• Title, Summary, Keyword: Growth performance

Search Result 4,540, Processing Time 0.061 seconds

Effects of Oxidative Stress on Growth Performance, Nutrient Digestibilities and Activities of Antioxidative Enzymes of Weanling Pigs

  • Yuan, Shi-bin;Chen, Dai-wen;Zhang, Ke-ying;Yu, Bing
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.20 no.10
    • /
    • pp.1600-1605
    • /
    • 2007
  • This study was undertaken to investigate the effects of oxidative stress on growth performance, nutrient digestibilities and activities of antioxidant enzymes of weanling pigs. In the experiment, 24 male $Landrance{\times}Yorkshire $weanling pigs were allotted to three groups of 8 animals each. Pigs were fed individually. According to a single factorial arrangement, pigs received diets with 5% of either fresh (group 1 and group 3) or oxidized fish oil (peroxide value was 786.50 meq $O_2/kg$ before inclusion in the diet, group 2). At the beginning of the experiment, pigs in group 3 received an intraperitoneal injection of diquat at 12 mg/kg of body weight. The trial lasted for 26 d. A metabolism test was carried out during the last 4 days of the second week. The results showed that feeding diets containing oxidized fish oil or injection with diquat depressed the growth performance and nutrient digestibilities of weanling pigs, decreased activities of antioxidant enzymes and increased concentration of malondialdehyde in plasma and liver. Intraperitoneal injection of diquat would induce more serious oxidative stress than oral intake of oxidized fish oil in the diet. In conclusion, administration of oxidized fish oil or diquat could induce oxidative stress in weanling pigs, and oxidative stress could depress growth performance and impact anti-oxidative ability of young pigs.

A Study on Marketing Strategic Types and Performance in the Korea Apparel Firms

  • Chun Tae-Yoo
    • International Journal of Costume and Fashion
    • /
    • v.5 no.1
    • /
    • pp.75-89
    • /
    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study is to empirically ascertain how the fitness between marketing strategy each firm chooses and environment facing each firm affects the performance of firms measured by the growth rate of market share and the growth rate of profit/sales ratio. In doing so, firms are divided into three groups. With regard to the marketing strategy, firms are classified into three groups based on marketing strategy type; prospector, analyzer, and defender. The main result of this study are as follows: First, responding firms are classified into prospector, analyzer, and defender following Miles & Snow's marketing strategy types. This classification is made using a self typing method and further confirmed by a factor analysis using a number of variables relating marketing objectives and marketing mix. Second, the results show that there are significant differences across marketing strategies in the performance measures of the growth rate of market share and profit/sales ratio. It seems, however, that there is no straight forward relationship between the marketing strategy and the performance measures. This strongly implies that the type of marketing strategy to be adopted by each firm should depend on the environment facing each firm. Third, the result indicates that the growth rate of market share tends to depend only on the marketing strategy type regardless of sufficiency and variation of environment, but profit/sales ratio tends to depend on the fitness between marketing strategy type and environment. It implies that a firm should adopt different marketing strategies for different environment characteristics, in order to enhance the efficiency of resources used reflected in the profit/sales ratio.

Comparing a Perspective on the Leaf Burst Timing and Leaf Growth Performance of Major Plants observed in Urban Forests (도시녹지 내 주요 식물상의 개엽시기 및 잎의 성장 특성 비교)

  • Jang, Gab-Sue
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
    • /
    • v.15 no.2
    • /
    • pp.127-136
    • /
    • 2012
  • Global climate change and urban heat island have been the main factors which changed leaf burst timing and leaf growth performance in urban forests. Therefore, the ecosystem in urban forests were modified and the types and composition of wildlives, living in the urban forests, were desperately changed due to the urban heat island. This study was done to identify phenological phenomena appeared in urban forests due to the urban climate change by comparing the morphological changes of leaves due to the change of temperature in Spring. The study focused on nine urban forests distributed in Daegu city, where weekly temperature and the morphological changes of the plants were mainly observed. Urban forests had different temperature depending on where each was located in the urban area. The difference of temperature in forests in and outside the urban area was verified by SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences), which divided the urban forests into about three groups; the one located outside the city, another group located in the middle of the city, and the other located close to the outside forests. The forests located in the middle of the city were showing the earlier leaf burst timing and leaf growth performance, while forests, distributed outside the city, were showing relatively late leaf burst timing and leaf performance.

Effect of KiFAY on Performance, Insulin-like Growth Factor-1, and Thyroid Hormones in Broilers

  • Kini, Amit;Fernandes, Custan;Suryawanshi, Dayaram
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.29 no.10
    • /
    • pp.1451-1457
    • /
    • 2016
  • A comparative study was performed to investigate the efficacy of KiFAY as a feed additive on performance parameters, thyroid, and pancreatic hormone levels in broilers. Ninety birds (Vencobb 400) were randomly divided into three groups viz., Control (no DL-methionine supplementation), Treatment1 (containing added DL-methionine) and Treatment 2 (containing KiFAY and without DL-methionine supplementation). The performance parameters (weekly body weight, body weight gain, feed intake, and feed consumption ratio) were recorded and calculated during the whole study of 4 weeks. Analyses of insulin and insulin-like growth factor (IGF 1), triiodothyronine (T3), thyroxine (T4) and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) were performed at the end of the study. The results show that birds on supplementation of KiFAY performed significantly (p<0.001) better than other treatments. The weekly body weight, body weight gain, feed in-take and feed consumption ratio improved in KiFAY treated birds. The study found an increase in insulin and IGF1 levels (p<0.001) in KiFAY compared with the other treatments. Serum T3, T4, and TSH levels in the Treatment 2 were higher than other treatments (p<0.001). The KiFAY supplementation was able to improve performance with associated responses at a hormonal level in broilers.

Growth Characteristics of Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus L.) with Six Provenances in a Hwasong Plantation (경기 화성 지역에서의 스트로브잣나무의 6개 산지별 생장특성)

  • Choi, Hyung-Soon;Ryu, Keun-Ok;Hyun, Jung-Oh
    • Korean Journal of Breeding Science
    • /
    • v.41 no.3
    • /
    • pp.271-278
    • /
    • 2009
  • The growth performance of eastern white pine (Pinus strobus L.) was studied with six provenances originated from U.S. in a Hwasong plantation. Height and diameter growth were significantly different among provenances. In general, the growth of southern provenances were larger than that of northern provenances. Georgia and North Carolina provenances proved to be appropriate ones in our plantation, while Minnesota was worst in growth. Annual height growth was still increased at age 27, whereas annual diameter growth was highest at age 11, after that growth rate was gradually decreased. Pearson's correlation among ages was highly positively correlated. The rank of growth has not almost been changed from juvenile stages to at age 27.

An Empirical Study on the Effect of Win-Win Growth Activity on Management Performance (동반성장 활동이 경영성과에 미치는 영향 연구)

  • Shin, Young-Mi;Lee, Chan-Ho
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
    • /
    • v.16 no.7
    • /
    • pp.71-78
    • /
    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of win-win growth activity of domestic large firms on their management performance. we classified the management performance into four factors such as ROE(Return On Equity), ROA(Return On Assets), net income to net sales and operating income to sales. The finding of this study is outlined as follows. This paper show that the win-win growth activity has a negative impact on the firms' management performance. This study shows that win-win growth activity could generate additional costs of business activity. So, we think that industrial policy is needed for expansion of win-win growth activity.

Effects of Extrusion Pressure and Feed Ingredient Particle Size on Growth Performance in Olive Flounder Paralichthys olivaceus (익스트루전 압력과 사료원료의 입자크기를 조절한 배합사료가 치어기 넙치 (Paralichthys olivaceus)의 성장에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Jeong-Hyeon;Lee, Bong-Joo;Hur, Sang-Woo;Lee, Seunghyung;Kim, Kang-Woong;Lim, Sang-Gu;Son, Maeng-Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
    • /
    • v.52 no.3
    • /
    • pp.247-255
    • /
    • 2019
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effects of extrusion pressure and particle size of feed ingredients on the growth performance and plasma hormone activity in juvenile olive flounder Paralichthys olivaceus. Experimental diets were prepared with extrusion pressure manipulated by screw speed [low pressure (LP), 885 rpm/min; high pressure (HP), 708 rpm/min] and different dietary particle sizes [specific surface area: small (SS), $169.9m^2/kg$; large (LS), $67.4m^2/kg$] in a two-level factorial design. Four experimental diets (LP+SS, LP+LS, HP+SS, and HP+LS) were randomly assigned to 12 tanks (3 replicates) stocked with 20 fish (initial weight, 57 g) per tank. After a 4-week feeding trial, the observable trends of the main effects of extrusion pressure and particle size on growth performance showed that LP and SS enhanced fish weight gain. The plasma insulin-like growth factor-I level was significantly higher in fish fed the LP+SS diet than in fish fed the HP+SS diet. These results indicate that manipulation of the physical qualities of feed through adjustment of extrusion pressure and feed ingredient particle size may influence the growth performance of juvenile olive flounder, which should be considered in feed manufacture.

Comparison of growth performance of Berkshire purebreds and crossbreds sired by Hereford and Tamworth breeds raised in alternative production system

  • Park, Hyeon-Suk;Spann, Kristal;Whitley, Niki;Oh, Sang-Hyon
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.30 no.9
    • /
    • pp.1358-1362
    • /
    • 2017
  • Objective: The objective of the present study was to compare growth performance of Berkshire purebred pigs (BB), Hereford (HB) and/or Tamworth (TB) sired Berkshire crossbred pigs reared in a hoop structure in two experiments. Methods: In the first experiment, BB was compared to TB while HB and TB were compared in the second. Body weights (BW) were recorded at 3 days of age and every 28 days from birth until 140 days of age. There was no significant difference between the BW of BB and TB, but HB was heavier than TB by 84 days of age. Least square means of average daily gain (ADG) were evaluated using one-way analysis of variance. Results: The mean parity (${\pm}$standard deviation) of the sows was $3.42{\pm}2.14$ and a total of 45 farrowing occurred from year 2012 to 2014. The mean number of total born, number born alive, number of mummies, and number weaned were $9.23{\pm}2.52$, $7.87{\pm}2.53$, $0.04{\pm}0.21$, and $5.94{\pm}2.74$, respectively. Parity did not have a significant effect on the growth performance of the pigs. For BB and TB, there was only one time frame in which there was a significant difference in the ADG: between 28 and 56 days of age. For HB and TB, the overall ADG of HB was significantly greater than the total ADG of TB. Conclusion: The breed of the sire did not affect the growth performance of the progeny between Berkshire purebreds and Tamworth${\times}$Berkshire crossbreds. The breed of the sire did have an effect between Hereford and Tamworth sired Berkshire crossbreds (p<0.05). The Hereford sired pigs were found to have increased growth performance compared to Tamworth sired.

Economic Growth and Animal Traction Development in Africa : An Empirical Analysis

  • Panin, A.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Agricultural Machinery Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.219-227
    • /
    • 1996
  • Since the introduction of animal traction technologies(ATT) in many Sub Saharan Africa (SSA) countries, attempts to propagate its widespread use in the continent have suffered several setbacks. Many factors are responsible of this. However, developments in the African economies are believed to be a prominent factor. This study provides empirical evidence of the impact of economic growth on the performance of ATT-in Sub-Saharan Africa(SSa). The analysis uses 1971-1990 time-series data on ATT from botswana. The performance of ATT is measured on the basis of changes year covered under this study. The models used, are a regression model and a trend projection model. Although the regression model is representing a simplified view of the relationship between ATT and economic growth , it takes account of the influence of annual amounts of rainfall. It is concluded that economic growth has had a negative impact on the performance of ATT in Botwana. As the country's Gross Domestic Pro uct (GDP) steadily increased over the period of the analysis, the number of households using ATT declined at a rate of 2.5% per year. The impact of the GDP on ATT was directly associated with increases in the use of tractor, food imports and beef exports. The results have serious policy implications for agricultural development in many African countries that are not capable of sustaining their economic growth.

  • PDF

A Study on the Effect of Win-Win Payment System on SMEs' Performance (대·중소기업 동반성장을 위한 상생결제시스템 활용의 영향요인과 경영성과에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Ki-Bok;Kwon, Sun-Dong
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
    • /
    • v.25 no.1
    • /
    • pp.105-124
    • /
    • 2018
  • The usage level of SMEs' win-win payment system is still lower than originally expected. In order to find the answer, we studied SMEs' usage performance of win-win payment system and analyzed the influencing factors of SMEs' usage level of win-win payment system. This study found that the more SMEs utilize win-win payment system, the higher they achieve the desired performance in finance, customer, process, learning and growth perspective. And this study found that usage level of win-win payment system is high in order of large corporations' pressure, government policy, and SMEs' readiness. This study is expected to improve win-win growth by increasing usage level of win-win payment system between large corporations and SMEs, while establishing desirable ecosystems.