• Title, Summary, Keyword: Green belt

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Farmers' Views on the Green Belt in Seoul (개발제한구역에 대한 서울지역 농업인의 의식 분석)

  • Hwang, Han-Cheol;Choi, Soo-Myung
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.11-17
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study is to examine farmers' intentions, attitudes, and the type of filming they are involved in, including to provide supporting data for planning the agricultural strategy and Green Belt policy in Seoul. All the collected data was analyzed using the contingency tables and the Chi-square test using the SAS computer statistical package. The leaseholders did not want to change the current Green Belt policy for the study area, while the landowning farmers hoped for either its revision or dissolution. Both groups pointed out that the Green Belt policy resulted in the delay of development and complained about the difficulty of changing the land use type. The older generation supported the dissolution of the Green Belt, policy, as compared with the younger generation who wanted to maintain or modify the policy. The leaseholders worried that the possible changes in the Green Belt policy might affect the current agricultural land contract system, whereas the landowning farmers were very interested in easing restrictions on changing land use. The compensation plan, which is indemnified land owners for their loss of restrictions on land use, might be useful to sustain urban farming in the Green Belt.

Comparative Research of Green Belt in Japan and China for City Safety - A Case Study of Beijing and Kobe -

  • Yue Shen;Yohei Saitoh
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture International Edition
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    • no.2
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    • pp.88-93
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    • 2004
  • This research aims to grasp the basic knowledge of green belt, which exerts far-reaching effects upon safety, by comparing the revelation of the green belt of the two cities-Japan and China. In result, features of both countries were clarified. The green belt of Japan emphasizes on the function during emergency cases such as natural disasters, while the green belt in China, stresses its' function toward social safety in usual status, such as crimes, accidents or environmental pollution. Also, the function of the green space at normal situations has many in common between these two countries; however, the concepts differ according to geological or social system.

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An Analysis on the Economic Effects of the Reduction of Green-Belt by Housing Market Model (주택시장 모형을 이용한 그린벨트 축소의 경제적 효과 분석)

  • Choi, Young-Jun;Kim, Dong-Yeub
    • Environmental and Resource Economics Review
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.235-254
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    • 2008
  • This study analyzes the economic effects of reduction of green-belt. Green-belt is a kind of land which is restricted to be developed into housings. It is important for social welfare. It affects the social welfare by two routes. One way is through the housing market process. Development of green-belt into housings increases housing supplies and lowers rents. The other is that it improves the living condition by increasing green spaces. Therefore, the development of green-belt to housing can Improve or worsen the social welfare. This paper analyzes its welfare effects by simulations. The results of the paper show that reduction of green-belt increases housing supply and lowers the rent and asset prices. The social welfare is improved in the model.

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Economic Valuation of Green Belt : Focusing on the Conservation Value of Green Belt in Greater Seoul (그린벨트의 경제적 가치 측정 -수도권 그린벨트 보존가치를 중심으로-)

  • Lee, Joon Koo;Shin, Young Cheol
    • Environmental and Resource Economics Review
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.773-799
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this paper is to measure the benefits of conservation of the green belt in the Greater Seoul area by CVM using dichotomous choice with a follow-up elicitation method. According to the government's plan, part of the green belt in the Greater Seoul area is to be freed from green belt designation. The mean willingness-topay(WTP) to conserve the green belt in the current state turns out to be about 7,430 won(95% confidence interval 6,220 - 8,640 won) per household, which amounts to 308 billion won per year for entire population of Seoul. This WTP figure is found to be significantly influenced by level of education, sex, and the variables related to the perception and attitudes of respondents.

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A Comparative Study of Six Sigma Green Belt Training Programs (6시그마 그린벨트 교육 프로그램의 비교 연구)

  • Hong, Sung-Hoon;Song, Jae-Woong
    • IE interfaces
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    • v.16 no.spc
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    • pp.7-13
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    • 2003
  • This paper is concerned with a six sigma green belt training program. Comparative studies of existing training programs for three major companies (Samsung Electronics Company, Hyundai Motor Company, and LG Chemical Ltd.) and two consulting firms (Korean Standards Association and Korea Management Association) are made. Based on the comparative studies, a new green belt training program is proposed. The main focus of this program is on manufacturing, specially on cost and waste reductions, yield improvement, and operations with opportunity to improve capacity without major capital expenditure. The green belts take up to 4 or 5 days of intensive, highly quantitative training, roughly corresponding to the five macro phases of the six sigma methodology: define, measure, analyze, improve, and control. The six sigma tool sets for each phase are also specified.

An Assessment of Landscape Ecological Value of Greenbelt Areas in the Seoul Metropolitan Area (수도권 개발제한구역의 경관생태학적 가치평가)

  • Oh, Kyushik;Park, Jihye;Lee, Dongwoo
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.867-878
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    • 2011
  • Development restriction areas (greenbelt areas) of Korea were recognized in 1970 as a means to control urban sprawl and conserve the natural environment. Although there have been some achievements, for a long time many planners and residents have requested a redefining of the green belt due to individual property rights restrictions and urban management problems. In fact, a lot of the greenbelt area is being destroyed by urban development. Therefore, conservation of ecological spaces in the green belt is needed to maintain urban naturalness. In this regard, this study suggests efficient methods to manage the greenbelt through the adoption of a landscape ecological value assessment. The greenbelt of the Seoul Metropolitan Area (SMA) is represented as the case study because there has been mounting pressure to develop the area in Korea. In this study, the assessment of the landscape ecology in the greenbelt area focuses on landscape structure and function. The assessment consists of the following steps: First, patches were derived by NDVI analysis using landsat remote sensing data. Second, characteristics of the patches were quantified by analyzing the landscape structure, such as patch size and shape index. Lastly, the gravity model and least cost path analysis to assess connectivity were applied to evaluate the landscape function in the green belt areas. The assessment result showed that 48.45% of green belt area should be conserved to maintain ecological stability and function. Moreover, major ecological networks were identified near the large patches in the northern and southern areas. However, relative low ecological values were identified in the western part of the green belt area due to the lack of green spaces. Furthermore, some development plans in the green belt were also identified near the conservation area. Based on these results, the restoration needed areas to enhance ecological value in green belt were displayed. This study suggests efficient management of the greenbelt area, which is disappearing as a result of urban development. The area for conservation chosen in this study should be managed carefully in urban planning. Finally, the results of this study can be used in green belt polices and plans for the promotion of ecological naturalness and stability.

A Study on the Development of an Ecological Park Planning Model to Enhance the Functions of Habitats and Ecological Corridors in Green Belt Areas (개발제한구역 내 생태공원 조성방안에 관한 연구 - 서식처 및 생태통로로서의 기능강화를 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Dae-Heui;Choi, Hee-Sun;Kim, Hyun-Ae;Kim, Kwi-Gon
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.367-379
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    • 2011
  • This study was conducted to develop an ecological park planning model to enhance the functions of habitats and ecological corridors in Green Belt Areas, because changing policies have resulted in the degredation of the Green Belts due to progressive fragmentation of ecosystems. The principal outcome of the study is to plan an ecological park model through the restoration of habitats. In order to evaluate the capacity of the model to enhance the ecological functions of habitats and ecological corridors in Green Belt Areas, a simulation of habitats was carried out in the Sungnam-Yusoo region. The model was developed via following steps: 1. Selection of candidate sites and selection of the study site by analyzing development factors; 2. Selection of target species that can represent the habitat at the site; 3. Analysis of the site's suitability index for the target species; 4. Establishment of a conceptual plan to enhance and expand the currently produced suitability index; 5. Creation of a master plan based on the conceptual plan; and 6. Evaluation of the enhanced and expanded suitability index of the site. The study showed that the Habitat Unit (HU) of Rana coreana, which was selected as the target species of the study, increased from $28,044m^2$(3.6%) to $224,352m^2$(28.8%), and the HU of the site as the ecological corridor for wild animals increased from $4,674m^2$(0.6%) to $152,684m^2$(19.6%). The study results show that the ecological deficits of the Green Belt Area can be overcome by enhancing the ecological functions of the region, which should be beneficial. The model could be utilized for effective enhancement and management of other Green Belt Areas.

The Economic Effects of III-defined Property Rights: The Case of Korean Green Belt (재산권 불명(不明)현상이 자원이용에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구: 그린벨트의 경우)

  • 김성배
    • Journal of the Korean Regional Science Association
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.15-31
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    • 1999
  • This study examines the economic effects of ill-defined property rights on the resource usage with special reference to the Korean Green Belt. Property rights are considered ill-defined, when their whereabouts are not clearly delineated, they are not assigned to those who utilize them most efficiently, and they are not exercised precisely. If properly, and they are not exercised precisely. If properly rights are ill-defined, it is more likely that economic agents pursue opportunistic and illegal behaviors and even their rational behaviors tend to bring about undesirable outcomes, and social conflicts occur around the assignment of the rights. Upon the completion of a case study, we found that the ill-defined property right system of the Korean Green Belt has, in fact, resulted in several problems in resource usatge. Inefficient land use, compromising reassignment of property rights, the prevalence of illegal activities, huge management costs, and the spread of social conflicts are the problems in question. These problems can be resolved by the realignment of property rights, since they are caused by the ill-defined property right system. To resolve such problems, we need to reassign properly rights so that their delineation may be complete and those who value them highest may exercise the rights, and social justice in terms of wealth distribution may be achieved.

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A Six Sigma Cyber Training Program for Green Belt (그린벨트 양성을 위한 6시그마 사이버 교육)

  • Hong, Sung-Hoon;Choi, Young-Shik;Choi, Ik-Jun;Song, Jae-Woong;Kwon, Hyuck-Moo;Lee, Min-Koo
    • IE interfaces
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.384-396
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    • 2004
  • This paper is concerned with a six sigma green belt training program. Comparative studies of existing training programs for three major companies (Samsung Electronics Company, Hyundai Motor Company, and LG Chemical Ltd.) and two consulting firms (Korean Standards Association and Korea Management Association) are performed. Based on the comparative studies, a cyber green belt training program is developed. The training program, which is composed of 34 modules, follows a disciplined process of five macro phases: define, measure, analyze, improve, and control (DMAIC). This cyber training program is serviced in the homepage http://ise.chonbuk.ac.kr/∼sixsigma. It has been utilized as one semester subject of "Six Sigma Quality Management" in the department of industrial engineering. The advantage and disadvantage of this cyber training program are also discussed.

A Study on Sustainable Development of Urban Area in Green Belt -Focused on City Development of Sustainable Compact City Method (개발제한구역 내 도시의 지속가능한 개발을 위한 연구 -지속가능한 컴팩트시티형 도시개발을 중심으로)

  • Chung, Jae-Yong;Oh, Min-Jun
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.12 no.12
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    • pp.5917-5930
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    • 2011
  • This study suggests Compact City type urban development strategies and planning elements with the purpose of sustainable development. The suggestions are based on analysis of the development projects promoted in the cities within Green-Belt. Following are the findings of this study: First, in the late 20th century, Compact-City has been suggested as standard of sustainable urban development in the developed countries, and this promoted urban development plans were presented in detail. Second, The development plans are suggested plan elements by urban environment, space, community, and management. It was classified as an applicable element in Green belt and Compact City type. Finally, after comparing several city development projects (Gwacheon, Uiwang, Hanam), differences and Limitations between the Compact-City type urban development. Considering analysis of this study, urban development projects in Green Belt should be prepared to sustainable Compact city type urban development.