• Title/Summary/Keyword: Global Financial Crisis

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Analysis of the Changes in the Perceived Important Capabilities of Construction Project Managers after the Global Financial Crisis

  • Lee, Na-Kyung;Bae, Ju-Lee;Jang, Hyoun-Seung
    • Journal of Construction Engineering and Project Management
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.8-16
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    • 2012
  • After the 2008 global financial crisis, the construction environment in South Korea continued change in the construction environment. Construction orders in 2011 have shown a downward trend compared with the previous year. Along with these changes in the construction market, the professional capabilities of construction project managers that are perceived as important also changed after the global financial crisis. Accordingly, this study was conducted to identify the major business capabilities of the current construction project managers and to determine which of these capabilities have undergone changes in terms of the importance accorded to them after the global financial crisis, and ultimately, to derive the construction project manager capability areas that need to be strengthened according to the changes in the construction environment. The capabilities of construction project managers were surveyed at two different time points: in 2007 and in 2010. The results show that the year 2010, after the global financial crisis, an increase in the perceived important capabilities of construction project managers compared with 2007. This results the impact of the changes in the construction environment on the importance of construction project managers. This study derived the ramifications of the early identification of systems and prospects according to the changes in the construction circumstances on more efficient onsite and human resources management, by considering the appropriate capabilities of the construction project managers.

CEO Overseas Experience and Firm Internationalization: Before and After the Global Financial Crisis

  • Kim, Jiyoon;Park, Jong-Hun;Kim, Changsu
    • Journal of Korea Trade
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    • v.24 no.7
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    • pp.54-72
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    • 2020
  • Purpose - This study explores the contextual factors that affect the relationship between CEO overseas experience and firm internationalization. This study incorporates a wide range of contextual factors, including mega, macro, and micro variables. In particular, this study goes a step further from prior studies by incorporating a higher-order variable i.e., the global financial crisis that can constrain the managerial discretion of a CEO. Design/methodology - To structure the balanced data set before and after the 2008 global financial crisis, we used the data for the years from 2002 to 2014 from a sample of Korean manufacturing firms. Ultimately, 1101 firm-year unbalanced panel observations from 101 firms were used for the analysis. Findings - Our main findings can be summarized as follows. CEO overseas experience is positively related to firm internationalization. However, this relationship varies depending on the CEOs level of managerial discretion. As for the constraining moderation, the global financial crisis weakened the positive relationship between CEO overseas experience and firm internationalization. As for the enabling moderation, the CEOs tenure strengthened the relationship. Originality/value - This study adopted the knowledge, skills, and abilities (KSA) framework to explain the relationship between CEO overseas experience and firm internationalization. Moreover, we argue that the CEO-internationalization relationship depends on the specific context of the managerial discretion, focusing on the 2008 global financial crisis. Empirically, this study adopted the 2SLS procedure to correct endogeneity. Instead of taking the actual value of prior internationalization as a control, we estimated prior internationalization using the instrument variables at an industry level. This procedure made our estimation more robust.

Donor Country's Fiscal Status and ODA Decisions before and after 2008 Global Financial Crisis

  • Ahn, Hyeonmi;Park, Danbee
    • The Journal of Industrial Distribution & Business
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.25-38
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    • 2018
  • Purpose - The purpose of this study is to empirically investigate the impact of donor's fiscal status on aid decisions before and after the 2008 global financial crisis. The effects on aid can change depending on the donor country's fiscal status and the period of financial crisis. Research design, data, and methodology - A fixed effect regression and dynamic panel GMM is conducted using a comprehensive dataset combining 31 donor and 167 recipient countries during 1996-2015. The key explanatory variable is central government debt-to-GDP ratio of donor country. Recipient countries' GNI per capita, population, governance indicators, and bilateral trade-to-GDP ratio between donor and recipient countries are included as control variables. Results - We can confirm the relationship between donor country's fiscal status and aid flow. The cyclical component of government debt is found to have a negative impact on grant decisions particularly after the 2008 global financial crisis. This effect becomes larger in the countries with high government debt-to-GDP ratio. ODA decisions from the countries with low financial constraint do not significantly affected by the recipient countries' factors such as GNI, population, and governance indicator. Conclusions - Based on the empirical results of this study, the source of aid should be diversified by incorporating private sector and innovative financing sources.

Global Financial Crisis and the Monitoring Role of Foreign Investors (글로벌 금융위기와 외국인투자자의 감시자 역할)

  • Rhee, Chang Seop;Chun, Hong-min;Soh, Seung Bum
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.9
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    • pp.233-241
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to empirically analyze whether the influence of foreign investors from the monitoring role in Korean capital market is observed differently in accordance with the global financial crisis situation. We collected a total of 2,919 firm data from 2003 to 2015 and performed the empirical tests between foreign investor ownership and firms' cost of equity capital separately according to the situation of the global financial crisis. From the empirical results, foreign investors in general were playing a positive function in the Korean capital market by effectively performing the monitoring role for companies. However, we observed that their monitoring role is not effectively performed when the risk level of capital market is maximized, such as during the global financial crisis. The study suggested that the influence of foreign investors may vary depending on the level of risk in the capital market, which is expected to contribute to the market participants and academia.

The Effects of Export Diversification on Macroeconomic Stabilization: Evidence from Korea

  • LEE, JINSOO;YU, BOK-KEUN
    • KDI Journal of Economic Policy
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2019
  • This paper studies whether export diversification mitigated the negative effect of the global financial crisis on exports using the Korean case. Specifically, we use annual data on the exports of 24 Korean manufacturing industries from 2000 to 2016 and examine whether the negative effect of the crisis on exports was less prevalent in industries that were more diversified in terms of country and product. We also examine whether export competitiveness, as measured by the revealed comparative advantage index by industry, had a mitigating effect on trade during the crisis. In order to study these issues, we use panel regression with a fixed-effect model for 24 Korean manufacturing industries. From our empirical analysis, we find that country diversification weakened the negative impact of the global financial crisis on Korea's exports, whereas neither product diversification nor export competitiveness did so.

A Comparison of the Long Term Interdependence of Southeast Asian Equity Markets

  • Islam, Raisul
    • East Asian Economic Review
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.187-212
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this paper is to examine the equity market crisis contagion in major Asian economic markets. A comparative assessment of Asian markets during the Asian Financial Crisis and Global Financial crisis may clearly identify the changing nature of long term integration of major Asian markets. The selection criteria of specific Asian markets of different peripheries depend particularly on the roles and structure of these markets. The impact of the global financial contagion and the lingering financial linkage in the aftermath of crisis will explain the reaction of the majority of Asian markets to global linkage. While majority of the studies focused on dynamic short term association in European and MENA contagions in the post global financial crisis period; after the global financial crisis, attention paid to long term Asian contagion adds new perspective to hitherto disorganized theories.

The Impact of Global Financial Crisis 2008 on Amman Stock Exchange

  • Ajlouni, Moh'd Mahmoud;Mehyaoui, Wafaa;Hmedat, Waleed
    • Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.10 no.7
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    • pp.13-22
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    • 2012
  • The effect of the September 2008 global financial crisis weighed heavily on stock markets around the world. The purpose of this study is to empirically investigate the impact of the crisis on Amman Stock Exchange. Event study methodology has been adopted on a period of 24 months, from January 2008 to December 2009. Monthly average abnormal returns across a sample of 52 industrial and services companies have been tested separately. The results reveal that Amman Stock Exchange experienced significant negative abnormal returns in the fourth quarter of the year 2008. However, there were no significant abnormal returns observed thereafter. This means that Amman Stock Exchange managed to overcome its adverse consequences. Since the event study tests for market efficiency, as well, the results show that Amman Stock Exchange reaction is consistent with the semi-strong form of the efficient market hypothesis.

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Information Flow Effect Between the Stock Market and Bond Market (주식시장과 채권시장간의 정보 이전효과)

  • Choi, Cha-Soon
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.67-75
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    • 2020
  • This paper investigated the information spillover effect between stock market and bond market with the KOSPI daily index and MMF yield data. The overall analysis period is from May 2, 1997 to August 30, 2019. The empirical analysis was conducted by dividing the period from May 2, 1997 to December 30, 2008 before the global financial crisis, and from December 30, 2008 to August 30, 2019 after the global financial crisis, and the overall analysis period. The analysis shows that the EGARCH model considering asymmetric variability is suitable. The price spillover effect and volatility spillover effect existed in both directions between the stock market and the bond market, and the price transfer effect was greater in the period before the global financial crisis than in the period after the global financial crisis. Asymmetric volatility in information between stock and bond markets appears to exist in both markets.

Declining Fixed Investment and Increasing Financial Investment of Korean Corporations

  • Kim, Daehwan;Kwon, Sunhee;Ryou, Jai-Won
    • East Asian Economic Review
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.353-379
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    • 2019
  • This paper aims to determine factors causing the stagnation of Korean firms' fixed investment after the global financial crisis, using panel data for the period of 1999-2016. Fixed investment remained sensitive to cash flow and Tobin's q although their effects decreased after the global financial crisis. A decreasing trend of cash flow and an increase in Tobin's q since the early 2000's imply that the worsening cash flow was a major factor behind the sluggish investment after the crisis. Meanwhile, debt-equity ratio remained significant for non-chaebol affiliated firms, reflecting disparity in access to external financing. Volatility of stock returns also became insignificant after the crisis, casting doubt on the argument that uncertainty was a major factor contributing to the decline of fixed investment. Analysis of financial investment confirmed the significant effect of cash flow, larger than that on financial investment than on fixed investment. In particular, debt repayment and other financial investment, except share repurchase, were sensitive to cash flow. However, the substitution of fixed investment by financial investment is a consequence, rather than a cause of declining fixed investment.

Efficiency of Sterilization Policies by the State Bank of Vietnam

  • HOANG, Hang Thi Thanh;NGUYEN, Phung Thi Kim;NGUYEN, Phuc Tran
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
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    • v.7 no.10
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    • pp.87-94
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    • 2020
  • This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of sterilization in Vietnam. We estimate a simultaneous equation by using Two-Stage least squares (2SLS) regression analysis. The time-series data was collected for the first quarter of 2004 to the fourth quarter of 2018. In particular, the effectiveness of sterilization is considered in terms of dollarized economy, since making the transition from a centrally planned to a market economy system, the Vietnamese economy has remained in a state of dollarization. In addition, we also assess whether the global financial crisis had an impact on the sterilization effectiveness of the State Bank of Vietnam (SBV). On the basis of the estimated sterilization and offset coefficients, our results suggest that the State Bank of Vietnam (SBV) has not been able to fully neutralize the impact on the domestic money supply when intervening in the foreign exchange market, and the capital inflows respond strongly to changes in domestic monetary conditions. The results also show that the global financial crisis has changed the effectiveness of these sterilization policies. An analysis of this study's empirical findings provides the opportunity to derive some recommendations that may assist in increasing the effectiveness of the State Bank of Vietnam's sterilization policies in the process of accumulating international reserves.