• Title, Summary, Keyword: Generator

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A Design and Voltage Control of a High Efficiency Generator with PM Exciter (고효율 영구자석 여자기 구조의 발전기 설계와 전압제어)

  • Jo, YeongJun;Lee, Dong-Hee
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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    • v.65 no.11
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    • pp.1827-1834
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    • 2016
  • This paper presents a high efficient generator with PM(Permanent Magnet) exciter. The proposed PM exciter for the generator can produce a linear output voltage according to the engine speed. This output voltage is directly used to control the field current of the generator to adjust the generator output voltage. In the proposed generator system, since the field winding current can be supplied by the PM exciter, the generator can self-start without any battery or an external power supply due to the low residential flux. Furthermore, the operating efficiency of the generator is higher than a conventional winding exciter. The main problem of the proposed generator system, the field winding current controller has to be embedded inside the generator, and it rotates according to the generator shaft. In this paper, the proper embedded current controller is designed for the proposed generator system. Due to the embedded controller cannot be connected to the outside the generator controller, the measured instantaneous output voltage of the generator is transferred by the photo isolated communication using shaft aligned infrared transmitter and receiver to keep the constant generator output voltage. In this paper, 10kW, 380V engine generator with PM exciter and the embedded DAVR(Digital Automatic Voltage Regulator) are described. The proposed high efficiency generator is simulated and tested to verify the effectiveness.

Self-Starting Excitation System with Low-Power Permanent Magnet Generator

  • Cho, Chong Hyun;Lee, Dong-Hee
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.2268-2275
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    • 2018
  • This paper presents a high-efficiency low-power permanent magnet (PM) generator for the power supply of the generator exciter. In the conventional generator system, the power for the exciter is fed by the generator output power or an emergency battery for the starting. The proposed low-power PM generator can generate the proper power and voltage to excite the exciter field winding. According to the starting of the generator, the designed PM generator can supply the constant voltage to the Automatic Voltage Regulator (AVR), then it can be used to control of exciter field current for the generator. Because of the designed PM generator which is placed inside the conventional generator system, the emergency battery and Potential Transducer(PT) for AVR can be removed. Thus, the total efficiency can be improved. The proposed generator system is tested in the practical system. And the efficiency characteristic is analyzed.

A comparison of the operating characteristics of the synchronous generator and induction generator applied to the small hydroelectric power plant (소수력에 적용한 동기발전기와 유도발전기의 운전 특성 비교)

  • Kim, Jong-Gyeum;Kim, Young-Kuk
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers P
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    • v.63 no.2
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    • pp.55-60
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    • 2014
  • In general, A synchronous generator is higher than the voltage stability of the induction generator. However, induction generator has many advantages rather than a synchronous generator in terms of price and maintenance. So, coverage rate of the induction generator is gradually increasing in small hydroelectric power station rather than 1000kW recently. In order to increase the penetration of induction generator, pre-analysis of the operation of the generator is needed. In this study, we analyzed for the problems that occur when synchronous generator and induction generator of 1500kW is connected to the distribution system.

Modeling and Simulation of Loss of Excitation of Hydro Generator Control System (수력 발전기 제어시스템의 계자상실 모델링과 시뮬레이션)

  • Park, Chul-Won
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers P
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    • v.63 no.2
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    • pp.74-80
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    • 2014
  • Generator protection device has to detects an internal fault conditions in generator and abnormal operating conditions must be due to the hazards. Loss of excitation may cause generator itself failure as well as serious operating problem in power system, and then requires an appropriate response of generator protection device. Details modeling of generator control system and analysis of transient states in generator are important for optimal operation in power plants. In addition, the fault simulation data are also used for testing the characteristics of IED. In this paper, the hydro generator control system using PSCAD/EMTDC, visual simulation for power systems, was modeled. The generator control system which is composed of generator, turbine, exciter, governor was implemented. The parameters of generator control system model were obtained from field power plant. Loss of excitation simulations were performed while varying the fixed load. Several signals analysis were also performed so as to analyze transients phenomena.

Analysis of High Vibration in Nuclear Turbine-Generator (원자력 발전소 터빈-발전기 고진동 저감에 대한 고찰)

  • Lee, Woo-Kwang;Ko, Woo-Sig;Kim, Kye-Yean;Koo, Jae-Raeyang
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.46-50
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    • 2007
  • The nuclear power plant's turbine-generator system had been suffered form some problems, such as high shaft vibration, generator casing crack, stator coil water leakage, high $H_2$ gas consumption rate. Those kinds of problems were related to high vibration. So nuclear plant decided to replace generator in order to reduce rotor high vibration and high thermal sensitivity. A series of effort to reduce turbine-generator vibration was carried out as followings, first of all, replacement of generator, analysis of turbine-generator vibration, LP B rotor shop balancing, improvement of LP B/Gen coupling run-out, improvement of Generator basement and field balancing. Finally the nuclear turbine-generator's shaft vibration was reduced below $60{\mu}m$ from over $200{\mu}m$ which is very excellent vibration in nuclear turbine-generator in Korea.

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A Study on Design of IED for Generator Protection Panel (발전기보호반을 위한 IED의 설계에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Chul-Won;Park, Sung-Wan
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers P
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    • v.62 no.3
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    • pp.133-138
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    • 2013
  • A large generator is an important role in transferring an electric power to power system. The IEDs of large generator often use microprocessor technology to obtain a digital relay system with a wide range of measuring, protection, control, monitoring, and communication functions. However, all generator protection and control systems in Korea imported from abroad and are being operated. In order to reduce the large expense and improve the reliable operation, development of generator protection and control system by domestic technology is required. This paper deals with the design of the IED of generator protection panel for development of generator protection and control system. The major emphasis of the paper will be on the description of hardware and signal processing test results and measurement accuracy of the prototype IED. By developing of generator IED based on DSP and microprocessor, replacement of the generator protection panel imports are expected to be effective.

A Design and Control Scheme of a High Efficiency Hybrid PM Generator (고효율 하이브리드 영구자석 발전기의 설계 및 제어방식)

  • Jo, Yeongjun;Lee, Dong-Hee
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Power Electronics
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.112-120
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    • 2018
  • This work presents a hybrid generator, which is a combination of a permanent magnet (PM) and winding structure with a PM exciter. The field winding of the proposed hybrid generator is fed by the PM exciter and the embedded current controller, which is installed in the generator shaft. In the no-load condition, the output voltage of the generator is produced by the PM flux of the generator without any field winding current. The field winding current produces an insufficient flux to retain the output voltage of the generator when the load is injected. The total efficiency can be increased from the PM exciter and PM flux of the generator. The field current has to be controlled inside the proposed generator. The generated power from the PM exciter is used to excite the field flux of the generator. The embedded current controller is commanded by the external voltage controller using the infrared wireless method. The 10 kW prototype hybrid PM generator is designed and tested to verify the effectiveness of the proposed system. The experimental results are compared with those of the winding generator with PM exciter.

Analysis for Voltage Fluctuation and Power Flow at the Grid-Connected Time of Squirrel-Cage Induction Generator (농형 유도발전기의 계통 연계시 전압 변동 및 전력 흐름 분석)

  • Kim, Jong-Gyeum
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Illuminating and Electrical Installation Engineers
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.45-51
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    • 2014
  • Synchronous generators and induction generators are mainly used in hydroelectric power generation. Synchronous generator is mainly applied to large hydroelectric plants but induction generator is applied to the small hydro power plants. Stability of induction generator is slightly less than the synchronous generator. However, induction generator has many advantages rather than a synchronous generator in terms of price and maintenance. So Induction generator is used primarily in small hydroelectric power station less than 1,000kW recently. Squirrel cage induction generator generates a high inrush current at the grid-connection. This high inrush current causes a voltage drop on the grid. In order to reduce the voltage drop and to analyze the power flow, the analysis for operating characteristics of the induction generator should be reviewed in advance. In this study, we analyzed the voltage drop and power flow analysis when a 1500kW induction generator is connected to the grid. The voltage drop is slightly higher than the acceptable range of distributed power supply voltage and the power flow of the generator is performed well.

A Unified Voltage Generator Which Merges the Pumping Capacitor of Boosted Voltage Generator and Substrate Voltage Generator (내부 승압 전원 발생기와 기판 인가 전원 발생기의 펌핑 수단을 공유한 전원 전압 발생기)

  • 신동학;장성진;전영현;이칠기
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea SD
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    • v.40 no.11
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    • pp.45-53
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    • 2003
  • This paper describes a Unified Voltage Generator that merges the pumping capacitors of boosted voltage generator (VPP) and substrate voltage generator (VBB) for DRAM. This unified voltage generator simultaneously supplies VPP and VBB voltages by using one pumping capacitor and one oscillator. The proposed generator is realized by 0.14${\mu}{\textrm}{m}$DRAM process. The generator reduces the power consumption to 30%, the area of total generator to 40% and the area of pumping capacitor to 29.6%, and improves the pumping efficiency to 13.2% at 2.0V supply voltage. In addition, the generator adopts the charge recycling technique for precharging the pumping capacitor during the period of precharge, thatcan reduces the precharge current to 75%.

A Study on the Starter Control of the Turbo Generator (터보 제너레이터의 시동기 제어에 관한 연구)

  • 박승엽;노민식
    • Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.286-293
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    • 2004
  • This paper presents the result of a study on the starter control for a turbo generator. Because a starter in gear box type turbo-generator system is composed of gearbox and brush DC motor, it should be replaced with High Speed Generator(HSG)) in HSG type Turbo-generator. There-ore, it is necessary to design a new starting algorithm and starter. In gearbox type system, brush DC motor is rotated to the designed speed using low voltage-high current battery power. After brush DC motor speed is increased to several times by gearbox, gas turbine engine can be rotated to designed starting speed. If we implement a starter with High Speed Generator(HSG), it is necessary to drive high-speed generator to high-speed motor. High-speed generator with permanent magnet on rotor has a low leakage inductance fur driving high-speed rotation, and it is necessary high DC link voltage for inverter when High-speed generator is driven to high speed. This paper presents result of development of the boost converter for converting high voltage DC from low battery voltage and design of the inverter for controlling a high frequency current to be injected to motor winding. Also, we show performance of the designed starter by driving the turbo generator.