• Title, Summary, Keyword: HDL-cholesterol

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The influences of life styles on serum HDL cholesterol (생활습관이 혈청 HDL(high density lipoprotein) 콜레스테롤에 미치는 영향)

  • 신종오;차형수
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.262-269
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    • 1997
  • There are many different views of the opinion that smoking decreased the HDL cholesterol. So this cross-sectional study was attempted to find the influence which smoking, alcohol and weight affect HDL cholesterol. They were two groups;smoking group(409 males) and nonsmoking group(213 males). And HDL cholesterol, triglyceride, and total cholesterol of smoking group were compaired to them of nonsmoking group. Also the variables of age, relative weight, and alcohol were compaired. The HDL cholesterol of nonsmoking group was 47.2$\pm$10.1 mg/dl and the HDL cholesterol of smoking group was 45.5$\pm$10.7mg/dl. So there were no statistical difference. As smoking was increased in amount, HDL cholesterol was decreased slightly. According as the alcohol intake increases, especially only the HDL cholesterol of the moderate alcohol intake(101-200gm/week) group was significantly increased(P<0.05). As relative weight increases, HDL cholesterol were significantly decreased(P=0.007). Smoking was not statistical difference of HDL cholesterol. Moderately alcohol intake group(101-200gm/week) were increased the HDL cholesterol(P<0.05). Only relative weight was statistically decreased the HDL cholesterol(P<0.01). Multiple regression results that relative weight and alcohol were significant variable of the level of HDL cholesterol.

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Food Intake Patterns and Blood Clinical Indices in Female College Students by HDL-cholesterol Levels (여대생의 HDL-콜레스테롤 수준에 따른 임상건강지표와 영양섭취 실태)

  • Jung, Ha-Na;Kim, Jung-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.100-110
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    • 2008
  • Recently, a lot of epidemiological studies revealed that low HDL-cholesterol level was a better predictor of risk for coronary heart disease than total cholesterol. This study investigated the anthropometric parameters, clinical blood indices, and dietary factors influencing serum HDL-cholesterol level by using a cross-sectional study for Korean female college students. The subjects were 94 female college students. They were divided into three groups according to their serum HDL-cholesterol levels, low HDL-cholesterol (<50 mg/dL, n=20), medium HDL-cholesterol (50 $\leq$, < 60 mg/dL, n=39) high serum HDL-cholesterol groups (60 $\leq$ mg/dL, n = 35). This study examined their demographic data and dietary intake throughout a questionnaire. Clinical blood indices were measured using an automatic blood chemistry analyzer (Selectra E), after 12 hours of fasting. BMI, body weight, fat mass, and waist circumferences were significantly increased according to low serum HDL-cholesterol levels. Serum lipid analysis showed a significantly higher level of TG, LDL-/HDL-Ratio, atherogenic index in the low HDL-cholesterol group. Serum levels of GPT, uric acid and alkaline phosphatase in the low HDL-cholesterol group were significantly higher than in the other group. The average consumption of energy was 1627 kcal and 77.76% of estimated energy requirement (EER). The mean ratio of calories from carbohydrate: protein: fat was 57:15:28. The low HDL-cholesterol group was significantly higher than the other groups in eggs, fat and oils consumption. Interestingly, milk and diary products consumption of low HDL-cholesterol group was half (p < 0.05) of those of the other groups. In conclusion, serum HDL-cholesterol levels appeared to be decreased by increasing BMI, fat mass, waist circumference, and serum TG level. In addition, some dietary factors seemed to be related to serum HDL-cholesterol levels. However, further research is needed to elucidate the exact relationship between serum HDL-cholesterol level and dietary factors.

Higher High Density Lipoprotein 2 (HDL2) to Total HDL Cholesterol Ratio Is Associated with a Lower Risk for Incident Hypertension

  • Hwang, You-Cheol;Fujimoto, Wilfred Y.;Kahn, Steven E.;Leonetti, Donna L.;Boyko, Edward J.
    • Diabetes and Metabolism Journal
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    • v.43 no.1
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    • pp.114-122
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    • 2019
  • Background: Recent studies have suggested that high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol is inversely associated with the development of hypertension. We aimed to determine the association between different HDL cholesterol subclasses and risk of future hypertension. Methods: A total of 270 Japanese Americans (130 men, 140 women) without hypertension between the ages of 34 to 75 years were enrolled. Blood pressure was measured with a mercury sphygmomanometer, and average blood pressure was calculated. Incident hypertension was determined 5 to 6 and 10 to 11 years after enrollment. HDL2, HDL3, and total HDL cholesterol were measured at baseline. Results: During 10 years of follow-up, the cumulative incidence of hypertension was 28.1% (76/270). In univariate analysis, age, diabetes, waist circumference, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, fasting glucose, insulin resistance index, total and low density lipoprotein cholesterol, and visceral adipose tissue were significant predictors for incident hypertension. Among the HDL cholesterol subclass, HDL2 cholesterol was inversely associated with hypertension incidence, but both total and HDL3 cholesterol were not. In addition, HDL2/HDL cholesterol was inversely associated with future hypertension risk. In multivariate analysis, age (odds ratio [OR], 1.71; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.26 to 2.31; P=0.001), systolic blood pressure (OR, 1.83; 95% CI, 1.31 to 2.56; P<0.001), and HDL2/HDL cholesterol (OR, 0.71; 95% CI, 0.52 to 0.98; P=0.035), were associated with future development of hypertension. Conclusion: A higher proportion of HDL2 cholesterol among total HDL cholesterol predicted a lower risk for incident hypertension. However, concentrations of total HDL, HDL2, and HDL3 cholesterol were not independent predictors of incident hypertension.

Significance of Non HDL-cholesterol and Triglyceride to HDL-cholesterol Ratio as Predictors for Metabolic Syndrome among Korean Elderly (한국 노인의 대사증후군 예측인자로서 혈중 Non HDL 콜레스테롤과 중성지방/HDL 콜레스테롤 비의 의의)

  • Hong, Seung Bok;Shin, Kyung-A
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science
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    • v.50 no.3
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    • pp.245-252
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    • 2018
  • We evaluated the possible clinical application of Non HDL-cholesterol and triglyceride to HDL-cholesterol ratio as a metabolic syndrome predictor for the elderly in Korea. 1,543 elderly persons aged 65 years or older who visited the health examination center of Gyeonggi Regional General Hospital from January 2015 to December 2017 and had a health checkup were enrolled in this study. Metabolic syndrome was diagnosed based on the American Heart Association/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (AHA/NHLBI) standards. Abdominal obesity was assessed by the Asia-Pacific standards presented at the World Health Organization (WHO) West Pacific Region. Non-HDL-cholesterol was calculated as the difference between total cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol. The metabolic syndrome predictive power was higher for triglyceride to HDL-cholesterol ratio than for Non HDL-cholesterol. After correcting for related factors, triglyceride to HDL-cholesterol ratio was higher in the $4^{th}$ quartile, which had a higher risk of developing metabolic syndrome, than in the $1^{st}$ quartile. The optimal cutoff value for the triglyceride to HDL-cholesterol ratio that predicts the onset of metabolic syndrome was 2.8. triglyceride to HDL-cholesterol ratio can be a simple and practical indicator of the risk of metabolic syndrome.

Validity for Use of Non-HDL Cholesterol Rather than LDL Cholesterol

  • Kwon, Se-Young;Na, Young-Ak
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science
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    • v.45 no.2
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    • pp.54-59
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    • 2013
  • NonHDL cholesterol values have been suggested as a risk marker for cardiovascular disease. NonHDL cholesterol values were calculated, using a very simple measurement [nonHDL cholesterol=serum total cholesterol-HDL cholesterol]. This formula is very useful as a screening tool for identifying dyslipoproteinemias, risk assessment, and assessing the results of hypolipidemic therapy. The data from the 2009 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used. Analysis was done for 1,992 subjects with lipid panels (Cholesterol, HDL, LDLdirect and Triglycerides) results. We studied the relationship between nonHDL cholesterol and LDL cholesterol. As a result, nonHDL cholesterol values were plotted against the LDL direct and calculated values. The linear regression equation for nonHDL cholesterol and direct LDL cholesterol was $nonHDLchol=23.60+1.03{\times}LDLdirect$ (p<0.0001, $r^2=0.80$) in all subjects. The subjects were classified into triglyceride values. When triglycerides are below 400 mg/dL, the linear fit to LDL direct is found to be $[nonHDLchol=17.34+1.07{\times}LDLdirect]$ (p<0.0001, $r^2=0.88$) and to the Friedewald LDL calculation is $[nonHDLchol=23.10+1.02{\times}LDLcalc]$ (p<0.0001, $r^2=0.82$). For triglycerides above 400 mg/dL, the linear fit equation is $[nonHDLchol=87.57+0.92{\times}LDLdirect]$ (p<0.0001, $r^2=0.50$) and to the LDL calculated, it is $[nonHDLchol=142.70+0.50{\times}LDLcalc]$ (p<0.0001, $r^2=0.32$). This study provides examples of the utility of nonHDL cholesterol concentrations in clinical medicine.

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Correlations among Anthropometric Measurements, Serum Lipid Levels and Nutrient Intake in Female University Students

  • Cheong, Sun-Hee;Chang, Kyung-Ja
    • Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.151-158
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlations among the anthropometry, serum lipid levels and nutrient intake in Korean female university students. The subjects were 119 female students at a university located in Incheon. This study was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire. Anthropometric data were measured and blood lipid levels were analyzed. Nutrient intake collected from 3 day-recalls was analyzed by the Computer Aided Nutritional Analysis Program. The data were analyzed by SPSS 10.0 program. Average age, height and weight of the subjects were 20.9 years, 160.1cm and 54.3kg, respectively. Average serum TG (triglyceride), total cholesterol, HDL-C (high density lipoprotein-cholesterol) and LDL-C (low density lipoprotein-cholesterol) levels of the subjects were 69.47mg/dl, 146.85 mg/dl, 50.49mg/dl and 82.52mg/dl, respectively. Average AI (atherogenic index) of the subjects was 2.03, which was in the normal range based on risk values. Average intake of most nutrients except protein, vitamin B$_1$, vitamin C and phosphorus were lower than the Korean RDA. Especially calcium and iron intakes of the subjects were under 65% of the Korean RDA. Serum TG, total cholesterol and LDL-C levels were negatively correlated with DBP (diastolic blood pressure). HDL-C/LDL-C and HDL-C/total cholesterol were positively correlated with height. Age was positively correlated with phosphorus intake. DBP of the subjects was positively correlated with calcium and iron intakes. Serum TG level was positively correlated with total cholesterol, HDL-C, LDL-C and AI, while negatively correlated with HDL-C/total cholesterol. Total cholesterol level was positively correlated with HDL-C, LDL-C and AI, while negatively correlated with HDL-C/LDL-C, HDL-C/total cholesterol. HDL-C level was positively correlated with LDL-C, HDL-C/LDL-C and HDL-C/total cholesterol, while negatively correlated with AI. LDL-C level was negatively correlated with HDL-C/LDL-C and HDL-C/total cholesterol, while positively correlated with AI HDL-C/LDL-C ratio was positively correlated with HDL-C/total cholesterol and AI. HDL-C/total cholesterol was negatively correlated with AI. Fat intake was positively correlated with total cholesterol, HDL-C level, and vitamin B$_2$ intake was positively correlated with TG, HDL-C/LDL-C. Therefore, nutrition education is necessary for female university students to promote the lipid profile and to optimize the nutritional status. (J Community Nutrition 4(3) : 151∼158, 2002)

Influences of Clotrimazole on the Blood Cholesterol and HDL-Cholesterol level in Rats (흰쥐의 혈중 콜레스테롤 및 HDL-콜레스테롤 함량에 미치는 Clotrimazole의 영향에 관한 연구)

  • 김성오;이명렬
    • Journal of environmental and Sanitary engineering
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.87-94
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    • 1997
  • Influences of clotrimazole on the blood cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol level were studied in rats. Rats were provided food and water ad libitum and clotrimazole and methylcellulose were gavaged for 6 days. Clotrimazole was suspended in 1% methylcellulose solution as and administered at concentration 20mg/Kg, 40mg/Kg, 60mg/Kg. Body weight gain and liver weight/body weight ratio, serum cholesterol level, serum HDL-cholesterol level, serum triglyceride level, the activity of cytochrome p450 and erythromycin demethylase were determined at 6th day. Clotrimazole decreased the body weight gain a little as compared with control group and did not show any influence on liver weight/body weight ratio. Clotrimazole increased the serum HDL-cholesterol and serum triglyceride level significantly. Clotrimazole increased the microsomal cytochrome P450 significantly and increased the erythromycin demethylase (cytochrome P450 IIIA) significantly too. It might be conclued that clotrimazole showed a little influence on body weight and increased the serum lipid, especially HDL-cholesterol level. It also increased microsomal cytochrome P450 IIIA significantly. It might be concluded that clotrimazole showed a corelative influence between HDL-cholesterol and cytochrome P450 IIIA. In these results clotrimazole can be used as an anti-atherosclerotic agent by increasing the HDL-cholesterol but it is necessary that cloreimazole will show any adverse or side action on body or not.

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Studies on Higher Fungi in Korea (IV)-Effect of Tricholoma matsutake Extract on Hyperlipemia in Rats (한국산 고등균류에 관한 연구(제4보)-송이엑스가 백서의 고지혈증에 미치는 영향-)

  • Eun, Jae-Soon;Yang, Jae-Heon;Kim, Dae-Geun
    • Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.137-143
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    • 1989
  • This study was attempted to investigate the effect of Tricholoma matsutake on experimentally induced hyperlipemia in rats. The levels of cholesterol, triglyceride and phospholipid were measured. Diagnostic attention has been paid to the cholesterol concentration associated with high density lipoprotein (HDL), which appears to be inversely related to the incidence of coronary artery disease. For these reasons, determination of HDL-cholesterol has significant meaning. Total cholesterol was determined by Abell-Kindall method, and to measure HDL-cholesterol, serum low density lipoproteins (LDL) were first selectively precipitated by HDL-precipitating reagent. The results obtained were as follows : 1) The level of total cholesterol in serum of hyperlipemic rats was decreased by oral administration of Tricholoma matsutake extract. 2) The level of HDL-cholesterol was increased by the mushroom extract. 3) The level of triglyceride was significantly decreased by the mushroom extract. 4) The level of phospholipid was slightly decreased by the mushroom extract.

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The Association of Plasma HDL-Cholesterol Levels with Dietary, Anthropometric, and Hematological Factors in Elderly Koreans

  • Park, Hee-Jung;Kim, Mi-Hyun;Lee, Hyun-Sook;Cho, Mi-Sook;Park, Ji-Hye;Kim, Wha-Young
    • Nutritional Sciences
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.232-238
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    • 2003
  • Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is one of the most common causes of death in elderly Koreans, and HDL-cholesterol is known to have a pivotal role in protecting against CVD. This study was undertaken to study the relationships between plasma HDL-cholesterol levels and dietary, anthropometric, and biochemical factors in elderly Koreans. The 102 subjects, who were over 60 years old, were classified into two groups based on their plasma HDL-cholesterol levels: a risk group with plasma HDL-cholesterol < 40mg/dl in men or HDL-cholesterol < 50mg/d1 in women, and a control group with higher HDL-cholesterol levels. The subjects' mean intakes of energy, calcium, zinc, vitamin A, vitamin $B_2$, vitamin E, and folate did not meet the Korean RDA for elderly people. Vitamin $B_2$ and folate intakes were significantly lower (p<0.l) in the risk group compared to the control group. The consumption of seaweed was significantly lower (p<0.05), and fish intake was 33% lower, in the risk group compared to the control group. Subjects in the risk group showed a higher BMI, waist/hip ratio, triceps skinfold thickness, and % body fat, compared to control subjects. Plasma triglyceride levels and values of the atherogenic index were significantly higher (p<0.00l) in risk group subjects. Significant negative correlations between HDL-cholesterol level and plasma triglyceride level (r= 0.37), and values of the atherogenic index (r=-0.74), were found. In summary, subjects with low levels of HDL-cholesterol were found to have relatively low intakes of vitamin B$_2$, folate, and seaweed, and higher levels of the CVD risk factors: body fat, plasma TG, and AI. These results suggest that plasma HDL-cholesterol levels can be modified by dietary, anthropometric, and hematological means.

Increase in Plasma HDL-Cholesterol Concentration in Goats Fed Sesame Meal Is Related to Ether Extract Fraction Included in the Meal

  • Hirano, Y.;Yokota, H.;Kita, K.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.511-514
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    • 2003
  • Previously, we reported that a diet including sesame meal (SM) increased plasma total and high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol concentrations in goats. In the present study, the components in the sesame meal that can increase plasma total and HDL-cholesterol concentrations have been examined. In experiment 1, we gave goats defatted sesame meal diet (DSM) to investigate the influence of ether extract fraction remained in sesame meal. Corn gluten meal diet (CGM) was also fed to goats as a high-protein diet to examine the influence of high dietary protein level caused by usage of sesame meal. Plasma total and HDL-cholesterol concentrations of goats fed DSM and CGM did not change during experimental periods though they were elevated by feeding SM. In experiment 2, the influence of sesame oil and corn oil added in diets on plasma total and HDL-cholesterol concentrations in goats was investigated. Plasma total and HDL-cholesterol concentrations were increased by feeding both corn oil diet and sesame oil diet. In conclusion, the increase in plasma HDL-cholesterol concentration by feeding sesame meal was resulted by the effect of ether extract fraction including sesame oil or some lipid-soluble components remained in sesame meal.