• Title, Summary, Keyword: Gender

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The Influence of Gender Schema on Children's Preference for Gender Related Tasks (성과 관련된 과제의 선호에서의 성 도식의 영향)

  • Chung, Soon Hwa
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.65-81
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    • 1992
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate children's conceptions about gender and the relation between gender conceptions and preference for gender related tasks. 130 children were interviewed about gender and gender related tasks. Data were analyzed with the component model of gender schema. Results indicated that children's gender schema in the attitudes domain was significantly different with age in all components but not different with sex. The gender schema in the knowledge domain was significantly different with age in within component and between component links, and with sex in the gender label-component and within component links. The difference between the gender inhibitory score and gender facilitative score was significantly different with age, sex, and children's gender schema. The findings that gender schema influenced the children's preferences for gender related tasks suggests a theoretical rationale of gender schema theory.

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A study on the difference in the perception of Daejeon city officials about the gender mainstreaming (대전시 공무원의 성주류화 정책 인식격차 연구)

  • Lee, Kab-Sook;Sohn, Jin-Hyeon
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.425-437
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    • 2008
  • The global trend for women's policy has selected gender mainstreaming to change unequal gender relation. The gender mainstreaming means that the gender perspective is integrated into all policy processes to accomplish gender equality. In other words, 'gender' should be considered as a basic factor such as classes, regions, and races when a policy is established and implemented. The government has implemented various gender mainstreaming policies to integrate gender perspectives. This study is to examine officials' perception about various gender mainstreaming policies. The survey was conducted for Daejeon city officials (699 men and 457 women). Officials' perception is very important, because it is an important means used as a tool in shaping and implementing policies. Variables such as gender, age, position, length of service, work place, etc. were chosen and the differences between variables were analyzed. The analysis showed that gender mainstreaming policies were perceived as ones only for women. Therefore, various education programs according to gender, age, position and length of service should be developed to improve the effectiveness of gender mainstreaming policies. In addition, education programs for officials to improve gender sensitiveness should be developed and expanded.

The Influence of Gender Schema on Children's Memory and Preference for Gender Related Tasks (아동의 성 도식과 성관련 과제의 기억 및 선호)

  • Chung, Soon Hwa;Chung, Ock Boon
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.37-53
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    • 1994
  • The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the validity of a component model of gender role and differences in children's gender concepts with age and sex. The secondary purpose was to investigate the relationship between children's gender schema and memory as well as preference for gender related task. 181 children were interviewed about gender concepts and gender related tasks. Results indicated that three dimensions of the component model (i. e., gender label-component links, within-component links, between-component links) were significantly related to each other. The mean scores of gender role knowledge and attitude were different with age but not with sex. The results of the regression analysis showed that children's age, sex, and gender role attitude explained both memory and preference for gender related tasks. The component model had better explanatory power than the simple model. The findings of the present study suggest that children's gender concepts are better described in terms of the component model than the simple model and may contribute to a theoretical rationale for gender schema theory.

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Influence of Middle School Students' Gender Type and Gender Equity Awareness on Attitudes toward Technology and Home Economics (중학생의 성별과 양성평등의식 유형에 따른 기술·가정교과에 대한 태도 차이)

  • Kim, Eun Jeung;Lee, Yoon-Jung
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.56 no.1
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2018
  • Technology and Home Economics are associated with gender-related roles. In this respect, students' attitude toward these subjects may be influenced by gender equity awareness with attitudes that may perpetuate gender-biased images of subjects. This study examined the influence of gender equity awareness of middle school students on attitudes toward Technology and Home Economics. Data were collected through a survey to 442 students from eight purposively sampled middle schools in Seoul. Three gender equity awareness groups were identified through a cluster analysis: Equity in house work group (n=163), Traditional gender role group (n=102), and Equity in all areas group (n=152). The analyses of variances enabled an examination of the effects of gender and gender equity awareness. Differences were found among gender and gender equity awareness groups on attitudes toward Home Economics, but not toward Technology. Girls showed higher preference, higher perceived usefulness than boys, but with a lower importance for career preparation for Home Economics. Traditional gender role group scored the lowest on usefulness and importance for everyday life, yet highest on importance for career preparation. Equity in all areas group perceived lowest importance of Home Economics for career preparation. The results show that Home Economics is more strongly gender-typed than Technology, and that effort is needed to change the gender-biased image of the subject.

The Influence of Factors Related to Preparation by Pre-Service Teachers for Gender Equity Education and Teaching Gender Equity

  • Kwon, Yoo-Jin;Jeon, Se-Kyung
    • International Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.97-107
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    • 2010
  • Gender equity education is ineffective in a public school system even though gender equity education is a current issue in South Korean education. One of the problems is attributed to teacher education because no better gender equity education can be accomplished without teacher preparation. Therefore, the effectiveness of teachers is a very important keyword in teacher education. This study examines learning experience, gender equity value, teacher preparation for gender equity education of pre-service teachers in Gonju, South Korea, the factors that influence teacher preparation for gender equity education, and the instruction of gender equity. A survey was delivered to pre-service teachers in 2008, and the data of 350 pre-service teachers were analyzed. MANOVA and Multiple Regressions were used for analyzing the data. The results will contribute to the development of effective teacher education for gender equity education and information on a partnership between the family and the public school system that is centered on gender equity education.

Research on Gender Differences of Mathematics Achievement from the Views of Gender Socialization

  • Zhang, Xiaoui
    • Research in Mathematical Education
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.299-308
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    • 2010
  • The gender differences of mathematics achievement exists in many counties in the world. Some Chinese scholars think that the differences also exist in China. The researchers explain the gender differences of mathematics learning mainly from the individual psychology and education. This paper, firstly, introduces an investigation of the gender differences of mathematics achievement in grade 1-9 in three areas (Hefei urban area, Cuozhen area, and Chenji area) of Hefei in China. The investigation found that the gender differences of mathematics achievement exist but are different in these areas. Then, the results are explained from the theory of the gender socialization.

The Relationship between Children's Gender role Attitude and Social Competency (아동의 성역할 태도와 사회적 능력간의 관계)

  • 이경희
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.47-58
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between children's gender role attitude measured by component model and social competency. Subjects were 232 elementary school children: 113 4th graders and 119 6th graders. The main results were as follows. First there were significant differences in mean scores of gender role attitude with age and sex variable. And among three dimensions of component model(i.e, gender label-component links within-component links between-component links) the difference was most discriminant in gender label-component links. Second there were significant relationship between gender role attitude and social competency. Among three dimensions of gender role attitude the most predictor variable for social competency was gender label-component links. And among four dimensions of social competency the most effective criterion variable for gender role attitude was leadership. And there were significant differences in social competency score with mother's educational level and sex of children as well as gender role attitude. In conclusion children's gender role attitude influence their social competency. More flexible gender role attitude they have more improved in their social competency , especially in boys.

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Policy for Gender Innovation in Scientific Research (과학기술의 젠더혁신 정책 방향 연구)

  • Lee, Hyobin;Kim, Hae-Do
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.10
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    • pp.241-249
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    • 2017
  • Gender innovation refers to the act of producing more trustworthy science and technology based on gender analysis in conducting and development. Science and technology have been considered to be irrelevant to gender and gender analysis. Science and technology lost opportunity to market and sometimes caused massive losses due to the ignorance of gender and the concept of gender differences. Despite importance in the field of science and technology, the reason why gender innovation does not take place is the lack of woman science in science and technology. Further, the promotion of female scientists policy bas been pursued by the government is one of the reasons. The government has been forcibly carried out without considering 'performanceism' spreading in the scientific and technological fields. This research argues that scientific research brings gender perspective back into all the level of research conduct. In order to improve gender ignorance in science and technology, gender sensitive education should be provided to scientists. Also, gender governance and women's committee for gender analysis should be established to adopt gender analysis in scientific research.

Constructing Governance to Implement the Gender Mainstreaming System (성주류화 실행의 거버넌스 구축 방안)

  • Lee, Kab-Sook;An, Jung-Sun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.23-30
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    • 2013
  • The Korea Government adopted the gender mainstreaming system to realize gender equality. The active participation of members, organizations and groups of the society is the most important, for the systematic and continuous working of the gender mainstreaming system. We suggest a model for constructing gender governance with the women, the neglected classes, the educational group, the occupational group, the research group, NGOs, the medias, the government, the council, and the gender impact analysis and assessment center, etc.

Emerging Gender Issues in Korean Online Media: A Temporal Semantic Network Analysis Approach

  • Lee, Young-Joo;Park, Ji-Young
    • Journal of Contemporary Eastern Asia
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.118-141
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    • 2019
  • In South Korea, as awareness of gender equality increased since the 1990s, policies for gender equality and social awareness of equality have been established. Until recently, however, the gap between men and women in social and economic activities has not reached the globally desired level and led to social conflict throughout the country. In this study, we analyze the content of online news comments to understand the public perception of gender equality and the details of gender conflict and to grasp the emergence and diffusion process of emerging issues on gender equality. We collected text data from the online news that included the word 'gender equality' posted from January 2012 to June 2017 and also collected comments on each selected news item. Through text mining and the temporal semantic network analysis, we tracked the changes in discourse on gender equality and conflict. Results revealed that gender conflicts are increasing in the online media, and the focus of conflict is shifting from 'position and role inequality' to 'opportunity inequality'.