• Title, Summary, Keyword: Garlic Extract

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Pharmacetical Characteristics and Analysis of Garlic Extract (마늘 추출물의 약리적 특성 및 분석)

  • Sung, Ki-Chun
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.301-308
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    • 2007
  • From the experiment result on pharmacetical characteristics and analysis of Garlic extract, some conclusions were obtained as follows. From the results on extract experiment of Garlic, extraction ratio was about 6.0%, and after dried with dry oven from Garlic extract, it obtained about 50%-Garlic extract of solid state. From results on antimicrobial experiment of Garlic extract, number of staphylococcus and fungus in microbe decreased more and more according to time passage. This phenomenon showed that Garlic extract keeps antimicrobial effect. From results on antioxidation experiment of Garlic extract, DPPH scavenging activity of free radical showed that Garlic extract appears more remarkable reduction ability than reference samples. This phenomenon means that antioxidation of Garlic extract appears higher than Vitamin-C and BHA. From results on instrument analysis, inorganic components of K, Na, Ca, Si, Mg, Zn etcs from Garlic extract were detected with ICP/OES and the fatty and aromatic components of trimethyl sulfide, diallyl disulfide, diallyl trisulfide, 2-mercaptobenzothiazole etcs from Garlic extract were detected with GC/MS.

Quality Characteristics of Functional Muffins Containing Black Garlic Extract Powder (흑마늘 추출 분말을 첨가한 기능성 머핀의 품질특성)

  • Yang, Seung-Mi;Kang, Min-Jung;Kim, Sung-Hyun;Shin, Jung-Hye;Sung, Nak-Ju
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.737-744
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    • 2010
  • This study was performed to examine the quality and antioxidant activity of muffin containing black garlic extract powder that was stored for 9 days at room temperature. Black garlic extract powder was added to the muffin batter at concentrations of 0, 1, 4, 8, and 12%. Specific gravities of muffin batters increased as black garlic extract powder increased, whereas, height and specific volume of the muffins decreased. For the color of muffin crust and crumb, lightness decreased as the level of garlic extract powder increased, whereas redness and yellowness increased. For sensory evaluation, the color, flavor, softness, and chewiness of the muffins containing 1% black garlic extract powder were superior compared to those of other samples. Scores for taste and overall acceptability were the highest in muffin containing 4% black garlic extract powder. The antioxidant activity of muffins measured by DPPH(2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) radical scavenging assay increased as the level of black garlic extract powder increased. Further, the TBARS(thiobarbutric acid reactive substance) content of the muffins containing various levels of black garlic extract powder was lower than that of control.

Enhancement of Anticancer Activity by Combination of Garlic (Allium sativum) Extract and Vitamin C (마늘 추출물과 비타민 C 혼합물에 의한 암세포증식억제의 상승 효과)

  • 황우익;손향은;이지영;김동청
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.372-376
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    • 2001
  • The effect of garlic extract and vitamin C mixture on the various cancer cell lines in vitro and in vivo have been examined. Proliferation of human colon cancer (HT-29), human rectal cancer (HRT-18) and human hepatoma (HepG2) cells was inhibited by garlic extract and vitamin C, respectively. Based on the cytotoxic activity, mixture of garlic extract and vitamin C was demonstrated to possess a synergistic growth inhibition on HT-29, HRT-18 and HepG2 cancer cells. Mixture of garlic extract and vitamin C significantly arrested G2/M phase cells in the HepG2 cell cycle. Oral administration of mixture of garlic extract and vitamin C to sarcoma-180 tumor-bearing mice prolonged survival time compared to that of control group. These results suggested that addition of vitamin C enhances anticancer activity of garlic extract in vitro, and mixture of garlic extract and vitamin C has antitumor effect in vivo.

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Quality Characteristics and Antioxidant Activity of Soy Sauce with Added Levels of Black Garlic Extract (흑마늘 추출액의 첨가 농도에 따른 간장의 품질특성 및 항산화 활성)

  • Choi, Myoung Hyo;Kang, Jae Ran;Kang, Min Jung;Sim, Hye Jin;Lee, Chang Kwon;Kim, Gyoung Min;Kim, Dong Gyu;Shin, Jung Hye
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.188-196
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: In order to develop soy sauce and increase its functionality, by adding black garlic extract. Methods: We compared quality characteristics and antioxidant activity of 20 days aging black garlic soy sauce from mixed manufacturers with raw soy sauce (commercial fermented soy sauce) and different ratio of black garlic extract (65 Brix, 0.3-5.0%). Results: The salt content of the black garlic extract (0.3-5.0%) added soy sauce were 12.35-12.77%. The pH was lowered to 4.99, and acidity was increased to 2.12%, depending on the increase in black garlic extract added ratio. The crude protein and total nitrogen contents were 6.23-6.62% and 1.10-1.16%, respectively, and content of amino form nitrogen was 0.52-0.53%, without significant differences between experimental groups. Contents of reducing sugar and free sugars (fructose and glucose) tended to be higher with higher mixing ratios of black garlic extract. Total phenolic compounds and flavonoids contents were significantly increased in the 3% and 5% black garlic extract addition group. At concentrations of 62.5, 125, 250, 500, 1,000 and $2,000{\mu}g/mL$, the DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activity of the polysaccharides isolated from control soy sauce and 5% black garlic extract added soy sauce showed higher correlation with their concentration. Conclusion: These results, confirmed that the soy sauce produced by adding more than 3% of black garlic extract has high antioxidant activity.

Preparation and Characteristics of Sulgidduk Containing Different Amounts of Black Garlic Extract (흑마늘 추출물의 첨가량을 달리한 설기떡의 제조와 품질특성)

  • Shin, Jung-Hye;Kim, Yun-Ah;Kang, Min-Jung;Yang, Seong-Mi;Sung, Nak-Ju
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.559-566
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    • 2010
  • This study was performed to confirm of characteristics of Sulgidduk containing different amounts of black garlic extract: 0% (T0), 1% (T1), 5% (T5), 10% (T10) or 15% (T15). Samples were analyzed for their physicochemical characteristics and antioxidant activities. According to the results, increasing the level of black garlic extract in the formulation caused the moisture contents of the sample to decrease (38.66~36.79%). Additionally, the L value decreased while the a and b values increased as the contents of black garlic extract in sample increased. Analysis of the texture of Sulgidduk containing different amounts of black garlic extract, found that hardness, gumminess, and adhesiveness decreased, whereas springiness increased; cohesiveness and chewiness did not significantly change. The antioxidant activities of Sulgidduk containing different amounts of black garlic extract were evaluated by measuring 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and, 2,2'-azino-bis-3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS) radical scavenging activities. In these assays, the Sulgidduk containing different amounts of black garlic extract presented significant radical scavenging activities in a dose-dependent manner.

Cytotoxicity of Garlic and Onion Methanol Extract on Human Lung Cancer Cell Lines (인체 폐암세포주에 대한 마늘과 양파 메틴올추출물의 세포독성)

  • 노숙령;한지혜
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.870-874
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    • 2000
  • This study was designed to investigate the cytotoxic effect of methanol extract of garlic, onion and those mixture on two kinds of human lung cancer cell lines (NCI-H522, NCI-H596) using MTT assay. MeOH extract of garlic, onion and those mixture showed cytotoxic effect on both NCI_H522 and NCI-H596. The growth of the cancer cells exposed to medium containing garlic, onion extracts and those mixture was inhibited dose-dependently. The growth of NCI-H522 was inhibited more in the garlic extract than in the onion extract, but that of HCI-H596 was inhibited highese in the onion extract. IC50 values of garlic extract on NCI-H522 and NCI-H596 were 0.84 mg/mL, 0.88 mg/mL and those of onion extract were 1.04 and 0.79, respectively. and the mixture of garlic and onion extracts also inhibited the growth of both NCI-H522 and NCI-H596 cells.

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Physiological Activity and Antioxidative Effects of Aged Black Garlic (Allium sativum L.) Extract (숙성에 의해 제조된 흑 마늘 추출물의 생리학적 활성 및 항산화 효과)

  • Jang, Eun-Kyung;Seo, Ji-Hyun;Lee, Sam-Pin
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.443-448
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    • 2008
  • In this study, black garlic was produced by aging under high temperature $(70^{\circ}C)$ and high humidity (90% RH) conditions. Then, the physiological activity and antioxidative effects of its extract were compared to those of normal garlic extract. The black garlic extract had a 2.5-fold higher total polyphenol content than that of the normal garlic extract, showing levels of 10.0 mg/g and 3.7 mg/g, respectively. At the $1,000{\mu}g/mL$ concentration, the black garlic and normal garlic extracts had electron donating abilities of 101.9% and 12.9%, respectively. For their nitritescavenging effects, the normal garlic extract showed slightly higher scavenging activity than the black garlic extract at the 5 mg/mL concentration; whereas the black garlic extract had a slightly higher effect at concentrations above 20 mg/mL. In terms of their superoxide dismutase activities, the black garlic extract showed a 10-fold higher activity as compared to the normal garlic extract at the 20 mg/mL concentration. Furthermore, at 50 mg/mL, the angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitory effects of the normal garlic and black garlic extracts were approximately 52.7% and 88.8%, respectively. These results indicate that the antioxidant activity and ACE inhibitory effects of the black garlic extract were greater than those of the normal garlic extract.

Effects of Storage Temperature and pH on the Stability of Antibacterial Effectiveness of Garlic Extract against Escherichia coli B34

  • Kim, Myung-Hee;Kang, Young-Dong;Kyung, Kyu-Hang
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.720-723
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    • 2001
  • The effect of long-term storage on garlic antibacterial activity was investigated. A concentration of 5% or more garlic was found to be necessary to completely inhibit Eschrichia coli growth in tryptic soy broth. This value is substantially higher than the minimum inhibitory concentration of 1% for E. coli reported previously. pH-modified garlic extract was stored at different temperatures to investigate the impact of storage conditions (i.e., temperature, pH, period of storage) on the stability of the antibacterial activity of the garlic extract used against E. coli B34. The antibacterial effectiveness of the garlic extract against E. coli remained stable when both the storage temperature and the pH of the extract were kept low. When the garlic extract was stored at $40^{\circ}C and above, most or all of the garlic antibacterial activity disappeared after a 24-h storage period, regardless of the storage pH. The antibacterial activity was weakened when the pH of the garlic extract was adjusted to 8, and at low temperatures.

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Optimization of Soy Sauce Production Conditions with Black Garlic Extract by Response Surface Methodology (반응표면 분석법에 의한 흑마늘 추출물이 첨가된 간장의 제조 조건 설정)

  • Shim, Hye-Jin;Kang, Min-Jung;Kim, Gyeong-Min;Lee, Chang-Kwon;Kim, Jeong-Hwan;Shin, Jung-Hye
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.307-315
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The central composition design was used to optimize the mixture conditions of black garlic extract. Methods: The response surface methodology (RSM) was carried out from concentration of black garlic extract ($X_1$) and the amount of the black garlic extract ($X_2$) as independent variables, and salts ($Y_1$), reducing sugars ($Y_2$), the content of total phenolic compounds ($Y_3$) and ABTS radical scavenging activity ($Y_4$) as dependent variables. We confirmed the conditions that salinity was minimized and reducing sugar, total phenolic compounds and ABTS radical scavenging activity had maximum values through the response surface analysis. Results: All results had saddle points in originally set up conditions hence, ridge analysis was carried out for narrowing the experimental area. The minimum salt concentration was 16.03% at black garlic extract concentration of $14.84^{\circ}brix$ and contents of 9.26%. Reducing sugar content had maximum of value 7.30 g/mL at $24.58^{\circ}brix$ and contents of 8.08%. Total phenolic compounds contents and ABTS radical scavenging activity had maximum values at black garlic extract concentration of 20.33 and $25.02^{\circ}brix$. The results indicate that addition of black garlic extract contributed to increased reducing sugar, phenolic compounds contents and antioxidant activity of the soy sauce, but the salt concentration was not significantly affected. Conclusion: Based on the results of RSM, the optimum ranges of addition conditions for lowering the salt concentration and, increasing the sensory and functional ability of soy sauce were as follows: black garlic extract concentration of $15-25^{\circ}brix$ and content of 7.8-9.3%.

The Effect of Garlic on Serum Component of Cholesterol-fed Rats (마늘(Allium sativum L.)이 콜레스테롤을 투여한 흰쥐의 혈청 성분에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Man-Su;Kim, Song-Chon;Lee, In-Shil
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.123-132
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    • 1991
  • The study was accomplished to know the effects of garlic on body weight, and serum lipid, protein and glucose in male rats. The rats applied in this study were Sprague-Dawley strain of 42. In addition to basal diet, they were fed together raw garlic juice or ethanol garlic extract with 2.5% cholesterol solution solved by corn oil for 8 weeks respectively. These results were as follows. 1. The growth rate and efficiency ratio appeared to be more increased in ethanol garlic extract groups than in raw garlic juice groups. 2. The content of serum total cholesterol appeared to be the most decreased in 0.4ml ethanol garlic extract group. 3. The level of serum HDL-cholesterol had a tendency to be increased in all garlic groups. 4. Albumin/Globulin ratio appeared to be more decreased in raw garlic juice groups than in ethanol gar lie extract groups. 5. The level of serum glucose appeared to be more decreased in ethanol garlic extract groups than in raw garlic juice groups. Therefore we think that garlic is able to have an effect on atherosclerosis and diabetes.