• Title, Summary, Keyword: Gas Turbine

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A Phenomenological Review on the Damage of Hot Gas Parts caused by Explosion of Gas Turbine Cooling System (가스터빈 내부 냉각계통 발화에 의한 고온부품 손상의 현상학적 고찰)

  • Yu, Won-Ju;Lee, Seong-Hyun
    • Proceedings of the Safety Management and Science Conference
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    • pp.81-95
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    • 2010
  • Gas turbines generating power operate in high temperature condition and use natural gas as fuel. For that reason, there are many cases where damage is done to the hot gas parts caused by the high temperature and many accidents occur like gas explosions, then various efforts are needed to maintain the hot gas parts and prevent accidents. It is difficult to find the root causes of damage to the hot gas parts from the gas explosion caused by gas leakage through rotor cooling air line from fuel gas heat exchanger during the shut down. To prevent gas turbine from damage, removal of gas leakage inside of gas turbine is required by purging the turbine before firing, improving the fuel gas heating system and installing alarm systems for detecting gas leakage from stop valve to turbine while the gas turbine has shut down.

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Performance Analysis of Gas Turbine for Large-Scale IGCC Power Plant

  • Joo, Yong-Jin;Kim, Mi-Yeong;Park, Se-Ik;Seo, Dong-Kyun
    • KEPCO Journal on Electric Power and Energy
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.415-419
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    • 2016
  • As the need for clean coal technology has grown, so has the global research and development efforts into integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) plants. An IGCC plant couples a gas turbine to a gasification block. Various technical and economic problems exist in designing such a system. One such problem is the difficulty in realizing economies of scale because the single-train flow capacity of commercial IGCC synthetic gas turbine plants is limited; the capacity does not exceed a net power rating of 300 MW. To address this problem, this study modeled and simulated a synthetic gas turbine with the goal of evaluating the feasibility of a 500 MW or larger IGCC plant. First, a gas turbine with the best output and efficiency was chosen for use with natural gas. The turbine was modeled using GateCycle (a simulation tool), and the integrity of the model validated by comparing the result to the design value. Next, off-design modeling was carried out for a gas turbine with synthetic gas based on its on-design model, and the result was compared with the study result of the gas turbine manufacturer. The simulation confirmed that it is possible to create a large capacity IGCC plant by undertaking the remodeling of a gas turbine designed to use natural gas into one suitable for synthetic gas.

Technology Research on Gas Turbine Combustor Utilizing Melt-Growth Composite Ceramics

  • Konoshita, Yasuhiro;Hagari, Tomoko;Matsumotoi, Kiyoshi;Ogata, Hideki;Ishida, Katsuhiko
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Propulsion Engineers Conference
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    • pp.854-860
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    • 2004
  • "Research and Development of Melt-Growth Composite (MGC) Ultra High Efficiency Gas Turbine System Technology" program has been started in JFY2001. The main objective of the program is to establish basic component technologies to apply MGC material to an efficient gas turbine system successfully. It is known that MGC material maintains its mechanical strength at room temperature up to about 2000 K, which is ideal for the high temperature gas turbine. The purposes of the present study are to develop the cooling structure of the gas turbine combustor liner where MGC material is applied as the heat shield panel, also to develop the low NOx combustion system for a 1970 K (1700 deg.C) class gas turbine combustor. To start with, basic heat transfer characteristics were investigated by one-dimensional calculation and heat transfer experiment for the cooling structure. Axially staged configuration and fuel preparation were investigated by CFD calculation and experiments for the low NOx combustor.

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A Phenomenological Review on the Damage of Hot Gas Parts caused by Explosion of Gas Turbine Cooling System (가스터빈 내부 냉각계통 발화에 의한 고온부품 손상의 현상학적 고찰)

  • Yu, Won-Ju;Lee, Seong-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management & Science
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.75-82
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    • 2010
  • Gas turbines for power generating operate in a very high temperature condition and use natural gas for fuel. For this reason, many cases of damage happen at hot gas parts which are severely affected by high temperature gas and many cases of explosion occur by fuel gas. So a lot of efforts should be made to prevent hot gas parts damage and gas explosion accidents. Though there are many damage cases and explosion accidents, it is very difficult to find out the root causes of hot gas parts damage caused by gas explosion due to gas leakage in the heat exchanger for air cooling and gas heating. To prevent gas turbine from damage caused by gas explosion, removal of leakage gas from gas turbine is inevitably required before firing the gas turbine and installing alarm systems is also required for detecting gas leakage at stop valve to turbine while shut down.

Performance Evaluation of the Gas Turbine of Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle Considering Off-design Operation Effect (탈설계점 효과를 고려한 석탄가스화 복합발전용 가스터빈의 성능평가)

  • Lee, Chan;Kim, Yong Chul;Lee, Jin Wook;Kim, Hyung Taek
    • 유체기계공업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.209-214
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    • 1998
  • A thermodynamic simulation method is developed for the process design and the performance evaluation of the gas turbine in IGCC power plant. The present study adopts four clean coal gases derived from four different coal gasification and gas clean-up processes as IGCC gas turbine fuel, and considers the integration design condition of the gas turbine with ASU(Air Separation Unit). In addition, the present simulation method includes compressor performance map and expander choking models for considering the off-design effects due to coal gas firing and ASU integration. The present prediction results show that the efficiency and the net power of the IGCC gas turbines are seperior to those of the natural gas fired one but they are decreased with the air extraction from gas turbine to ASU. The operation point of the IGCC gas turbine compressor is shifted to the higher pressure ratio condition far from the design point by reducing the air extraction ratio. The exhaust gas of the IGCC gas turbine has more abundant wast heat for the heat recovery steam generator than that of the natural gas fired gas turbine.

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GE 7F Gas Turbine Performance Improvement Results and Analysis (GE 7F 가스터빈의 성능개선 결과 분석)

  • Jeong, Jai-Mo;Shim, Jae-Yong;Park, Jung-Kyu
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.2111-2116
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    • 2004
  • This paper shows how to improve the efficiency and output and to reduce NOx emission of Seoinchon GE 7F gas turbine, Korea Western Power Co. by replacing the existing 7F gas turbine with new 7FA+e gas turbine because the performance of 7F gas turbine was degraded due to long term operation. In this paper, we will study gas turbine development trend and O&M technology. Finally, we will review for uprate of Seoinchon 7F gas turbine to help someone to improve their units in the future.

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Study on Operational Plan of Hot Gas Parts for Cost Reduction of Gas Turbine with Cases Oriented (가스터빈의 운전유지비 절감을 위한 고온부품의 운영방안에 관한 연구 - 사례중심으로 -)

  • Yu, Won-Ju;Cho, Chi-Woon
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management & Science
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.93-101
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    • 2009
  • The use of the gas turbine for power supply is increasing recently. Accordingly, the operation and maintenance cost of the gas turbine is gradually increasing and the various efforts to cut the cost are needed. For an operation and maintenance cost saving of the gas turbine, reductions of the new purchasing charge and the reproduction repair cost of the hot gas parts are required through more effective operation and life management methods for the hot gas parts. The hot gas parts are the main parts of the gas turbine and they are replaced with the periodic. In this research, efficient operation and life management methods for the hot gas parts were presented with the cases. The methods were analyzed and verified based on real data and the cases for improving a lifetime were utilized in the field.

Effect of Gas Bypass at Turbine Inlet on Design of a Pressurized Solid Oxide Fuel Cell / Gas Turbine Hybrid System (가압형 고체산화물 연료전지 / 가스터빈 하이브리드 시스템 설계에서 터빈입구 바이패스의 효과)

  • Park, S.K.;Sohn, J.L.;Kim, T.S.
    • The KSFM Journal of Fluid Machinery
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.33-39
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    • 2008
  • Hybrid power generation systems combining a solid oxide fuel cell and a gas turbine is promising due to their high efficiency. In the pressurized hybrid system, the operating condition of the gas turbine may play a critical role in designing the hybrid system. In particular, prevention of surge of the compressor can be a critical issue. The existence of fuel cell between the compressor and the turbine may cause an additional pressure loss and thus compressor operating points tend to approach the surge if the original turbine inlet temperature is pursued. In this study, bypassing some of the turbine inlet gas directly to the turbine exit side is simulated. Its effects on suppressing the surge problem and change in performance characteristics are discussed.

Gas Turbine Core Technology Developments of Korea Aerospace Research Institute (한국항공우주연구원의 가스터빈 엔진 핵심기술 개발현황)

  • Kim, Chun Taek;Yang, Inyoung
    • 한국연소학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.277-278
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    • 2015
  • Korea Aerospace Research Institute(KARI) has developed the gas turbine core technologies since 1989 and has built the infrastructure for the development of gas turbine. Efficiency and flow instability are the major research object in radial and axial compressors. For combustor, NOx reduction is major research object. KARI also has developed turbine cooling technology as well as turbine aerodynamic technology.

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Utilization of alternative marine fuels for gas turbine power plant onboard ships

  • El Gohary, M. Morsy;Seddiek, Ibrahim Sadek
    • International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.21-32
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    • 2013
  • Marine transportation industry is undergoing a number of problems. Some of these problems are associated with conventional marine fuel-oils. Many researchers have showed that fuel-oil is considered as the main component that causes both environmental and economic problems, especially with the continuous rising of fuel cost. This paper investigates the capability of using natural gas and hydrogen as alternative fuel instead of diesel oil for marine gas turbine, the effect of the alternative fuel on gas turbine thermodynamic performance and the employed mathematical model. The results showed that since the natural gas is categorized as hydrocarbon fuel, the thermodynamic performance of the gas turbine cycle using the natural gas was found to be close to the diesel case performance. The gas turbine thermal efficiency was found to be 1% less in the case of hydrogen compared to the original case of diesel.