• Title, Summary, Keyword: Genetic Parameters

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Optimization of Design Parameters of a Servo Valve Using the Genetic Algorithm (유전자 알고리즘을 이용한 서어보 밸브의 설계 파라미터 최적화)

  • Um, Tai-Joon
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.464-468
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    • 2000
  • This paper presents the optimization technique to select the design parameters of a hydraulic servo valve using the genetic algorithm. The dynamic performance is governed by the design parameters of the servo valve and they may be select by repeated number of simulations such that the desired performance is obtained. Using the genetic algorithm to optimize the design parameters, effective method is suggested. This method can be used for the design of the hydraulic systems as well as the servo valve.

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Parameter Estimation of Runoff Model Using the Genetic Algorithm (유전자 알고리즘을 이용한 유출모형의 매개변수 추정)

  • 조현경;이영화
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.12 no.10
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    • pp.1109-1116
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    • 2003
  • The genetic algorithm is investigated fer parameters estimation of SED (storage - effective drainage) model from the Wi-stream watershed in Nakdong river basin. In the practical application of model, as a number of watershed parameters do not measure directly, it is desirable to make a good estimation from the known rainfall and runoff data. For the estimation of parameters of the SED model using the genetic algorithm, parameters of Green-Ampt equation(SM, K$\_$s/) for the estimation of an effective rainfall and initial storage(y$\_$in/) used in SED model are obtained a regression equation with 5, 10, 20 days antecedent precipitation. And as a consequence of computation, the parameters were obtained to satisfy the proposed objective function. From the comparison of observed and computed hydrographs, it shows a good agreement in the shape and the rising limb, peak, falling limb of hydrograph, so the SED model using the genetic algorithm shows a suitable model for runoff analysis in river basin.

Estimation of Genetic Parameters for Direct and Maternal Effects on Litter Size and Teat Numbers in Korean Seedstock Swine Population

  • Song, Guy-Bong;Lee, Jun-Ho;Lee, Deuk-Hwan
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.52 no.3
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    • pp.187-190
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    • 2010
  • The objective of this study was to estimate genetic parameters for total number of born (TNB), number of born alive (NBA) and teat numbers (TN) of Landrace and Yorkshire breeds in Korean swine population using multiple trait animal model procedures. Total numbers of 4,653 records for teat numbers and 8,907 records for TNB and NBA collected from 2004 to 2008 on imported breeding pigs and their litter size records were used in this study. To find the appropriate model for estimation of genetic parameters (heritabilities and genetic correlations), five statistical models (two models for reproductive traits, two models for teat numbers, one model for combining these traits) considering only direct additive genetic effects, including maternal effects were used and Akaike information criteria (AIC) of each two models for reproductive traits and teat trait were compared. The means and standard deviations of TNB, NBA, and TN were $11.52{\pm}3.34$, $10.55{\pm}2.96$ and $14.30{\pm}0.83$, respectively. Estimated heritabilities for TNB and NBA traits using the model which considered only additive genetic effect were low (0.06 and 0.05, respectively). However, estimated heritabilities considering maternal genetic effects were a little bit higher than that of the model considering only additive genetic effect (0.09 for TNB and NBA, respectively). Estimated heritability for TN using the model which considered only additive genetic effect was 0.40. However, estimated heritability of direct genetic effects from a model considering maternal genetic effect was high (0.60). All results of AIC statistics, the models considering maternal effect was more appropriate than the models considering only additive genetic effect. Genetic correlations of direct additive genetic effect between litter size (TNB, NBA) and teat numbers were low (-0.18 and -0.14, respectively). However, genetic correlations of maternal effect between litter size (TNB, NBA) and teat numbers were a little bit higher than those of direct additive genetic effect (0.08 and 0.16, respectively).

Optimization of Control Parameters for Hydraulic Systems Using Genetic Algorithms (유전알고리듬을 이용한 유압시스템의 제어파라메터 최적화)

  • Hyeon, Jang-Hwan
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.21 no.9
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    • pp.1462-1469
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    • 1997
  • This study presents a genetic algorithm-based method for optimizing control parameters in fluid power systems. Genetic algorithms are general-purpose optimization methods based on natural evolution and genetics. A genetic algorithm seeks control parameters maximizing a measure that evaluates system performance. Five control gains of the PID-PD cascade controller fr an electrohydraulic speed control system with a variable displacement hydraulic motor are optimized using a genetic algorithm in the experiment. Optimized gains are confirmed by inspecting the fitness distribution which represents system performance in gain spaces. It is shown that optimization of the five gains by manual tuning should be a task of great difficulty and that a genetic algorithm is an efficient scheme giving economy of time and in labor in optimizing control parameters of fluid power systems.

Application of self organizing genetic algorithm

  • Jeong, Il-Kwon;Lee, Ju-Jang
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.18-21
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    • 1995
  • In this paper we describe a new method for multimodal function optimization using genetic algorithms(GAs). We propose adaptation rules for GA parameters such as population size, crossover probability and mutation probability. In the self organizing genetic algorithm(SOGA), SOGA parameters change according to the adaptation rules. Thus, we do not have to set the parameters manually. We discuss about SOGA and those of other approaches for adapting operator probabilities in GAs. The validity of the proposed algorithm will be verified in a simulation example of system identification.

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Evolutionary Design and Re-design Using Design Parameters and Goals (설계 인자와 설계 목표를 이용한 진화 설계 및 재설계)

  • Lee, Kang-Soo;Lee, Kun-Woo
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.16 no.11
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    • pp.106-115
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    • 1999
  • Design parameters and goals play important roles in design. Design goals are the required functions of the design elements and explicitly expressed by design parameters. Design parameters also indicate the relations among design elements, by which constraint networks can be constructed and some useful information can be induced. In this study, the mechanical design process is assumed to be the assignment of design goals and their realization through the evolutionary refinement of the design parameters. Thus an integrated design system is proposed to support the process of assigning the design goals and refining the values of the design parameters. In the design system, a genetic engine that utilizes a genetic algorithm is installed to simulate an iterative design process, which leads to an evolutionary design. The genetic engine treats design parameters as genes and design goals as evaluation function. Re-design and design modification are facilitated by the design parameters. The re-design can be activated in the design system by using the information stored in the design parameters when design parameters or goals are changed.

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A Study to Improve the Return of Stock Investment Using Genetic Algorithm (유전자 알고리즘을 이용한 주식투자 수익률 향상에 관한 연구)

  • Cho He Youn;Kim Young Min
    • The Journal of Information Systems
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.1-20
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    • 2003
  • This paper deals with the application of the genetic algorithm to the technical trading rule of the stock market. MACD(Moving Average Convergence & Divergence) and the Stochastic techniques are widely used technical trading rules in the financial markets. But, it is necessary to determine the parameters of these trading rules in order to use the trading rules. We use the genetic algorithm to obtain the appropriate values of the parameters. We use the daily KOSPI data of eight years during January 1995 and October 2002 as the experimental data. We divide the total experimental period into learning period and testing period. The genetic algorithm determines the values of parameters for the trading rules during the teaming period and we test the performance of the algorithm during the testing period with the determined parameters. Also, we compare the return of the genetic algorithm with the returns of buy-hold strategy and risk-free asset. From the experiment, we can see that the genetic algorithm outperforms the other strategies. Thus, we can conclude that genetic algorithm can be used successfully to the technical trading rule.

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An Optimal Design of pilot type relief valve by Genetic Algorithm (파일럿형 압력 릴리프 밸브의 최적설계)

  • 김승우;안경관;양순용;이병룡;윤소남
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.1006-1011
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    • 2003
  • In this study, a novel systematic design procedure by Genetic Algorithm of a two stage relief valve is proposed. First of all, a mathematical model describing the dynamics of a balanced piston type relief valve has been derived. Governing equations such as dynamic equations for the main spool and the pilot spool and flow equations for each orifice are established. The mathematical model is verified by comparing the results of simulation with that of experiments. Furthermore, influences of the parameters on the dynamic characteristics of a relief valve have been investigated by simulation of the proposed model. Major design parameters on the valve response are determined, which affect the system response significantly. And then, using the determined parameters, the optimization of the two stage relief valve by Genetic Algorithm, which is a random search algorithm can find the global optimum without converging local optimum, is performed. The optimal design process of a two stage relief valve is presented to determine the major design parameters. Fitness function reflects the changing pressure according to parameters. It is shown that the genetic algorithms satisfactorily optimized the major design parameters of the two stage relief valve.

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An Optimal Design of a two stage relief valve by Genetic Algorithm (유전자 알고리즘을 이용한 2단 릴리프 밸브의 최적설계)

  • 김승우;안경관;이병룡
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.501-506
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    • 2002
  • In this study, a novel systematic design procedure by Genetic Algorithm of a two stage relief valve is proposed. First of all. a mathematical model describing the dynamics of a balanced piston type relief valve has been derived. Governing equations such as dynamic equations for the main spool and the pilot spool and flow equations for each orifice are established. The mathematical model is verified by comparing the results of simulation with that of experiments. Furthermore, influences of the parameters on the dynamic characteristics of a relief valve have been investigated by simulation of the proposed model. Major design parameters on the valve response are determined, which affect the system response significantly. And then, using the determined parameters, the optimization of the two stage relief valve by Genetic Algorithm, which is a random search algorithm can find the global optimum without converging local optimum, is performed. The optimal design process of a two stage relief valve is presented to determine the major design parameters. Fitness function reflects the changing pressure according to parameters. It is shown that the genetic algorithms satisfactorily optimized the major design parameters of the two stage relief valve.

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Exploring Ways to Improve the Predictability of Flowering Time and Potential Yield of Soybean in the Crop Model Simulation (작물모형의 생물계절 및 잠재수량 예측력 개선 방법 탐색: I. 유전 모수 정보 향상으로 콩의 개화시기 및 잠재수량 예측력 향상이 가능한가?)

  • Chung, Uran;Shin, Pyeong;Seo, Myung-Chul
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.203-214
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    • 2017
  • There are two references of genetic information in Korean soybean cultivar. This study suggested that the new seven genetic information to supplement the uncertainty on prediction of potential yield of two references in soybean, and assessed the availability of two references and seven genetic information for future research. We carried out evaluate the prediction on flowering time and potential yield of the two references of genetic parameters and the new seven genetic parameters (New1~New7); the new seven genetic parameters were calibrated in Jinju, Suwon, Chuncheon during 2003-2006. As a result, in the individual and regional combination genetic parameters, the statistical indicators of the genetic parameters of the each site or the genetic parameters of the participating stations showed improved results, but did not significant. In Daegu, Miryang, and Jeonju, the predictability on flowering time of genetic parameters of New7 was not improved than that of two references. However, the genetic parameters of New7 showed improvement of predictability on potential yield. No predictability on flowering time of genetic parameters of two references as having the coefficient of determination ($R^2$) on flowering time respectively, at 0.00 and 0.01, but the predictability of genetic parameter of New7 was improved as $R^2$ on flowering time of New7 was 0.31 in Miryang. On the other hand, $R^2$ on potential yield of genetic parameters of two references were respectively 0.66 and 0.41, but no predictability on potential yield of genetic parameter of New7 as $R^2$ of New7 showed 0.00 in Jeonju. However, it is expected that the regional combination genetic parameters with the good evaluation can be utilized to predict the flowering timing and potential yields of other regions. Although it is necessary to analyze further whether or not the input data is uncertain.