• Title, Summary, Keyword: Gwangyang Bay

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A Numerical Prediction of Pollutant Material Budget during the Flood and Dry Season in Gwangyang Bay (광양만의 홍수기 및 갈수기의 오염물질수지 예측)

  • Kim, Jin-Hyuk;Lee, In-Cheol;Yoon, Han-Sam
    • Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.25-31
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    • 2009
  • To predict pollutants during the flood and dry season in Gwangyang Bay, the net-fluxes and pollutant material budgets of COD, T-N, and T-P were calculated in Gwangyang Bay using a 2-D hydrodynamic model. Calculating the net-flux for each area in Gwangyang Bay showed that the net-fluxes in regions IV, V, and VII were increasing, but those of regions II, III, and VI were decreasing. In budget calculations for COD, T-N, and T-P in Gwangyang Bay, it was estimated that during the dry season the COD is approximately 1.6 times higher than during the flood season. The T-N during the flood season is approximately 7 times higher than during the dry season. However, the material budget for T-P in Gwangyang Bay predicted that it is almost nonexistent. Moreover, the central part of Gwangyang Bay (Region IV) has the highest material budget of overall pollutants.

Spatial Structure Change of Triangle-Cities in Gwangyang Bay Region: From Central Place Structure to Network City (광양만권 트라이앵글 도시의 공간구조 변화: 중심지형에서 네트워크형으로)

  • Lee, Jeong-Rock
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.93-109
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of industrialization and urbanization of Gwangyang Bay Region on the change of urban system and spatial structure between triangle-cities located in Gwangyang Bay, Yeosu City, Suncheon City, and Gwangyang City, one of the famous industrial zones in Korea. Large-scale development projects carried out by the central government in the Gwangyang Bay Region such as construction of the Second Oil Refinery in the mid-1960s, completion of the POSCO Gwangyang Steelworks in the mid-1980s, construction of the Gwangyang Port Container Terminal in 1987 and designation of the Gwangyang Bay Area Free Economic Zone in 2003, and EXPO 2012 Yeosu Korea, affected to changes of the urban system and spatial structure between triangle-cities in Gwangyang Bay Region. The above four-development projects transformed the urban and spatial structures between the three cities in the Gwangyang Bay Region from a mononuclear urban system centered on Suncheon to a network city system. Historically, Suncheon has served as an exclusive center in the eastern region of Jeonnam, including the Gwangyang Bay Region. However, the hosting of the 2012 Yeosu Expo Korea is reorganizing the three cities into a network-type spatial structure with the strengthening of connectivity and integration in the region. And this trend is expected to intensify in the future.

Estimation of Pollutants Residence Time During the Flood and Dry Season in Gwangyang Bay (광양만의 홍수기 및 갈수기의 오염물질 체류시간 산정)

  • Lee, In-Cheol;Kim, Jin-Hyuk;Kong, Hwa-Hun
    • Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.20-26
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    • 2008
  • In this paper, in order to set up the management system of water quality environment in Gwangyang Bay, the cluster analysis of water quality environment, the estimation of inflowing pollutant loads and residence time of pollutants in this bay was carried out. The Gwangyang Bay was divided into eight sea areas by cluster analysis and spatio-temporal change of water quality. The river discharges in the Bay were calculated about $11,681{\times}103m^3/day$ from the numerical simulation by Tank model. In addition, inflowing pollutant loads of COD, SS, TN, TP, DIN and DIP in Gwangyang Bay were estimated at 398 ton-COD/day, 2,846 ton-SS/day, 195 ton-TN/day, 5 ton-TP/day, 126 ton-DIN/day and 3 ton-DIP/day, respectively. Moreover, residence times of COD, TN and TP in the Bay was estimated at 6 days-COD, 20 days-TN and 195 days-TP, respectively in the dry season, and 3 days-COD, 6 days-TN and 21 days- TP, respectively, in the flood season. The central part of Gwangyang Bay (Region IV) has the longest residence time of overall pollutants.

An analysis of traffic jam at Gwangyang bay through sea area and vessel dimensions. (입항선박의 제원과 해역면적에 의한 광양항의 혼잡도 분석연구)

  • Jo, Gil-Ran
    • 한국공간정보시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.355-358
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    • 2007
  • This paper is aimed that preparing to make good plan for great city ports, like Gwangyang port which is growing rapidly in Asia as a hub port. But I am worrying about the capacity of Gwangyang bay area to serve very great mission for the future, continuously. I hope that we are able to make good circumstances for our great ports. In this Gwangyang bay, we can realize that we may have some solutions for the traffic jam, because of the finite bay area. So I analyzed the rate of traffic jam that was derived from so many great ships to come and use the Gwangyang bay area. As a result, in recent year, 2005, 2006, ratio was growing rapidly, so we need so we need good works for this region.

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A Study on the Pollution of Nonylphenol in Surface Sediment in Gwangyang Bay and Yeosu Sound (광양만과 여수해만의 표층퇴적물에서 Nonylphenol의 오염에 관한 연구)

  • Jo, Hyeon Seo;Kim, Yong Ok;Seol, Sun U
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.561-570
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    • 2004
  • This study was carried out to survey the pollution of nonylphenol (NP) in surface sediments around Gwangyang bay and Yeosu sound. NP was suspected chemicals as endocrine disruption. Gwangyang bay is located on the mid south coast of Korea. It is a semi-closed bay which Yeosu petrochemical industrial complex, POSCO (Pohang Steel Company) and Gwangyang container harbor are there. The surface sediments were collected at 15 stations with gravity corer at October, 1999, February, May and August, 2000. Also, the stream and intertidal sediment were collected at 5 sites at August, 2000. Concentrations of NP in surface sediments were in the range of 6.89 to 202.70 ng/g dry wt.. Seasonal range (mean value) of NP is 13.98 to 30.48 (23.46) ng/g dry wt. at October, 10.35 to 54.91 (28.10) ng/g dry wt. at February, 29.05 to 202.70 (82.32) ng/g dry wt. at May and 6.98 to 83.40 (25.37) ng/g dry wt. at August. NP was seasonally fluctuated, and the highest mean value and range was detected at May, 2000. NP was highly distributed in the inner part of Gwangyang bay than Yeosu sound. Concentrations of NP in stream and intertidal sediments showed the highest value in downstream near Yeosu petrochemical industrial complex and Yondung stream. It suggests that the source of NP is industrial wastewater and municipal sewage.

Distribution and Behaviors of In-Situ Suspended Particulate Matters of Gwangyang Bay (광양만내의 현장 부유입자물질 분포와 거동)

  • Lee, Byoung-Kwan;Kim, Seok-Yun;Cho, Hyun-Man
    • Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.99-105
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    • 2010
  • The concentration and size analysis of in-situ suspended particulate material were measured using an optical instrument, LISST-100, in the bottom layer at the three inlets of the Seomjin River Estuary, mouth of Gwangyang bay, and Gwangyang bay-side of the Namhae Bridge. In the Seomjin river estuary and mouth of Gwangyang bay-side of the Namhae Bridge, the in-situ mean grain size of the suspended material changed from a uni-modal distribution with a dominant peak at a coarse fraction to a bi-modal distribution with a secondary peak at the finer particles. Seomjin River. The interactions between suspended particulate concentration and beam attenuation coefficient of suspended particulate matters depended on the supply of finer and coarser particles in the mouth of Gwangyang Bay and Seomjin River. So, interactions reflected difference of the concentration, mean size and sorting of suspended particulate matters. The difference of interaction showed dynamic behaviors to the resuspension and deflocculation processes increased river discharge. This showed that it may be possible to use the interactions between the suspended particle concentration and beam attenuation coefficient to monitor the temporal and spatial distributions of in-situ particles.

Characteristic of In Situ Suspended Particulate Matter at the Gwangyang bay Using LISST-100 and ADCP (LISST-100과 ADCP를 이용한 광양만 현장 부유입자물질 특성 연구)

  • Lee, Byoung-Kwan;Kim, Seok-Yun
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.18 no.11
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    • pp.1299-1307
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    • 2009
  • In order to measure in-situ suspended particle size, volume concentration of suspended particulate matter and current speed, mooring observation was performed at the Gwangyang Bay by using of an optical instrument, 'LISST-100' and an acoustic instrument, 'ADV'(St. S1). And the sediment flux was obtained based on the concentration of suspended particulate matter and current speeds measured at three lines of Gwangyang Bay during ebb and flood tide of August 2006. To investigate the spatial variation of suspended particulate matter, profiling observations were measured difference echo intensity and beam attenuation coefficient by using of ADCP and Transmissometer (Line A, B, C). The suspended sediment flux rate at the mouth of Gwangyang Bay was observed to be higher during asymmetrical than symmetrical of current speeds. The flux of suspended particulate matter concentration and current speeds were transported to southeastern direction of surface layer and northwestern direction of bottom layer at the western area at line A of Gwangyang Bay. Small suspended particles have been found to increase attenuation and transmission more efficiently than similar large particles using acoustic intensity (ADV/ADCP) or optical transmit coefficient (LISST-100/Transmissometer). The application and problems as using optical or acoustic instruments will be detected for use in time varying calibrations to account for non-negligible changes in complex environments in situ particle dynamics are poorly understood.

A Study on the Sediment Flux in Gwangyang Bay during Spring Tide, March 2003 (2003년 3월 대조기 광양만 부유퇴적물의 유 · 출입에 관한 연구)

  • KIM Seok Yun;LEE Byoung Kwan
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.511-516
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    • 2004
  • As a preliminary study on the sediment flux, concentrations of suspended particulate matter and current speeds were measured at three inlets of Gwangyang Bay during one tidal cycle of a spring tide of March 2003. The suspended sediment flux rate $(g/m^{2}/s)$ at the mouth of Seomjin River (St. K1) was observed to be higher throughout surface layer during ebb tide $(14.3\;g/m^{2}/s)$ and throughout near-bottom layer during the flood tide $(23.2\;g/m^{2}/s),$ resulting in a net upstream-ward transport of$0.9{\times}10^{3}kg/m$ during 13 period. At the inlet toward Yeosu Bay (St. K2), a relatively low rate ($(5.0-6.7\;g/m^{2}/s)$ of sediment flux occurred throughout the water column compared to St. K1, with a depth-integrated net transport of $5.6{\times}10^{3}kg/m$ toward the outer reaches of Gwangyang Bay inlet. At St. K3 located at Gwangyang Bay-side of Noryang Strait, the outward flux toward the Jinju Bay was observed to be dominant during the flood tide $(16.2-23.2\;g/m^{2}/s)$, especially through the mid and near bottom layer, compared to the inward flux throughout the whole water column during the ebb tide $(13.1-19.7\;g/m^{2}/s).$ The net transport at St. K3 was calculated to be $4.0{\times}10^{3}kg/m$ toward the outside of Gwangyang Bay. The outward net transport of suspended sediment at all three inlets seems to be consistent with a trend of bottom sediment texture, which suggests a net movement of sediment from a relatively coarse and poorly sorted inner-bay toward a relatively fine and better sorted outer-bay environment.

A Benthic Polychaete Assemblage off the Korean South Coast(Gwangyang Bay and Yeosu Sound)

  • Kim, Yong-Hyun;Shin, Hyun-Chool
    • Fisheries and aquatic sciences
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.157-166
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    • 2010
  • We investigated the benthic polychaete assemblage in Gwangyang Bay and Yeosu Sound in February 1997. The sediment was an almost entirely muddy facies. The benthic macrofauna comprised 295 species occurring at a mean density of 875 $indiv./m^2$. Polychaetes were the major faunal component; there were 94 species at mean density 765 $indiv./m^2$. The highest abundance and species richness occurred in the Myodo south and north channels, in the mouth of Gwangyang Bay, and in the Noryang channel mouth. The most abundant polychaete was Tharyx sp. (47.9%), followed in rank order by Heteromastus filiformis (9.6%), Melinna cristata (9.3%), and Lumbrineris longifolia (7.3%). Cluster analysis divided the study area into four station groups based on station similarities in benthic polychaete assemblages: the Glycinde-Prionospio cluster in the western inner bay, the H. filiformis cluster in the middle inner bay, the Melinna-Lumbrineris cluster in the Myodo south-north channel, and the Tharyx cluster in the eastern main channel region. The sediment type of Gwangyang Bay has changed gradually from sandy to muddy. Dominant species have also changed from Chone teres and Lagis bocki to Tharyx sp., which is a potential organic pollution indicator.

A Study on the Development Device of Innovation Cluster and Investment to Free Economic Zone of Gwangyang Bay (광양만권 경제자유구역에의 투자유치와 혁신클러스터 구축방안)

  • 장흥훈
    • Journal of Korea Port Economic Association
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.111-132
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    • 2005
  • With the globalization of economy, there is keen competition among countries to be a logistics hub and companies are striving to be first in establishing logistics system centering on advantageous sites, especially airport and seaports, to perform supply, production and distribution. Korea competing with Northeast Asia countries is also working out strategies in order to make Korea penninsula a logistics center of Northeast Asia taking advantage of its geographical strength. Gwangyang port has designated as Free Economic Zone together with Pusan and Jinhae, Incheon from October 24th, 2003. However, the introduction of Free Economic Zone in Korea lagged behind other major countries and it has a lot of operational problems. Approximately 600 areas worldwide are designated and operated as a Free Economic Zone and Gwangyang port and its surrounding area has several points to be settled as one of FEZ. First one is its limited functions and related laws on Gwangyang Bay. Next is imperfection on development, investment and management system of the FEZ. Lack of promotion activities could be one of the problems. If we want to activate the FEZ, we must induce investment at Gwangyang Bay. This paper analyzes the above problems and presents various measures to activate Gwangyang Free Economic Zone by inducing investment for innovation cluster as follows Benchmarking to promote Gwangyang Free Economic Zone as follows Benchmarking other countries' system, governmental support, introduction & logistics functions, early development of the hinterland, supply ofeffective one-stop service, investment attraction into the area and diversified promotion & marketing activities.

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