• Title/Summary/Keyword: Gross Domestic Expenditure on R&D

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A Study on Industry Characteristics of Technology Trade in Korea : evidence from OECD Countries (우리나라 기술무역의 산업별 특성에 관한 연구 : OECD 국가를 대상으로)

  • Baek, Eun-Young;Moon, Hee-Cheol
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.151-170
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    • 2010
  • The present study made an empirical analysis for investigating the competitiveness of technology trades in Korea. In particular, the study deduced the correlation between technology export and technology import using the variables of Gross Domestic Expenditure on R&D and Per capita industry value added Productivity and employed fixed effect model in panel linear regression model. It is found that the R&D expenditure of OECD countries made a significant effect on the technology import and the value-added labor productivity made a significant result on both technology export and import. Therefore, it showed that the technology trade in Korea made a sensitive response to labor productivity in OECD countries. By panel analysis, machine, construction, ICT, and service industry affect most on technology export in Korea for recent 5 years. For technology import, electric-electron, chemical, service, and construction industry have significant effects. This study contributed to understanding of industrial characteristics affecting technology trades in Korea and empirical analysis to show correlation between the factors affecting technology trade.

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An Empirical Test on Technology Export of Korea SMEs (우리나라 중소기업의 기술수출에 관한 실증연구)

  • Baek, Eun-Young
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.279-296
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    • 2014
  • This study focused on the Technology export of Korea SMEs. Therefore this study made an empirical analysis for investigating the competitiveness of technology export in Korea SMEs and using panel data 2003-2011 of technology trade data between 72 Countries. In particular, the study deduced the correlation between technology export in Korea SMEs using the variables of Gross Domestic Expenditure on R&D and Per capita GDP, distance, population, free-trade index, firm R&D against industry value added of country, Patent grants by country to USA fixed effect model in panel linear regression model. It is found that the Technology export of Korea SMEs made a significant effect on the per-GDP, Gross Domestic Expenditure on R&D. The results suggest that the study should use technology gap variables and the strategy for activating the Technology export of Korea SMEs should be made for future works.

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Measuring Basic Research Capacity Index and International Comparison (기초연구지수의 작성과 국제비교)

  • 송충한
    • Proceedings of the Korea Technology Innovation Society Conference
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    • 2001.05a
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    • pp.473-492
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    • 2001
  • This paper presents an econometric model for measuring basic research capacity index(BRCI) of each OECD countries and analyses the gap in terms of time lag measured and forecasted in connection with factor analysis and BRCI progress function. Based on the analysis, gross domestic expenditure on R&D(GERD), total R&D personnel, higher education expenditure on R&D(HERD) and number of science and technical papers based on SCI are more effective than other factors to BRCI. Also, BRCI progress function shows that 29 years is needed for Korea to catch up the level of German's BRCI of year 1998. But, it's impossible for Korea to catch up US and Japan. Therefore, with restricted scientific resources, Korea's own strategy for strengthening basic research capacity is going to be more important in 21st century.

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A Study on the International Comparison of Basic Research Capacity Index (기초연구지수의 국제비교)

  • 송충한
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.127-142
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    • 2001
  • This paper presents an econometric model for measuring basic research capacity index(BRCI) of each OECD countries and analyses the gap in terms of time lag measured and forecasted in connection with factor analysis and BRCI progress function. Based on the analysis, gross domestic expenditure on R&D(GERD), total R&D personnel higher education expenditure on R&D(HERD) and number of science and technical papers based on SCI are more effective than other factors to BRCI. Also, BRCI progress function shows that 29 years is needed for Korea to catch up the level of German's BRCI of year 1998. But, it's impossible for Korea to catch up US and Japan. Therefore, with restricted scientific resources, Korea's own strategy for strengthening basic research capacity is going to be more important in 21st century.

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Direction of Healthcare Expenditure on Research and Development (보건의료 연구개발비 현황과 발전방향)

  • Park, Eun-Cheol
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.327-328
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    • 2018
  • The quality of healthcare in Korea is very good, especially in life threatening disease. However, the level of healthcare research in Korea is not good relative to that of engineering. International university rankings also were showed that engineering was generally higher ranking than medicine. The reason of this phenomenon was deeply related to expenditure on research and development (R&D). Although Korea had a lot of gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD), 75% of GERD was from business enterprise that was related to engineering. Healthcare expenditure of R&D from business enterprise is small. Healthcare expenditure from government budget allocation on R&D (GBARD) was smaller than engineering. Higher education expenditure on R&D of GERD was also small and the quantity and quality of researcher in higher education was not enough. For Korea's healthcare to become the growth engine for future, GBARD should be invested heavily in the healthcare, a large part of the increased GBARD must be invested in higher education, and the higher education should invest to secure the higher quality researcher stably.

A Study on Technology Trade of the Korea and the Target for Concluding an FTA (한국의 FTA 체결국과의 기술무역 연구)

  • Baek, Eun-Young
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.125-149
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    • 2011
  • The present study made an empirical analysis for investigating the competitiveness of technology trades in Korea. In particular, the study deduced the correlation between technology export and technology import using the variables of Gross Domestic Expenditure on R&D and Per capita industry value added Productivity and employed fixed effect model in panel linear regression model. It is found that the R&D expenditure of OECD countries made a significant effect on the technology import and the value-added labor productivity made a significant result on both technology export and import. Therefore, it showed that the technology trade in Korea made a sensitive response to labor productivity in OECD countries. By panel analysis, machine, construction, ICT, and service industry affect most on technology export in Korea for recent 5 years. For technology import, electric-electron, chemical, service, and construction industry have significant effects. This study contributed to understanding of industrial characteristics affecting technology trades in Korea and empirical analysis to show correlation between the factors affecting technology trade.

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A Study on Spillover of Technology Trade against Post- BRICs (BRICs 이후 신흥국과의 기술무역 확산방안 연구)

  • Baek, Eun-Young
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.361-385
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    • 2014
  • This study focused on Spillover of Technology Trade against Post- BRICs of the Technology export of Korea. Therefore this study made an empirical analysis for investigating the competitiveness of technology export in Korea and using panel data 2003-2012 of technology trade data between 6 Countries(Indonesia, Mexico, Nigeria, South Africa, Turkey, Vietnam). In particular, the study deduced the correlation between technology export in Korea using the variables of Gross Domestic Expenditure on R&D and Per capita GDP, distance, population, free-trade index, FDI, Technology-Intensive Manufactures, Pattern Investment fixed effect model in panel linear regression model. It is found that the Technology export of Korea SMEs made a significant effect on the pop, free_trade, and distance. and also it is found that the Technology export of Korea Big Business made a significant effect on the per-GDP, Fdi from Korea, free_trade, and distance. The results suggest that the study should use technology gap variables and the strategy for activating the Technology export of Korea should be made for future works.

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