• Title, Summary, Keyword: Golf course

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The Relationship of the Service Quality, Customer Satisfaction and Re-use Intention in Golf Culb (골프장 서비스품질, 고객만족과 재이용 의도간의 관계)

  • Lee Sang Suk
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Quality Management
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.10-28
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    • 2004
  • This research analysed the Interaction which focus on service quality perception, customer satisfaction, re-use intention in the golf club. First of all, we review the existing literature on measurement of service quality and management. As a result of this review and survey of the employer in golf club, thirteen factors emerged as important to the service management of the golf club; Reservation and Access(RSNA), Golf Course and Convenience Facilities(GCNF), Personal Services(PSER) and After Services(ASER). The structural equation model was utilized for analyzing the influence of service quality factors upon the customer satisfaction and re-use intention. Results show that service quality factors have a statistically significant impact on the customer satisfaction of the golf club. RSNA and GCNF investigated the factors influencing on the satisfaction degree of the customers. But the GCNF and PSER were not significant. Especially, GCNF factors directly influenced on the customer satisfaction and also indirectly impact on the intention of using again.

Analysis of the Effect on the Location Evaluation of Golf Course according to the Unit Grid Size applied in the Slope Analysis(In flank of Environment) (경사도 분석에 적용하는 단위격자크기가 골프장의 입지 평가에 미치는 영향 분석(환경적 측면에서))

  • Um, Dae Yong;Lee, Beung Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.467-475
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    • 2012
  • In this study, the problems were analyzed that derived a different position evaluation results depending on the unit grid size that are applied to the terrain slope analysis conducted to assess the its position and environmental impacts in the prior environment reviewing process of golf course construction projects. For this purpose, the unit grid size were analyzed that can precisely reflect a actual terrain by analyzing the change of a slope percentage according to the change of unit grid size about 12 golf courses is currently in progress of construction work through the environmental consultation or ongoing consultation. And the consultation availability of environmental assessment was reverified by applying the unit grid size derived through this study about a study golf course. In the result of study, the bigger grid size for slope analysis is set, the greatly gradient is changed and the slope ratio of the higher elevation was lowly evaluated in comparison with actual terrain. The analytical result that most closely match the actual terrain was extracted in the case applied $5m{\times}5m$ of the unit grid sizes setting in this study. So, we proposed this study results to the ministry of environment and could be amended the unit grid size of $5m{\times}5m$ as standard for the analysis of slope. Also, if new grid size for site evaluation is applied to the study sites, 4 sites exceed the standard suggested the existing regulations and they are not proper as golf course site in flank of environment.

Monitoring of Soil Chemical Properties and Pond Water Quality in Golf Courses after Application of SCB Liquid Fertilizer (골프코스에서 SCB저농도액비 살포에 따른 토양화학성과 연못수질의 모니터링)

  • Kim, Young-Sun;Ham, Suon-Kyu;Lim, Hye-Jung
    • Asian Journal of Turfgrass Science
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.44-53
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    • 2012
  • As SCB liquid fertilizer (SCB) produced from or out of livestock manure by slurry composting and biofiltration process was applied in golf course, the effect on soil properties and water quality was little investigated. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of the SCB liquid fertilizer application on environment by monitoring chemical property of soil and water quality of pond as applied chemical fertilizer (CF) and SCB. SCB application rarely contaminated the soil and pond in golf course and decreased organic matter, CEC and Ca in soil and pH and T-N for water quality of pond. In correlation coefficient between soil property parameters, water quality parameters and water quality items, SCB applied in golf course decreased organic matter and CEC in soil and increased SAR in water quality (P<0.01). Nitrogen applied in golf course with SCB or CF was significantly related to T-N in the soil (P<0.01), but not significantly related to T-N in the pond water. These results showed that SCB application little contaminated soil and pond in golf course, and was expected to control of thatch in soil and algae in pond.

A Study on the Utilizing of Cool-season Turfgrass of Golf Courses in Korea (우리나라 골프 코스에서 한지형 잔디의 활용방안)

  • 이상재;심경구;허근영
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.77-84
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    • 2001
  • This study was carried out to investigate the utilizing of cool-season turfgrass in areas, excluding greens, of Korean golf courses. Data collected from 120 golf courses were subjected to frequency and T-test analysis using SPSSWIN. The results obtained were as follows: 1) seventy eight golf curses were utilizing cool-season turfgrass in areas except of the greens. At thirty five golf courses (46.0%) of them, the area utilized appeared tee, green collar, green approach etc. (tee>green collar>green approach). At 37 golf courses(48.7%), a mix of Kentucky Bluegrass and Perennial Ryegrass was utilized and the ratio of the mix was 70:30(v/v). At 57 golf courses(76.0%), seed sowing was utilized. 2) In Korean golf courses, the cognition of utilizing cool-season turfgrass depended on the existence of the practice. The cognition of the experienced was more´ affirmative´ than that of the inexperienced. 3) In the experienced, the preference was determined by turfgrass quality and good appearance and recuperative rate of cool-season turfgrass. In the inexperienced, the preference was determined by turfgrass quality god appearance. 4) The experienced recommended the mix of Kentucky bluegrass and Perennial Ryegrass. 5) It seems that the golf courses having used cool-season turfgrass have difficulties in the maintenance in summer while the golf courses without using cool-season turfgrass have difficulties in the maintenance in summer and the selection of turfgrass variety.

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Chemical Resistance and Control of Dollar Spot Caused by Sclerotinia homoeocarpa on Turfgrass of Golf Courses in Korea (한국 골프장 잔디에서의 Sclerotinia homoeocarpa의 약제 저항성 및 방제)

  • Kim, Jeong-Ho;Choi, Hee-Youl;Shim, Gyu-Yul;Kim, Young-Ho
    • Asian Journal of Turfgrass Science
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.170-175
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    • 2010
  • A total of 24 isolates of S. homoeocarpa were isolated from 16 golf courses in Korea. Chemical resistance of 24 isolates was determined by in vitro fungal growth on fungicide-amended media with thiophanatemethyl (Benzimidazole fungicide family), tebuconazole (demethylation inhibitor fungicide family: DMI), and iprodione (dicarboximide fungicide family). Results indicated that 83.3% of 24 isolates were resistant to iprodione, 62.5% resistant to thiophanate-methyl and 0% resistant to tebuconazale. The dual resistance of iprodione and thiophanate-methyl was 58.3.%. Occurrence rate of fungicide resistance of thiophanate-methyl and iprodione had no relation to turfgrass varieties and isolated locations of pathogen. In the filed test, procymidone, boscalid, and fluquinconazole+pyrimethanil effectively controlled the dollar spot of creeping bentgrass.

Status and Management Strategy of Pesticide Use in Golf Courses in Korea (우리나라 골프장의 농약사용 실태 및 관리방안)

  • Kim, Dongjin;Yoon, Jeongki;Yoo, Jiyoung;Kim, Su-Jung;Yang, Jae E.
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.57 no.3
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    • pp.267-277
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    • 2014
  • Objective of this paper is to assess the available data on the pesticide uses and regulations in the golf courses, and provide the nationwide systematic management options. Numbers of golf courses in Korea are rapidly increasing from 2000s and reached at 421 sites by the end of 2011. Accordingly pesticide usage has been increased with years in direct proportion to the increasing number of golf courses. Amounts of pesticide applied in 2011 were 118,669 kg as of an active ingredient and were in the orders of fungicides (54.9%) > insecticides (24.4%) > herbicides (13.3%) > growth regulators (0.1%). Average pesticide usages in 2011 were 280.9 kg per golf course and $5.4kg\;ha^{-1}$. Frequencies of the residual pesticide detections in green and turf were higher than those in fairway and soil, respectively. Residue of highly toxic pesticides was not detected in golf courses. Ministry of Environment in 2010 has developed the 'golf course pesticide monitoring and management system' which is the advanced online registry for kind and amount of pesticides applied in each golf course. This system is intended for monitoring of the pesticide uses and residual levels and protecting the environmental pollution from pesticides in the golf course. In 2009, management of pesticides in the golf courses became the task of Ministry of Environment, being merged from many federal agency and ministries. The protocol for the site-specific best management practices, on which to base results from the risk assessment, should be set for pesticides in the golf to minimize the environmental impacts.

Environmental Restoration of Water System in Golf Courses (골프장내 수계의 환경친화적 복원)

  • Choi, Kyung-Young;Joo, Young-Kyoo;Kim, Su-Jung
    • Asian Journal of Turfgrass Science
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.253-264
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    • 2006
  • It is a general trend that golf courses have been developed on mountain areas or in valleys due to economical or legal reasons in Korea. Therefore, most of golf courses have special landscape characteristics of brooks and ridge lines as well as peaks. Development of golf courses in the regions of intermediate valley significantly influences ecological factors such as biodiversity, hydrology, and biogeochemical cycles due to changes in original ecosystems of valleys, ridges, and peaks. This study developed a comprehensive framework to incorporate ecological principles and examples into the landscape planning and design process. The restoration system fur water environment may significantly minimize the ecological impacts from developing golf courses. Biotops and artificial damps have been applied to a golf course construction site in southern part of Korea, requiring a restoration of existing water ecosystem by the local EPA. The detailed drawings and water restoration plans were presented in this paper.

Characteristics of large patch occurrence at warm-season turfgrass in golf course (골프장의 난지형 잔디에 발생하는 Large patch의 발병 특성)

  • Woo, Hyun-Nyung;Kim, Gi-Rim;Kim, Hye-JIn;Chung, Doug-Young
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.243-248
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    • 2011
  • This investigation was conducted to develop an integrated disease management system against large patch disease occurred in a golf course. Large patch, brown patch, and Rhizoctonia blight sometimes are used interchangeably by turfgrass managers and researchers, Large patch disease of zoysiagrass is caused by a soilborne fungus called Rhizoctonia solani. Although this fungus is very similar to the one that causes brown patch disease of cool-season turfgrasses in mid-summer. Large patch development is favored by high thatch and soil moisture. Avoid overwatering the turfgrass, especially in the fall or early spring. Poorly-drained areas are very susceptible to injury from large patch and should be reconstructed (draining tiles, etc) to avoid soil saturation. However, control of yellow patch with fungicides is normally not recommended because the disease has only cosmetic effects and symptoms are usually very short-lived. Therefore, we reviewed the symptom of large patch to look for control method by soil management method.

A Study on the Characteristics of Green Design and Construction of Golf Courses in Korea (한국의 골프 코스 그린의 설계 및 시공 특성에 관한 연구)

  • 이상재;허근영
    • Asian Journal of Turfgrass Science
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.181-190
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    • 1999
  • This study was carried out to survey green system, area, green slope, green turfgrass variety, green section, and particle size of green construction materials, and to investigate and evaluate the characteristics of Design and Construction in Korean golf course green for improving the quality of Korean golf course into that of the international golf course held international tournament. The results were as follows. 1. The greens of 129 Korean golf courses consisted of 2(two) green system and 1(one) green system. 2(two) green system was 50.8%, 1(one) green system was 40.7%, and 1+2 green system was 8.5% of them. 2. In 48 Korean golf courses, the green area of 2(two) green system was mostly 400~$600\m^2$(56.5%) and the green area of 1(one) green system was mostly 600~$800\m^2$(47.8%). In 48 Korean golf courses, 1.5~3% green slope appeared the highest frequency(50.0%) and the next was 3~5%(29.4%). 3. Penncross variety was the highest frequency(71.2%). The next was mixed variety (Penncross+Crenshaw, Penn A-1, Pennlinks, or Penneagle/SR 1020+SR 1019) and the frequency of mixed variety was 7.6%. 4. In 48 Korean golf courses, 70~80cm total thickness of green appeared the highest frequency(36.1%), 10~20cm thickness of green mixed sandy layer appeared the highest frequency(43.6%), and 10~20cm thickness of green coarse sandy layer appeared the highest frequency(55.6%). 0~10cm thickness of green gravel layer appeared the highest frequency(67.6%), 20~30cm thickness of green drain layer appeared the highest frequency(52.8%), and 20~30cm width of green drain layer appeared the highest frequency(44.4%). Below 1mm sand diameter used in green mixed sandy layer appeared the highest frequency(46.2%), below 2mm or over 2mm sand diameter used in green coarse sandy layer appeared the highest frequency(31.4%). 20~40mm coarse gravel diameter used in green gravel layer appeared the highest frequency(43.2%) and 0~20mm fine gravel diameter used in green gravel layer appeared the highest frequency(65.8%). 20~40mm gravel diameter used in green drain layer appeared the highest frequency(64.1%).

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Chemical Characteristics of Surface Soil and Mineral Content of Lawn in Some Golf Course in Kyonggi Province (경기도 수개 골프장의 표토 토양화학성과 잔디의 무기성분함량)

  • Choi, Byung-Ju;Shim, Jai-Sung;Ju, Yeong-Hee;Park, Hoon
    • Asian Journal of Turfgrass Science
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    • v.7 no.2_3
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    • pp.129-135
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    • 1993
  • Surface soils and aerial parts of Korean lawn(Zoysia koreana) at normal fair way of 4 golf courses and yellow discolored fairway of one golf course in Kyonggi province were taken at and analyzed for mineral contents in soil Mg and Ca were most deficient while EC was too high and phosphorus was exess. There were significant positive correlation between pH and Ca and between EC and total N. There was no consistent simple correlation between single component in soil and plant, indicating the involvement of multi-minerals in one mineral absorption. m mineral contents of aerial part Mg was severely low. potassium moderately but Ca was normal, Mg and Ca showed significant correlation in aerial part, yellow-discolored lawn showed the lowest content of Mg in aerial part and surface soil. Very high N and high phosphorus in aerial part inspite of low P in soil. The above facts indicates Mg deficiency in fair way soils in most golf courses resulting in yellow-discoloration in lawn.

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