• Title, Summary, Keyword: HL-60 cells

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Involvement of reactive oxygen species in the anti-cancer activity of fenbendazole, a benzimidazole anthelmintic (Fenbendazole의 항암활성에서 활성산소종의 관련성)

  • Han, Yong;Joo, Hong-Gu
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.60 no.2
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    • pp.79-83
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    • 2020
  • Fenbendazole (FBZ) is a benzimidazole anthelmintic that has been widely used in treatments for gastrointestinal parasites including pinworms and roundworms in animals. Recently, some studies demonstrated that FBZ has anti-cancer effects related to disruption of microtubule polymerization. In this study, we investigated whether FBZ has anti-cancer activity in HL-60 cells, a human leukemia cell line, and assessed its relationship with the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). FBZ treatment at 0.25-1 μM significantly decreased the metabolic activity of HL-60 cells. The mitochondrial membrane potential of FBZ-treated HL-60 cells decreased in a concentration-dependent manner. Apoptosis analysis using annexin V-FITC/propidium iodide staining demonstrated that 1 μM FBZ increased the percentages of cells in apoptosis and necrosis. In addition, Hoechst 33342 staining showed the presence of broken nuclei in HL-60 cells treated with 0.5 and 1 μM FBZ. To investigate the anti-cancer mechanism of FBZ, HL-60 cells were treated with FBZ in the absence or presence of N-acetyl cysteine (NAC), an inhibitor of ROS production. NAC significantly recovered the decreased metabolic activity of HL-60 induced by 0.5 and 1 μM FBZ treatments. This study provides evidence that FBZ has anti-cancer activity in HL-60 cells provided, in part, via ROS production.

Screening on the Cytotoxicity of Medicinal Plants against L1210 and HL60 Cancer Cells (L1210과 HL60 암세포에 대한 야생식물의 세포독성 검색)

  • Lee, Jun-Sung;Min, Byung-Sun;Bae, Ki-Hwan
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.173-177
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    • 1996
  • For the search of anticancer compounds from natural products, 43 plants were extracted with benzene and methanol, separately, and the extracts were screened for the cytotoxicity against L1210 and HL60 cancer cell lines. From the results, 22 samples in benzene extracts showed cytotoxicity against L1210 cells and 23 samples against HL60 cells, respectively. However, any methanol extracts did not exhibit cytotoxicity against two cancer cell lines, it suggested that cytotoxic compounds seemed to have low polarity. $ED_{50}$ values less than $5\;{\mu}g/ml$ were observed in 14 and 9 samples in benzene extracts against L1210 and HL60 cancer cells, respectively.

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Differentiation Inducing Effect of (+)-Catechin in Human Leukemia HL60 Cells ((+)-Catechin에 의한 백혈병 세포 HL-60의 분화 유도효과)

  • 이수진;염윤기;안형수;안령미;이세윤
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.19-25
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    • 1999
  • (+)-Catechin inhibited the growth and induced the differentiation of HL-60 human leukimia cells. The degree of a differentiation by (+)-catechin during the differentiation, the expression assay, To understand the molecular mechanism of (+)-catechin during the differentiation, the expression level of oncogenes was detected by Northern blot analysis. c-Myc mRNA level was reduced after treatment with (+)-Catechin (10-4), however, the expression of c-jun was increased with a concentration dependent manner in HL-60 cells. These results showed that the differentiation and antiproliferation of HL-60 cells against (+)-Catechin was related to the reduction of c-myc and the induction of c-jun expression.

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Effects of Aralia continentalis Root Extract on Cell Proliferation and Apoptosis in Human Promyelocytic Leukemia HL-60 Cells

  • Lim Hae-Young;Oh Ha-Lim;Lee Chul-Hoon
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.16 no.9
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    • pp.1399-1404
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    • 2006
  • The roots of Aralia continentalis (AC) have been used traditionally in Korean as a folk medicine for anti-inflammation and as an anti-rheumatic. In this study, we report that the ethyl acetate-soluble traction (ACE) of the methanolic extract of AC root inhibited the cell growth of various human cancer cell lines and induced apoptosis of HL-60, human promyelocytic leukemia cells. Its $IC_{50}$ values on growth inhibition were estimated to be $56.3{\mu}g/ml$ on HL-60, $87.2{\mu}g/ml$ on HepG2, $93.2{\mu}g/ml$ on HeLa, $135.5{\mu}g/ml$ on DU-145, and $135.8{\mu}g/ml$ on HT-29 cells. Interestingly, ACE showed no antiproliferative effect on normal lymphocyte cells used as control. Furthermore, nuclear DAPI staining revealed the typical nuclear features of apoptosis in the HL-60 cells exposed to $80{\mu}g/ml$ ACE, and a flow cytometric analysis of the HL-60 cells using propidium iodide showed that the apoptotic cell population increased gradually from 5% at 0 h to 16% at 12 h and 20% at 24 h after treated with $50{\mu}g/ml$ of ACE. TUNEL assay also revealed the apoptotic induction of the HL-60 cells treated with ACE. To obtain further information on the ACE-induced apoptosis, the expression level of certain apoptosis-associated proteins was examined using a Western blot analysis. Treatment of the HL-60 cells with ACE resulted in the activation of caspase-3, and subsequent proteolytic cleavage of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP). The above results confirmed that the apoptosis in the HL-60 cells was induced by ACE, and that caspase-3-mediated PARP cleavage was involved in the process.

A Natural Product, Chios Gum Mastic, Induces the Death of HL-60 Cells via Apoptosis and Cell Cycle Arrest

  • Koo, Byung-Chan;Kim, Duck-Han;Kim, In-Ryoung;Kim, Gyoo-Cheon;Kwak, Hyun-Ho;Park, Bong-Soo
    • International Journal of Oral Biology
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.13-21
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    • 2011
  • Chios gum mastic (CGM) is produced from Pistiacia lentiscus L var chia, which grows only on Chios Island in Greece. CGM is a kind of resin extracted from the stem and leaves, has been used for many centuries in many Mediterranean countries as a dietary supplement and folk medicine for stomach and duodenal ulcers. CGM is known to induce cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in some cancer cells. This study was undertaken to investigate the alteration of the cell cycle and induction of apoptosis following CGM treatment of HL-60 cells. The viability of the HL-60 cells was assessed using the MTT assay. Hoechst staining and DNA electrophoresis were employed to detect HL-60 cells undergoing apoptosis. Western blotting, immunocytochemistry, confocal microscopy, FACScan flow cytometry, MMP activity and proteasome activity analyses were also employed. CGM treatment of HL-60 cells was found to result in a dose- and time-dependent decrease in cell viability and apoptotic cell death. Tested HL-60 cells showed a variety of apoptotic manifestations and induced the downregulation of G1 cell cycle-related proteins. Taken collectively, our present findings demonstrate that CGM strongly induces G1 cell cycle arrest via the modulation of cell cycle-related proteins, and also apoptosis via proteasome, mitochondrial and caspase cascades in HL-60 cells. Hence, we provide evidence that a natural product, CGM could be considered as a novel therapeutic for human leukemia.

Effect of Orostachys japonicus A. Berger on Apoptosis Induction of Human Leukemia HL60 Cells (와송의 HL60백혈병세포의 Apoptosis유도 효과)

  • Oh, Chan-Ho;Bae, Jin-Beom;Kim, Nam-Seok;Jeon, Hoon;Han, Kwang-Soo;Lee, Moon-Jun;Kwon, Jin
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.40 no.2
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    • pp.118-122
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    • 2009
  • Methanol extracts of Orostachys japonicus A. Berger (OAB) were found to exhibit apoptosis induction of HL60 human acute promyelocytic leukemia cells. Treatment of OAB exerted strong cytotoxicity against HL60 cells. OAB induced DNA fragmentation of HL60 cells in a dose dependent manner. Nitric oxide production were also increased in OAB-treated RAW264.7 macrophage cell lines. Treatment of OAB increased the expression of p53 and iNOS gene and the expression of p53, $NF-{\kappa}B$ and iNOS protein in cultured HL60 and RAW264.7 cells. These results suggest that OAB are effective on strong anti-cancer properties and can be useful as a chemo-preventive agents.

Cytotoxic Constituents from the Forsythiae Fructus against L1210 and HL60 cells (L1210 및 HL60 Cell에 대한 연교의 세포독성 성분)

  • Lee, Jun-Seong;Min, Byeong-Seon;Bae, Gi-Hwan
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.462-467
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    • 1996
  • Forsythiae Fructus was studied on cytotoxic activities for the purpose of finding out active consituents against L1210 and HL60 cells. To isolate the active ones, the methanolic extract was partitioned into water insoluble and water soluble fractions. Furthermore, the water soluble fraction was fractionated into four parts, n-hexane, benzene, ethylacetate and water fractions. Among these, the water insoluble fraction showed the most potent cytotoxic activities on L1210 and HL60 cells in vitro. The water insoluble fraction was applied to silica gel column chromatography and divided into 5 fractions(fr. 1-5). The active constituents I and II were isolated from fr.2 and 3, respectively, by repeated silica gel column chromatography and recrystallization. The constituents were identified as 3${\beta}$-acetylbetulinic acid and betulinic acid by means of physicochemical data. The $ED_{50}$ values of 3${\beta}$-acetylbetulinic acid and betulinic acid were 9.10 and 16.43${\mu}g$/ml against L1210 cells and 2.72 and 2.41${\mu}g$/ml against HL60 cells, respectively.

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Apoptosis-Inducing Activity of Galloylglucoses from Juglans mandshurica in Human Promyeloid Leukemic HL-60 Cells

  • Min, Byung-Sun;Kwon, Ok-Kyoung;Park, Bo-Young;Kim, Young-Ho;Hattori, Masao;Joung, Hyouk;Lee, Hyeong-Kyu
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.48-53
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    • 2004
  • Two galloyl monosaccharides, 1,2,6-trigalloylglucose (1, TRgG) and 1,2,3,6- tetragalloylglucose (2, TEgG), were isolated from the stem-bark of Juglans mandshurica. Two galloylglucoses showed cytotoxic effects on human promyelocytic leukemia HL-60 cells. In order to elucidate their mechanism of action, we have investigated the flow cytometric analysis after Annexin V-FITC and PI staining, caspase-3 activity, and internucleosomal DNA fragmentation in HL-60 cells. HL-60 cells treated with both compounds 1 and 2 at 150 and $100\;{\mu}M$, respectively, led to a morphological features of apoptosis, such as plasma membrane blebbing and cell shrinkage. TRgG (1) and TEgG (2) increased the percentage of $FITC^+\;and\;FITC^+PI^+$ cells in flow cytometry after Annexin V-FITC and PI staining. The increase of apoptotic cells was preceded by the activation of caspase-3 reported to play a central role in apoptotic process and inducing internucleosomal DNA fragmentation. TEgG (2) showed to have stronger apoptosis inducing activity in HL-60 cell lines as compared with TRgG (1).

Effect of Nardostachyos Rhizoma on Apoptosis, Differentiation and Proliferation in HL-60 cells

  • Ju Sung-Min;Lee Jun;Choi Ho-Seung;Yoon Sang-Hak;Kim Sung-Hoon;Jeon Byung-Hun
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.163-170
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    • 2006
  • Nardostachyos Rhizoma (N. Rhizoma) belonging to the family Valerianaceae has been anti-arrhythmic effect, and sedation to the central nerve and a smooth muscle. We reported that the water extract of N. Rhizoma induced apoptotic cell death and differentiation in human promyelocytic leukemia (HL-60) cells. Cytotoxicity of N. Rhizoma was detected only in HL-60 cells (IC50 is about 200 ${\mu}g/ml$). The cytotoxic activity of N. Rhizoma in HL-60 cells was increased in a dose-dependent manner. We used several measures of apoptosis to determine whether these processes were involved in N. Rhizoma-induced apoptotic cell death. The high-dose (200 ${\mu}g/ml$) treatment of N. Rhizoma to HL-60 cells showed cell shrinkage, cell membrane blobbing, apoptotic bodies, and the fragmentation of DNA, suggesting that these cells underwent apoptosis. Treatment of HL-60 cells with N. Rhizoma time-dependently induced activation of caspase-3, caspase-8, and caspase-9 and proteolytic cleavage of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase. Also, we investigated the effect of N. Rhizoma on cellular differentiation and proliferation in HL-60 cells. Differentiation and proliferation of HL-60 cells was determined through expression of CD11b and CD14 surface antigens using flow cytometry and nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT) assay, and through analysis of cell cycle using propidium iodide assay, respectively. N. Rhizoma induced the differentiation of HL-60 at the low-dose (100 ${\mu}g/ml$) treatment, as shown by increased expression of differentiation surface antigen CD11b, but not CDl4 and increased reducing activity of NBT. When HL-60 cells were treated with N. Rhizoma at concentration of $50{\mu}g/ml\;and\;100{\mu}g/ml$, NBT-reducing activities induced approximately 1.5-fold and 20.0-fold as compared with the control. In contrast, HL-60 cells treated with the N. Rhizoma-ATRA combination showed markedly elevated levels of 26.3-fold at $50{\mu}g/ml$ N. Rhizoma-0.1 ${\mu}M$ ATRA combination and 27.5-fold at 50 ${\mu}g/ml$ N. Rhizoma-0.2 ${\mu}M$ ATRA combination than when treated with N. Rhizoma alone or ATRA alone. It may be that N. Rhizoma plays important roles in synergy with ATRA during differentiation of HL-60 cells. DNA flow-cytometry indicated that N. Rhizoma markedly induced a G1 phase arrest of HL-60 cells. N. Rhizoma-treated HL-60 cells increased the cell population in G1 phase from 32.71% to 42.26%, whereas cell population in G2/M and S phases decreased from 23.61% to 10.33% and from 37.78% to 33.98%, respectively. We examined the change in the $p21^{WAF1/Cip1}\;and\;p27^{Kip1}$ proteins, which are the CKIs related with the G1 phase arrest. The expression of the CDK inhibitor $p27^{Kip1},\;but\;not\;p21^{WAF1/Cip1}$ were markedly increased by N. Rhizoma. Taken together, these results demonstrated that N. Rhizoma induces apoptotic cell death through activation of caspase-3, and potently inhibits the proliferation of HL-60 cells via the G1 phase cell cycle arrest in association with $p27^{Kip1}$ and granulocytic differentiation induction .

The Effects of Crinum asiaticum on the Apoptosis Induction and the Reversal of Multidrug Resistance in HL-60/MX2

  • Hyun, Jae-Hee; Kang, Jung-Il;Kim, Sang-Cheol;Kim, Elvira;Kang, Ji-Hoon;Kwon, Jung-Mi;Park, Doek-Bae;Lee, Young-Jae;Yoo, Eun-Sook;Kang, Hee-Kyoung
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.29-36
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    • 2008
  • The present study investigated the anti-proliferative and chemosensitizing effects of Crinum asiaticum var. japonicum against multi-drug resistant (MDR) cancer cells. The 80% methanol extract, chloroform ($CHCl_3$) fraction and butanol (BuOH) fraction of C. asiaticum inhibited the growth of mitoxantrone (MX) resistant HL-60 (HL-60/MX2) cells. When HL-60/MX2 cells were treated with the $CHCl_3$ and BuOH fractions, DNA ladder and sub-G1 hypodiploid cells were observed. Furthermore, the fractions reduced BcI-2 mRNA levels, whereas Bax mRNA levels were increased. These results suggest that the inhibitory effect of C. asiaticum on the growth of the HL-60/MX2 cells might arise from the induction of apoptosis. Treatment of HL-60/MX2 cells with the fractions markedly decreased the mRNA levels of the multi-drug resistance protein-1 and breast cancer resistance protein. The $CHCl_3$ fraction and hexane fraction increased MX accumulation in HL-60/MX2 cells. These results imply that the $CHCl_3$ fraction of C. asiaticum plays a pivotal role as a chemosensitizer. We suggest that components of C. asiaticum might have a therapeutic potential for the treatment of MDR leukemia.