• Title/Summary/Keyword: Gender

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The Influence of Gender Schema on Children's Preference for Gender Related Tasks (성과 관련된 과제의 선호에서의 성 도식의 영향)

  • Chung, Soon Hwa
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.65-81
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    • 1992
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate children's conceptions about gender and the relation between gender conceptions and preference for gender related tasks. 130 children were interviewed about gender and gender related tasks. Data were analyzed with the component model of gender schema. Results indicated that children's gender schema in the attitudes domain was significantly different with age in all components but not different with sex. The gender schema in the knowledge domain was significantly different with age in within component and between component links, and with sex in the gender label-component and within component links. The difference between the gender inhibitory score and gender facilitative score was significantly different with age, sex, and children's gender schema. The findings that gender schema influenced the children's preferences for gender related tasks suggests a theoretical rationale of gender schema theory.

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A study on the difference in the perception of Daejeon city officials about the gender mainstreaming (대전시 공무원의 성주류화 정책 인식격차 연구)

  • Lee, Kab-Sook;Sohn, Jin-Hyeon
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.425-437
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    • 2008
  • The global trend for women's policy has selected gender mainstreaming to change unequal gender relation. The gender mainstreaming means that the gender perspective is integrated into all policy processes to accomplish gender equality. In other words, 'gender' should be considered as a basic factor such as classes, regions, and races when a policy is established and implemented. The government has implemented various gender mainstreaming policies to integrate gender perspectives. This study is to examine officials' perception about various gender mainstreaming policies. The survey was conducted for Daejeon city officials (699 men and 457 women). Officials' perception is very important, because it is an important means used as a tool in shaping and implementing policies. Variables such as gender, age, position, length of service, work place, etc. were chosen and the differences between variables were analyzed. The analysis showed that gender mainstreaming policies were perceived as ones only for women. Therefore, various education programs according to gender, age, position and length of service should be developed to improve the effectiveness of gender mainstreaming policies. In addition, education programs for officials to improve gender sensitiveness should be developed and expanded.

Gender-sensitive Analysis and its Implications for the Production Process of Statistical Data in Urban Planning & Architecture (도시 및 건축 분야의 성인지통계 현황 분석 및 개선방안)

  • Jang, Mi-Hyun;Cha, Eun-Ah;Kang, Mi-Seon
    • Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea Planning & Design
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    • v.28 no.11
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    • pp.83-92
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    • 2012
  • With the institutionalization of 'Gender Mainstreaming' strategy, creating gender statistics is a basic requirement for the gender-sensitive policy making along with Gender Impact Assessment and Gender-sensitive Budget. In spite of its significance and urgency, Gender-sensitive Statistics has hardly been produced in the field of urban planning and architecture, since the field has not only long been regarded as gender-neutral and but also been disinterested in the gender-sensitive policy making. This study aims to examine the current situation of the gender statistics in the field of urban planning and architecture and to propose the ways of improvement for the production of gender statistics and its application. Developing Gender-sensitive Statistics enables to enlighten the different situations of men and women and to analyze the different influence of urban planning and architectural policy for creating gender-sensitive urban environment.

The Influence of Gender Schema on Children's Memory and Preference for Gender Related Tasks (아동의 성 도식과 성관련 과제의 기억 및 선호)

  • Chung, Soon Hwa;Chung, Ock Boon
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.37-53
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    • 1994
  • The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the validity of a component model of gender role and differences in children's gender concepts with age and sex. The secondary purpose was to investigate the relationship between children's gender schema and memory as well as preference for gender related task. 181 children were interviewed about gender concepts and gender related tasks. Results indicated that three dimensions of the component model (i. e., gender label-component links, within-component links, between-component links) were significantly related to each other. The mean scores of gender role knowledge and attitude were different with age but not with sex. The results of the regression analysis showed that children's age, sex, and gender role attitude explained both memory and preference for gender related tasks. The component model had better explanatory power than the simple model. The findings of the present study suggest that children's gender concepts are better described in terms of the component model than the simple model and may contribute to a theoretical rationale for gender schema theory.

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Influence of Middle School Students' Gender Type and Gender Equity Awareness on Attitudes toward Technology and Home Economics (중학생의 성별과 양성평등의식 유형에 따른 기술·가정교과에 대한 태도 차이)

  • Kim, Eun Jeung;Lee, Yoon-Jung
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.56 no.1
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2018
  • Technology and Home Economics are associated with gender-related roles. In this respect, students' attitude toward these subjects may be influenced by gender equity awareness with attitudes that may perpetuate gender-biased images of subjects. This study examined the influence of gender equity awareness of middle school students on attitudes toward Technology and Home Economics. Data were collected through a survey to 442 students from eight purposively sampled middle schools in Seoul. Three gender equity awareness groups were identified through a cluster analysis: Equity in house work group (n=163), Traditional gender role group (n=102), and Equity in all areas group (n=152). The analyses of variances enabled an examination of the effects of gender and gender equity awareness. Differences were found among gender and gender equity awareness groups on attitudes toward Home Economics, but not toward Technology. Girls showed higher preference, higher perceived usefulness than boys, but with a lower importance for career preparation for Home Economics. Traditional gender role group scored the lowest on usefulness and importance for everyday life, yet highest on importance for career preparation. Equity in all areas group perceived lowest importance of Home Economics for career preparation. The results show that Home Economics is more strongly gender-typed than Technology, and that effort is needed to change the gender-biased image of the subject.

Gender Sensitivity and Gender Equality Consciousness of Dental Hygiene Students

  • Lim, Hee-Jung;Kim, Ki-Eun;NamKoong, Eun-Jung
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.111-118
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    • 2021
  • Background: This study was conducted to identify the level of gender sensitivity and gender equality consciousness among dental hygiene students and to confirm the necessity of gender equality programs in the curriculum. Methods: A self-report questionnaire was conducted with some dental hygiene students using the Gender Sensitivity tool and Korean Gender Egalitarianism Scale for Adolescents (KGES-A). Results: First, the gender equality consciousness of the students who took women's studies was high in the areas of educational life and socio-cultural life, and that of the subjects of grandparent families and Catholic was found to be high in the domestic life area. Second, the gender sensitivity of the subjects who took women's studies was found to be high in all sub-areas. In addition, the gender sensitivity of females was higher in the areas of sexual identity, non-violence, and self-reflection than that of males. That of 4-year college students was higher in the areas of sexual identity, openness to gender roles, and non-violence than that of 3-year college students. In addition, the gender sensitivity of Catholic students was high in the areas of sexual identity and openness to gender roles. Third, gender equality consciousness was found to have an effect depending on whether subjects took women's studies, family type, family type, and religion, and gender sensitivity was found to have an effect depending on whether subjects took women's studies or gender. Conclusion: Since dental hygienist is a profession that targets humans, education that can instill equal awareness and values of humans is important. To inspire gender sensitivity and gender equality consciousness in a prospective professional, it is necessary to conduct programs and education related to gender intelligence within dental hygiene curriculum.

The Influence of Factors Related to Preparation by Pre-Service Teachers for Gender Equity Education and Teaching Gender Equity

  • Kwon, Yoo-Jin;Jeon, Se-Kyung
    • International Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.97-107
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    • 2010
  • Gender equity education is ineffective in a public school system even though gender equity education is a current issue in South Korean education. One of the problems is attributed to teacher education because no better gender equity education can be accomplished without teacher preparation. Therefore, the effectiveness of teachers is a very important keyword in teacher education. This study examines learning experience, gender equity value, teacher preparation for gender equity education of pre-service teachers in Gonju, South Korea, the factors that influence teacher preparation for gender equity education, and the instruction of gender equity. A survey was delivered to pre-service teachers in 2008, and the data of 350 pre-service teachers were analyzed. MANOVA and Multiple Regressions were used for analyzing the data. The results will contribute to the development of effective teacher education for gender equity education and information on a partnership between the family and the public school system that is centered on gender equity education.

Analysis of Gender Chapters in Five Free Trade Agreements and Its Lessons for Korea

  • Ko, Bomin
    • Journal of Korea Trade
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.82-100
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    • 2020
  • Purpose - This paper attempts to compare five free trade agreements with gender chapters ratified by Chile and Canada and derives lessons for Korea in terms of gender-aware trade policy. While Chile and Canada have three and two FTAs with gender chapter respectively, Korea has none so far, although it has already ratified an FTA with the two countries. Design/methodology - This study first investigates all the gender-provisions with the gender chapters, conducts a comparative analysis on the five chapters as well as a case study of one target FTA's implementation and achievements, and finally suggests policy implications for Korea's trade administration as well as trade-related agencies. Findings - According to the analysis, there are three phases in terms of advancement in gender-related trade policy. As Chile is in phase two and Canada is in phase three, Korea remains in phase one. It has a ministry related to gender within the government, but not within the OMT. It has statistics on female business, but not of women traders. It has a few gender-related provisions in its FTAs, but not a gender chapter. In this sense, new mandates related to gender-aware trade policy for OMT, KITA, and KOTRA should be provided to realize the concrete economic benefits resulting from empowering women traders and policies promoting them. Originality/value - Existing studies only focus on introducing gender-related international commitments and Korea's participation in them. This paper is the first attempt to compare actual gender chapters of five FTAs ratified by two countries with the most advanced gender chapters in the world. To gain benefits from the positive gender impact of trade agreements, negotiating and signing gender responsive FTA with future partners is one of the most efficient, as well as inclusive, trade policies urgently needed for Korea.

The Relationship between Children's Gender role Attitude and Social Competency (아동의 성역할 태도와 사회적 능력간의 관계)

  • 이경희
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.47-58
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between children's gender role attitude measured by component model and social competency. Subjects were 232 elementary school children: 113 4th graders and 119 6th graders. The main results were as follows. First there were significant differences in mean scores of gender role attitude with age and sex variable. And among three dimensions of component model(i.e, gender label-component links within-component links between-component links) the difference was most discriminant in gender label-component links. Second there were significant relationship between gender role attitude and social competency. Among three dimensions of gender role attitude the most predictor variable for social competency was gender label-component links. And among four dimensions of social competency the most effective criterion variable for gender role attitude was leadership. And there were significant differences in social competency score with mother's educational level and sex of children as well as gender role attitude. In conclusion children's gender role attitude influence their social competency. More flexible gender role attitude they have more improved in their social competency , especially in boys.

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Policy for Gender Innovation in Scientific Research (과학기술의 젠더혁신 정책 방향 연구)

  • Lee, Hyobin;Kim, Hae-Do
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.10
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    • pp.241-249
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    • 2017
  • Gender innovation refers to the act of producing more trustworthy science and technology based on gender analysis in conducting and development. Science and technology have been considered to be irrelevant to gender and gender analysis. Science and technology lost opportunity to market and sometimes caused massive losses due to the ignorance of gender and the concept of gender differences. Despite importance in the field of science and technology, the reason why gender innovation does not take place is the lack of woman science in science and technology. Further, the promotion of female scientists policy bas been pursued by the government is one of the reasons. The government has been forcibly carried out without considering 'performanceism' spreading in the scientific and technological fields. This research argues that scientific research brings gender perspective back into all the level of research conduct. In order to improve gender ignorance in science and technology, gender sensitive education should be provided to scientists. Also, gender governance and women's committee for gender analysis should be established to adopt gender analysis in scientific research.