• Title, Summary, Keyword: Golf course

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Application of Geographical Information System on Golf Course Design for Reduction of Environmental Impacts (지형정보시스템기법을 이용한 친환경적 골프코스 설계)

  • Joo, Young-Kyoo;Lee, Whal-Hee;Lee, Mu-Chun
    • Asian Journal of Turfgrass Science
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.93-105
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    • 2006
  • The construction of golf courses has had adverse effects on the natural landscape and delicate ecosystem of Korea. Efficiency in planning and design was necessary to minimize the environmental impact of the original construction. However, the ordinal design methods have limited the data processing by the massive scale of the project of golf course development. Conventional design methods did not have a proper tool for alternative plans on pre-estimation of landscape destruction or minimizing of the environmental impact. Therefore, advanced computerized techniques need to be adapted for golf course design to solve the problems concerning the environmental impacts. Geographic information system (GIS) was applied on the process of geographical data input and analysis through the final outputs. Simulation works by the total database management enable the pre-investigation of the design In view of an assessment of environmental impacts. It is also possible to evaluate plans easily and propose the alternatives properly. Precise quantity calculation of engineering works by computer system should be guaranteed scientific, economic, and environmentally-sound.

[ $CO_2$ ] Content in Golf Green Rhizosphere (골프장 putting green 근권(根圈)에서의 이산화탄소 $(CO_2)$ 함유량)

  • Chong S. K.;Boniak Richard;Indorante S.;Ok C. H.;Buschschulte D.
    • Asian Journal of Turfgrass Science
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.97-104
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    • 2004
  • Anaerobic soils limit the amount of free oxygen available in the rhizosphere and therefore will impede grass root development and restrain nutrient availability for turf growth. An in-situ study was conducted on existing greens to investigate the relationship between $CO_2$ content in the rhizosphere and turf quality. Nine greens were selected in the study. On each green, five 1-m diameter circular plots were randomly selected for conducting the experiment. The greens were sampled 7 times from August, 1998 to August, 1999. Data collected from each plot included turf quality index, $CO_2$ content, and physical properties of the rooting mixtures. Turf quality declined drastically when $CO_2$ content in rhizosphere increased to $5\;to\;6{\mu}LL^{-1}$ during the late summer season. The $CO_2$ content increased as water content in the root zone increased, but was inversely related to infiltration rate. Cultivation of a golf green may reduce $CO_2$ content in the rhizosphere, but the benefit of cultivation decreased with time.

A Study on the Nonpoint Source Pollution Management Guideline for Golf Course Construction (골프장 개발에 따른 비점오염 관리를 위한 지침마련에 대한 연구)

  • Im, Sang-Jun;Kim, Sang-Min;Kang, Moon-Seong
    • Journal of agriculture & life science
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.55-62
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    • 2009
  • The objective of this study is to establish the management guideline for golf course construction nonpoint source pollution reduction. For this, the characteristics of nonpoint source pollution from golf course construction and current management status were investigated. Investigated results showed that before and after monitoring for golf course construction sites are necessary as well as during the construction. It is important to focus on erosion and sediment control during the construction. To reduce a nonpoint source pollution from golf course construction, it is necessary to analyze the nonpoint source pollution movement through effective monitoring system and make a effective pollution reduction strategy considering construction stages, origin of the pollution and diverse management practices.

Development of Mobile Location Based Service App Using Augmented Reality (증강현실을 활용한 모바일 위치기반 응용서비스 앱 개발)

  • Kim, Jae-Pil;Lee, Dong-Cheol
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.1481-1487
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    • 2014
  • Recently, with the popularization of smartphones, augmented reality has become even more familiar to the public as an application that can provide realistic images as a tool for location-based services. Therefore, as a location-based application for smartphones that is appropriate for the application of augmented reality technology, the study develops a golf information system. Golf is the sport for which we should exactly know the accurate shape or distance to the destinations or obstacles, so the sport is suitable for applying the augmented reality technology. Even though the sport of golf has constantly increasing population to play it with the popularization of it, presently released golf-related smartphone apps are established as 2D images or in GPS basis; thus, they lack a sense of realism unfortunately. Thereupon, this study develops a golf information system by modifying and complementing usefully Mixare, the open source for augmented reality, for the sport of golf into an augmented reality-based system that can provide various information according to the actual environment of the golf course and describes how to apply it actually to the golf course.

Vegetation Model for Naturalness Restoration as an Ecological Renovation in a Golf Course (골프장의 생태적 리노베이션 방안으로서 식재모델 제안)

  • Lee, Hyun-Jung;Kang, Hyun-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.75-86
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    • 2004
  • This study aims to figure out ecological characteristic of natural forests focusing on vegetation as a way of ecological renovation for the restoration of naturalness for golf courses that were constructed in the Country and to present vegetation models and appropriate tree species for the purpose. The study site is P golf club, which is located in Gapyong-gun, Kyeonggi Province. The site is within a forest where the grade from the natural ecology map is the first one and the level from the green index accounts for the eight, thus showing a typical environment for a golf course in terms of location. The location of the site explains a reason for restoration. The major substance of the study is to conduct ecological evaluation of vegetation structures around and inside the golf course and to present a vegetation model. In order to evaluate the ecological characteristics of the vegetation structures, the analysis of the study covered succession stages, multi-layer vegetation structures and species diversity. Plant communities that have high species diversity were selected for the vegetation model and proper density and species were proposed considering the number of species and individuals and distances between trees. The vegetation restoration model targets succession into an oak forest. Within a unit of 100 $m^2$, the recommended model include a tall-tree layer with 11 trees such as Quercus serrata and Quercus mongolica, a sub-tall-tree layer with 12 trees including Quercus mongolica, Quercus serrata, Prunus sargentii, Fraxinus rhynchophylla and Acer pseudo sieboldianum, a shrub layer with 32 trees from 16 species, and a grass layer with a cover rate of 45 %. The proposed vegetation restoration model needs to apply to : 1) damaged natural forests by the construction of golf courses; 2) boundaries between golf courses and surrounding forests; 3) buffer zones; 4) open spaces in between courses; and 5) areas between greens and tees where open spaces are available in a mass. In conclusion, one of the most important factors in presenting a vegetation model for the restoration of naturalness in the golf course and other damaged forests is to provide multi-layer vegetation structures that are composed of native species. As for the specific application for the site, it is recommended to manage the vegetation in such a way that the environment of the site can have a similar environment to the surrounding forest which is expected to succeed into an oaks-dominant one.

A Study on Application of Environmental-friendly Program for Using Relict Forest in Golf Course - Focusing on the "S" Golf Course in Incheon - (골프장내 잔존림을 활용한 친환경적 프로그램 적용가능성 연구 - 인천시 S 골프장을 대상으로 -)

  • Kang, Hyun-Kyung;Back, Seung-Jun
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.113-126
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    • 2013
  • This study was performed to introduce ecological education program as for reporting the current vegetation state within the remaining trees as ecological golf course and to provide basic data. The survey site was S Golf course, which is located in Woonseodong, Incheon city. Its total area was about $3,298,428m^2$, but the relict forest was about $225,143m^2$. Existing landuse, topological structure, the flora, actual vegetation, and plants community structure survey were performed within the relict forest. As result of comparing and analyzing the existing land use, the relict forest was distributed in the forested areas (89.2%) and around the area (10.8%) which had been bare land and SAMMOK earthen ramparts. There were two courses (Ocean and Hanul) with the relict forests. The ocean course was compared of a natural forest, such as Quercus spp. mixed forest, Quercus acutissima forest, Pinus thunbergii forest within the rock fields, and an artificial forest (Ailanthus altissima-Robinia pseudoacacia forest, Robinia pseudoacacia forest) and Quercus acutissima - Elaeagnus umbellata forest. On the Hanul course, Pinus rigida forest and Robinia pseudoacacia forest were the main vegetation, which were artificial forest. It was the contrast aspect of vegetation species in a natural forest, a restoration forest and an artificial forest, which were Q. spp. mixed forest 26~28 species in a natural forest within the vegetation type per investigation area, 3 Pinus thunbergii forest species, and 5~7 artificial forest species on the Hanul course. Based on these vegetation status, the Ocean course was designed into ecological theme spaces named 'Quercus spp.' indigenous forest, 'Pinus thunbergii' restoration forest and ecological story of 'SAMMOK earthen ramparts'. The Hannul course was designed into an artificial forest observation area of 'Robinia pseudoacacia' and 'Pinus rigida' and a fragrance forest area of 'Robinia pseudoacacia'. At the time of the discussion about the introduction of eco-friendly approval system of golf course, it would be estimated that this survey would work as a major material not only raising awareness of the golf course on the ecological environment but also providing programs that can contribute to the community.

A Design Criteria for Pond Management at Golf Course in Terms of Satisfaction (골프장 연못의 관리만족도를 위한 설계기준)

  • 김동찬;권오원
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.84-91
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this thesis is to search for appropriate design elements to manage ponds on golf courses. This paper showed that a variable, width, and volume have significant influence on satisfaction(Sig 0.001). This research investgated golf courses in Kyung-ki province. In short, we measured the physical design elements of ponds to bring out major factors which could determine satisfaction of golf courses for golfcourse manager(greenkeeper). The results between satisfaction and physical variable came out as follows; 1, Golfcourse managers(Green keepers) responded to questions that they were satisfied in only 29.9% of the ponds. We found that they considered management very highly. we could evaluated the value of necessity and importance are high, that is importance to manage ponds 2. Some physical design elements(volume, width) increased dependent variable(satisfaction) and others(length, area, circumference, index of shape) decreased dependent variable(satisfaction) 3. Volume has an influence on dependent variable more than depth on index of shape. 4 If the result of \`index of shape\` decreased, the result of \`management satisfaction\` would be high, and when volume is 8500ton∼17000ton, depth is 27m∼3.1m, \`management satisfaction\` would be high. The research findings can be used for planning and designing of golfcourses for designers, and by management for greenkeepers, and will provide pertinent design elements far design of golfcourses. We suggest that the interrelation between ponds and strategic play must be examined in future research.

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Development of biological agent seeded on fine sand for control of brown patch and Pythium blight disease on golf course grasses.

  • Hur, Jae-Seoun;Lim, Kwang-Mi;Oh, Soon-Ok;Yum, Kyu-Jin;Koh, Young-Jin
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Plant Pathology Conference
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    • pp.88.1-88
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    • 2003
  • Antogonistic bacteria against Rhizoctonia solani and Pythium spp., causing serious damage to golf course grasses, were isolated from the top soil of several golf courses in Korea. The isolate of Limk0102 was selected as the biological agent by characterization of antifungal activity, large scale preparation, fungicides tolerance and ecological fitness to the targe environment. The isolate was identified as Bacillus subtilis by biochemical and physiological characterization, and 165 rDNA sequence analysis. The bacterial agent was formulated as a granule type by seeding it on fine sand. The formulated agent showed high recovery rate (more than 10$\^$8/ cells/g sand) even after 6 month-storage at room temperature with similar antifungal activity with that of original cells. In vitro, the biological agent successfully exhibited antagonistic performance on bentgrass inoculated with R. solani or Pythium spp. isolated from the diseased grasses on golf courses. Field evaluation on disease control activity and ecological fitness of the agent is now under going on several golf courses.

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The Relationship of the Service Quality, Customer Satisfaction and Re-use Intention in Golf Culb (골프장 서비스품질, 고객만족과 재이용 의도간의 관계)

  • Lee Sang Suk
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Quality Management
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.10-28
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    • 2004
  • This research analysed the Interaction which focus on service quality perception, customer satisfaction, re-use intention in the golf club. First of all, we review the existing literature on measurement of service quality and management. As a result of this review and survey of the employer in golf club, thirteen factors emerged as important to the service management of the golf club; Reservation and Access(RSNA), Golf Course and Convenience Facilities(GCNF), Personal Services(PSER) and After Services(ASER). The structural equation model was utilized for analyzing the influence of service quality factors upon the customer satisfaction and re-use intention. Results show that service quality factors have a statistically significant impact on the customer satisfaction of the golf club. RSNA and GCNF investigated the factors influencing on the satisfaction degree of the customers. But the GCNF and PSER were not significant. Especially, GCNF factors directly influenced on the customer satisfaction and also indirectly impact on the intention of using again.