• Title, Summary, Keyword: Ground reaction force

Search Result 331, Processing Time 0.036 seconds

Analysis of the Ground Reaction Force of Arm Landing during Sports Aerobics (스포츠 에어로빅스 팔착지 동작의 지면 반력 분석)

  • Yoo, Sil
    • Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics
    • /
    • v.12 no.1
    • /
    • pp.115-124
    • /
    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the ground reaction force of arm landing on arm and leg during sports aerobics. Subjects of this study were total 10 players of 5 males and 5 females who have are domain sports aerobics medalists more than the third place in national tournaments. The subjects jumped between the two ground reaction force analyzers, while landing their right hand on the front platform(#1) and their right leg on the rear platform(#2), and the data frequency was set to 200Hz. Findings of this study are as follows; More than 3 times of impact peak force of vertical reaction force acted on arm joint than on leg joint. And, when ground reaction force on foot increased, ground reaction force on hand decreased. 3 impact peaks of curve of ground reaction force were found - Impact Peak 1 incurred on the time the palm lands on the ground, Impact Peak 2 absorbing shock secondarily on wrist joint, and Active Peak incurred on the time of holding the weight while pushing out the severly bent elbow joint.

Effect of Target Height on Ground reaction force factors during Taekwondo and Hapkido Dollyuchagi Motion (태권도와 합기도의 돌려차기시 타격 높이가 지면반력에 미치는 영향)

  • Yang, Chang-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics
    • /
    • v.12 no.1
    • /
    • pp.193-204
    • /
    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of martial art type and target height on the ground reaction force factors during Dollyuchagi motion. Data were collected using force plate. Five Taekwondo players and five Hapkido players were tested during Dollyuchagi motion to three different target heights(0.8, 1.2, 1.6 m). After analysis of kinetics using force plate data, maximum vertical ground reaction force was 1.62~2.44 BW, and impulse was $0.66\sim1.01 BW{\cdot}s$. Even though there was no difference for maximum ground reaction forces and impulse between Hapkido and Taekwondo, as target height was higher, impulse increased. Anterior-posterior and vertical ground reaction forces at kicking foot take-off were greater with target height, although there was no difference for medio-lateral force with target height. At impact there was significant difference for anterior-posterior ground reaction force between Hapkido and Taekwondo players. Taekwondo players' force (range, -0.23~-0.26 BW) was greater than Hapkido players's force (range, -0.08~-0.14 BW).

The Analysis of Movement time and Ground Reaction Force during Sit to Stand Task in Healthy (앉은 자세에서 일어서기(Sit to stand)과제의 동작시간과 지면반발력 분석)

  • Kim, Soo-min
    • PNF and Movement
    • /
    • v.9 no.1
    • /
    • pp.31-38
    • /
    • 2011
  • Purpose : Sit-to-stand (STS) is one of the important activities of daily living (ADL) and each of its parameters is used frequently. This study aimed to examine the influence of different seat height on performance time and floor reaction force strength during an STS movement. Methods : Fifteen young-adult male subjects participated in this study. The subjects were divided into three groups based on lower leg length. Subjects performed an STS movement twice from chairs at height adjusted by the lower leg length of each subject. To examine the influence of the chair seat height, ground reaction forces during a STS performed with 3 chair heights adjusted to each subjects lower leg length were compared. Results : Vertical ground reaction force and time during an STS movement were measured to evaluate. Parameters regarding ground reaction force were selected for analyses. Significant differences were found in ground reaction force at G1 was greater than G2 and G3. Conclusion : The STS movement achievement strategy differed since chair seat height changes relatively by the difference in lower leg length. When conducting the ability to achieve STS movement rating test, chair seat height considering each subject's lower leg length may be needed.

  • PDF

The Relationship between Grip Strength and Ground Reaction Force by Change of Position when Lifting Tasks (들기 작업할 때 자세의 변화에 따른 악력과 지면 반발력의 상관관계)

  • Jung, Sang-Yong;Gang, Jin-Woo;Koo, Jung-Wan
    • Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
    • /
    • v.28 no.3
    • /
    • pp.41-47
    • /
    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study, during the lifting task was researching the difference and a relationship between the ground reaction force and the grip strength by change of position. After grip strength has measured in symmetry position and asymmetry position at 45cm and 75cm of height of hand, ground reaction force was measured by same attitude lifting wooden box. We analyzed the difference of grip strength and ground reaction force in each position change. The results of grip strength, the grip strength of both hand were significant difference that in study subject symmetry and asymmetry position (p<0.01). The results of symmetry lifting task, the study subjects was significant difference of the ground reaction force difference by height (p<0.05). Asymmetry lifting task was significant difference of ground reaction force difference by direction of rotation was changed (p<0.01). The result of it will rotate with non-dominant hand side of lifting tasks from height 75cm where it easily maintains a balance possibility and decreasing the load of the hand. Therefore, from the workshop in the work people, it will be between the height 75cm and non-dominant hand side of trunk rotatory direction in the lifting tasks. Future study is necessary researched about the change of grip strength when the height of the hand is higher, and the difference of the ground reaction force when the change of weight.

Hybrid Position/Force Control for Dynamic Walking of Biped Walking Robot (이족보행로봇의 동적 보행을 위한 혼합 위치/힘 제어)

  • 박인규;김진걸
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.566-569
    • /
    • 2000
  • This hybrid position/force control for the dynamic walking of the biped robot is performed in this paper. After the biped robot was modeled with 14 degrees of freedom of the multibody dynamics, the equations of motion are constructed using velocity transformation technique. Then the inverse dynamic analysis is performed for determining the driving torques and the ground reaction forces. From this analysis, obtains the maximum ground contact force at the moment of contacting which act on the rear of the sole of swing leg and the distribution curve of the ground reaction. Because these maximum force and distribution type acts an important role to the stability of the whole dynamic walking, they are reduced and distributed smoothly by means of the trajectory of the modified ground reaction force. This new trajectory is used to the reference input for more stable dynamic walking of the whole walking region.

  • PDF

Modeling dynamic interactions between the support foot and the ground in bipedal walking

  • Jung, Moon-Ryul
    • Journal of The Korea Computer Graphics Society
    • /
    • v.1 no.2
    • /
    • pp.201-212
    • /
    • 1995
  • This paper presents a new method of dynamics-based synthesis of bipedal, especially human, walking. The motion of the body at a time point is determined by ground reaction force and torque under the support foot and joint torques of the body at that time point. Motion synthesis involves specifying conditions that constrain ground reaction force and torque, and joint torques so that a given desired motion may be achieved. There are conditions on a desired motion which end-users can think of easily, e.g. the goal position and orientation of the swing foot for a single step and the time period of a single step. In this paper, we specify constraints on the motion of the support foot, which end-users would find difficult to specify. They are constraints which enforce non-sliding, non-falling, and non-spinning the support foot. They are specified in terms of joint torques and ground reaction force and torque. To satisfy them, both joint torques and ground reaction force and torque should be determined appropriately. The constraints on the support foot themselves do not give any good clues as to how to determine ground reaction force and torque. For that purpose, we specify desired trajectories of the application point of vertical ground reaction force (ground pressure) and the application point of horizontal ground reaction (friction) force. The application points of vertical pressure and friction force are good control variables, because they are indicators to kinds of walking motions to synthesize. The synthesis of a bipedal walking motion, then, consists of finding a trajectory of joint torques to achieve a given desired motion, so that the constraints are satisfied under the condition of the prescribed center of pressure and center of friction. Our approach is distinguished from many other approaches, e.g. the inverted-pendulum approach, in that it captures and formulates dynamics of the support foot and reasonable constraints on it.

  • PDF

A Study of Ground Reaction Forces During Professional Golfer's Swing with Different Golf Clubs (클럽별 골프 스윙 시 지면 반력 변화에 관한 연구)

  • Hur, You-Jein;Moon, Gun-Pil;Lim, Jung
    • Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics
    • /
    • v.15 no.2
    • /
    • pp.103-111
    • /
    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to analysis golf swing in accordance with each club using ground reaction force data. The subject of this study was current professional golf players in Korea. Golf clubs used for this study were driver, iron4, iron7, and pitching. The ground reaction force for left and right foot was collected by one Kistler and one Bertec force platforms. Also collected visual data by NC high speed camera to check the phase which was composed of address, top of backswing, impact and finish. Sampling rate was 600Hz both ground reaction forces data and visual data. The conclusion are as follows. 1. An aspect of change for ground reaction force was that the weight between the left foot and right foot were contrary to each other in general as the phase. 2. Without regard to the type of golf club, the ratio of necessary ground reaction forces for each phase in accordance with address, top of backswing, impact, and finish was comparatively identical. 3. According to the type of golf club, the tendency of Fy was not varied. In terms of Driver, at the moment of impact, the weight of foot-both right and left-was moved to the movement direction of golf because of the rotation force from swing.

The Research for Using Method of GRF (Ground Reaction Force) on Rotational Movement in Arabesque (아라베스크 회전동작 시 지면반력 활용방법에 관한 연구)

  • Gwon, An-Suk;Lee, Geon-Beom
    • Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics
    • /
    • v.15 no.2
    • /
    • pp.1-10
    • /
    • 2005
  • G. B. LEE, A. S. GWON, The Research for Using methodof GRF (Ground Reaction Force) on Rotational Movement in Arabesque. Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics, Vol. 15, No. 2, pp.1-10, 2005. As, in relation to all movements of a human being, the movements such as mutually walking, running, rotating, and jumping are attained endlessly through the ground amid the interaction with the ground, in terms of the harmonious movement of the upper limbs and the lower limbs, related to the basic movement in ballet, the type of a movement depends on the size and direction of the force that presses down the ground (Fz, Fx, Fy) amid the interaction with the ground. Therefore, aiming to correctly and efficiently perform a rotational movement in Arabesque, this study analyzed factors of the force manifestation through GRF (Ground Reaction Force), by dividing into preparing, stepping, standing, rotating, and finishing stages (events (1) ${\sim}$ (5)), targeting the subjects of 4 elite female students who majored in ballet. 1. At the No.5 position of the preparing stage, It is necessary that support the ground with left and right foot balance, 2. As the stepping stage is the phase ranging from the event (2), in which a plie movement of bending a knee is started, to the event (3) of stretching a knee, Rebunding motion is not good, and One have a position with ankle and knee flextion condition in order to stretch strengthly in event (3) position 3. At the event (1) position, It is necessary that exert the Fz reaction force at the event (3) position. Because large stretch force help to have a toe on position easily and show a active motion 4. In order to have a stand and rotation motion smoothly, One need a muscle strength training for ankle extension, knee extension, control horizental force

Effect of Walking Speed on Angles of Lower Extremity and Ground Reaction Force in the Obese (보행속도가 비만인의 하지관절각과 지면반발력에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Tae-Wan
    • Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics
    • /
    • v.16 no.4
    • /
    • pp.83-94
    • /
    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study is to elucidate how walking speed influences on change of angles of lower extremity and ground reaction force in normal and obese people. One group with normal body weight who were experimented at a standard speed of 1.5m/s and the other obese group were experimented at two different walking speeds (standard speed of 1.5m/s and self-selected speed of 1.3m/s). We calculated angles of lower extremity and ground reaction force during stance phase through video recording and platform force measuring. When the obese group walked at the standard speed, dorsi-flexion angle of ankle got bigger and plantar-flexion angle of ankle got smaller, which were not statistically significant. There was no significant difference of knee joint angles between normal and obese group at the same speed walking but significant post hoc only for the first flexion of knee joint in obese group. $F_z1$ was bigger than $F_z3$ in vertical axis for ground reaction force in both groups at the standard speed walking and the same force value at self-selected speed in obese group. $F_y3$ was always bigger than $F_y1$ in anterior-posterior axis in both groups.

Analysis of the Ground Reaction Forces by the Dancesport Rumba Backward Walk Step (댄스스포츠 라틴댄스 룸바 Backward Walk 동작시 지면반력 변인 분석)

  • Yoo, Hye-Suk;In, Hee-Kyo;Choi, In-Ae
    • Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics
    • /
    • v.18 no.1
    • /
    • pp.129-135
    • /
    • 2008
  • This research was examined the effect of Backward Walk on ground reaction force and we achieved it by using ground reaction force machine during the Backward Walk activity with Latin and Rumba dance. We find that it was significant difference of vertical(Fz) ground reaction force of right foot in touchdown and toe-off and vertical(Fz), horizontal(Fx), front-rear(Fy) ground reaction force of left foot. There was not significant differences in vertical ground reaction force between superior athlete and unskilled athlete, but there was a significant difference in left foot. Through this, we know that the sports capability of left foot which has been developed through the training is better in superior athlete group. Therefore understanding of difference in ground reaction force and repeated training can help the unskilled athlete and beginner to accomplish the accurate movement.