• Title, Summary, Keyword: Gold Ring

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The Coordination Chemistry of DNA Nucleosides on Gold Nanoparticles as a Probe by SERS

  • Jang, Nak-Han
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.23 no.12
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    • pp.1790-1800
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    • 2002
  • The DNA nucleosides(dA, dC, dG, dT)bound to gold nanoparticles (~13 nm) in aqueous solution has been studied as a probe by the SERS and their coordination structures have been proposed on the basis of them. According to UV-Visible absorption of gold nanoparticles after modifying with DNA nucleosides, the rates of absorption of dA, dC, and dG were much faster than that of dT as monitored by the aggregation kinetics at 700 nm. These data indicated that the nucleosides dA, dC, and dG had a higher affinity for the gold nanoparticles surface than nucleoside dT. As the result of SERS spectra, the binding modes of each of the nucleosides on gold nanoparticles have been assigned. A dA binds to gold nanoparticles via a N(7) nitrogen atom of the imidazole ring, which the C(6)-$NH_2$ group also participates in the coordination process. In the case of dC, it binds to the gold surface via a N(3) nitrogen atom of the pyrimidine ring with a partial contribution from the oxygen of C(2)=O group. A coordination of dG to the gold surfaces is also proposed. Although the dG has the two different nitrogens of a pyrimidine ring and the amino group, the N(1) nitrogen atom of a pyrimidine ring has a higher affinity after the hydrogen migrates to the amino group. Conversely, dT binds via the oxygen of the C(4)=O group of the pyrimidine ring. Accordingly, these data suggest that the nitrogen atom of the imidazole or the pyrimidine ring in the DNA nucleosides will bind more fast to the gold nanoparticles surfaces than the oxygen atom of the carbonyl group.

SERS Analysis of CMC on Gold-Assembled Micelle

  • Jang, Nak-Han
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.25 no.9
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    • pp.1392-1396
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    • 2004
  • The micellization of dodecylpyridinum chloride (DPC) assembled on aqueous gold nanoparticles has been studied as a function of concentration using Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS). At the low concentration, the strong SERS band of the benzene ring moiety was observed at 1025 $cm^{-1}$, and assigned to “trigonal ring breathing”. According to high concentration of DPC, a new strong band was also appeared at 1012 $cm^{-1}$, which was assigned to “totally symmetry ring breathing”. The difference of two spectra seems to ascribe to the geometry of polar head group, i.e., pyridinium cation. These geometry exist flat-down at low concentration, whereas standing-up or tilted geometry at high concentration. The critical micelle concentration (CMC) was first obtained from the ratio of intensities of the two bands related to the benzene ring moiety by vibrational spectroscopy, and was about 28 mM. After the CMC, the benzene ring moiety in the micelle state was more restricted than in monomer state because there is no more change of intensities at 1012 $cm^{-1}$. In addition, the size of gold-assembled micelle was estimated using light scattering and it was about 328.3 nm.

Development and Performance Evaluation of a Sealing-Type Abutment Inserted with a Gold Ring (골드링을 이용한 완전 밀폐형 어버트먼트 개발 및 성능평가)

  • Hong, Dae Sun;Jeon, Yong-Jae;Lee, Hyeon-Yeol;Lee, Seung Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Manufacturing Process Engineers
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.97-103
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    • 2016
  • When chewing forces are repetitively applied to a dental implant, gaps are often generated at the interface surfaces between the abutment and the fixture, which results in some deterioration, such as loosening of the fastening screw, dental retraction, and fixture fractures. To cope with such problems, a sealing-type abutment having a number of grooves along the conical-surface circumference was previously developed, and it showed better sealing performance than conventional ones. To enhance the sealing performance, a new model in which a gold ring is inserted into the top groove of the sealing-type abutment is developed in this study. In addition, a manufacturing process is developed, and performance evaluations, such as fatigue and sealing tests, are carried out. The evaluation results show that the gold-ring-inserted sealing abutment yields better performance than conventional ones.

A Material Characteristic Study on the Sword with an Undecorated Ring Pommel of the Ancient Tombs of Jeongchon, Bogam-Ri, Naju (나주 복암리 정촌고분 출토 소환두도의 재료학적 특성)

  • Lee, Hyeyoun
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.52 no.3
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    • pp.160-171
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    • 2019
  • The sword with a ring pommel, which was excavated from the first stone chamber of the ancient tombs of Jeongchon Village in Naju, is a sword with a pentagon undecorated ring pommel consisting of a mother sword and two child swords. The sword with an undecorated ring pommel of Jeongchon comprises a ring pommel, a hilt, a knife, and a knife end decoration. This sword was coated with lacquer. The ring pommel is an iron frame covered with silver plate; however the silver tarnished into a light purple due to silver chloride corrosion, and iron corrosion originated from the inside is visible on the surface. Silver chloride corrosion is produced when silver objects are exposed to water, dissolved salts, and dissolved chloride ions when in a buried state. It changes objects into powder, making it difficult to preserve original shapes. The other silver artifacts found in the Jeongchon ancient tombs show similar signs of corrosion. The results of X-ray irradiation and a CT analysis showed that the sword had a ring at the end of the handle, a T-shaped hilt, and was probably connected to the handle end of a knife. If the shape of the mother sword can be inferred from the child swords, the mother sword had a ring pommel, decorations of the handle, covered with silver plate, and a gold ring and a silver line wound around the handle. It is assumed that the ring pommel was connected to the knife by welding because no holes were observed. The end decoration of the knife was made by using an iron plate formed into a shape, half covered by silk, and the other half decorated with silver plate and a gold ring. The sword with an undecorated ring pommel excavated from the ancient tombs of Jeongchon Village comprises the metals of gold, silver, and iron, and includes features of Baekje, Silla, and Gaya, which highlights the influence of surrounding historic sites and various cultures.

Effect of Sealant Materials on Oxygen Permeation in Perovskite Oxide Membrane (밀봉 재료에 따른 페롭스카이트 막의 산소투과 특성)

  • Kim, Jong Pyo;Park, Jung Hoon;Yoon, Yeoil
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.382-387
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    • 2008
  • $Ba_{0.5}Sr_{0.5}Co_{0.8}Fe_{0.2}O_{3-{\delta}}$ oxide was synthesized by polymerized complex method. Dense membrane of perovskite oxide was prepared using as-prepared powder by pressing and sintering at $1080^{\circ}C$. Leakage test was conducted on the membrane sealed by gold ring, Pyrex ring or Pyrex powder as a sealing material. The oxygen permeation flux of $Ba_{0.5}Sr_{0.5}Co_{0.8}Fe_{0.2}O_{3-{\delta}}$ membrane increased with increasing temperature and was $0.74mL/min{\cdot}cm^2$ at $900^{\circ}C$. In the case of the membrane applied by sealing material, oxygen permeation flux of the membrane using gold ring at $950^{\circ}C$ was higher than that using Pyrex materials because the undesired spreading of Pyrex glass materials in the membrane led to the reduction of effective permeation area. Microphotograph analysis results for the membrane after permeation test confirmedthe diffusion of Pyrex glass seal into the membrane.

Type Classification and Material Properties by the Composition of Components in Gold Earrings Excavated from the Yeongnam Region (영남지역 출토 금제 귀걸이의 성분 조성에 따른 유형 분류와 금속 재료 특성)

  • Jeon, Ikhwan;Kang, Jungmoo;Lee, Jaesung
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.52 no.1
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    • pp.4-21
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    • 2019
  • In this paper, 23 Silla gold earrings from the sixth and seventhand centuries, excavated from the Yeongnam region, were analyzed. Based on the silver content of the gold plate, they were classified into three types. The classifications included type I(20-50wt%), type II(10-20wt%) and type III (less than 10wt%). In the analysis process, the composition and morphological differences were identified on the surface of the gold plate. In the case of type I and II earrings, it was observed that the fine holes were concentrated in a relatively higher part of the gold content. The causes of the difference in the surface composition of the gold plate were divided into four categories: 1) surface treatment, 2) thermal diffusivity in the manufacturing process, 3) differences in composition of alluvial gold, and 4) the refining method of gold. It is possible that depletion gilding was attempted to increase the gold content while intentionally removing the other metals from the surface of the gold alloy in the portion where the gold deposit is relatively concentrated on the surface of the gold plating. The highest copper content was detected in the earring with the highest gold content of the analyzed earrings, and it was assumed that thermal diffusion had occurred between the gold plate and the metal rod during the manufacturing process rather than intentional addition. Copper was detected only in the thin ring earring type, and copper was not detected in the thick ring earring type or pendant type. It also proves that this earring has a high degree of tightness at higher temperatures, as there was an invisible edge finish on other earrings and horizontal wrinkles on the gold plate surface. In terms of the material of the gold plate, we examined whether the silver content of the gold plate was natural gold or added by alloy through analyzing the alluvial gold collected in the region. As a result of the analysis, it was found that on average about 13wt% of silver is included. This suggests that type II is natural gold, type III is refined gold, and type I seems to have been alloyed with natural gold. Here, we investigated the refining method introduced in the ancient literature, both at home and abroad, about the possibility of alloying silver after the refining process of type III earrings and then making pure gold. It was found that from ancient refining methods, silver which had been present in the natural gold was removed by reacting and combining with silver chloride or silver sulfide, and long-term efforts and techniques were required to obtain pure gold through this method. Therefore, it was concluded that the possibility of adding a small amount of silver in order to increase strength after making pure gold through a refining process is low.

An experimental study on the marginal fitness of the full cast crown (전부주조금관의 치경부변연의 적합도에 관한 실험적연구)

  • Cho, Sung-Am
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.75-81
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    • 1982
  • The purpose of this study was to compare the marginal fitness between Ni-Cr alloy and type III gold alloy, according to two finishing line, chamfer and shoulder. As experimental materials, author selected type III gold alloy and Ni-Cr alloy (Hicrown) which were popularly used in Korea for the full cast crown. Author prepared the wax patterns with milled stainless steel die and ring. The wax patterns were invested, burnouted, and casted. The maginal discrepancy was measured with scanning electron microscope. Author obtained the following results from this study. 1. The maginal fitness of Type III gold alloy was not significantly different from that of Ni-Cr alloy (Hi-crown). 2. There is no significant difference between chamfer and shoulder in case of Type III gold alloy. 3. The maginal fitness of chamfer type is significantly superior to that of shoulder type in the Ni-Cr alloy (Hi-Crown).

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Simultaneous reduction and functionalization of graphene oxide by polyallylamine for nanocomposite formation

  • Kim, Young-Kwan;Min, Dal-Hee
    • Carbon letters
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.29-33
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    • 2012
  • A novel strategy for the simultaneous reduction and functionalization of graphene oxide (G-O) was developed using polyallylamine hydrochloride (PAAH) as a multi-functional agent. The G-O functionalization by PAAH was carried out under basic conditions to catalyze the epoxide ring opening reaction of G-O with abundant amine groups of PAAH. We found that G-O was not only functionalized with PAAH but also reduced under the reaction condition. Moreover, the synthesized PAAH-functionalized G-O sheets were soluble in water and applicable to the synthesis of nanocomposites with gold nanoparticles.

The study of non-destructive analysis of objects excavated at the tomb of Mich’un-ri in Ch’ung-won (유물의 비파괴 조사 연구-청원 미천리 고분 출토 유물을 중심으로)

  • Moon, Whan-Suk;Jo, Nam-Cheol;Kim, Seong-Bae
    • 보존과학연구
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    • pp.81-90
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    • 1999
  • We performed the non-destructive analysis of objects excavated at the Tomb of Mich’un-ri in Ch’ung-won. We analysed components using of Energy Dispersive X-Ray Micro-Fluorescence Analyzer. Glass bead inlaid with silver was classified as K2O-CaO-SiO2 type of glass. Purity of silver inlaid in the surface was verified above 97%.All small ear-ring were made by rolling up gold broad to a bronze wick. The composition ratio of Au : Ag has significantly higher 87 : 11 than bigear-ring. As a result of composition analysis of a welded part with big ear-ring, it contained the more Cu, Hg contents and the less Au, Ag contents than the surface of big ear-ring.

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A Study on the Fabrication of the Convex Structured MOSFET and Its Electrical Characteristics (Convex 구조를 갖는 MOSFET 소자의 제작 및 그 전기적 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Gi-Hong;Kim, Hyun-Chul;Kim, Heung-Sik;An, Chul
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Telematics and Electronics A
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    • v.29A no.8
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    • pp.78-88
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    • 1992
  • To improve the characteristics of sub$\mu$m short channel MOSFET device, a new device having the convex structure is proposed. This device has 3-dimensionally expandable channel length according to the vertical etched silicon height. For the purpose of comparing the DC and AC characteristics, planar device is also fabricated. Comparing the channel length, the convex device with 0.4$\mu$m silicon height is larger about 0.56$\mu$m in NMOS and 0.78$\mu$m in PMOS than planar devices. DC characteristics, such as threshold voltage, operational current, substrate current and breakdown voltage are compared together with AC characteristics using the ring oscillator inverter delay. Also process and device simulation are performed and the differences between convex and pranaldevice are also compared.

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