• Title, Summary, Keyword: Green tea leaf

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Comparison of Kimchi Quality Added Green Tea Extract and Green Tea Leaf (녹차 추출물과 차잎 첨가에 따른 김치의 품질 특성 비교)

  • 박금순;정의숙;박선희
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.62-70
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    • 2000
  • This study was conducted to investigated the kimchi quality of the addition of green tea extract and green tea leaf. Kimchi was examined for pH, titratable acidity, the changes in the number of microorganism, color,sensory evaluation . The pH and titratable acidity of kimchi at the addition of 5%, 1% of green tea extract and green tea leaf were higher and lower than those of control kimchi. the number of total microoranism at 21 days. were detected much more in the kimchi added green tea extract and green tea leaf than in control. The number of coliforms up to 7 days of fermentation were detected. And those at 14-21 days were not detected but those of 28 days were detected. The number of coliforms at 28 days were most lowest in the kimchi added green tea extract 3%. The number of lactic acid bacteria were detected more in the kimchi added green tea leaf. As a result of sensory evaluation during fermentation, the kimchi added green tea extract 5% was the highest score in carbonated taste. texture and overall quality. As the result of correlation between sensory characteristics and mechanical characteristics, it was found that sensory characteristics of sour taste is negatively related to the mechanical characteristics of L value, while it is positively related to the texture. The a values is negatively related to the sensory characteristics of overall quality. The b values is positively related to the sensory characteristics of sour taste.

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A Comparison of the Antioxidant Activity of Barley Leaf Tea and Green Tea according to Leaching Conditions in Distilled Water (침출 조건에 따른 보리잎차와 녹차의 항산화능 비교)

  • Jang, Jae-Hee;Choi, Hee-Sun;Cheong, Hyo-Sook;Kang, Ok-Ju
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.165-172
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    • 2007
  • This study was conducted to investigate the antioxidant amounts and properties of barley leaf tea and green tea at under various leaching conditions. The leaching temperatures and times of the distilled water were 50, 70 and $90^{\circ}$C for 1, 3 and 5 min, respectively. The levels of crude fat and ash in the barley leaf tea were higher than those in green tea. Brown color intensity and flavonoid absorbance increased with leaching temperature. The highest vitamin C levels and water-soluble phenol resulted at $90^{\circ}$C for 3 min. The DPPH radical scavenging activities of the barley leaf tea and of green tea were 11.06 and 50.56%, respectively, compared to 2.9% for L-ascorbic acid (150 ppm). The nitrite scavenging activities of barley leaf tea and green tea were 95.11 and 74.88%, respectively. The SOD-like activities of barley leaf tea, green tea, and L-ascorbic acid (150 ppm) were 12.99, 8.33, and 12.75%, respectively. The antioxidant effect of green tea was higher than that of barley leaf tea and lastly, the SOD-like activity of barley leaf tea was as high as that of green tea.

Effects of Dried Green Tea Leaf Powder of Serum on Lipid Concentrations in Rats Fed High Fat (녹차 건분이 고지방식이 급여에 의한 흰쥐의 지질 농도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Duck-Hee;Han, Sung-Hee;Shin, Mee-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.226-234
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    • 2003
  • The effects of dried green tea leaf powders on serum lipid concentrations were evaluated in rats. Sixty male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing $100{\pm}10g$ were divided into six groups and fed high fat diets for six weeks. Experimental groups were administered with following diets; Normal fat diet and normal and high fat diets with 1% dried green tealeaf powders. Tissue weights of liver, lung, stomach, heart, kidney and spleen of high fat diet exposed rats were reduced by dried green tea leaf powders groups. The concentrations of serum triglyceride in rats fed the dried green tea leaf powders were lower than those in other groups. The concentrations of total cholesterol in green tea leaf powders the were lower than those in high fat diet groups. The concentrations of HDL-cholesterol in serum of the dried leaf powders green tea were significantly higher than those of other groups. The levels of LDL-cholesterol in serum of the dried green tea leaf powders groups were tended to be lower than those of other groups. GPT and GOT were decreased in dried green tea leaf powders groups and than in the high fat group. LDHase was lower in the dried green tea leaf powders groups than in the high fat group. These results suggest that dried leaf powders green tea groups may reduce elevated levels of serum lipid concentrations in rats fed high fat diets.

Effect of Dried Leaf Powders and Ethanol Extracts of Persimmon, Green Tea and Pine Needle on Lipid Metabolism and Antioxidative Capacity in Rats (감잎, 녹차, 솔잎의 건분 및 에탄올추출물이 흰쥐의 지방대사와 항산화능에 미치는 영향)

  • 김은성
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.337-352
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    • 1999
  • The effects of dried leaf powders and ethanol extract of persimmon, green tea and pine needle on lipid metabolism, lipid peroxidation and antioxidative activity were investigated in rats. Forty-nine male Spargue-Dawley rats weighing 107.8$\pm$1.8g were blocked into seven groups according to body weight. Rats were raised for four weeks with diets containing either 5%(w/w) dried leaf powders of one of three different Korea traditional teas, persimmon(Diospyros kaki Thunb), green tea(Camellia Sinensis O.Ktzc)or pine needle(pinus Koreansis Sieb. Et Zucc), or ethanol from equal amounts of each dried tea powder. Food intake, weight gain, food efficiency ratio, and weights of liver, kidney and epididymal fat were significantly higher in the green-tea-powder group, and significantly lower in the pine-needle-powder and pine-needle-extract groups. Persimmon-leaf powder was found to decrease plasma total lipid, triglyceride and cholesterol concentration by increasing fecal total lipid triglyceride and cholesterol excretions. Liver cholesterol concentration was significantly lower in the green-tea and pine-needle-extract groups. Red-blood-cell superoxide dismutase(SOD) and glutathione peroxidase(GSH-px) activities were significantly increased in rats fed green-tea extract. Liver SOD activity was increased in rats fed pine-needle powder or extract, and liver GSH-px activity was increased in rats fed greentea powder. Plasma and liver thiobarbituric acid reactive substance(TBARS) concentration were both decreased in rats fed dried leaf posers or extracts of persimmon or green tea. It is believed that high vitamin E levels in persimmon leaf, and high flavonoid, beta-carotene and vitamin C levels in green tea effectively inhibited lipid peroxidation. In conclusion, persimmon and green tea leaves were effective in lowering lipid levels and inhibiting lipid peroxidation in animal tissue, while pine needles were effective and lowering body weight gain. From these results, persimmon and green tea leaves can be recommended in the treatment and prevention of chronic discorders such as cardiovascular disease, cancer and aging. As ethanol extracts from these teas were also effecitive in lowering tissue lipid levels and inhibiting lipid peroxidation, we recommend the use of discarded tea grounds for this.

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Effects of Dried Leaf Powders, Water and Ethanol Extracts of Persimmon and Green Tea Leaves on Lipid Metabolism and Antioxidative Capacity in 12-Month-Old Rats (감잎, 녹차의 건분 및 물, 에탄올추출물이 노령쥐의 지방대사와 항산화능에 미치는 영향)

  • 오현명;김미경
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.285-298
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    • 2001
  • The effects of dried leaf powders and water and ethanol extracts of persimmon and green tea on lipid metabolism, lipid peroxidation and antioxidative enzyme activity were investigated in 12-month-old rats. Forty-nine male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 520$\pm$19g were blocked into seven groups according to body weight. Rats were raised for four weeks with control(no tea leaf powder or extracts) and experimental diets containing either 5%(w/w) dried leaf powders of persimmon(Diospyros kaki Thunb) or green tea(Camellia sinensis O. Ktze), or water or ethanol extract from equal amounts of each dried tea powder. Food intakes of all tea diet groups were higher than that of control. Weight gains and food efficiency ratios of all tea diet groups were not significantly different from those of control. All tea diets decreased plasma triglyceride level, especially, green tea powder and persimmon ethanol diets were more effective than other diet. All the tea diet groups showed decrease in liver triglyceride level, and persimmon powder and ethanol extract increased fecal triglyceride excretion. Plasma cholesterol levels of all the tea diet groups were not significantly different from the control, but control. Fecal cholesterliver cholesterol concegroups were significantlntrations of all tea y lower than that of ol excretions of persimmon powder, green tea ethanol extract, persommon ethanol extract and green tea ethanol extract groups were significantly higher than that of control. Plasma and liver thiobarbituric acid reactive substance(TBARS) concentrations of all the tea diet groups were lower than that of control. Especially, plasma TBARS concentrations of green tea powder and persimmon ethanol extract groups were sinificantly low. Red blood cell(RBC) superoxide dismutase(SOD) activities of persimmon ethanol extract and green tea water extract groups were increased, and RBC catalase activities of all experimental groups were not significantly different. RBC glutathione peroxidase(GSH-px) activities of persimmon ethanol extract, persimmon water extract and green tea powder groups were increased. Liver SOD activities of all the tea diet groups except green tea ethanol extract group were higher than that of control. Liver catalase activities of all experimental groups were not significantly different, and liver GSH-px activity of green tea powder group was significantly higher than that of control. In conclusion, dried leaf powders, and water and ethanol extracts of persimmon and green tea were effective in lowering lipid level, inhibiting lipid peroxidation and increasing antioxdative enzyme activities in 12-month-old rat. Green tea leaf powder with high contents of flavonoids and water soluble dietar fiber was most effective in lowering plasma triglyceride, cholesterol and TBARS level. (Korean J Nutrition 34(3) : 285~298, 2001)

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Effect of Water and Ethanol Extracts of Persimmon Leaf and Green Tea Different Conditions on Lipid Metabolism and Antioxidative Capacity in 12-month-old Rats (추출 조건을 달리한 감잎과 녹차의 물 및 에탄올 추출물이 노령쥐의 지방대사와 항산화능에 미치는 영향)

  • 김성경;이혜진;김미경
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.499-512
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    • 2001
  • This study was performed to investigate effects of dried leaf powders, water, 75% and 95% ethanol extracts of persimmon leaf and green tea on lipid metabolism, lipid peroxidation and antioxidative enzyme activity in 12-month-old rats. Fifty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 542$\pm$4.5g were blocked into groups according to their body weight and were raised for four weeks with the diets containing 5%(w/w) dried leaf powders of persimmon(Diospyros kaki Thunb) and green tea(Camellia Sinensis O. Ktze), water or 75% and 95% ethanol extracts from same amount of each dried tea powder. Food intake was not significantly different among all groups, but weight gain of green tea powder group was significantly lower than that of control group. Plasma and liver lipid levels of all the tea diet groups were lower than those of control group. Especially, 75% ethanol extract of persimmon leaf decreased total lipid and triglyceride concentrations in plasma and 95% ethanol extract of persimmon leaf decreased liver total lipid level. However, there was no difference between 75% ethanol extracts groups and 95% ethanol extracts groups in lipid metabolism. Superoxide dismutase(SOD) and catalase activities in erythrocyte were remarkably increased by all the green tea diets. SOD, catalase and glutathione peroxidase activities in liver were increased by the feeding of ethanol extracts from green tea and persimmon leaf powder. Liver xanthine oxidase activity was not different among all groups. Plasma Thiobarbirutic acid reactive substance(TBARS) concentrations of all the green tea diet groups were significantly low. It was thought that high flavonoids in green tea inhibited plasma lipid peroxidation by promoting SOD, catalase activities in erythrocyte. 95% ethanol extract of persimmon leaf also inhibited plasma lipid peroxidation by high vitamin E and beta-carotene. Persimmon leaf powder decreased liver TBARS concentration by vitamin E, betacarotene and vitamin C and by increasing activities of antioxidative enzymes with flavonoids. In conclusion, dried leaf powders, water, 75% and 95% ethanol extracts of persimmon leaf and green tea were effective in lowering lipid levels and inhibiting lipid peroxidation in 12-month-old rats. Above all, ethanol extracts of persimmon leaf decreased plasma and liver lipid levels and persimmon leaf powder effectively inhibited liver lipid peroxidation. Extracts of green tea leaf inhibited plasma lipid peroxidation. In lowering lipid levels and inhibiting lipid peroxidation, ethanol extracts were more effective than water extracts, but there was no difference between 75% ethanol extracts and 95% ethanol extracts in lipid metabolism. (Korean J Nutrition 34(5) : 499~512, 2001)

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Antioxidative and Antimicrobial Activities of Persimmon Leaf Tea and Green Tea (감잎차와 녹차의 항산화 및 항균 활성 비교)

  • Lim, Jeong-Ho;Kim, Bum-Keun;Park, Chan-Eun;Park, Kee-Jai;Kim, Jong-Chan;Jeong, Jin-Woong;Jeong, Seung-Won
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.797-804
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    • 2008
  • In this study, the antioxidative and antimicrobial activities of persimmon leaf tea and green tea were assessed. The total polyphenol contents of green tea (0.5875 mg/mL) were slightly higher than those of persimmon leaf tea (0.3938 mg/mL). The electron-donating abilities (EDA) of persimmon leaf tea and green tea toward $\alpha$, $\alpha$-diphenyl-$\beta$-picyryl hydrazyl (DPPH) radical were $65.7{\pm}3.7%$ and $68.4{\pm}0.3%$, respectively, as compared to $68.6{\pm}1.1%$ for L-ascorbic acid (1%). The SOD-like activity of persimmon leaf tea ($29.7{\pm}0.9%$) was higher than that of green tea ($28.1{\pm}1.0%$). The nitrite scavenging ability was pH-dependent, highest at pH 1.2, and lowest at pH 6.0, in and persimmon leaf tea was found to exhibit more effective nitrite scavenging ability than green tea. The inhibitory effects of persimmon leaf tea and green tea against angiotensin I converting enzyme were $56.7{\pm}1.9%$ and $67.1{\pm}1.7%$, respectively. Persimmon leaf tea evidenced profound antimicrobial activities against Listeria monocytogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coil, and Salmonella typhimurium. These results clearly established the antioxidative and antimicrobial potency of persimmon leaf tea.

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Effect of Storage Temperature and Antioxidant Additives on the Color and Physiological Activity of Gamma Irradiated Green Tea Leaf Extract

  • Jo, Cheo-Run ;Byun, Myung-Woo
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.185-190
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    • 2003
  • Gamma irradiation was used as part of a new processing method to produce a brighter-colored and mild-flavored green tea leaf extract that retained all of its physiological activities. Dried green tea leaf was extracted with 70% ethanol and gamma irradiated at 0,5, 10, 20 kGy. Hunter color $L^{*}$- and $a^{*}$-values were increased with irradiation in a dose-dependent manner, which was a color range from dark brown to bright yellow. However, the irradiation effect gradually disappeared during 3 weeks of storage, with color reverting to that of untreated samples. There was no difference in the radical scavenging and tyrosinase inhibition effect by irradiation. Among antioxidants used, ascorbic acid was the most effective against color reversion. In contrast, cysteine was shown to protect the effect of color change with irradiation. Results indicated that enhanced color of irradiated green tea leaf extract can be effectively controlled by additives such as ascorbic acid and a low storage temperature.e.e.

Effect of Mulberry Leaf Tea for the Removal on Cd and Pb in drinking water (뽕잎차에 의한 음용수중 Cd과 Pb의 제거효과)

  • 김현복;이완주
    • Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
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    • v.40 no.1
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    • pp.17-22
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    • 1998
  • To investigate the detoxificative effect of tea, five kinds of tea(mulberry, anaerobic treated mulberry, green, barly tea and corm tea) were selected and determined their dotoxication activities for Cd and Pb in drinking water. The effect of tea on the removal of Cd and Pb were increased proportionally to the contents of teas. Anaerobic treated mulberry leaf tea showed stronger detoxication activity than the others. In drinking water contaminated with Cd, the removal effect of Cd was high 27% by anaerobic treated mulberry leaf tea and 14% by mulberry leaf tea as compared to green tea. Also, in drinking water with Pb, the removal effect of anaerobic treated mulberry leaf tea was the best among five kinds of tea. Pretreatment method on the removal effect of Cd was better than post-treatment method in the treatment method.

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Antimutagenic Effects of Water Extracts of Persimmon Leaf Tea, Green Tea and Oolong Tea on Reversion and Survival of Selected Salmonella Tester Strains (Salmonella typhimurium Strain TA98, 100에서 감잎차, 녹차, 우롱차 추출물의 돌연변이 억제 효과)

  • 강명희;송현순;이현걸
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.599-606
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    • 1999
  • Water extracts of persimmon leaf tea(PLTE), green tea(GTE) and oolong tea(OTE), at the con centration used for human consumption, were examined for inhibitory effects on the mutagenicity of major classes of dietary and environmental mutagens including indirect acting mutagens, B[ ]P (benzo[ ]pyrene), IQ(2 amino 3 methylimidazo[4,5 f]quinoline), 2 AA(2 aminoanthracene) in the presence of S9 mix and direct acting mutagen, 4 NQO(4 nitroquinoline 1 oxide) without S9 mix, using the modified Ames Salmonella/microsome assay. PLTE, GTE and OTE showed very potent and concentration dependent antimutagenic effects against indirect acting mutagens B[ ]P and IQ. At the maximum concentration(16,200 g/plate) of each tea extract, number of colonies decreased in a dose dependent manner up to 82~100%. Similar inhibition of PLTE, GTE and OTE were seen at higher concentration in the mutagenicity of the 2 AA following an initial increase in the activity at lower concentration. However, the mutagenicity of the direct acting mutagen 4 NQO were not suppressed at lower concentration of the three tea extracts, and higher concentration of the tea extracts enhanced mutagenic activity of the mutagen. There were no differences in the mode of antimutagenesis between PLTE, GTE, and OTE, in both Salmonella typhimurium TA98 and TA100 strains against the same mutagen. In conclusion, the water extracts of persimmon leaf tea, green tea and oolong tea possess marked antimutagenic potential against a variety of important dietary and environmental indirect acting mutagens, but the activity was not observed against the direct acting mutagens. These results suggest that the mode of inhibitory action may not have resulted from direct interaction between tea extracts and the mutagens, but rather from indirect metabolic inactivation of mutagens by tea extracts.

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