• Title, Summary, Keyword: Growth performance

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A Study of Causality between Country-level IT Investment and Economic Performance in the U.S. (미국의 정보기술 투자와 경제적 성과 사이의 인과성 연구)

  • Lee, Sang-Ho;Kim, Soung-Hie
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.111-122
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    • 2006
  • This paper investigated the causal relationship between IT investment and economic performance with the office, computing and accounting machinery (OCAM) and gross domestic product (GDP) statistics from the United States for the period 1961 to 2001. Due to non-stationary aspects of the series, found by unit root tests, it was deemed applicable to apply growth models using the first difference of the series. The results indicate that IT investment growth at the country level do not only cause economic performance growth, but are also caused by economic performance growth. While IT investment growth affect economic performance growth over shorter time periods, economic performance growth affect IT investment growth over longer time periods. As a result, this study reveals IT investment growth have the preceding effect on economic performance growth, and then economic performance growth impact subsequently on IT investment growth.

Evaluation of the Effects of a Combination of Silicate Minerals in Duck Diets on Growth Performance and Litter Quality

  • Chung, Tae-Ho
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.27 no.10
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    • pp.933-936
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    • 2018
  • An experiment was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of a mixture of bentonite and illite as feed additives on the growth performance and litter quality of 90 Pekin ducks. The ducks were individually weighed and randomly divided into two treatments (control and 1% combination of silicate minerals), with three replicate pens per treatment, and 15 ducks per pen. Growth performance was not significantly affected (p>0.05) by the combination of bentonite and illite, but a trend of increased growth performance was observed in the control groups. Total nitrogen content and pH in the litter decreased following supplementation with the combination of bentonite and illite (p<0.05) when compared with the control group. This data indicates that the dietary supplementation with the combination of bentonite and illite (1% level) has no positive effect on the growth performance and litter quality of Pekin ducks.

An Impact of Budgetary Goal Characteristics on Performance: The Case of Vietnamese SMEs

  • LE, Thang Ngoc;NGUYEN, Dung Duc
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics, and Business
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    • v.7 no.9
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    • pp.363-370
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    • 2020
  • The paper aims to investigate the impact of budgetary goal on profit growth directly and indirectly through managerial performance. Two main characteristics of budgetary goal mentioning in the study are the clarity of budget goal and the difficult of budget goal. Data of the research collected from survey with 197 department managers and supervisors of 80 SMEs in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City who have budgeting responsible. Firstly, by using quantitative research method Cronbach's Alpha and Exploratory Factor Analysis, the research show that characteristic of budgetary goal has significant and positive impact on profit growth directly. Secondly, the regression analysis among variables show that budget goal clarity was positively and significantly related to growth of sale revenue, growth of profit and managerial performance. Therefore, the empirical findings show that that managerial performance has mediating role in the relationship between budgetary goal characteristic and financial performance. The findings of this study suggest that that managers need focus on setting clearer and more difficult but attainable budget goals to increase firm performance. This paper also provides a new insight the relationship between managerial performance and financial performance. Budgetary goal characteristics still have positive but insignificant impact on growth of sales revenue.

Impact of Network Formation on Entrepreneurial Performance and Growth: A Study of Selected Small Enterprises in Bangladesh

  • Bhuiyan, Bashir Ahmed;Imam, Mahmood Osman
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.29-38
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    • 2012
  • This study aims at evaluating the impact of network formation variables and found to have positive impact on the economic performance and growth of the enterprises. The calucation of the weighted scores of networking statements brought some affirmative results to influence the performance of the enterprises. Through multiple regression and logistic regression models it is identified that network formation variables like service receiving status, consultation of the family, other business dummy and attendance in fair have some significant positive impact both on the growth and performance of the enterprises. In addition to above variables, from the set of enterprise characteristics natural logarithm of the market value of total assets and from the entrepreneurs' characteristics set of variables, schooling year and squared value of the experience have been found to have significant positive impact. Finally, it is concluded in the study that to enhance the performance and growth of the enterprises, government and policy rlated organizations need to consider important variables that have positive impact in supplying the entrepreneurial resources especially, developing the net-working relationship.

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Association between expression levels and growth trait-related SNPs located in promoters of the MC4R and MSTN genes in Spinibarbus hollandi

  • Yang, Yang;Lan, Zhaojun;Shu, Hu;Zhou, Huiqiang;Jiang, Xiaolu;Hou, Liping;Gu, Pinghua
    • Genes and Genomics
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    • v.40 no.11
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    • pp.1119-1125
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    • 2018
  • Melanocortin 4 receptor: (MC4R) and Myostatin (MSTN) are two important growth trait-related genes in animals. In this study, we showed that two SNPs, MC4R-719A>G and MSTN-519C>T, found in the promoters of the MC4R and MSTN genes, respectively, are both associated with growth traits in Spinibarbus hollandi. Furthermore, we observed that there were significant associations between the expression levels of the MC4R and MSTN genes and these two growth trait-related SNPs. The expression level of MC4R gene in brain was lower in GG genotype fish with extremely high growth performance than that in AA genotype fish with extremely low growth performance. Expression level of the MSTN gene in muscle was lower in TT genotype fish with extremely high growth performance than that in CC and CT genotype fish with lower growth performance. The results indicated that these SNPs located in the promoters of MC4R and MSTN are associated with growth-related traits through modification of gene expression levels. The MSTN and MC4R SNPs may have useful application in effective marker-assisted selection aimed to increase output in S. hollandi.

The Role of Cooperative R&D and Intangible Assets in Innovation and Corporate Performance of R&D Investment in Manufacturing Sectors (제조업종 연구개발투자의 혁신 및 기업성과에서 공동연구개발과 무형자산의 역할)

  • Koo, Hoonyoung
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.43 no.1
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    • pp.79-86
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    • 2020
  • The effects of R&D investment on innovation such as patents and intangible assets, and the effect on the corporate performance such as revenue and profit growth, were analyzed using path analysis. In particular, this study compared and analyzed the performances of non-cooperative R&D and cooperative R&D. The results of this study are summarized as follows. First, R&D investment has a significant impact on innovation performance. This supports the existing research results. Second, patents have a significant impact on intangible asset growth. Third, in the case of corporate groups carrying out cooperative R&D, intangible asset growth forms a significant causal relationship with revenue growth. Fourth, in case of cooperative R&D, intangible asset growth has a significant mediating effect between patent and revenue growth. Like the existing research, the results of this research support the innovation performance of R&D investment. It also supports the existing argument that the results of cooperative R&D are more favorable to increase corporate value. However, unlike the existing research, we found a path leading to increased revenue through patents and intangible assets, and confirmed that such a path is likely to be achieved through cooperative R & D rather than internal R&D.

Modeling the Growth of Bulk Single Crystals via High Performance Computing

  • Andrew Yeckel;Kwon, Yong-Il;Jeffrey J. Derby
    • Proceedings of the Korea Association of Crystal Growth Conference
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    • pp.115-120
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    • 1997
  • We have developed new algorithms for solution of the three-dimensional, time-dependent Navier-Stokes equations that utilize massively parallel supercomputing implemented on the Connection Machine 5. Here, we apply these techniques to analyze he fluid flows that occur during the growth of the tow nonlinear optical crystals-potassium dihydrogen phosphate (KDP), which is producted in a novel rapid growth system under development by the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Laser Division, and Potassium titanyl phosphate(KTP), which is grown from a high-temperature aqueous solution.

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Development of an Algorithm for Searching Optimal Temperature Setpoint for Lettuce in Greenhouse Using Crop Growth Model (작물생장모델을 이용한 상추의 온실 최적설정온도 탐색 알고리즘의 개발)

  • 류관희;김기영;김희구;채희연
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.445-452
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    • 1999
  • This study was conducted to develop a searching algorithm for optimal daily temperature setpoint greenhouse. An algorithm using crop growth and energy models was developed to determine optimum crop growth environment. The results of this study were as follows: 1. Mathematical models for crop growth and energy consumption were derived to define optimal daily temperature setpoint. 2. Optimum temperature setpoint, which could maximize performance criterion, was determined by using Pontryagin maximum principle. 3. Dynamic control of daily temperature using the developed algorithm showed higher performance criterion than static control with fixed temperature setpoint. Performance criteria for dynamic control models were with simulated periodic weather data and with real weather data, increased by 48% and 60%, respectively.

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Effects of Dietary Energy Intake Levels on Growth Performance and Body Composition of Finishing Barrows and Gilts

  • Cho, Sung Back;Kim, Dong Woon;Baek, Kyung Hoon;Lee, Byong Seak;Chung, Il Byung;Chung, Wan Tae;Choi, Nag-Jin
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.21 no.10
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    • pp.1516-1521
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    • 2008
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effects of different energy intake on physical and chemical composition in body fractions, growth performance and meat characteristics of finishing barrows and gilts. A total of twenty six crossbred (Landrace$\times$Yorkshire) consisting of 16 barrows and 13 gilts were used in this study. The animals were allocated by sex to two treatments to form a $2\times2$ factorial arrangement. The respective factors were sex (barrow and gilt) and dietary energy intake (1.8 and 3.0 times energy for maintenance). Pigs were kept in individual pens and had ad libitum access to feed and water from the start of the experiment at $52.4{\pm}1.9kg$ until they reached $109.9{\pm}4.4kg$ live weight. The growth performance, physical composition and meat characteristics of finishing pigs were not greatly affected by the sex. However, higher fat tissue weight in the carcass was observed in barrows compared with gilts (p<0.05). Higher proportions of water and protein (p<0.05), and lower lipid proportion (p<0.01) in the empty body and carcass were observed in gilts compared with barrows, while protein proportion in lean tissue was not affected by the sex. In fat tissue, only protein proportion was higher in gilts compared with barrows (p<0.05). Although, growth performance, physical and chemical compositions in body fractions were greatly affected, final body or carcass weight was partly affected by the energy intake In addition, loin characteristics such as shear force and loin eye area were partly influenced by energy intake levels. Therefore, the present results showed that growth performance and meat characteristics were not influenced but chemical body composition was greatly influenced by the sex. Growth performance, physical and chemical compositions in body fractions were greatly affected, whereas meat characteristics were partly affected by the energy intake levels.

The Impact of Win-Win Growth Effort of Large Firms on Their Financial Performance (기업의 동반성장 노력이 재무성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Min, Jae H.;Kim, Bumseok
    • Korean Management Science Review
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.79-95
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    • 2013
  • In this study, we empirically examine the impact of win-win growth effort of domestic large firms on their financial performance. Specifically, we classify the financial performance into three aspects such as profitability, stability and efficiency, select corresponding financial ratios to each aspect, and analyze the causal relationship between the firms' win-win growth effort and each of the financial ratios. In addition, we figure out the impact of the firms' win-win growth effort on their stock rate of return. From the analysis, we show that the win-win growth effort has a positive impact on the firms' profitability, stability and stock prices; however, it does not give statistically significant impact on the firms' efficiency with even negative impact on it. These results imply that the firms' win-win growth effort could bring about inefficiency in their business operations, but the effort could increase the firms' profitability and make their financial structure more stable. Furthermore, the effort could enhance the firms' image of leading CSR (corporate social responsibility), which in turn increase their stock values.