• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Glass infiltration

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Study on Biaxial Flexural Strength by Glass-infiltration of Zirconia Ceramics (지르코니아 세라믹의 Glass-infiltration에 의한 2축 굽힘강도에 관한 연구)

  • Joo, Kyu-Ji;Jung, Jong-Hyun;Song, Kyung-Woo
    • Journal of Technologic Dentistry
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.41-47
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    • 2008
  • This study was to evaluate the biaxial flexural strength of zirconia ceramics after glass-infiltration on zirconia core. The zirconia specimens were made with diameter-15mm, thickness-0.6mm using zirconia block which divided into 1) sintered group, 2) heat - treated group, 3) Glass - infiltrated group and experimented fracture strength by each 10 specimens in experimental group. The biaxial flexural test was performed at crosshead speed of 0.1${\beta}\;{\AE}$ min. The experiment result average fracture strength was shown 541.0${\beta}\acute{A}$ in sintered group and glass-infiltrated group as 662.2${\beta}\acute{A}$ river of 22.4% rise appear. Weibull coefficient sintered group is 3.462 and glass-infiltrated group improved believability about fracture strength from melting permeation processing of glass by 4.716.

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Bonding of Different Mate using Common Glass in Zero Shrinkage LTCC (공통의 Glass를 이용한 LTCC 이종소재의 무수축 접한)

  • Jang, Ui-Kyeong;Shin, Hyo-Soon;Yeo, Dong-Hun;Kim, Jong-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.19 no.12
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    • pp.1106-1111
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    • 2006
  • To improve warpage, delamination and the chemical reaction between 2 different co-fired materials, the bonding behavior with common glass was studied. As shown in the previous paper, the phenomenon of the infiltration is different with the composition of the glass. In particular, in the case of low temperature melting glass, infiltration is experimented in this study. GA-1 glass is infiltrated among $BaTiO_3$ particles below $800^{\circ}C$ and is made by glass/ceramic composite. Until the laminate is fired under $850^{\circ}C$, provskite phase is observed. Although in the case of GA-12 glass, the temperature of the glass infiltration is lower than it of GA-l glass, the perovskite phase already disappears at $800^{\circ}C$. As a result, GA-1 and GA-12 glasses are infiltrated among particles at low temperature, however, the chemical reactivity of the glass/ceramic and sintering temperature should be considered.

Dielectric Properties of $BaTiO_3$ Layer with Zero Shrinkage By Glass Infiltration (Glass Infiltration에 의한 무수축 $BaTiO_3$ Layer의 유전특성)

  • Jang, Ui-kyeong;Shin, Hyo-Soon;Yeo, Dong-Hun;Kim, Jong-Hee
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.271-271
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    • 2007
  • LTCC 소재는 glass/ceramic composite로 구성된다. LTCC 소재에 embedding 되는 고유전율 소재 또한 이와 같은 소재설계를 통하여 무수축 접합이 가능할 것으로 판단된다. 그러나 이에 대한 연구결과가 보고된바 없고 몇몇 $Al_2O_3$의 infiltration에 대한 무수축 소성 관련 선행 연구를 바탕으로 고유전율 소재인 $BaTiO_3$의 무수축 소성이 연구되는 것이 필요한 시점이다. 따라서 본 연구는 저온에서의 glass infiltration에 의한 무수축 $BaTiO_3$ layer의 저온소성특성 및 유전특성을 평가하였다. 실험결과 $785^{\circ}C$에서 glass의 충분한 침투가 확인되며 결정구조에서는 glass/$BaTiO_3$ composite이 형성되었다. 무수축 접합 layer의 소성조건과 glass 두께 변화에 따른 유전특성 및 layer의 결정구조를 비교평가 하였다.

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Control of Glass Infiltration at the Al2O3/Glass/Al2O3 Interface

  • Jo, Tae-Jin;Yeo, Dong-Hun;Shin, Hyo-Soon;Hong, Youn-Woo;Cho, Yong-Soo
    • Transactions on Electrical and Electronic Materials
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.32-34
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    • 2011
  • A zero-shrinkage sintering process in which the shrinkage of the x-y axis is controlled to be zero is in great demand due to the high integration trend in ceramic modules. Among the zero-shrinkage sintering processes available, the glass infiltration method proposed in the preliminary study with an $Al_2O_3/Glass/Al_2O_3$ structure is one promising method. However, problems exist in regard to the glass infiltration method, including partially incomplete joining between $Al_2O_3$ and glass layers due to the precipitate of Ti-Pb rich phase during the sintering process. Therefore, we wish to solve the de-lamination problems and suggest a mechanism for delamination and the solutions in the zero-shrinkage low temperature co-fired ceramic (LTCC) layers. The de-lamination problems diminished using the Pb-BSi-O glass without $TiO_2$ in Pb-B-Ti-Si-O glass and produced a very dense zero-shrinkage LTCC.

Control of De-Lamination Phenomena in LTCC Zero-Shrinkage by Glass Infiltration Method

  • Jo, Tae-Jin;Yeo, Dong-Hun
    • Transactions on Electrical and Electronic Materials
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.23-26
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    • 2012
  • A zero-shrinkage sintering process in which the shrinkage of x-y axis is controlled to be zero is in great demand due to the trend of high integration in the ceramic modules. Among the zero-shrinkage sintering processes that are available, the proposed glass infiltration method where the viscous but fluidic glass infiltrates of the $Al_2O_3$ particles in the structure of $Al_2O_3$/glass/$Al_2O_3$ during firing is one of the applicable methods. However, the above proposed glass infiltration method has the problem of the warpage-like delamination. This occurred at the outermost surface of the multiple-bundle substrate. It is thought that the decomposed gas rapidly expands in low viscous glass to create vacant space. To solve this problem, the vacant space was tamped with $Al_2O_3$ particles to lead to the actual improvement of the sintered properties. With 15 wt% of tamping $Al_2O_3$ particles in glass, most of the vacant space disappeared. Fully densified zero-shrinkage substrate without delamination can be obtained.

COMPARISON OF COLOR AND OPACITY OF COPY-MILLED IN-CERAM ALUMINA CORE AND SPINELL CORE (Copy-milled In-Ceram Alumina core와 Spinell core의 색과 불투명도 비교)

  • Bae, Jeong-Sun;Vang, Mong-Sook
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.756-766
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    • 1999
  • This study was performed to evaluate effect on color and opacity of 3 different copy-milled In-Ceram cores by glass infiltration and porcelain veneering. Color was evaluated by the $CIEL^*a^*b^*$ readings were recorded with a Colorimeter, Color difference value(${\Delta}E^*_{ab}$) was calculated and opacity was represented by the contrast ratio. The variance of each color parameter ($L^*,\;a^*,\;b^*$), color difference value, and opacity change after glass-infiltrated and after veneered with porcelain was compared. Three experimental groups were fabricated as follows. Group 1 (Alumina core) 15 Alumina blanks was infiltrated with originally marketed glass (A1) and veneered with porcelain(A1) Group 2 (modified Alumina core) : 15 Alumina blanks was infiltrated with its associated glass(S11) and veneered with porcelain(A1) Group 3 (Spinell core) : 15 Spinell blanks was infiltrated with originally developed glass(S11) and veneered with porcelain(A1). The results were as follows: 1. After glass infiltration, $L^*$ value showed decrease, $a^*$ value showed decrease only group 1(p<0.001) and $b^*$ value showed increase on group 1, increase on group 2, 3(p<0.001). 2. After porcelain veneering, $L^*$ value showed decrease(p<0.001), $a^*$ value showed increase on group 1, decrease on group 2(p<0.05) and $b^*$ value showed decrease on group 1, increase on group 2, 3 (p<0.001). 3. ${\Delta}E^*_{ab}$ between before and after glass infiltration was more than 13.77, and between after glass infiltration and after porcelain veneering more than 19.63. 4. After glass infiltration and porcelain veneering, Alumina showed the lowest $L^*,\;a^*$ value and highest $b^*$ value among 3 different groups (p<0.05). ${\Delta}E^*_{ab}$ between group 1-2, 1-3 was higher than that of group 2-3. 5. After glass infiltration, opacity showed decrease, Group 1 had the highest opacity(p<0.05), but no significant differences between group 2 and 3. Above results suggest that glass infiltration and porcelain veneering effects on color and opacity of In-Ceram core, and that modified In-Ceram Alumina uses single crowns or bridges like In-Ceram Spinell.

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Sintering Behavior and Dielectric Properties of $Al_2O_3$/Glass/$Al_2O_3$ Ceramics by Glass Infiltration (Glass Infiltration법에 의한 $Al_2O_3$/Glass/$Al_2O_3$ 세라믹스의 소결거동 및 유전특성)

  • Jo, Tae-Jin;Yeo, Dong-Hun;Sin, Hyo-Soon;Hong, Yeon-Woo;Kim, Jong-Hee;Cho, Yong-Soo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.177-177
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    • 2009
  • 이동통신 시스템의 소형화 경량화 다기능화 추세에 따라 세라믹 모듈의 정밀도 및 집적도가 중요한 요소로 부각되고 있다. 이러한 모듈의 고집적화 추세에 대응하기 위하여 세라믹 소성시 수축율 제어가 필수적인 요소로 부각되고 있으며, 이에 따라 X, Y축의 소성 수축율을 0에 근접하게 제어하는 무수축 소성 기술이 요구되고 있다. 선행연구를 통하여 $Al_2O_3$/Glass/$Al_2O_3$ 구조의 glass infiltration법에 의한 무수축 소성 기술 구현 가능성을 확인하였으나, 아직 해결해야 할 문제점들이 있다. glass가 $Al_2O_3$층으로 infiltration되는 과정에서 glass층이 de-lamination 되는 결함이 발견되었으며 이는 유전체 기판의 Q값을 낮추고 기판의 신뢰성에 악영향을 줄 수 있어 이에 대한 개선이 필요한 실정이다. 본 연구에서는 $Al_2O_3$/Glass/$Al_2O_3$ 구조의 glass infiltration법에 의한 선행 실험에서 관찰된 기판 내부의 de-lamination 현상에 대한 원인을 규명하고 해결책을 제시하고자 하였다. glass 유동과 바인더 burn-out이 동시에 진행됨에 따라 기공이 생성되며 glass가 점성유동함에 따라 이 기공이 glass층으로 모이게 되어 de-lamination 현상이 발생하는 것으로 사료된다. 이를 해결하기 위하여 de-lamination층에 $Al_2O_3$의 tamping을 시도하여 glass층의 기공이 빠져 나갈 수 있는 channel 을 형성하고, 남아있는 기공을 $Al_2O_3$로 채우는 효과를 얻을 수 있었다. 이에 따라 기판의 밀도와 Quality factor 값이 향상되었으며 미세구조가 치밀한 무수축 기판을 제작할 수 있었다.

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Sintering and Dielectric Properties of LTCC Zero Shrinkage Substrate by Glass Infiltration (Glass Infiltration법에 의한 LTCC 무수축 기판의 소결특성 및 유전특성)

  • You, Jung-Hun;Yeo, Dong-Hun;Shin, Hyo-Soon;Kim, Hyo-Tae;Kim, Jong-Hee;Yoon, Ho-Gyu
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.49-49
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    • 2007
  • Glass infiltration 방법을 이용하여 '$A_2O_3$/Glass/$Al_2O_3$' 구조의 무수축 LTCC 기판을 제조하였다. Glass infiltration 법에 의한 무수축 기판 제조에 있어 가장 중요한 요소로는 Glass의 점성은 낮고, alumina에 대한 Glass의 젖음성 (wettability)이 좋으며. 낮은 반응성이 요구되기 때문에 Glass의 조성 선정이 무엇보다 중요하다. 본 연구에서는 Na, Pb, Mg 계열의 각기 다른 glass들의 alumina에 대한 젖음성을 평가하여 젖음성 및 치밀성이 우수한 Pb 계열의 Glass를 이용하여 LTCC 기판으로 적용 가능한 온도인 $700{\sim}900^{\circ}C$에서 '$A_2O_3$/Glass/$Al_2O_3$'구조의 glass infiltration 특성을 고찰하였다. 소성 후 수축율은 x-y축 0.2%, Z축 40%, 밑도 $3.8g/cm^3$, 유전율 6.8, 품질계수 552로 무수축 기판으로서의 적용 가능성을 확인하였다.

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Effect of Glass Composition on the Properties of Glass-Infiltrated Alumina (II) : Effect of La2O3 (유리침투 알루미나 복합체의 물성에 미치는 유리조성의 영향 (II) : La2O3의 영향)

  • Lee, Jae-Hee;Kim, Cheol-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.41 no.12
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    • pp.939-945
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    • 2004
  • Glasses of $SiO_2-B_{2}O_3-Al_{2}O_3-CaO-La_{2}O_3$ with various amounts of $La_{2}O_3$ were infiltrated into a porous alumina to make an alumina-glass composite. The infiltration characterization and bending strength of the composite were examined in terms of glass composition. $La_{2}O_3$ in the glass decreased the high temperature viscosity and this enhanced the wetting behaviour of this glass to alumina, and made glass infiltration easier. The infiltrated glass dissolved the alumina skeleton, and $Al_{2}O_3$ component in the glass melt reprecipitated on the alumina. The grain growth occurred to a specific crystal direction. The glass containing $20mole\%$ of $La_{2}O_3$ was crystallized after infiltration, and this enhanced the bending strength of the composite.

Mechanical and optical properties of alumina/zirconia-glass dental crown composites (인공치관용 알루미나/지르코니아-유리 복합체의 기계적 및 광학적 특성)

  • 이득용;장주웅
    • Journal of the Korean Crystal Growth and Crystal Technology
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.99-104
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    • 2003
  • Alumina/zirconia-glass composites prepared by melt-infiltration were investigated to evaluate the influence of zirconia addition on mechanical and optical properties of the composites and glass penetration kinetics. The infiltration distance was parabolic with respect to time as described by the Washburn equation and the penetration rate constant, K, decreased due to the reduction In pore size as the amount of zirconia rose. The zirconia addition increased lightness ($L^*$) but reduced K, transmittance and color sharpness ($C^*$) It can be concluded that the zirconia addition was not effective to the mechanical properties of the composites due to the increase in porosity even though the toughness of the composites increased when zirconia was added up to 15 wt%.