• Title, Summary, Keyword: General Ward

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A Comparison of Nursing Work Environment, Role Conflict, and Job Embeddedness of Nurses Working in Comprehensive Nursing Care Service Wards and General Wards in a Tertiary Hospital (상급종합병원에서의 간호·간병통합서비스 병동과 일반병동 간호사의 근무환경, 역할갈등, 직무 배태성 비교)

  • So, Hye-Eun;Hwang, Jee-In
    • Quality Improvement in Health Care
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.11-22
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: The objective of this study was to compare and analyze the work environment, role conflict, and job embeddedness between comprehensive nursing care service (CNCS) ward nurses and general ward nurses. Methods: This descriptive research study involved 70 CNCS ward nurses and 69 general ward nurses working at an advanced general hospital in Seoul. Data were collected using the structured questionnaire from March 27 to April 14, 2019 and analyzed with the SPSS 24.0 program. Results: The work environment of the CNCS ward nurse was higher than that of the general ward nurse (t=4.38, p<.001), and the role conflict of the CNCS ward nurse was lower than that of the general ward nurse (t=-2.09, p=.038). However, job embeddedness did not show any statistically significant difference (t=0.22, p=.824). Conclusion: The results of this study show that the introduction of CNCS ward has shown improvement in the work environment and strengthened the establishment of the roles in their team, while maintaining the job embeddedness of nurses. These results indicate that improvements in the work environment, such as nurse staffing and material support, would contribute to the qualitative enhancement of nursing and that it would need to extend the introduction of CNCS wards.

A Comparative Study on the Operation Status of Comprehensive Nursing Care Ward (간호·간병통합서비스 제공 병동의 운영현황 비교연구)

  • Lee, Kyoung A;Lee, Seon Heui
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.196-204
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to contribute to the activation of comprehensive nursing care services by comparing and analyzing the working environment and operational status of comprehensive nursing care wards with general wards. Methods: A questionnaire survey was conducted at hospitals operating comprehensive nursing care services. We collected data on patient characteristics, workforce, working environment, and work support facilities of 40 hospitals voluntarily participating in the survey. The collected data were analyzed by dividing it into an comprehensive nursing care ward and a general ward. Results: Compared with the general ward, the comprehensive nursing care ward had fewer hospitalized patients, but the severity of the patients and the need for nursing were high. The number of nurses, assistant nurses, and ward support workers per patient was higher in the comprehensive nursing care ward than in the general ward, and the implementation rate of night shift fixed system, the fixed shift system, and the preceptor system were higher. In terms of structural environment, comprehensive nursing care wards had more room for interviews. Conclusion: The comprehensive nursing care ward had more nursing staff and provided a better working environment than the general ward, but required additional support for the structural environment.

A Study on the Architectural Planning for the Children's Ward in General Hospital (종합병원 소아병동부에 관한 건축계획적 연구)

  • Song, Young-Suk;Kim, Kwang-Moon
    • Journal of The Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture
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    • v.3 no.5
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    • pp.97-105
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    • 1997
  • According as the medical demands have been high, ward dept, in general Hospital become more specifying. One thing of its sample is Children ward in general Hospitals and Children's medical demand become increasing. Therefore, this study aims to represent the standard for the architectural planning of the children ward in general Hospital. For it, the present conditions and space programs of 4 general Hospitals were investigated, analyzed. And to present children ward's functional programs, plans of the 2 domestic children hospitals and foreign children hospitals were analyzed. Then one children ward in general hospital was selected, architectural remodeing process was performed by the whole those sources.

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A Study on the Space configuration and Area of the Standard Ward in General Hospital in China (중국 종합병원 표준 병동부 공간구성 및 면적에 관한 연구)

  • Lyu, Cheng;Chai, Choul Gyun
    • Journal of The Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.55-64
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The ward division is a representative part of the hospital, where a variety of user activities are performed. Users can be broadly categorized as patients and carers, visitors, and medical staff (doctors and nurses). The relationship between these two is a major issue with ward planning as the patient's place of life centers around the hospital room and the task of the clinical workforce centers around the nursing station (NS). Against this backdrop, the study divides the ward units of the General Hospital of China into patient areas, medical team areas, supply areas, and public domain, with the focus on the ward areas affecting most significantly in the hospital patients. Methods: The theoretical advance studies of the standard ward unit are identified by the associated guidelines, articles, and documentation. Results: This study is a summary analysis of relevant regulations, reference literature, and drawing data from the target hospital. Further work is expected to be undertaken, including further surveys and observational surveys, to produce more detailed results. Implications: It is expected that the research in this paper will provide an effective reference for the future research of China General Hospital Ward department, so as to promote and improve the work system of China General Hospital Ward department.

An Analysis of Cost and Profit of a Nursing Unit using Performance-Based Costing: Case of a General Surgical Ward in a General Hospital (시행기준 원가계산을 적용한 간호단위 원가 및 수익 인식에 관한 연구: 1개 종합병원 일반외과병동 사례를 중심으로)

  • Lim, Ji-Young
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.161-171
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to analysize net income of a surgical nursing ward in a general hospital. Method: Data collection and analysis was conducted using a performance-based costing and activity-based costing method. Result: Direct nursing activities in the surgical ward were 68, indirect nursing activities were 10. The total cost volume of the surgical ward was calculated at \119,913,334.5. The cost volume of the allocated medical department was \91,588,200.3, and the ward consumed cost was \28,325,134.2. The revenue of the surgical nursing ward was \33,269,925.0. The expense of a surgical nursing ward was \28,325,134.2. Therefore, the net income of a surgical nursing ward was \4,944,790.8. Conclusion: We suggest that to develop a more refined nursing cost calculation model, a standard nursing cost calculation system needs to be developed.

The Difference in Circadian Rhythm and Level of Fatigue Between ER and General Ward Nurse (응급실과 일반병동 간호사의 밤번 근무시 Circadian rhythm과 피로도 비교)

  • Choi, Sun-Yun;Hong, Hae-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.86-99
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study is to find out the difference in circadian rhythm and level of fatigue between ER and General Ward Nurse. This study was done through analyzing body temperature, heart rate and major electrolytes such as $Na^+$ and $K^+$ concentration on urinalysis, which are related to factors of circadian rhythm and level of fatigue. The subjects, 17 nurses from Emergency Room and 25 nurses from general ward, were selected from a General Hospital in Taegu City on August 8 to 23, 1998. And the data were analyzed by proportion, t-test, chi-square and Pearson's Correlation, ANCOVA, using SAS program. The results of this study were shown as follows: First, The difference of Maximal and minimal heart rate was significant between ER group and general ward group. However, body temperature difference wasn't notable. Second, Urine $Na^+$ concentration on urinalysis was lower and $K^+$ concentration on urinalysis was higher in ER group than general ward group significantly. Third, Fatigue level was higher in ER group than general ward group significantly. Fourth, through urine concentration, significant relations in circadian rhythm of ER nurse group and general ward group and their fatigue level were found. Urine $Na^+$ concentration on urinalysis of ER nurse was significant related with their fatigue level. In conclusion, the effect of fatigue on circadian rhythm is greater in ER group than general ward group during night shift. This study could be a help in improvement of nurse's health and understanding the effect of fatigue on health.

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A Comparative Study regarding Health Condition and Work Stress of Nurses Working in Cancer Ward and General Ward (암병동간호사와 일반병동간호사의 건강상태와 직무스트레스 비교 연구)

  • Kim, Hyun-Sook
    • Asian Oncology Nursing
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.191-203
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    • 2001
  • The health of a nurse is very important because her mental and physical health can influence toward nursing patients directly, Especially, Cancer patients are growing annually. Also, terminal cancer patients' nursing and dead place are increasingly using hospital and the period of nursing for cancer patients are increasing. Nursing for cancer patients are different with acute disease. Therefore, I analysed comparing nurses' health working in cancer and general ward so that nurses working at cancer ward could be developed as a professional nurse, and I wanted to establish the foundation of nursing administration and reasonable manpower management to supply good quality of nursing to patients. In my research, I selected 117 nurses working in cancer ward and 134 nurses working in general word to analyse the stress rate and nurse's health comparing nurses working in general ward and cancer ward. The survey was conducted of nurses working in cancer ward nurses in 2 university hospitals, nurses working in a cancer hospital, and general ward nurses working in 3 public hospital. Also, the data was collected from Sep. 13, 2001 to Sep. 28, 2001. As health measuring tool, I used Cornell Medical Index(CMI) which are developed to fit Koreans by Ko Ungrin and Park Hang-bas (1980) using Cornell Medical Services which were designed by Weiser, Brosman, Mittelman, Wechler, Wolff in Cornell University(1945). As working stress measuring tool, I used Questionaries which were designed by Kim Mae-ja and Ku Mi-ok(1984) and then developed by Bae In-sook(1996). For managing the data, I used frequency, percentage, ${\chi}^2$ verification, t-test, and F-test (ANOVA). And in the case of significant data(p<.05). I did Duncan's test for post verification. The mutual relation between health condition and working stress rate have been conducted using Pearson's Correlation Coefficient. Followings are the results of my research. 1. Two groups showed significant differency at age after testing homogeneous character between two groups (${\chi}^2$ =9.919, p=.007). 2. Comparing two group's health condition, cancer ward(average 19.35${\pm}$18.34) were higher than general ward(14.42${\pm}$10.59) and showed statistical significant differency(p=.009). And, comparing two group's mental condition, cancer ward(9.00${\pm}$9.79) were higher than general ward(7.13${\pm}$6.35) and statistically no differency. 3. After comparing two group's working stress rate, the rate of cancer ward nurse's working stress(3.36${\pm}$.50) is higher than general ward nurse (3.32${\pm}$.48). There are no significant differency. However, in the detailed verification test, there were significant differency at inappropriate compensation (t=3.254, p=.001) and medication issue (t=2.170, p=.031). 4. After comparing health condition at general points, physical health condition showed significant differency at age(p=.020), the number of children (p=.015), religion (p=.015), position(p=.005), career(p=.008), working satisfaction(p=.003), activity after office hour(p=.045); and mental health condition showed significant differency at position(p=.010), career (p=.017), working satisfaction (p=.003). 5. After comparing the working stress rate according to general points, there were significant differency at working satisfaction (F=5.285, p=.006), predicted nursing(F=3.822, p=.023). 6. At the relation of health condition and working stress rate between two groups. physical and mental condition showed significant relation with working stress rate. i.e, if a nurse's health condition is not good, she are feeling much more stress than others. After considering all the factors in my research, I found that the health condition and stress rate of cancer ward nurses is much higher than general ward nurses. Considering that cancer ward nurses is necessary to care for increasing cancer patients with mental and physical nursing, the less stress for cancer ward nurses is very important to develop nursing quality and working efficiency by keeping good health condition, specializing cancer ward nurses. Therefore, we need following studies to find the factors which are effecting to cancer ward nurses' health and specialization. Also, we need to improve managing working condition to decrease working stress by improving working condition.

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A Study on the Change of Physical Environment in Seoul Medical Center by Providing Comprehensive Nursing Service (간호간병통합서비스 도입에 따른 서울의료원 병동부 시설환경변화 연구)

  • Kim, Myung-Yun;Chai, Choul Gyun
    • Journal of The Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.15-24
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The research looks at differences between the 'General ward' and the 'Comprehensive nursing ward' in Seoul Medical Center, regarding the facility improvements and changes in nursing services. It investigates and analyzes spatial problems and improvement needs through a survey and conduct investigation of staffs. It is to propose the primary data for the architectural planning of the future ward with the comprehensive nursing service. Methods: Targeting the comprehensive nursing ward, changes of the physical environment and spatial problems are analyzed through a field survey, behavior investigation, present-condition investigation, and floor plan analysis. Results: The workforce is increased by approximately twice the amount of the nursing staffs in the comprehensive nursing ward, compared to the pre-general ward. When utilizing the general ward, various spatial problems arise due to the restrictions of the facility condition. Because Sub N.S is an important facility as a part of the nursing work function in the ward of the comprehensive nursing service, the opinions of staffs must be considered when selecting a location and composing a space. Implications: It can be used as a primary data for the comprehensive nursing ward when architectural planning of a new hospital.

Comparison of Patient-Sitter Ward Nurses and General Ward Nurses on Work-Related Musculoskeletal Symptoms, Occupational Stress and Nursing Work Environments (보호자 없는 병동 간호사와 일반병동 간호사의 근골격계 자각증상, 직무스트레스 및 간호업무환경 비교)

  • Bang, Mi Ran;Sim, Sun Sook;Lee, Dong-Suk
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.169-178
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: This study aimed to compare work-related musculoskeletal symptoms, occupational stress and nursing work environments of nurses working in patient-sitter wards and general wards. Methods: The study surveyed 240 nurses with more than one year of experience working in both patient-sitter wards and general wards. The collected data then was analyzed by SPSS statistics version 22. Results: As for the musculoskeletal symptoms, the survey showed that 85.2% and 67.8% of the nurses had such symptoms respectively in patient-sitter wards and general wards. In terms of occupational stress, no significant difference was observed between the patient-sitter ward and the general ward (t=-0.23, p=.821). Lastly, the study showed that there is a significant difference in terms of work environment considering the scores recorded 2.65 and 2.55 points respectively in patient-sitter ward and general ward (t=2.53, p=.012). Conclusion: Follow-up research should look at ways to lower the rate of experiencing work-related musculoskeletal symptoms; analyze work performances and establish work standards to lower occupational stress; and devise measures to improve the work environment for the nurses working in patient-sitter wards.