• Title, Summary, Keyword: HBsAg

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The Effects of Maternal HBs antigenemia on the Neonatal Health (산모(産母)의 B형 간염(肝炎) Virus 보유(保有)가 신생아(新生兒) 건강(健康)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Park, Jung-Han;Yoon, Sung-Do;Kim, Chang-Youn;Lee, Sung-Kwan
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.47-55
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    • 1984
  • To study the risk factors associated with maternal HBsAg carrier and the effects of maternal HBs antigenemia on the neonatal health, sera of 729 pergnant women admitted to the Keimyung University Hospital for delivery during the period of February 1-May 30. 1982 were tested for HBsAg by RPHA method and for anti-HBs by PHA method. Among them 43 women (5.9%) had HBsAg and 246 women (33.7%) had anti-HBs giving an infection rate of 39.6%. The interview data for 43 HBsAg positive mothers and randomly selected 210 HBsAg negative mothers showed a statistically significant association between acupuncture history and HBsAg positive rate (p<0.005) which suggest that acupuncture might have contributed significantly to the propagation of viral hepatitis in Korea. The living standard of HBsAg positive mothers was generally lower than that of HBsAg negative mothers which supports the hypothesis that environmental factors are associated with viral hepatitis B infection. None of the 43 neonates born to HBsAg positive mothers had HBsAg in their cord blood. Three months after birth, 35 out of 43 infants were retested and only one infant became HBsAg positive. At six months of age, 32 out of 35 infants were retested and none of them were HBsAg positive except the same infant who was positive at three months. Among 20 control infants of HBsAg negative mothers, all of them were HBsAg negative at three and six months follow-up. These findings are not consistent with the supposition that perinatal infection is a main route of viral hepatitis B transmission in south-east Asia including Korea. HBsAg positive mothers had significantly higher rate of premature delivery (27.9%) than HBsAg negative mothers (11.7%) (p<0.05). Also, the low birthweight incidence rate was higher among HBsAg positive mothers (23.3%) than negative mothers (14.1%) but this was not statistically significant (P=0.16). The premature rupture of membrane was more frequent among HBsAg positive mothers (25.5%) than negative mothers (11.1%) (p<0.05). There were no significant differences in the stillbirth rate and incidence of congenital anomalies between HBsAg positive and negative groups. It was not clarified in this study due to small sample size whether higher incidence of premature delivery and premature rupture of membranes among HBsAg positive mothers was due to HBs antigenemia per so or their lower living standard than HBsAg negative mothers.

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A Study on Occurrence of Hepatitis B in the Company Employees and Their Families (당사(當社) 직원(職員) 및 가족(家族)의 B형간염(B型肝炎) 이환율(罹患率)에 관(關)한 검색(檢索))

  • Kim, Byung-Kuck
    • Journal of Korean Life Insurance Medical Association
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.37-44
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    • 1985
  • A study on the occurrence of hepatitis B has been done for 2,680 employees in Daehan Life Insurance Company. The positive rates of HBsAg and anti-HBs were 6.56% and 18.9% respectively. The positive rates of HBsAg and anti-HBs were higher by 2.25% and 2.06% respectively in male than in female. HBsAg and anti-HBs positives were higher at age of 30 to 50 years than other age groups. The drinker group shows higher positive of HBsAg and anti-HBs by 10.44% and 4.26% respectively than non-drinker group. Most of the results of liver function tests in HBsAg positive cases were within reference ranges. HBsAg or anti-HBs positive rate in the family members of HBsAg or anti-HBs positive employees was higher than the over-all positive rates of all subjects, by 14.55% in case of HBsAg and by 2.21% in case of Anti-HBs.

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Sequential Analysis of Hepatitis Be Antigen Status in Infants Born to Hepatitis Be Antigen-Positive Mothers (HBe항원 양성 산모에서 출생한 HBe항원 양성인 신생아의 추적관찰)

  • Park, Eun Sook;Lee, Hae Kyung;Oh, Chang Hee;Kim, Sung Ku;Yun, Hae Sun;Song, Won Keun;Lee, Young Ah
    • Korean Journal of Pediatrics
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    • v.45 no.6
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    • pp.727-731
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    • 2002
  • Purpose : The objectives of this study are to evaluate the significance of HBeAg positivity in infants born to HBeAg and HBsAg positive mothers. Methods : The HBeAg status of 22 HBeAg positive, HBsAg negative infants born to HBeAg and HBsAg positive mothers from December 1996 to March 1999 were evaluated by enzyme immunoassay. Results : The number of HBsAg positive carrier mothers was 213(4.9%) out of 4,338 pregnant women. HBeAg was positive in 76(41.5%) out of 183 HBsAg positive mothers. Only 49 infants born to 76 HBeAg positive mothers could be evaluated; 36 infants were HBeAg positive and HBsAg negative. Laboratory follow up was possible in 22 infants. HBeAg disappeared in 7 cases within two months and in 20 cases within 12 months(over 90%). Ultimately, twenty-two babies who were HBsAg-negative and HBeAg-positive became negative for HBeAg, however, one showed HBsAg in follow up of 6 months of age. Conclusion : HBeAg positivity in infants born to HBeAg positive mothers may result from the maternofetal transmission and this HBeAg eventually disappeared without clinical significance.

Study on the prevalence of HBV Ag and HBV markers revealed through preemployment examination in asymptomatic healthy persons (직장(職場) 채용(採用) 신체검사(身體檢査)에서 나타난 B형(型) 바이러스 간염(肝炎) 검사성적(檢査成績)에 관(關)한 고찰(考察))

  • Kim, Joo-Ja
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.203-210
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    • 1984
  • Primary screening test for serum HBsAg by RPHA from 4,805 persons who were clinically well through preemployment examination for the period of one calendar year of 1983 revealed 476 (9.9%) positive individual carriers. There were no significant differences in distribution of positives of serum HBsAg by age group, profession, or province area. Among positives of serum HBsAg, 356 (74.8%) showed normal findings and 120 (25.2%) showed abnormal findings in liver function test, respectively. Radioimmunoassay was done in 169 positives of HBsAg and RIA detected 10 negative persons who were positive by RPHA revealing 5.9% of false positive rate and 94.1% of sensitivity of RPHA. In RIA profile of HBV markers, pattern I (HBsAg+, Anti-HBe+) was 46.6%, pattern II (HBsAg+, HBeAg+) was 33.3%, pattern III (HBsAg+only) was 18.3%, pattern IV (HBsAg+, HBeAg+, Anti-HBs+) was 1.3%, pattern V (HBsAg+, HBeAg+, Anti-HBe+) was 0.6%, respectively. There were no positives of HBsAg among 10 persons who were negatives of HBsAg by RIA.

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Immunological Properties of Recombinant Hepatitis B Surface Antigen Expressed in Mammalian Cell(C127)

  • Lee, Young-Soo;Kim, Byong-Kak;Choi, Eung-Chil
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.543-548
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    • 1998
  • We examined the immunological properties of the recombinant hepatitis B surface antigen (r-HBsAg) which was expressed in mammalian cell (C127). The cross-immunity of r-HBsAg and plasma-derived hepatitis B surface antigen (p-HBsAg) were tested using Western blotting and ELISA with guinea pig polyclonal antibody and naturally infected human-derived antibody and the both antigens show the same results in their response pattern and intensity, which indicate they have a good cross-immunity. from the measurement of $ED_{50}$ after formalin- or heat-inactivation, both r-HBsAg and p-HBsAg and p-HBsAg showed $ED_{50}$ of 0.2-0.3 in formalin-inactivaton, while r-HBsAg was 0.05-0.09 and p-HBsAg was 0.03-0.07 in heat-inactivation, which means heat-inactivation method is 3-4 times superior in immunogenicity. In the immunopersistency test performed in guinea pig for the period of 3 months with two different adjuvants, antibody titer was 34.2 with muramyl dipeptide adjuvant, which was 1.8 times greater than the antibody titer of 18.9 with $AIPO_{4}$ adjuvant. the mutagenicity of r-HBsAg has the same cross-immunity with p-HBsAg, and heat-inactivation method and muramyl dipeptide adjuvant allow development of r-HBsAg vaccine with excellent immunogenicity.

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Serum HBsAg and Anti-HBs Positive Rate among a City Health Center Visitors (일개 도시 보건소 이용자들의 혈청 HBsAg 및 Anti-HBs 양성률)

  • Shin, Mal-Sook;Hwang, Tae-Yoon;Kim, Chang-Yoon
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.508-517
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    • 1997
  • Hepatitis B virus(HBV) infection is one of the major health problems in Korea and HBsAg positive rate was known to be about $5\sim15%$ in general population. This study was conducted to identify the positive rates of serum HBsAg and anti-HBs among community population regarded as having hish HBV vaccination rate than in previous decade, using EIA(Enzyme immunoassay) method, in Seo-Gu, Taegu, Korea. The study subjects were 1,160 who visited Seo-Gu Health Center for check-up serologic markers of hepatitis 3. The data were obtained from the serologic test for hepatitis markers and questionnaire survey was conducted to obtain the general characteristics, vaccination history, past history of hepatitis and other liver disease, and exposure history to risk factors of hepatitis of the study subjects. The positive rates of HBsAg and anti-HBs were 5.2% and 62.4% respectively. The positive rates of HBsAg for male and female were 6.6% and 4.3% respectively. The age was divided into two groups as group I (less than 15 years old), group II (more than 16 years old) according to the hypothesis that these two groups might be different in HBV vaccination rate. HBV vaccination rates for group I and II were 83.1% and 52.3%. The positive rates of HBsAg for group I and II were 2.6% and 6.5%. The positive rates of HBsAg for the vaccinated people of the group I and II were 2.2% and 3.5%, the positive rates of anti-HBs for the vaccinated people of the group I and II were 70.1% and 71.1% respectively. The most significant factor in positive rate of HBsAg was 'hepatitis carrier in family'. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that 'hepatitis history' and 'hepatitis carrier in family' were significant variables for positivity of HBsAg, and 'hepatitis B vaccination' was only a significant variable for positivity of anti-HBs.

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Virological Characteristics in Chronic Hepatitis B Patients with Concurrent HBsAg and anti-HBs Positivity

  • Lee, Hyeok-Jae;Lee, Min-Hyeok
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.283-290
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    • 2012
  • In this study, we investigated the virological characteristics, HBV DNA levels and presence of mutations of "a" determinant in the HBsAg S gene in chronic hepatitis B patients with coexisting HBsAg and anti-HBs. The 18 patients who were diagnosed with chronic hepatitis B were both positive for HBsAg and anti-HBs. HBV Among them, 15 patients were DNA positive. The median of HBV DNA levels in serum was $2.18{\times}10^7$ copies/mL with the HBsAg+/anti-HBsAb+ patients. Also, 4 of 8 HBeAg negative patients had HBV DNA levels higher than $10^4$ copies/mL and the median of HBV DNA levels was $2.03{\times}10^6$ copies/mL, which were significantly high. These results showed that viral replication still existed in most of the patients of the concomitant HBsAg and anti-HBs, and even in the some HBeAg negative patients. Furthermore, mutation within the "a" determinant of HBV were found in 7 of 15 patients. The most frequent changes were located at positions aa126. In addition, one mutation observed for HBsAg only positive.

The Study on the Prevalence and Significance of Urinary HBsAg. Detection (요중(尿中) B형(型) 간염항원(肝炎抗原) 발현(發現)의 의의(意義)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Han, Jin-Suk;Pyo, Heui-Jung;Shin, Young-Tae;Park, Jeong-Sik;Kim, Suhng-Gwon;Choe, Kang-Won;Lee, Jung-Sang;Lee, Mun-Ho
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.27-32
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    • 1981
  • HBsAg. was identified in the urine of the patients positive for serum HBsAg. by Tripatzis in 1970. In 1977, Hourani et al reported the incidence of HBsAg. in urine was about 52% in the patients positive for serum HBsAg. with hemodialysis treatment due to chronic renal failure. A series of studies on the HBsAg. in urine has revealed the urine of the patients positive for serum HBsAg. to be important source of infection. But there's much room to debate on the relationship of HBsAg. in urine with infectivity and the exact mechanism of urinary emergence of HBsAg. The authors detected HBsAg. in serum and urine by employing sandwitch solid-phase rad ioimmunoassay, and performed urinalysis, liver function test and renal function evaluation. Percutanous liver and/or kidney biopsis were done. Among 38 renal disease patients, 9 cases (23.4%) were shown to be positive for serum HBsAg. and 5 cases (55.5%) among above 9 patients positive for urine HBsAg.. 56 cases (67.4%) of 83 liver disease patients revealed positive for serum HBsAg. but only 11 cases (13.2%) among the 56 cases positive fo urine HBsAg. All 10 renal and liver disease patients revealed positive serum HBsAg., and among the 9 cases (90%) positive for urine HBsAg.. In the 25 patients positive for urine HBsAg. all of 5 renal patients and 9 renal and liver patients had hematuria or/and proteinuria above 2 positive for albumin. But in the 11 liver patients 6 cases (55.1%) were normal findings. And there's no significant difference in cpm of urine HBsAg. between the patient positive for serum HBsAg. and negative, and in cpm of serum HBsAg. between liver and renal disease patients. But there's statistical significance in cm of urine HBsAg. between renal and liver diseases.

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A Case Report of HBsAg Seroclearance in Chronic Hepatitis B Patient

  • Lee, Hyeok Jae;Lee, Min-Hyeok
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.142-146
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    • 2012
  • Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) seroclearance is a rare event in chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection which acquires the disease early in life. A case study have examined with asymptomatic chronic hepatitis B carrier who exhibits HBsAg seroclearance in anti-HBe positive. We comprehensively studied the biochemical, virological and clinical aspects of a patient with HBsAg seroclearance. Liver biochemistry, serological markers, serum HBV DNA levels, and development of clinical complications were monitored. Mutation of hepatitis B virus is suspected serum HBsAg detected by the HBsAg assay systems of VITROS (OrthoClinical Diagnostics, USA), AxSYM (Abbott Laboratories, USA), Elecsys (Roche Diagnostics, Germany) and ADVIA Centaur (Bayer Diagnostics, USA). These four immunoassays showed negative results. Also, the patient had undetectable serum HBV DNA. Therefore, no mutation within the "a" determinant of HBsAg, which might escape detection from HBsAg immunoassay were found. Natural seroclearance was confirmed.

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A Study of Serum HBV Markers in Term Pregnant Women and Their Neonates (만삭임부 및 신생아의 혈청 B형간염 바이러스 표식자에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Tae-Hyung;Park, Wan-Seok;Kim, Sung-Rim;Lee, Kang-Wan;Lee, Sung-Ho;Chung, Wun-Young
    • Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.121-129
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    • 1987
  • To evealuate the status of hepatitis B virus infection in the mothers and neonates and to determine the maternal-neonatal transmission of hepatitis B virus, 2,276 term pregnant women were screened for the presence of serum HBsAg, at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yeungnam University Hospital, during the period of 18 months from Jan. 1986 to Jun. 1987, and the sera of sixty-six HBsAg carrier mothers and their neonates were tested for HBV markers and liver enzymes. The results were as follows : 1. The prevalence rate of asymptomatic HBsAg carrier in the term pregnant women was 4.7%(53/1,279). 2. Positive rates of HBsAg and anti-HBs 10 the sera of sixty-six neonates born to asymptomatic HBsAg carrier mothers were 12.1% and 9.1%, respectively. Transient elevation of SGOT(three to four times of upper normal limit) was detected in one of eight HBsAg-positive neonates and one of six anti-HBs positive neonates. 3. Positive rates of anti-HBc, HBeAg and anti-HBe to the sera of sixty-six asymptomatic HBsAg carrier term pregant women were 93.9%, 45.5% and 50%, respectively. The rates of transmission of maternal anti-HBc, HBeAg and anti-HBe to the neonates were 85.5%(53/62), 90%(27/30) and 87.9%(29/33). respectively. 4. Serum HBsAg was detected in four of thirty neonates born to HBeAg positive HBsAg carrier mother, three of thirty-three neonates born to anti-HBe positive HBsAg carrier mothers, and one of three neonates born to both HBeAg and anti-HBe negative HBsAg carrier mothers.

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