• 제목, 요약, 키워드: HL-60 cells

검색결과 333건 처리시간 0.038초

Induction of Apoptosis by Baicalein in Human Leukemia HL-60 Cells

  • Kim, Jang-Ho;Park, Sun-Young;Shin, Kwang-Sig;Yoo, Byung-Sun
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.131-137
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    • 2001
  • Baicalein, a major flavonoid of extract from Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, has been shown to exhibit antioxidant and anti proliferative effects. In the present study, we investigate the effects of baicalein on viability and induction of apoptosis in human promyelocytic leukemia HL-60 cells. Baicalein was found to induce apoptosis of HL-60 cells in a concentration-dependent and time-dependent manner. When HL-60 cells were exposed to 100 $\mu\textrm{M}$ baicalein for 6h, the viability was decreased remarkably to 27% of control, whereas DNA fragmentation was significantly increased to 64%. Nucleosomal fragmentation of baicalein treated HL-60 cells, a hallmark of apoptosis, was further identified by agarose gel electrophoresis (DNA ladder). Flow cytometric analysis showed that apoptotic cells were increased to 66.6% after treatment with 100 $\mu\textrm{M}$ baicalein for 6 h. Baicalein-induced apoptosis of HL-60 cells was reduced by 1h pretreatment with inhibitor of caspases, z-Asp-$CH_2$-DCB. At 3 and 10 $\mu\textrm{M}$ of z-Asp-$CH_2$-DCB, DNA fragmentation of HL-60 cells induced by baicalein (50 $\mu\textrm{M}$) was 36.8 and 17.1 %, respectively, whereas, that of HL-60 cells treated by baicalein (50 $\mu\textrm{M}$) without pretreatment with inhibitor of caspases was 62.7%. These data suggest that baicalein induces apoptosis in human leukemia HL-60 cells, and that caspase enzymes might be involved in baicalein-induced apoptosis.

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Dimethylsulfoxide로 분화시킨 HL-60 세포의 yoxoplasma 파괴 효과 (Toxoplasmacidal Effect of HL-60 Cells Differentiated by Dimethylsulfoxide)

  • 최원영;남호우;유재을
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.229-238
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    • 1988
  • HL-60세포에서 Toxoplasma gondii의 in vitro배양과 HL-60세포를 DMSO로 처리하여 과립세포로 분화시킨 세포에서 Toxoplasma에 대한 세포매개성 면역 기능을 검토하였다. 먼저, HL-60 세포를 여러 농도의 DMSO로 처리하였는데, 1.3%(V/V)로 3일간 처리하였을 때, HL-60 세포 의 적정 분화가 이루어졌다. 분화의 정도는 형태적, 생리적, 및 기능적 관점에서 검사되었는데, DMSO를 처리한 경우, 3H-thymidine의 흡입이 감소하는 것으로 보아 DNA 합성이 억제됨을 알 수 있었으며, 기능적으로는 주화성 물질인 FMLP에 대해 이동하는 성질을 보였으며, 형태적으로는 핵1세포질의 비가 큰 promyelocyte에서 작은 비를 갖는 과립 세포로 변화하여 분화를 입증하였다. 이후, HL-60 세포나 DMSO로 분화를 유도한 HL-60 세포와 Toxoplasma를 같이 배양하면서 이들의 관계를 관찰하였다. Lysosome에 선택적으로 흡입되는 형광 물질(acridine orange)로 전처리한 표본은 형광현미경하에 서 관찰하였으며, 다른 표본은 Giemsa로 염색하여 광학 현미경하에서 관찰하여 비교하였다. HL-60 세포에서는 72시간의 배양으로 Toxoplasma가 세포질내에서 증식하여 rosette를 형성하였으며, DMSO로 분화시킨 HL-60 세 포에서는 배양 초기 1시간째에 phagocytosis가 일어났으며 이후 세포내 소화가 이루어져 72시간째에는 lysosome이 원상태로 되돌아오는 것이 관찰되었다. 이상의 결과들로 볼 때, Toxoplnsma의 숙주 세포내에서의 기생 혹은 면역 세포에 의한 감수성에 phagosome 과 Iysosome의 융합이 결정적인 인자임을 알 수 있었으며, 아울러 HL-60 세포에서의 Toxoplasma의 증식 가능성과 DMSO로 분화시킨 HL-60 세포의 Toxoplasma 파괴 효과가 원충 기생충과 숙주의 상호 관계를 규명하는 좋은 모델임을 제시하였다.

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Influence of Environmental Conditions on c-Jun N-terminal Kinase Mediated Apoptosis of HL60 Cells by Anti-Cancer Drugs

  • Hur, Eun-Hye;Kang, Mun-Jung;Kim, Sung-Doo;Lim, Sung-Nam;Kim, Dae-Young;Lee, Jung-Hee;Lee, Kyoo-Hyung;Lee, Je-Hwan
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.32-38
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    • 2010
  • Activation of JNK has long been associated with the apoptotic response induced by various anti-cancer drugs including doxorubicin, vinblastine, and etoposide. In this study, we examined and compared patterns of apoptosis and JNK activation according to three different anti-cancer drugs (daunorubicin, vinblastine, and etoposide) and two different sources of HL60 cells (Jackson Laboratory and ATCC). HL60 cells from Jackson Laboratory (HL60/RPMI) were maintained in RPMI 1640 containing 5% fetal bovine serum and those from ATCC (HL60/IMDM) in IMDM containing 20% fetal bovine serum as to each manufacture's guideline. In general, HL60/RPMI cells were more sensitive to anti-cancer drugs compared to HL60/IMDM cells, demonstrated by the XTT and flow cytometric analyses. Apoptotic pathways after treatment with anti-cancer drugs seemed to be different between HL60/RPMI (daunorubicin and etoposide, caspase 3 dependent, but caspase 8 or 9 independent; vinblastine, caspase 3 independent) and HL60/IMDM (caspase 3 and caspase 9 dependent). The expression of apoptotic protein, BID, was consistent with caspase 3 activation. Immunoblotting of phospho-JNK and JNK kinase assay showed JNK activation by all three anti-cancer drugs in HL60/RPMI, while JNK activation was observed only in vinblastine-treated cells in HL60/IMDM. Our study results suggest that in vitro environmental conditions have a significant influence on JNK mediated apoptosis of HL60 cells by anti-cancer drugs and in vitro culture conditions are important factors in JNK or possibly other MAPK related studies.

청열소독음(淸熱消毒飮)이 HL-60 세포주의 Apoptosis에 미치는 영향 (Study on the influence of Cheongyulsodokeum that effects on apoptosis of HL-60 tumor cell)

  • 배진석;김종한;박수연;최정화
    • 한방안이비인후피부과학회지
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.66-79
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    • 2007
  • Objectives : This study was carried out to evaluate anti-tummor effect about apoptosis of Cheongyulsodok-Eum (CSE) Results : 1. Anti-tumor(HL-60 cells) effects of CSE water extracts(Exts) were more effective in high density.($IC_{50:}:572$ ${\mu}g/ml$) 2. The generation of $O_2\;^-$ in HL-60 cells were according to the concentration of CSE water Exts, specially more effective on 100 ${\mu}g/ml$ and 1000 ${\mu}g/ml$ concentration. 3. The SOD activities in HL-60 cells were in proportion as cytotoxicity against HL-60 cells of CSE water Exts. 4. The GPx activities in HL-60 cells were in proportion as cytotoxicity against HL-60 cells of CSE water Exts(more effective on 100 ${\mu}g/ml$ and 1000 ${\mu}g/ml$ concentration), but the catalase activities in HL-60 cells were not effective. 5. DPPH radical scavenging activity of CSE water Exts was effective.(3 ${\mu}g/ml:31.2{\pm}5.2$ %, 10 ${\mu}g/ml:49.6{\pm}7.3$ %, 30 ${\mu}g/ml:35.8{\pm}5.7$ % 100 ${\mu}g/ml:42.3{\pm}6.4$ %) 6. The results of cytotoxicity against HL-60 cells of CSE were as follows. 1) In hexane fraction, the cytotoxicity against HL-60 cells($IC_{50:}:592$ ${\mu}g/ml$) was more effective than against NIH3T3 cells. 2) In ethyl acetate fraction, the cytotoxicity against HL-60 cells was not effective. 3) In butanol fraction, the cytotoxicity against HL-60 cell($IC_{50:}:306$ ${\mu}g/ml$) was more effective than against NIH3T3 cells. 4) In $H_2O$ fraction, the cytotoxicity against HL-60 cells was not effective. Conclusion : These result suggest that CSE has antioxidative effects and anti-tumor effects by apoptosis of free radical($O_2\;^-$) activity, especially butanol and hexane fraction from water extract has more effective in anti-twnor effects.

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TPA로 야기된 HL-60 세포의 기질부착에 대한 Asadisulphide의 억제 효과 (Inhibitory Effects of Asadisulphide on the TEA-induced Adherence of HL-60 Cells)

  • 유관희;박미아;김선희;안병준
    • 대한의생명과학회지
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.181-186
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    • 2000
  • 항암제로 사용되어 온 아위를 사용하여 극성에 따른 용매추출 분획을 얻고 TPA로 처리된 HL-60 세포를 사용하여 기질부착 억제실험을 수행한 결과, ethyl acetate (EA) 층에서 가장 강한 부착억제효과가 있음을 알아 내었기에 ethyl acetate (EA)층을 다시 ethyl acetate (EA), hexane (HEX), ethyl ether (EE)로 추출한 뒤 3회 chromatography하여 아위 순수활성물질인 asadisulphide를 분리해 내었다. 이 순수활성물질을 가지고 HL-60 암세포에 대한 부착 억제실험을 수행한 결과 asadisulphide는 최소농도 2 $\mu\textrm{g}$/ml에서 HL-60 세포의 부착을 98%억제하였다. 또한 assdisulphide는 HL-60 세포에 대해 ED$_{50}$값은 2.6 $\mu\textrm{g}$/ml이었으며, 20 $\mu\textrm{g}$/ml 농도 이하에서 세포독성이 없고 항암효과가 있다는 사실을 규명하였다.

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Structural Changes on the HL-60 Cells of TPA-induced Adherence by Asadisulphide

  • Ahn, Byung-Zun;Kim, Seon-Hee;Park, Mi-A;You, Kwan-Hee
    • 대한의생명과학회지
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.13-20
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    • 2002
  • Asadisulphide were purified from Ferrula assafoetida by organic solvent extraction and chromatography. Since ethyl acetate extracts of F. assafoetida has the strongest inhibitory effects on adherence of HL-60 cells, it was reextracted with ethyl acetate, hexane, and ethyl ether and chromatographed three times to isolate asadisulphide. HL-60 cells were grouped into untreated control, TPA-treated, asadisulphide-teated and TPA+asadisulphide-treated groups, and structural changes of these cells were observed using light microscope, scanning electron microscope and transmission electron microscope to examine the inhibitory effects of asadisulfide on the TPA-induced adherence of HL-60 cells. Light microscopic observations showed that asadisulphide has inhibitory effects on the cell aggregation, extention of cytoplasmic processes and inhibition of substrate adhesion of HL-60 cells. Using scanning and transmission electron microscope, it was observed that cell surfaces and several ultrastructures of TPA-treated HL-60 cell were different from control group, while there were no remarkable differences between asadisulphide-treated and TPA+asadisulphide-treated group. These results could suggest that asadisulphide has the inhibitory effects on the TPA-induced structural changes of HL-60 cells.

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Antitumor Activity of Crude Sesaminol in Sesame Seed

  • Ryu, Su-Noh;Lee, Bong-Ho
    • 한국작물학회지
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.168-171
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    • 1998
  • Sesaminol in sesame seed was postulated to have antitumor activity. The present study was performed to characterize the role of crude sesaminol extracted from sesame seed (Sesame Crude Sesaminol; SCS) on inhibiting the in vitro growth of human leukemia HL-60 cells. SCS inhibited the growth of human leukemia HL 60 cells in culture and macromolecular synthesis in a dose and time dependent manner. The cytostatic range of SCS concentration was found to be 60 to 100 $\mu\textrm{g}$/ml. SCS concentration greater than 200 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mlwere cytocidal to HL-60 cells. When SCS concentraction was 6 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mland 50 $\mu\textrm{g}$/ml the synthesis of HL-60 cells was inhibited by 35% for DNA, 6% for RNA and 5% for protein and 83% for DNA, 76% for RNA and 60% for protein. Of specific interest was the irreversible effect of SCS in inhibiting DNA synthesis of HL-60 cells. This was evidenced from the fact that, even after washed with PBS three times, preincubated HL-60 cells still showed the inhibited DNA synthesis.

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Farnesol의 HL-60 세포에 대한 세포독성과 활성산소 및 항산화효소 활성 변화 (Reactive Oxygen Species and Antioxidant Enzyme Activities in Accordance with the Cytotoxicity of Farnesol Against HL-60 Cells)

  • 임소윤;박시원
    • 약학회지
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    • v.50 no.6
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    • pp.372-380
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    • 2006
  • Farnesol in fruits, vegetables, herbs and leaves acts as bioactive component related with prevention of cancer and psychological malaise. We investigated the cytotoxic effects of farnesol on human leukemic cell, HL-60 cells, by MTT assay using 3- (4,5-Oirnethylthiazol-2-yl) -2,5-diphenyltetrazoliumbromide. Farnesol (0.1${\sim}$50 ${\mu}$g/ml) exhibited cytotoxicities against HL-60 cells in concentration and culture period dependent manner, In the cytotoxic condition induced by farnesol against HL-60 cells, the generation of reactive oxygen species such as O$_2$ and H$_2$O$_2$ were found to be considerably increased. The most prominent augmentations of O$_2$ and H$_2$O$_2$ were over five folds of controls. In an attempt to explore the response of HL-60 cells to the increased O$_2$ and H$_2$O$_2$, superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and catalase activities of HL-60 cells treated with farnesol were measured. SOD and GPx activities were found to be remarkably elevated by addition of farnesol showing the best results of 273% and 167% of controls, respectively: All data suggest that farnesol may have played as an apoptosis inducer in HL-60 cells via production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and HL-60 cells may have failed to overcome the damage of ROS on account of still defcient ROS scavengers including SOD and GPx.

Interrelationship between Cell Differentiation and Expression of mRNA for Transferrin in HL-60 Leukemia Cell Line

  • Lee, Soo-Young;Chi, Chung-Hee;Kim, You-Mie
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.308-311
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    • 2000
  • The interrelationship between the differentiation and expression of mRNA for transferrin in the HL-60 leukemia cell line was studied. Transferrin mRNA was expressed in HL-60 leukemia cells and the amount was 50% of that in the positive control cell line, HepG-2 cells. The expression of $T_f$ mRNA in HL-60 cells was not regulated by IL-1, IL-6 and $TNF-{\alpha}$, respectively. The expression of $T_f$ mRNA in the differentiated cells into a granulocyte lineage by DMSO, or all-trans RA, was up-regulated (160-170% of control cells); whereas, the expression was not regulated in the differentiated cells into a macrophage lineage by PMA. These results suggest that the differentiation to a granulocyte lineage of HL-60 leukemia cells appear to be related with the upregulation of transferrin mRNA expression.

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HL-60세포에서 disulfiram의 항암작용과 미토콘드리아 안정성에 대한 연구 (Anti-tumor activity and mitochondrial stability of disulfiram in HL-60 cells)

  • 신효원;한용;주홍구
    • 대한수의학회지
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    • v.59 no.4
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    • pp.195-199
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    • 2019
  • Disulfiram (DSF) is a member of the dithiocarbamate family that can bind copper. Recent studies have shown that DSF has anti-cancer activities, but the mechanism has not been clarified. Therefore, it is important to study the action mechanism of DSF to maximize its anticancer effects. A human leukemia cell line, HL-60, was used in this study. HL-60 cells were treated with DSF and the cellular metabolic activity was measured. DSF increased the cell death of HL-60 cells in annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate/propidium iodide staining analysis. In addition, DSF decreased the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) of the HL-60 cells. The cytotoxicity of DSF on HL-60 cells was observed at 0.4 μM. Interestingly, the reduction of MMP by DSF was recovered by N-acetyl-L-cysteine, an inhibitor of reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. This suggests that the decrease in MMP by DSF is closely related to the production of ROS in HL-60 cells, which indicates the relationship between the apoptosis of HL-60 cells by DSF and the role of the mitochondria. This study provides clinicians and researchers with valuable information regarding the anti-cancer activity of DSF in terms of the action mechanism.