• Title, Summary, Keyword: Global Financial Crisis

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A Comparison of the Long Term Interdependence of Southeast Asian Equity Markets

  • Islam, Raisul
    • East Asian Economic Review
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.187-212
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this paper is to examine the equity market crisis contagion in major Asian economic markets. A comparative assessment of Asian markets during the Asian Financial Crisis and Global Financial crisis may clearly identify the changing nature of long term integration of major Asian markets. The selection criteria of specific Asian markets of different peripheries depend particularly on the roles and structure of these markets. The impact of the global financial contagion and the lingering financial linkage in the aftermath of crisis will explain the reaction of the majority of Asian markets to global linkage. While majority of the studies focused on dynamic short term association in European and MENA contagions in the post global financial crisis period; after the global financial crisis, attention paid to long term Asian contagion adds new perspective to hitherto disorganized theories.

Recent Economic Crises and Foreign Trade in Major ASEAN Countries (최근 경제위기들과 ASEAN 주요국의 무역)

  • Won, Yongkul
    • The Southeast Asian review
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.41-64
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    • 2010
  • The recent global financial crisis triggered by the sub-prime mortgage debacle in the United States hit hard most ASEAN countries that have just recovered from the unprecedented economic crisis ten years ago. This paper, using individual time-series and panel data from 1990 to 2009, intends to investigate and compare the impacts of the two aforementioned economic crises on trade in the four developing ASEAN countries that encompass Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and Thailand. In doing so, the paper traces the behaviors of main macroeconomic variables before and after the crises on graphs, and then estimates classical export and import demand functions that include real exchange rate, home and foreign GDPs as explanatory variables. In the estimation functions, two dummy variables are added to consider the effects of the two economic crises separately. Individual country data analyses reveal that by and large the 1997 economic crisis seems hit those ASEAN countries' exports and imports harder than the recent global financial crisis. Surprisingly the recent financial crisis turns out more or less statistically insignificant for those countries' export and import performances. The fixed effect model estimation using panel data of those four ASEAN countries also shows that the 1997 economic crisis had affected exports and imports of those countries negatively while the recent global financial crisis was not statistically significant. These results indicate that overall the effect from the 1997 crisis was more devastating than that of the recent global crisis for those ASEAN countries.

Analysis of the Changes in the Perceived Important Capabilities of Construction Project Managers after the Global Financial Crisis

  • Lee, Na-Kyung;Bae, Ju-Lee;Jang, Hyoun-Seung
    • Journal of Construction Engineering and Project Management
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.8-16
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    • 2012
  • After the 2008 global financial crisis, the construction environment in South Korea continued change in the construction environment. Construction orders in 2011 have shown a downward trend compared with the previous year. Along with these changes in the construction market, the professional capabilities of construction project managers that are perceived as important also changed after the global financial crisis. Accordingly, this study was conducted to identify the major business capabilities of the current construction project managers and to determine which of these capabilities have undergone changes in terms of the importance accorded to them after the global financial crisis, and ultimately, to derive the construction project manager capability areas that need to be strengthened according to the changes in the construction environment. The capabilities of construction project managers were surveyed at two different time points: in 2007 and in 2010. The results show that the year 2010, after the global financial crisis, an increase in the perceived important capabilities of construction project managers compared with 2007. This results the impact of the changes in the construction environment on the importance of construction project managers. This study derived the ramifications of the early identification of systems and prospects according to the changes in the construction circumstances on more efficient onsite and human resources management, by considering the appropriate capabilities of the construction project managers.

Declining Fixed Investment and Increasing Financial Investment of Korean Corporations

  • Kim, Daehwan;Kwon, Sunhee;Ryou, Jai-Won
    • East Asian Economic Review
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.353-379
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    • 2019
  • This paper aims to determine factors causing the stagnation of Korean firms' fixed investment after the global financial crisis, using panel data for the period of 1999-2016. Fixed investment remained sensitive to cash flow and Tobin's q although their effects decreased after the global financial crisis. A decreasing trend of cash flow and an increase in Tobin's q since the early 2000's imply that the worsening cash flow was a major factor behind the sluggish investment after the crisis. Meanwhile, debt-equity ratio remained significant for non-chaebol affiliated firms, reflecting disparity in access to external financing. Volatility of stock returns also became insignificant after the crisis, casting doubt on the argument that uncertainty was a major factor contributing to the decline of fixed investment. Analysis of financial investment confirmed the significant effect of cash flow, larger than that on financial investment than on fixed investment. In particular, debt repayment and other financial investment, except share repurchase, were sensitive to cash flow. However, the substitution of fixed investment by financial investment is a consequence, rather than a cause of declining fixed investment.

Donor Country's Fiscal Status and ODA Decisions before and after 2008 Global Financial Crisis

  • Ahn, Hyeonmi;Park, Danbee
    • The Journal of Industrial Distribution & Business
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.25-38
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    • 2018
  • Purpose - The purpose of this study is to empirically investigate the impact of donor's fiscal status on aid decisions before and after the 2008 global financial crisis. The effects on aid can change depending on the donor country's fiscal status and the period of financial crisis. Research design, data, and methodology - A fixed effect regression and dynamic panel GMM is conducted using a comprehensive dataset combining 31 donor and 167 recipient countries during 1996-2015. The key explanatory variable is central government debt-to-GDP ratio of donor country. Recipient countries' GNI per capita, population, governance indicators, and bilateral trade-to-GDP ratio between donor and recipient countries are included as control variables. Results - We can confirm the relationship between donor country's fiscal status and aid flow. The cyclical component of government debt is found to have a negative impact on grant decisions particularly after the 2008 global financial crisis. This effect becomes larger in the countries with high government debt-to-GDP ratio. ODA decisions from the countries with low financial constraint do not significantly affected by the recipient countries' factors such as GNI, population, and governance indicator. Conclusions - Based on the empirical results of this study, the source of aid should be diversified by incorporating private sector and innovative financing sources.

Do Firm and Bank Level Characteristics Matter for Lending to Firms during the Financial Crisis?

  • Lee, Mihye
    • The Journal of Industrial Distribution & Business
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.37-46
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    • 2018
  • Purpose - This paper explores the determinants of bank lending to firms during and after the global financial crisis using firm- and bank-level data to answer the questions what caused the contraction of lending to firms despite the loosening monetary policy during this crisis period. Research design, data, and methodology - We investigate the effects of the monetary policy that followed the global financial crisis on firms borrowing. We use a dynamic panel model to address how firms lending respond to monetary policy. The data are obtained from CRETOP and we consider the manufacturing sector for the analysis to control for unobserved heterogeneity such as industry-specific shocks. Results - The findings from the empirical analysis suggest that both bank- and firm-level characteristics are significant determinants of bank lending. Especially, we find that corporate risk, measured by default risk, is one of the key factors that led to a decline in lending during the crisis. Conclusions - This paper shows that companies borrow more from liquid banks, and high bank capital can also contribute to an increase in a firm's borrowing from banks. Especially, the results confirm that the default rate measured at the firm level has increased during and after the global financial crisis, which implies that default risk interplays with other firm and bank-level characteristics.

The Effect of the Global Financial Crisis on Corporate Investment in Korea: From the Perspective of Costly External Finance

  • JEONG, DAEHEE
    • KDI Journal of Economic Policy
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.19-44
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    • 2015
  • This paper examines the effect of the global financial crisis on corporate investment in Korea. Specifically, the crisis was considered to have possibly constrained firm-level investment as the negative shock to the credit supply dramatically unfolded. As Duchin et al. (2010) demonstrated, if a negative supply-side shock is evident during a crisis period, larger cash holdings before the crisis will lead to fewer constraints to corporate investment, or vice versa. In order to investigate the supply-side effect of the crisis, we use firm-level financial data, including firms listed on the Korean stock market as well as small and medium-sized enterprises. We find that corporate investment declined significantly after the crisis, even if we control for factors associated with the demand side, such as contemporaneous capital productivity and cash flow. More importantly, the decline is positively and significantly related to cash holdings before the crisis, implying the negative effect of a credit supply shock. Small and medium enterprises experienced relatively sharp investment declines compared to those of larger firms, and the relationship between pre-crisis cash amounts and the degree of investment decline is greater than that in large firms. Additionally, we examine whether the negative effect persists up to the present, finding evidence that the cash-investment relationship continues in small and medium-sized enterprises.

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A Study on Financial Ratios Change of Korean Dry Bulk Shipping Firms before and after the 2008 Global Financial Crisis (글로벌 금융위기 전후 한국 건화물 선사의 재무비율 변동에 대한 비교 분석)

  • Cho, In-Seong;Ryoo, Dong-Keun;Lee, Ki-Hwan
    • Journal of Navigation and Port Research
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.244-252
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    • 2020
  • The 2008 global financial crisis was triggered by the Lehman Brothers crisis caused by the sub-prime mortgage crisis in the United States This crisis has had an impact on the globe's dry bulk shipping market by reducing dry bulk cargo volume. An oversupply of dry bulk carriers caused a serious recession in the globe's dry-bulk shipping industry and shipbuilding industry. In this situation, the Korean dry-bulk shipping companies were victims of the quagmire of a long recession since the global financial crisis and could not overcome this crisis. This condition forced them into severe financial risk Thus, it caused many shipping companies to file for bankruptcy. In this study, we classified Korean ocean-going dry-bulk shipping companies into two groups, that is, the solvent group and the insolvent group. We also separated the research period before and after the 2008 global financial crisis. Then we investigated the differences in the major financial ratios of the two groups by t-test and found that some financial ratios such as profitability ratios and growth ratios showed the difference between the two groups with statistical significance. The significance of this study is as follow. First, the shipping company management is also crucial for the systematic management of financial strength and business strategy, it is crucial to manage cargo which a high profitable freight. Second, the shipping company should be managed as a company with continued growth through efficient operation and management of ships.

A Study on the Effect of Financial Cooperation in East Asia on the Export-Import Logistics (수출입 물류에 동아시아 금융협력이 미치는 영향 분석)

  • Kang, Bo-Kyung
    • Journal of Korea Port Economic Association
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.161-177
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    • 2011
  • Nowadays, a capital flow and intimacy of financial system among countries have been increasing in global financial environment. So it is easily possible that the risk of some countries which are in financial crisis infects other countries in the world. A recent global financial crisis reminds countries in East Asia of advancing the financial cooperation as well as financial integration. Countries in East Asia agreed with the Chiang Mai Initiative to prevent a recurrence of financial crisis in East Asia. A bilateral swap arrangement of the CMI has several purposes in order to offer foreign currency liquidity against economic crisis, remove the opportunity cost of foreign exchange reserve, push ahead the financial integration, increase the export-import logistics and so on. This paper analyzes the effect of financial cooperation in East Asia on the export-import logistics with random effect estimation and fixed effect estimation. As a result, each of country in East Asia is able to increase almost 10.3% of the export-import logistics on average.

Governance Strategies for Trade in Financial Services in Korea (금융서비스의 무역거버넌스 전략)

  • Park, Moon-Suh
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.229-259
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    • 2009
  • Financial service in economy is same with neural net or vein net of human body. Moreover, every economic entity which has experienced global financial crisis in 2008 is realizing more importance and power of financial service, and is recognizing financial service as a part of new engine of growth for economic development. As global linkages relating financial service in the industry are deepened, we can expect that the economic interests between countries are more conflicted. Because financial service is regarded as critical factors in order to ensure future competitive advantage, more active change of financial service paradigm in Korea is required. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the paradigm of financial service in global business aspect, to prepare the global governance strategies about financial service, and to bring up some ideas for Korea's economic development after global financial crisis by intensifying the competitiveness of financial services. It is suggested that Korea should prepare the "Master Law for Financial Service" (provisional name) in advance as governance strategy for financial service. And not only establishing the financial risks prevention system and consumer's protection agency, but financial competitiveness strengthening actions will have to be included in governance strategy of financial service in Korea.

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