• Title, Summary, Keyword: Gorosoe sap

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Efficient Storage of Gorosoe(Acer mono Max.) Sap by Gamma Irradiation (감마선 조사에 의한 고로쇠 수액의 효율적인 저장방법)

  • Seo, Sang-Tae;Oh, Hye-Young;Kang, Ha-Young
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.84-87
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    • 2010
  • Effects of gamma irradiation on microbiological changes of Gorosoe sap were characterized during a post-irradiation storage at $4^{\circ}C$. The aseptically collected sap was irradiated and stored at $4^{\circ}C$ for 0 to 60 days and analysed for standard plate counts and 16S rDNA. There were significant differences in the total number of colony forming units(CFUs) of bacteria between irradiated and non-irradiated control sap. Bacteria of non-irradiated sap were present at levels of $1.5{\times}10^4{\sim}2.3{\times}10^8\;CFU/m{\ell}$, whereas no viable microbial cells were detected in sap after 10 kGy of irradiation during storage. According to the 16S rDNA sequence analysis, bacterial community structures decrease with time and the most abundant strain was Pseudomonas species. Our results suggested that gamma irradiation can be used to enhance the shelf-life of Gorosoe sap.

The Components of the Sap from Gorosoe(Acer mono Max.) and Sugar Maple(Pseudo-sieboldianum Kom.) (고로쇠나무 및 당단풍나무 수액의 성분조성)

  • 성낙주;정미자;김윤숙;이일숙;조종수
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.911-916
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    • 1995
  • Even though the saps have been consumed as beverage in Korea for a very long period of time, a little research has been conducted on the chemical composition. We determined mineral, free sugar, composition amino acids and nucleotides in the sap of Gorosoe(Acer mono Max.) and Sugar Maple(Pseudo-sieboldianum Kom.) collected from Sancheong, Kurye and Hamyang. The contents of solid, crude protein and ash were 1.1~3.3%, 0.03~0.12% and 0.02~0.05% in the sap of Gorosoe and Sugar Maple, respectively. The detectable nucleotides were CMP, UMP, IMP, GMP, AMP and hypoxanthine. Free sugar that we determined in the sap of Gorosoe and Sugar Maple were sucrose, fructose and glucose, but maltose was not detected. The chief component of saccharides in the sap was sugar and ranged from 7.1 to 36.6g/L. Especially, the sucrose contents in the sap of Gorosoe and Sugar Maple from Hamyang were higher 3.7 and 2.2 times than those from the other samples. The prominent minerals in the sap were calcium and potassium. The calcium concentration was ranged from 99.0~153.3mg/L in the sap of Gorosoe and was ranged from 21.2~32.4mg/L in that of sugar maple. The sap of Gorosoe and Sugar Maple were composed of 18 and 15 kinds of amino acid respectively, and the total contents of amino acid were in the range of 0.7~29.3mg%. The major amino acids in the sap of Gorosoe were taurine, serine, glutamic acid and aspartic acid in decreasing order. Taurine contents in the sap of Gorosoe and Sugar Maple was found to be the dominant amino acid.

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Analysis of the Bacterial Community during the Storage of Gorosoe(Acer mono Max.) Sap (고로쇠 수액의 저장 중 세균군집 분석)

  • Oh, Jung-Hwan;Seo, Sang-Tae;Oh, Hye-Young;Hong, Jin-Sung;Kang, Ha-Young
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.492-496
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    • 2009
  • The composition of the bacterial populations in Gorosoe(Acer mono Max.) sap was characterized during storage with different heat treatments($63^{\circ}C$ for 30 min and $73^{\circ}C$ for 15 sec). The saps were aseptically collected at 0, 15 and 30 days of storage and analyzed by dilution plating and 16S rDNA PCR-DGGE analysis. There were significant differences in the total number of colony forming units(CFUs) of bacteria between heated and nonheated saps. Bacteria of nonheated sap were present at a level of $3.4{\times}10^7CFU/m{\ell}^{-1}$, whereas living bacteria were not detected in the heated sap. According to the 16S rDNA sequence and DGGE analysis, Pseudomonas sp. was the most abundant bacterial strain in the samlpes, and the bacterial community structures become more simplified with time and were composed of the Chryseobacterium sp. with time. These results allowed us to characterize the dominant bacteria involved in Gorosoe sap and to better understand their dynamics throughout storage.

Quality Characteristics of Kanjang(Soy Sauce) Fermentation with Bamboo Sap, Xylem Sap and Gorosoe (천연수액으로 제조한 간장의 품질특성)

  • Cho, Sook-Hyun;Choi, Yong-Jo;Oh, Joo-Yeul;Kim, Nak-Gu;Rho, Chi-Woong;Choi, Chul-Yung;Cho, Sung-Hwan
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.294-300
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    • 2007
  • Three varieties of soy sauce were prepared using saps of bamboo, xylem and gorosoe, with sea salt and bamboo salt, in May. Soy sauce was fermented in the traditional manner. Homemade soy sauce was analyzed after 3 months of aging. The pH and amino-type nitrogen content of soy sauce fermented with xylem sap and sea salt were very high, and malic acid was dominant among four types of organic acid. The content of calcium in soy sauce fermented with bamboo sap and sea salt was fourfold greater than that of the control. The contents of total amino acids in the soy sauces fermented with xylem sap and gorosoe, with the addition of sea salt instead of water, were 2-fold and 1.4-fold greater than that of ordinary soy sauce, respectively. In the DPPH assay, the antioxidant effect of soy sauce fermented with bamboo sap and sea salt was higher than that of other samples. Sensory evaluation showed that the overall acceptability of soy sauce fermented with gorosoe and sea salt was best, among the samples tested.

The Components of the Fermented Soy Sauce from Gorosoe and Bamboos SaP (고로쇠 및 대나무 수액간장의 성분조성)

  • 정미자;조종수;김행자;성낙주
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.167-174
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    • 2001
  • Soy sauce was prepared with the addition of Gorosoe and bamboos sap instead of tap water to make ordinary soy sauce, respectively. The changes of such compounds during fermentation as minerals, free sugars, organic acids and free amino acids were analyzed. Total mineral contents in the 90 days fermented soy sauce from Gorosoe and bamboos sap were increased by 2.0 and 4.4 times as compared with those of control samples, respectively. Especially the increase of calcium, potassium and magnesium in soy sauce of sapes were derived from those of saps. The sugars were found to be only glucose and galactose in control samples, but they were detected not only above sugar but also fructose and sucrose in soy sauce of saps. Butyric acid in detected organic acid were dominant in all stray sauce samples. In the free amino acid composition of control samples, leucine, phenylalanine, isoleucine, lysine and glutamic acid were abundant amino acids. Amino acid such as isoleucine, leucine and phenylalanine were decreased, the rest 11 kinds of amino acids containing phosphoserine were increased during the fermentation of control samples. Increasing and decreasing patterns of free amino acids during fermentation of sap soy sauce were similar to control samples. Total nitrogen, amino acid nitrogen and ammonia nitrogen were increased during their fermentation.

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Physicochemical Analysis and Sensory Evaluation of Fermented Soy Sauce from Gorosoe(Acer mono Max.) and Kojesu(Betula costata T.) Saps (고로쇠 및 거제수나무 수액 간장의 이화학적 분석 및 관능 평가)

  • Choi, Sun-Young;Sung, Nak-Ju;Kim, Haeng-Ja
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.318-326
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    • 2006
  • Soy sauce was prepared with the addition of Gorosoe and Kojesu saps instead of tap water to make ordinary soy sauce, respectively. The changes of free sugar, organic acid, mineral, amino acid and nucleotides and other compounds during the fermentation of soy sauce were assessed. The free sugar were found to be fructose, glucose, galactose and sucrose in soy sauce of saps but sucrose was not detected in ordinary soy sauce. Galactose contents were dominant free sugar in all samples. The contents of butyric acid were dominant among 7 kinds of organic acid while fumaric acid was trace amount during the fermentation of soy sauce. The contents of potassium and phosphorus among 13 kinds of minerals were dominant during the fermentation of soy sauce. In the amino acid composition of soy sauce, dominant amino acid was glutamic acid(185.6${\pm}$1.0 mg/100 ml above), but proline and arginine were not detected. AMP detected above 7.5${\pm}$O.2 ${\mu}$mol/100 ml was dominant while inosine was not detected during the fermentation of soy sauce. The results of sensory evaluation in the fermented soy sauce of Gorosoe was 'liked more' than that of soy sauce of Kojesu and control.

Color Index and Coloring Substances in Korean Sugar Maple, Acer mono Max.,Syrup (고로쇠나무(Acer mono Max.)수액(樹液) 표준농축액(標準濃縮液)의 색도지수(色度指數)와 착색물질(着色物質))

  • Ahn, Won Yung
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.7-12
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    • 1975
  • The sap uses of Korean sugar maple, Acer mono Max., "Gorosoe-namoo," the most abundant growing stock in maples, for a medical beverage at every early spring have had the long history in Korea. The sap of Korean sugar maple (the maple) was prepared with a unique tapping method from the trees during the sap flow season of 1974, measured the sugar content in $2.6^{\circ}$ to $3.3^{\circ}Brix$ of sugar on average and the sugar concentration of the sap was enough for a sweetener resource comparing with those of American sugar maples in literature. The color of sirup was very dark and the color index was 2.69 for the sirup of $15.3^{\circ}Brix$ having 10 hours evaporation and 3.380 for the standard sirup, as shown in Table 3 and Figure 2, due to the prolonged evaporation in deep aluminium or stainless steel kettles. The alcohol extractives of standard sirup has the light color and the residue reddish brown and the absorption spectra have the maxima in wave length of 350 nm, 1,000 nm, 1,170 nm, 1,400 nm and 1900 nm, as shown in Figure 3. The extractives of ethanol and monoethanolamine mixture (97:3, v/v) has dark red and the residue darker redish brown.

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