• Title, Summary, Keyword: Gender Difference

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The differences in procrastination and anxiety according to the gender and cognitive regulatory focus of university students (대학생의 성별과 인지적 조절초점에 따른 지연행동과 불안의 차이)

  • KIM, Bo-Kyoung;YOO, Soon-Hwa
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.853-869
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the difference in procrastination and anxiety as a personality trait according to gender and the cognitive regulatory focus of university students. In this study, we would like to answer the following questions: First, is there any difference in procrastination according to gender and regulatory focus? Second, is there any difference in anxiety according to gender and regulatory focus? The participants of this study comprised of 434 university students(171 male, 263 female), studying at 4 universities in South Korea. To examine whether the relative strength of promotion and prevention focus would differ across gender groups and regulatory focus type(promotion or prevention), we conducted a $2{\times}2$ factorial analysis of variance(ANOVA). The results of this study are as follows. First, there were significant difference in procrastination according to gender and regulatory focus, but there were no interaction effect between gender and regulatory focus. Second, there were significant difference in trait anxiety according to gender and regulatory focus, but there were no interaction effect between gender and regulatory focus. This study found that procrastination and anxiety as personality traits are differ depending on gender and regulatory focus(promotion focus and prevention focus). Suggestions and discussions based on these findings are provided.

Investigation Study on Gender Difference Based on Korean Data Related to Drug Use (의약품 사용 관련 국내 통계자료에 나타난 성별 차이 조사 연구)

  • Rhee, Su-Jin;Lee, Byung-Yo;Kwon, Kwang-Il
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.114-122
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    • 2013
  • Background: Drugs should be evaluated in appropriate subjects representing potential population to take the drugs. This study focuses on gender factor and aims to make known the appropriateness of considering gender difference on clinical evaluation of drug with domestic data related to drug use. Methods: To understand gender difference shown in drug use, three types of domestic statistical data (prevalence of chronic disease, number of outpatient with major concerning disease, and consumption of medicine) were analyzed and compared according to gender. Results: Three of fifteen chronic diseases which were analyzed, showed significantly higher prevalence in women than in men, and three were vice versa. Meanwhile, the sex ratio of outpatients was significantly different in 22 major concerning diseases. Among the drug groups coded by Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) Classification System, the consumption of most drug groups was generally higher in women than in men except for one group coded G (genito-urinary system and sex hormones). Conclusion: Gender difference should be considered in domestic clinical evaluation of drug and domestic guidance for reflecting gender difference should be established.

Assessing Korean Middle School Students' Spatial Ability: The Relationship with Mathematics, Gender, and Grade

  • Park, Sung Sun;Yoon, So Yoon
    • Research in Mathematical Education
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.91-106
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    • 2012
  • Spatial ability has been valued as a talent domain and important skill in mathematics education because it enhanced an intuitive view and an understanding in many areas of mathematic. In addition, spatial ability highly correlates with mathematics achievement, indicating its crucial role in success in mathematics education. Some researchers founded gender differences in mathematics and spatial ability, and indicated that spatial ability served as a mediator of gender difference in mathematics. This study explored the spatial ability of 349 Korean middle school students (Grade 7-9), and investigated the association among students' spatial ability and their mathematics achievement, gender, and grade. The result of this study shows that spatial ability correlates positively with mathematics achievement. While gender difference did not exist in mathematics, significant gender difference existed in spatial ability favoring male students.

Effect of Gender Difference on the Functional Asymmetry during Preferred Walking Speed

  • Hyun, Seunghyun;Ryew, Checheong
    • International journal of advanced smart convergence
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.49-57
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    • 2020
  • We have not identified on what gender difference during gait at a pace of one's preferred velocity effects on the function of bilateral lower limb. This study was undertaken to investigate a difference of gait strategy by gender during gait at a one's preferred velocity of participants of adult male and female (n=20). Cinematographic data for motion analysis, ground reaction force (GRF) variables, and muscle volume of lower limb were analyzed. Significant difference of variables on movement of center of mass whole body, joint angle and moment of lower limb, and ground reaction force were tested by 2-way ANOVA analysis (P<0.05). Male group showed more muscle volume than female, and both showed more volume in dominant leg than non-dominant. Main effect by bilateral leg during gait showed higher difference in right than left leg in change of vertical position of center of mass (maximal, minimal). Main effect by gender in vertical change of position and velocity of center of mass showed higher difference in male than female (maximal, minimal). Hip joint showed more flexed and extended angle in male than female, and also dorsiflexion of ankle and flexion moment of knee and hip joint showed higher in male than female group. Therefore, this result was assumed that dominant showed furthermore more contribution for propulsive function than non-dominant leg. Gender difference showed in strategy controlling of biomechanical characteristics, and perhaps influenced by muscle volume.

Health Status and Health Behavior of Middle-aged Korean Men and Women: Focused on Gender and Age-group Differences (한국 중년기 남녀의 건강상태 및 건강 관리 행동: 성별, 연령집단별 차이를 중심으로)

  • ;;Ryff, C;Marks, N.
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.213-229
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the heath status and health behavior of middle-aged Korean men and women. Even though there has been increased concern about extremely high mortality rate of Korean middle-aged men and mental health problems of middle aged women, there is a dearth of empirical studies which examine the health status and health behavior of middle-aged men and women in Korea. This study attempts to fill these gaps. Data gathered from 1,667 men and women aged between 30-59 are analyzed to examine the level of physical health, mental health, perceived health and health behavior and to explore the gender and age group differences in these aspects. The results show that there exist gender difference and age group difference in health status: Women are less healthy than men and as age increased health status declined. Women at their 50s are least healthy and most unhappy suggesting age and gender interaction in health status. There exist a gender difference in health behavior: Men have regular check-ups more frequently than women and exercise more. These results are discussed in terms of the gender differences in the experiences, social roles and life styles over the life course.

Analysis on Gender Difference Appearing in Middle School Students at Each Achievement Standard (성취기준 단위로 분석한 중학교 학생의 성차)

  • Jo, Yun Dong
    • School Mathematics
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.231-256
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    • 2016
  • In this paper I will look into achievement standards which show gender difference. This work is based on the average of percentage of correct answer about items taken in National Assessment of Educational Achievement (2010~2014) at each male and female student of middle school. Achievement standard becomes the basic unit when teachers make study plans as the smallest unit that composes the curriculum. Study plans are expressed concretely according to lesson time numbers, and then lesson time numbers are determined by achievement standards. Therefore, objective informations about gender difference appearing in achievement standards will play an important role in embodiment of programs to obliterate gender difference when teachers make study plans. Also This research is expected to play a role as an indicator in studying on gender difference in mathematics education.

The Relationship between Coping Style for Stress and Emotional Eating Behavior by Gender Difference (성별에 따른 대학생의 스트레스 대처방식과 정서적 섭식의 관계 연구)

  • Lee, Sanghee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.11-17
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    • 2018
  • This study examined the relationship between coping style for stress and emotional eating behavior focused on gender difference. A total of 475 college students(males, 244; females, 231) participated in this study. The results were as follows. First, there were significant gender difference in coping style for stress. The scores of male students were significantly higher than those of female students in the problem-focused and self-comforting coping styles, whereas scores of female students were significantly higher than male students in social support pursuit and emotion-focused coping styles. Second, there were significant gender difference in emotional eating behavior. Female students reported higher emotional eating behavior than male students. Third, male students preferred a problem-focused coping style, whereas female students preferred a social support pursuit coping style the most. Fourth, the interaction of gender and coping style for stress were not related to the emotional eating behavior. Both of male and female students who preferred an emotion focused coping style reported the highest score in emotional eating behavior. The limitations of the present study and suggestions for future research were discussed.

Gender Difference in Self-esteem, Physical and Mental Health in Adolescents (청소년의 성차에 따른 자아존중감, 신체적 및 정신적 건강)

  • Lee Eun-Young;Tak Young-Ran
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.474-482
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the gender difference of relationships between the self-esteem and physical and mental health of adolescents. The sample were consisted of 410 adolescents, 202 boys and 208 girls in two urban city of Korea and the mean age was 17.4 years old. The instruments used in this study were Hare Self-Esteem Scale(Hare, 1985) and School Health Efficacy Questionnaire(Froman & Owen, 1991) which is consisted of both physical and mental health. The results showed that there was no gender difference in self-esteem of adolescents. However, the school domain of self-esteem was related to physical health of boys, and both the family domain and the school domain of self-esteem were related to physical health of girls. And both the school domain and the peer domain of self-esteem were positively related to mental health of boys, and all domains of self-esteem(peer, school, and family) were positively related to mental health of girls. In conclusion, there was not gender difference in degree of self-esteem, but there were gender difference in specific domains of self-esteem related with physical and mental health in adolescents.

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A Study on Effects of Preparation for Aging on Satisfaction of Life : Focusing on Comparison of Gender (중고령자의 노후준비가 삶의 만족도에 미치는 영향에 대한 연구 : 성별 비교를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Kyoung-Joon;Song, Hee-Kyong
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.757-769
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study on effect of preparation for aging on satisfaction of life by difference according to comparison of gender on the analysis. The 3th years additional research and 4th years of Korean Panel of retirement and longitudinal study was used. The sample size of this study was 2,970 for middle aged using based on over 50 years than 64 years. The explanation of the research results are as follows: First, the difference in preparation according to comparison of gender that a statistically significant difference in both men and women. Secondly, the difference in life satisfaction according to gender for both men and women showed that a statistically significant difference. Thirdly, the preparation was confirmed that the results for both men and women is significantly difference comparison of gender differences with respect to the effects preparation for aging on satisfaction of life. As a result, the based on gender through a comparison of the effects preparation for aging on satisfaction of life in accordance with middle-aged ready to raise the preparation and satisfaction of life.

A Study on the Comfort and Skin Temperature on the Clothing Environment in the Taegu City during Years -Concentrated on indoor uniforms- (섬유·패션 산업 DB 구축을 위한 대구지역의 연간 피복환경내의 피부온과 쾌적성 -실내 제복을 중심으로-)

  • Ryo, Duck-Hwan;Lee, Uk-Ja;Kim, Seong-Jin;Song, Min-Kyo;Cho, Ji-Hyun;Jung, Meung-Sun
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.1 no.4
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    • pp.376-386
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the physiological responses and the Subjective sensations of the human subjects when 10 human subjects(5 males and 5 females) were tested with selected ensembles, including the uniforms of students, industrial and bank workers. For the study, garment material and design were selected, which was mostly used in Taegu area by the survey. Thermal manikin and the human subject tests were performed. The results were as follows: 1. There was no significant difference among skin temperature of head by season and among that of breast and back by all variables, however, there was a significant difference among that of belly by gender and that of thigh and shank by season. In addition, there was no significant difference among rectal temperature by gender and season, but there was a significant difference by uniform. 2. Mean skin temperature of male subjects was significantly higher than that of female subjects. Specially in lower environmental condition, the difference got larger. 3. There was a significant difference among purse rate of subjects by uniform, but there was no significant difference among those by gender and season. There were no significant difference among maximum and minimum blood pressure by gender, uniform, and season. 4. There was a significant difference in temperature of chest among gender and uniform, and there was no significant difference in temperature of back by season. In addition, There was a significant difference in humidity of back by uniform and season but there were no significant difference in that by gender. 5. There was a significant difference in humidity sensation by gender, comfort sensation by uniform and season, but there was no significant difference thermal sensation by uniform and season. 6. For the result of regression analysis, we got the regression equations as follows: Clo=1.810 Thickness+0.525, Clo=0.475 weight+0.863.

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