• Title, Summary, Keyword: Growth performance

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A Study of Causality between Country-level IT Investment and Economic Performance in the U.S. (미국의 정보기술 투자와 경제적 성과 사이의 인과성 연구)

  • Lee, Sang-Ho;Kim, Soung-Hie
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.111-122
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    • 2006
  • This paper investigated the causal relationship between IT investment and economic performance with the office, computing and accounting machinery (OCAM) and gross domestic product (GDP) statistics from the United States for the period 1961 to 2001. Due to non-stationary aspects of the series, found by unit root tests, it was deemed applicable to apply growth models using the first difference of the series. The results indicate that IT investment growth at the country level do not only cause economic performance growth, but are also caused by economic performance growth. While IT investment growth affect economic performance growth over shorter time periods, economic performance growth affect IT investment growth over longer time periods. As a result, this study reveals IT investment growth have the preceding effect on economic performance growth, and then economic performance growth impact subsequently on IT investment growth.

Revisiting the Effect of Financial Elements on Stock Performance Using Corporate Social Responsibility Cost Growth

  • JOUHA, Faraj;ALBAKAY, Khalleefah;GHOZALI, Imam;HARTO, Puji
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics, and Business
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.767-780
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    • 2021
  • The purpose of this research is to analyze the effect of financial elements (asset growth, liability growth, equity growth, revenue growth, and profit growth) on stock price performance and to analyze the growth of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) costs as a moderating effect. The technique analysis used is regression analysis. Samples in this analysis are manufacturing firms listed on the Indonesian Stock Exchange (IDX) for the period 2014-2018. The use of regression models for hypothesis testing must fulfill several applicable assumptions such as Normality Test, Heteroscedasticity Test, Multicollinearity Test, Autocorrelation Test, Model Fit Test, Determination Coefficient Test, and Hypothesis Test. Data analysis used two research models, namely model 1 and model 2. Model 1 is without the moderating variable, and model 2 is with the moderating variable, that is, CSR cost growth. Based on the result of the regression analysis, it can be inferred that the asset, revenue, and profit growth have a positive impact on stock price results. Liabilities and equity growth do not affect stock price performance. Operating expense growth has a significant effect on price performance. CSR cost growth can moderate the effect of growth in financial statement elements on stock price performance but is not significant.

Evaluation of the Effects of a Combination of Silicate Minerals in Duck Diets on Growth Performance and Litter Quality

  • Chung, Tae-Ho
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.27 no.10
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    • pp.933-936
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    • 2018
  • An experiment was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of a mixture of bentonite and illite as feed additives on the growth performance and litter quality of 90 Pekin ducks. The ducks were individually weighed and randomly divided into two treatments (control and 1% combination of silicate minerals), with three replicate pens per treatment, and 15 ducks per pen. Growth performance was not significantly affected (p>0.05) by the combination of bentonite and illite, but a trend of increased growth performance was observed in the control groups. Total nitrogen content and pH in the litter decreased following supplementation with the combination of bentonite and illite (p<0.05) when compared with the control group. This data indicates that the dietary supplementation with the combination of bentonite and illite (1% level) has no positive effect on the growth performance and litter quality of Pekin ducks.

An Impact of Budgetary Goal Characteristics on Performance: The Case of Vietnamese SMEs

  • LE, Thang Ngoc;NGUYEN, Dung Duc
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics, and Business
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    • v.7 no.9
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    • pp.363-370
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    • 2020
  • The paper aims to investigate the impact of budgetary goal on profit growth directly and indirectly through managerial performance. Two main characteristics of budgetary goal mentioning in the study are the clarity of budget goal and the difficult of budget goal. Data of the research collected from survey with 197 department managers and supervisors of 80 SMEs in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City who have budgeting responsible. Firstly, by using quantitative research method Cronbach's Alpha and Exploratory Factor Analysis, the research show that characteristic of budgetary goal has significant and positive impact on profit growth directly. Secondly, the regression analysis among variables show that budget goal clarity was positively and significantly related to growth of sale revenue, growth of profit and managerial performance. Therefore, the empirical findings show that that managerial performance has mediating role in the relationship between budgetary goal characteristic and financial performance. The findings of this study suggest that that managers need focus on setting clearer and more difficult but attainable budget goals to increase firm performance. This paper also provides a new insight the relationship between managerial performance and financial performance. Budgetary goal characteristics still have positive but insignificant impact on growth of sales revenue.

Impact of Network Formation on Entrepreneurial Performance and Growth: A Study of Selected Small Enterprises in Bangladesh

  • Bhuiyan, Bashir Ahmed;Imam, Mahmood Osman
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.29-38
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    • 2012
  • This study aims at evaluating the impact of network formation variables and found to have positive impact on the economic performance and growth of the enterprises. The calucation of the weighted scores of networking statements brought some affirmative results to influence the performance of the enterprises. Through multiple regression and logistic regression models it is identified that network formation variables like service receiving status, consultation of the family, other business dummy and attendance in fair have some significant positive impact both on the growth and performance of the enterprises. In addition to above variables, from the set of enterprise characteristics natural logarithm of the market value of total assets and from the entrepreneurs' characteristics set of variables, schooling year and squared value of the experience have been found to have significant positive impact. Finally, it is concluded in the study that to enhance the performance and growth of the enterprises, government and policy rlated organizations need to consider important variables that have positive impact in supplying the entrepreneurial resources especially, developing the net-working relationship.

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The Performance of Private Wealth Management in Indonesia

  • GUNARDI, Hery;PRIMIANA, Ina;EFFENDI, Nury;HERWANY, Aldrin
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics, and Business
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    • v.7 no.11
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    • pp.717-725
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this paper is to highlight the impact of the performance of private wealth management (PWM) on the growth of retail banking in Indonesia. The variables used are bank's competitiveness, risk management, performance of private wealth management, and growth of retail banking business. The data were collected from 60 respondents from 32 banks over five months, from October 2018 to March 2019. Using partial least square path modeling, the analysis shows that the performance of private wealth management has an impact on the growth of retail banking sector in Indonesia. Bank competitiveness and risk management affect the performance of personal wealth management and have an impact on the growth of the retail banking business. Bank competitiveness is the variable that most influences the performance of private wealth management in Indonesia. This research found that market share is the most significant indicator of bank competitiveness. For risk management, significant indicators are the level of bank confidence, increased bank competitiveness, and the creation of new products. In the performance of the private wealth management variable, the most significant indicator is the revenue fee-based income. For the growth of retail banking business, a clear indicator is profit growth.

Association between expression levels and growth trait-related SNPs located in promoters of the MC4R and MSTN genes in Spinibarbus hollandi

  • Yang, Yang;Lan, Zhaojun;Shu, Hu;Zhou, Huiqiang;Jiang, Xiaolu;Hou, Liping;Gu, Pinghua
    • Genes and Genomics
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    • v.40 no.11
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    • pp.1119-1125
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    • 2018
  • Melanocortin 4 receptor: (MC4R) and Myostatin (MSTN) are two important growth trait-related genes in animals. In this study, we showed that two SNPs, MC4R-719A>G and MSTN-519C>T, found in the promoters of the MC4R and MSTN genes, respectively, are both associated with growth traits in Spinibarbus hollandi. Furthermore, we observed that there were significant associations between the expression levels of the MC4R and MSTN genes and these two growth trait-related SNPs. The expression level of MC4R gene in brain was lower in GG genotype fish with extremely high growth performance than that in AA genotype fish with extremely low growth performance. Expression level of the MSTN gene in muscle was lower in TT genotype fish with extremely high growth performance than that in CC and CT genotype fish with lower growth performance. The results indicated that these SNPs located in the promoters of MC4R and MSTN are associated with growth-related traits through modification of gene expression levels. The MSTN and MC4R SNPs may have useful application in effective marker-assisted selection aimed to increase output in S. hollandi.

The Role of Cooperative R&D and Intangible Assets in Innovation and Corporate Performance of R&D Investment in Manufacturing Sectors (제조업종 연구개발투자의 혁신 및 기업성과에서 공동연구개발과 무형자산의 역할)

  • Koo, Hoonyoung
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.43 no.1
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    • pp.79-86
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    • 2020
  • The effects of R&D investment on innovation such as patents and intangible assets, and the effect on the corporate performance such as revenue and profit growth, were analyzed using path analysis. In particular, this study compared and analyzed the performances of non-cooperative R&D and cooperative R&D. The results of this study are summarized as follows. First, R&D investment has a significant impact on innovation performance. This supports the existing research results. Second, patents have a significant impact on intangible asset growth. Third, in the case of corporate groups carrying out cooperative R&D, intangible asset growth forms a significant causal relationship with revenue growth. Fourth, in case of cooperative R&D, intangible asset growth has a significant mediating effect between patent and revenue growth. Like the existing research, the results of this research support the innovation performance of R&D investment. It also supports the existing argument that the results of cooperative R&D are more favorable to increase corporate value. However, unlike the existing research, we found a path leading to increased revenue through patents and intangible assets, and confirmed that such a path is likely to be achieved through cooperative R & D rather than internal R&D.

Modeling the Growth of Bulk Single Crystals via High Performance Computing

  • Andrew Yeckel;Kwon, Yong-Il;Jeffrey J. Derby
    • Proceedings of the Korea Association of Crystal Growth Conference
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    • pp.115-120
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    • 1997
  • We have developed new algorithms for solution of the three-dimensional, time-dependent Navier-Stokes equations that utilize massively parallel supercomputing implemented on the Connection Machine 5. Here, we apply these techniques to analyze he fluid flows that occur during the growth of the tow nonlinear optical crystals-potassium dihydrogen phosphate (KDP), which is producted in a novel rapid growth system under development by the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Laser Division, and Potassium titanyl phosphate(KTP), which is grown from a high-temperature aqueous solution.

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Development of an Algorithm for Searching Optimal Temperature Setpoint for Lettuce in Greenhouse Using Crop Growth Model (작물생장모델을 이용한 상추의 온실 최적설정온도 탐색 알고리즘의 개발)

  • 류관희;김기영;김희구;채희연
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.445-452
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    • 1999
  • This study was conducted to develop a searching algorithm for optimal daily temperature setpoint greenhouse. An algorithm using crop growth and energy models was developed to determine optimum crop growth environment. The results of this study were as follows: 1. Mathematical models for crop growth and energy consumption were derived to define optimal daily temperature setpoint. 2. Optimum temperature setpoint, which could maximize performance criterion, was determined by using Pontryagin maximum principle. 3. Dynamic control of daily temperature using the developed algorithm showed higher performance criterion than static control with fixed temperature setpoint. Performance criteria for dynamic control models were with simulated periodic weather data and with real weather data, increased by 48% and 60%, respectively.

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