough Won Joon;Kim Yeong Mok;Mun Yean Ja;Ahn Seong Hun;Woo Won Hong
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.751-758
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    • 2003
  • In our previous studies, we reported that Selaginella Tamariscina(ST) induced apoptotic cell death in HL-60 cells selectively. The cell viability after treatment with extract of ST was quantified by MTT assay and trypan bleu exclusion method. The results showed that application with ST in HL-60 induced 40% cell death at the concentration of 400 ㎍/ml. The cancericidic effect of Selaginella Tamariscina was mediated by apoptosis. Thus, HL-60 cells exposed to Selaginella Tamariscina displayed the DNA fragmentation ladder and nucleus chromatin condensation characteristic for apoptosis. The enzyme activity of caspase-3 and actived caspase-3 protein were markedly increased in HL-60 cells treated with the extract of Selaginella Tamariscina. In addition, the extract of Selaginella Tamariscina induced cleavage of PARP, a known substrate for caspase-3. The expression of Bcl-2, anti-apoptotic protein, was decreased by treatment of the aqueous extract of Selaginella Tamariscina in a dose-dependent manner. And the expression of pro-apoptotic Bax protein was increased. In conclusion, our results suggest that the extract of Selaginella Tamariscina may induce the apoptotic death of HL-60 cells via activation of caspase-3, cleavage of PARP protein, depletion of cellular ATP levels and Bcl-2 degradation.

Dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) induces downregulation of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) in HL-60 cells: involvement of HO-1 in HL-60 cell differentiation

  • Noh, Eun-Mi;Cho, Dong-Hyu;Lee, Young-Rae;Jeong, Young-Ju;Kim, Jong-Hyeon;Chae, Hee-Suk;Park, Jinny;Jung, Won-Seok;Park, Sung-Joo;Kim, Jong-Suk
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.44 no.11
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    • pp.753-757
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    • 2011
  • Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), an inducible enzyme with broad tissue expression, is wel1-regulated in response to hematopoietic stress and preserves vascular homeostasis. We investigated the involvement of HO-1 in HL-60 cell differentiation. Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) completely decreased HO-1 expression in a time-dependent manner, but clearly induced HL-60 cell differentiation, as evidenced by a marked increase in CD11b expression. Interestingly, zinc protoporphyrin (ZnPP), a strong inhibitor of HO-1, induced HL-60 cell differentiation. In contrast, treatment with cobalt protoporphyrin (CoPP), an activator of HO-1, decreased CD11b expression. Additionally, ZnPP down-regulated HO-1 protein expression in HL-60 cells, whereas CoPP induced upregulation. These results suggest that HO-1 might have a negative function in DMSO-induced HL-60 cell differentiation. This study provides the first evidence that HO-1 plays an important role in DMSO-induced HL-60 cell differentiation.

Eutigoside from the Leaves of Eurya emarginata Induces the Apoptosis of HL-60 Leukemia cells

  • Park, Soo-Young;Kim, Sang-Chul;Hyoun, Jae-Hee;Lee, Nam-Ho;Kim, Se-Jae;Lee, Young-Ki;Park, Deok-Bae;Yoo, Eun-Sook;Kang, Hee-Kyoung
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Applied Pharmacology
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    • pp.82-82
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    • 2003
  • The present study was undertaken to examine the cytotoxic effect of extract of Eurya emarginata against cancer cells and to develop an anti-cancer agent using components of its leaves. The crude extract of its leaves markedly inhibited the growth of leukemia cells including HL-60. When the HL-60 cells were treated with the extract, DNA fragmentation, morphologic changes and sub-Gl hypodiploid cells were observed. Therefore, the inhibitory effect of E. emarginata on the growth of the HL-60 cells appears to arise from the induction of apoptosis. Moreover, the extract markedly reduced c-Myc expression in a time-dependent manner. Eutigoside C showing the cytotoxic effect was isolated from the leaves of E. emarginata. Eutigoside C reduced the Bcl-2 protein and mRNA levels in a time-dependent manner, whereas the Bax protein and mRNA expression levels were slightly increased. When HL-60 cells were treated with eutigoside C, the release of cytochrome C from mitochondria into the cytosol was observed. Also, the expressions of the active forms of caspase 9 and 3 were increased and the activation of caspase 3 was demonstrated by the cleavage of Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase, a vital substrate of effector caspase. The results indicate that the eutigoside C from E. emarginata induce apoptosis of HL-60 cells via the down-regulation of Bcl-2 expression and activation of caspases.

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Differential Effects of TNF-${\alpha}$ on the Survival and Apoptosis of Human Granulocytes and the Human Myeloid Leukemia Cell Line

  • Yang, Eun Ju;Chang, Jeong Hyun
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.118-123
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    • 2013
  • Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-${\alpha}$) is a proinflammatory cytokine that mediates the inflammatory response and immune functions, and modulates the proliferation, differentiation and cell death of cancer cells. The differential functions of TNF-${\alpha}$ in various human cells due to the formation of different stimulating pathway upon the binding of TNF-${\alpha}$ to its receptors. In the present study, we examined the different effects of TNF-${\alpha}$ on the survival and apoptosis between normal granulocytes and human myeloid leukemia HL-60 cells. Although TNF-${\alpha}$ did not affect on the constitutive apoptosis of granulocytes, TNF-${\alpha}$ strongly induced the apoptosis of HL-60 cells in a dose- and a time-dependent manner. TNF-${\alpha}$-induced apoptosis was occurred via the activation of caspase 8, caspase 9 and caspase 3/7 and the induction of ROS production in HL-60 cells. Also, BAY-11-7085, a NF-${\kappa}B$ inhibitor, blocked the TNF-${\alpha}$-induced apoptosis in HL-60 cells. NF-${\kappa}B$ may be involved in TNF-${\alpha}$-induced apoptotic signaling pathway in HL-60 cells. These results suggest that TNF-${\alpha}$ activates apoptotic pathways and its process depends on cell type and many cellular factors. A better understanding of the differential effect of TNF-${\alpha}$ on cell apoptosis and survival may provide important information that can be used to elucidate the specific inhibitory effect of TNF-${\alpha}$ on the cancer dis.

The Apoptosis according to the Processing Irradiation and The Tumor Necrosis Factor (종양괴사인자와 방사선이 세포자멸사에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jaeseob;Jang, Seongjoo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.195-200
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    • 2016
  • Acute promyelocytic leukemia(APL) is not just the poor grades of treating a type of blood cancer hayeoteul combination with chemotherapy despite concurrent radiation therapy are known to exhibit a greater effect and also works on normal cells to result in side effects. In this study, when after treatment with gamma rays, such as $TNF-{\alpha}$ in order to reduce these side effects was confirmed how affected the cell death of normal cells and cancer cells. HL-60 cells were used as the APL cell line HL-60 cells were differentiated with DMSO for treatment are shown the properties of normal granulocytes was used as a control group. As a result, HL-60 cells treated with $TNF-{\alpha}$ and gamma rays with only showed a cytotoxic effect by inducing the apoptosis cells were put to death. Consequently, $TNF-{\alpha}$ is thought to active substances that can increase the efficiency of cancer treatment to increase the removal of cancer cells when used with low-density gamma-ray treatment in order to eliminate the side effects of chemotherapy.

Extracellular Signal-regulated Kinase (ERK) is Required for Water Extract of Nardostachys chinersis-Induced Differentiation in HL-60 Cells

  • Yoon, Sang-Hak;Ju, Sung-Min;Kim, Nam-Su;Park, Sung-Cheol;Park, Jin-Young;Kim, Sung-Hoon;Song, Yung-Sun;Jeon, Byung-Hun
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.1315-1320
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    • 2006
  • The root and rhizomes of Nardostachys chinensis belonging to the family Valerianaceae has been used for medicinal therapy in Korean traditional medicine. The parts have been especially used to elicit stomachic and sedative effects. Our previous studies reported that the water extract of N. chinensis has induced granulocytic differentiation inhuman promyelocytic leukemia (HL-60) cells. The Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are serine/threonine kinases involved in the regulation of various cellular responses, such as cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. In this study, we investigated the signaling pathways on the HL-60 cell differentiation induced by N. chinensis. Activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) increased time-dependently in differentiation of HL-60 cells induced by N. chinersis. Activation of p38 increased slightly at 24 h after N. chinensis treatment, but activation of c-jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) was unaffected. Inhibitor of ERK (PD98059) significantly reduced NBT reduction activity induced by N. chinensis in HL-60 cells. In contrast, p38 inhibitor (SB203580) did not inhibit the cell differentiation. These results indicated that activaiton of ERK may De involved in HL-60 cell differentiation induced by N. chinensis.

Gliotoxin-Induced Oxidative Stress Mediates the Apoptotic Death in Human Leukemic HL-60 cells (진균독소 Gliotoxin-유도성 산화적 손상에 의한 Apoptosis)

  • 장해란;김영희;김남송;원진숙;조정환;윤재도;임창인;김호찬;최익준
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.275-283
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    • 2002
  • Fungal metabolite, gliotoxin is an epipolythiodioxopiperazin (ETP) class and has various roles including immunomodulatory and apoptotic effects. This study was designed to evaluate the mechanism by which gliotoxin exerts the apoptosis on human promyelocytic leukemic HL-60 cells. Herein, we demonstrated that the gliotoxin decreased the cell viability in a time-dependent manner Gliotoxin-induced cell death was confirmed us apoptosis characterized by chromatin condensation and ladder-pattern fragmentation of genomic DNA. Gliotoxin increased the catalytic activities of caspase-3 and caspase-9. Activation of caspase-3 was further confirmed by degradation of procaspase-3 and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) by gliotoxin in HL-60 cells. Furthermore, gliotoxin induced the changes of mitochondrial transmembrane potential (MTP). Antioxidants, including GSH and NAC, markedly inhibited apoptosis with conistent suppression of enzymatic activity of caspase-3, caspase-9, and MTP loss in gliotoxin-treated cells. Taken together, we suggest that gliotoxin function as an oxidant and ploys proapoptotic roles in HL-60 cells via activation of intrinsic caspase cascades as well as mitochondrial dysfunction.

Apoptosis Induction by Menadione in Human Promyelocytic Leukemia HL-60 Cells

  • Sa, Duck-Jin;Lee, Eun-Jee;Yoo, Byung-Sun
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.113-118
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    • 2009
  • Cell death induced by menadione (vitamin K-3,2-methyl-1,4-naphthoquinone) has been investigated in human promyelocytic leukemia HL-60 cells. Menadione was found to induce both apoptosis and necrosis in HL-60 cells. Low concentration ($1{\sim}$50 ${\mu}$M) of menadione induced apoptotic cell death, which was demonstrated by typical DNA ladder patterns on agarose gel electrophoresis and flow cytometry analysis. In contrast, a high concentration of menadione (100 ${\mu}$M) induced necrotic cell death, which was demonstrated by DNA smear pattern in agarose gel electrophoresis. Necrotic cell death was accompanied with a great reduction of cell viability. Menadione activated caspase-3, as evidenced by both increased protease activity and proteolytic cleavage of 116 kDa poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) into 85 kDa cleavage product. Caspase-3 activity was maximum at 50 ${\mu}$M of menadione, and very low at 100 ${\mu}$M of menadione. Taken together, our results showed that menadione induced mixed types of cell death, apoptosis at low concentrations and necrosis at high concentrations in HL-60 cells.

The Effect of Betulinic Acid on $TNF-{\alpha}-induced$ MCP-1 Expression in HL-60 Cells (HL-60 세포에서 $TNF-{\alpha}$에 의한 MCP-1 발현에 미치는 Betulinic Acid의 효과)

  • Kim, Kyung-Chan;Lee, Chu-Hee
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.52 no.1
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    • pp.37-42
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    • 2008
  • Betulinic acid, a naturally occurring pentacyclic triterpenoid, is found in abundance in the outer bark of white birch (Betula alba). In this study, we investigated if betulinic acid affects cytokine expression from activated macrophage cells. ELISA result showed that stimulation of HL-60 cells with proinflammatory cytokine such as $TNF-{\alpha}$ resulted in MCP-1 release into culture medium. In addition, transcriptional upregulation of MCP-1 in response to $TNF-{\alpha}$ was observed by RT-PCR analysis. However, incubation of HL-60 cells with betulinic acid prior to $TNF-{\alpha}$ treatment abrogated MCP-1 expression in transcription and translational level. Consistent with a number of studies which reported requirement of ERK activation for $TNF-{\alpha}$ expression, Western blot analysis showed that $TNF-{\alpha}-induced$ ERK activation was suppressed by pretreatment of HL-60 cells with betulinic acid. Taken together, our data indicate that betulinic acid exerts its anti-inflammatory effect through inhibition of $TNF-{\alpha}-induced$ ERK activation which is required for the subsequent MCP-1 release.

Anti-leukemic effects of JIPAESAN and its components on leukemic cells HL-60 (인간백혈병(人間白血病) 세포주(細胞株)에서 지패산(芷貝散)의 작용(作用)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Hwang Kee-Myoung
    • Herbal Formula Science
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.143-155
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    • 2002
  • In the hope of identifying anti-leukemic agents from traditional herbal medicines. this study was designed to investigate the anti-leukemic effects of the herbal medicine Jipaesan, which is composed of Angelica Dahurica and Fritillariae Verticillata. in acute promyeloid leukemia HL-60 cells. Jipaesan showed anti-proliferative effect through the induction of differentiation and apoptosis in HL -60 cells. Verticinone as a major differentiating agent and imperatorin as major apoptosis-inducing agent were isolated from the water extracts of F. Verticillata and A. Dahurica, respectively. Combined treatment of HL-60 cells with two major compounds showed synergy in the induction of differentiation. Since the induction of differentiation and/or apoptosis has therapeutic values in curing acute leukemic diseases. Jipaesan could be useful as an anti-leukemic agent.

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