• Title, Summary, Keyword: Glycoprotein

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Preparation and Availability Analysis of Vegetable Glycoprotein (식물성 당단백질의 제조 및 유효성 분석)

  • Lee, Mi-Jin;Jeong, Noh-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.248-262
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    • 2009
  • This study is on the feasibility of use of glycoprotein in various areas such as cosmetics and food etc. by extracting, isolating and refining glycoprotein from carrots, red ginseng extract residue, sesame and pine needles using protease(pepsin) and by analyzing general characteristics and measuring various bioactivities. The results of analysis of nutritional composition showed protein contents of glycoprotein. In the analysis of constitutive amino acids, the ratio of contents of hydroxy proline and glycine, the characteristics of glycoproteins appeared similar and the contents of glutamic acid and aspartic acid appeared higher. As a result of measurement contents of total polyphenol and flavonoid, it showed that glycoprotein had more contents generally, and the effect of bioactivity of glycoprotein appeared higher although different kinds of glycoprotein showed a little DPPH radical and nitrite scavenging ability, total antioxidant capacity by ABTS, ACE inhibitory.

Effects of a Glycoprotein Isolated from Ulmus davidiana Nakai on Toluene-Induced Ecotoxicity and its Mechanism in Human Intestinal Epithelial Cells (소장상피세포에 있어서 느릅나무 당단백질이 톨루엔에 의해 유도된 환경독성 기작에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Do-Wan;Kim, Ji-Yun;Park, Moon-Ki;Lee, Sei-Jung
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.249-257
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    • 2019
  • Ulmus davidiana Nakai (UDN) has been traditionally used as a herbal medicine to treat inflammatory diseases in Korea. In the present study, we investigated the anti-ecotoxic potential of a 116 kDa glycoprotein isolated from UDN (UDN glycoprotein) in human intestinal epithelial INT-407 cells. We demonstrated that UDN glycoprotein ($20{\mu}g/mL$) could inhibit the production of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) induced by toluene, an ecotoxic substance. Additionally, we found that the toluene-induced intestinal cytotoxicity was mediated by the phosphorylation of p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase (MAPK) via the production of intracellular Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS). The UDN glycoprotein significantly decreased the levels of ROS production and p38 MAPK activation in toluene-stimulated INT-407 cells. Moreover, the UDN glycoprotein inhibits the phosphorylation of nuclear factor-kappa B ($NF-{\kappa}B$), which is responsible for the production of LDH, in toluene-stimulated INT-407 cells. Collectively, our data indicate that UDN glycoprotein is a natural antioxidant and a modulator of ecotoxicity signaling pathways in human intestinal epithelial cells.

Anti-ecotoxicological Glycoprotein Isolated from Ulmus davidiana Nakai Inhibits Fecal Malodor and Promotes Feed Efficiency in Mice (환경 독성을 억제하는 느릅 당단백질이 마우스의 분뇨 악취저감 및 사료 효율에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Do-Wan;Park, Moon-Ki;Lee, Sei-Jung
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.241-247
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    • 2020
  • Ulmus davidiana Nakai (UDN) has been traditionally used as a herbal medicine in Korea. In the present study, we investigated the anti-ecotoxic potential of a 116 kDa glycoprotein isolated from UDN (UDN glycoprot ein) in regulating fecal malodor and feed efficiency in mice. We found that UDN glycoprotein (200 μg/ml) has an inhibitory effect on the cell death induced by an ecotoxicological endocrine disrupting chemical, bisphenol A, in colon epithelial HT-29 cells. UDN glycoprotein did not show significant differences regarding the weight of ecotoxicity-related organs (liver, heart, kidneys, and spleen) and the levels of serum glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase, glutamate pyruvate transaminase, and lactate dehydrogenase in mice for 2 weeks, compared to the control. Additionally, UDN glycoprotein reduced the levels of hydrogen sulfide and ammonia as markers of fecal malodor in mice. Interestingly, UDN glycoprotein can improve the mouse feed efficiency. In conclusion, our data indicate that anti-ecotoxicological UDN glycoprotein has the ability to increase the feed efficiency and reduce the fecal malodor by maintaining the viability of colonic epithelial cells in mice.

Studies on the Compositon of Protein and lycoprotein in Sarcopiasmic Reticulum of Skeletal Muscle (근소포체의 단백질 및 당단백질 조성에 관한 연구)

  • 박영철
    • The Korean Journal of Zoology
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.191-199
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    • 1990
  • Sarcoplasmic reticulum subfractions were isolated from rabbit sarcoplasmic reticulum vesicles using ultracentrifugation in a continuous sucrose gradient (12.5% 50%) after French pressure treatment. And proteins in sarcoplasmic reticulum were detected by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and glycoproteins were identified through the reaction with 1251-concanavalin A.The electrophoresis showed that sarcoplasmic reticulum contained predominantly $Ca^2$+-AThase and calsequestrin along with high affinity calcium binding protein, intrinsic glycoprotein 160 Kd, 94 Kd, 80 Kd, 38 Kd, 34 Kd and 24 Kd proteins. Among these, the protein of about 80 Kd which has been known as one of heat shock proteins was especially enriched in the terminal cistemae of sarcoplasmic reticulum. Meanwhile, autoradiogram of 125 I-concanavalin A bound to the stained gels showed the distribution of glycoproteins which included 160 Kd glycoprotein, 94 Kd glycoprotein, calsequestrin and intrinsic glycoprotein Among these, the protein of about 160 Kd was especially enriched in longitudial sarcoplasmic reticulum and T-tubule, and the protein of about 94 Kd which has been known as one of glucose-regulated proteins was also enriched in T-tubule and sharply reduced in terminal cistemae.

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Effects of substitution of viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus genotype IVa glycoprotein with vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) glycoprotein on cell line preference

  • Kim, Min Sun;Choi, Tae-Jin;Kim, Ki Hong
    • Journal of fish pathology
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.71-78
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    • 2017
  • The glycoprotein of novirhabdoviruses is known to play a critical role in the determination of host specificity. Viral hemorrhagic septicemia viruses (VHSVs) in different genotypes have different glycoprotein sequences and show different preferences for specific cell lines. In this study, to know whether the glycoprotein is solely responsible for the host cell preference of VHSV, a recombinant VHSV expressing vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) glycoprotein instead of VHSV IVa glycoprotein (rVHSV-VSV-G) was generated by reverse genetics and inoculated into several fish cell lines, then, cytopathic effect (CPE) and viral growth caused by rVHSV-VSV-G infection were compared with those caused by rVHSV-wild that was previously generated and has the same genomic sequence with wild-type VHSV except a few nucleotides. The plaque numbers of rVHSV-VSV-G were significantly higher in EPC, BF-2 and GF cells than those of rVHSV-wild. However, in HINAE cells (originated from olive flounder), rVHSV-VSV-G titer was significantly lower than rVHSV-wild titer, and both recombinant VHSVs were not grown well in CHSE-214 cells. Although statistical significances were detected in the titers between rVHSV-wild and rVHSV-VSV-G in several cell lines, the cell line-preference order of rVHSV-VSV-G was not different from that of rVHSV-wild. These results suggest that the replacement of VHSV glycoprotein may not completely change host cell preference, and other regions of VHSV might also involve in the determination of host cell preference.

Optimal Conditions for the Expression of Glycoprotein E2 of Classical Swine Fever Virus using Baculovirus in Insect Cells

  • Bae, Sung Min;Lee, Seung Hee;Kwak, Won Suk;Ahn, Yong Oh;Shin, Tae Young;Woo, Soo Dong
    • International Journal of Industrial Entomology
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.207-213
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    • 2014
  • The structural proteins of classical swine fever virus (CSFV) consist of nucleocapsid protein C and envelope glycoprotein $E^{rns}$ (E0), E1 and E2. Among them, E2, the most immunogenic of the CSFV glycoproteins, induces a protective immune response in swine. In this study, to determine the optimal expression conditions of glycoprotein E2 using baculovirus system, we investigated the influence of insect cells and media to the expression of recombinant E2. Recombinant virus containing glycoprotein E2 coding gene was constructed with bApGOZA DNA. Expression of the glycoprotein E2 was analyzed by SDS-PAGE and Western blot analysis using anti-CSFV E2 monoclonal antibodies. Expression of glycoprotein E2 in Sf21 cells was first observed after 3 days and reached a maximum on the 5th day after infection. Furthermore, the highest levels of glycoprotein E2 expression were observed at multiplicity of infection (MOI) of 5. When three different insect cell lines (Sf21, High-Five and Se301) were tested, High-Five cells showed the highest production. In addition, four different serum-free and serum-supplemented media, respectively, were tested for the expression of glycoprotein E2 and the budded virus (BV) titers. As a result, serum-supplemented medium provided the best conditions for protein production and the BV yield.

Oligomerization of the substitution mutants of autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis Virus (AcNPV) gp64 glycoprotein

  • Kim, Ki-Nam;Poo, Ha-Ryoung;Yang, Jai-Myung
    • Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.72-77
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    • 1997
  • The baculovirus gp64 glycoprotein is a major component of the envelope protein of budded virus (BV). It has been shown that the gp64 glycoprotein plays an essential role in the infection process, especialy fusion between virus envelope and cellular endosomic membrane. Recently we reported optimal conditions required for gp64-mediated membrane fusion in pGP64 DNA transfected Spodoptera frugiperda (Sf9) cells (H. J. Kim and J. M. Yang, Jour, Microbiology, 34.7-14). In order to investigate the role of hydrophobicity within the fusion domain of the gp64 glycoprotein for membrane fusion, 13 mutants which have substitution mutation within hydrophobic region I were constructed by PCR-derived site-derected mutagenesis. Each mutated gp64 glycoproteins was transiently expressed by transfecting plasmid DNA into Spodoptera frugiperda (Sf9) cells. Oligomerization of the transisently expressed gp64 glycoproteins was a nalysed by running them on SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis under non-reducing condition followed by immunoblotting. All of the mutant gp64 glycoproteins expect cysteine-228 were able to form trimers. These results suggest that hydrophobic region I of the gp64 may not be responsible for the oligomerization of the gp64 glycoprotein.

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Hypolipidemic Effects of Glycoprotein Isolated from Ficus Carica Linnoeus in Mice (무화과 당단백질의 혈중지질 저하 효과)

  • Lim, Kye-Taek;Lee, Sei-Jung;Ko, Jeong-Hyeon;Oh, Phil-Sun
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.624-630
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    • 2005
  • Glycoprotein (60 kDa) isolated from Ficus Carica Linnoeus (FCL glycoprotein) was examined by evaluating its hypolipidemic effects on plasma cholesterol levels and hepatic detoxicant enzyme activities in ICR mice. FCL glycoprotein $(100{\mu}g/mL)$ had strong scavenging activities (38%) against lipid peroxyl radicals. When mice were treated with Triton WR-1339 (400 mg/kg), levels of total cholesterol (TC) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol in plasma significantly increased by 53.9 and 47.5 mg/dL, respectively, compared to the control, whereas, when pretreated with FCL glycoprotein $(100{\mu}g/mL)$, decreased remarkably by 55.4, and 47,0 mg/dL, compared to Triton WR-1339 treatment alone. Interestingly, high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol level did not change. Body and liver weights did not change significantly after Triton WR-1339 treatment in presence of FCL glycoprotein. FCL glycoprotein $(100{\mu}g/mL)$ stimulated activities of antioxidative detoxicant enzymes such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and glutathione peroxidase (GPx), whereas GPx activity significantly increased compared to the control. These results suggest FCL glycoprotein has abilities to scavenge lipid peroxyl radicals, lower plasma lipid levels, and stimulate detoxicant enzyme activity in mouse liver.

Chemical Composition of Glycoprotein from Urechis unicinctus (개불(Urechis unicinctus) 당단백질의 성분조성과 특성)

  • 류홍수;이종열;문정혜;서재수
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.285-291
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    • 1999
  • To confirm the food quality of Urechis unicinctus which have been favored as a special raw seafood in southern area in Korea, the chemical composition of Urechis unicinctus and those glycoprotein were studied. Freeze dried Urechis unicinctus was composed of more than 70% of crude protein and 15% of total carbohydrate. The amino acids such as glycine(18.69%), glutamic acid(12.50%) and aspartic acid(9.37%) were noted as major components of total amino acids. The predominant free amino acids were alanine(32.98%), glycine(27.50%), asparagine(19.65%) and taurine(8.29%), and the sum of them were more than 88% to total free amino acids, so they may cause unique taste of Urechis unicinctus with sweetness. As the basis of sugar composition analysis, 56.35% of glucose and 30.49% of N acetylglucosamine were contained respectively, and they might also play an important role in a sweet taste. The leading carbohydrate moiety of glycoprotein from Urechis unicinctus was identified as glucose and N acetylglucosamine similarly to raw muscle, and they occupied more than 50% of total sugar content. Fucose(18.32%) and D glucuronic acid(12.31%) also detected in higher levels com pared to raw muscle. The total amino acid profile of glycoprotein showed a similar trend to raw muscle protein but glycine was detected a significantly lower than that in raw muscle. The glycoprotein from Urechis unicinctus was composed of 4 kinds of subunits, i.e. 25kDa, 20kDa, 18kDa and 12.5kDa of molecular weights through the SDS polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. On the basis of the IR spectrum of absorptions appeared in 1,240cm-1 and 850cm-1, the glycoprotein had sulfate groups.

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