• Title, Summary, Keyword: Galvanic corrosion

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Corrosion behavior of Zn-MgZn2 Eutectic Structure in Zn-Mg-Al alloy coated steel (Zn-Mg-Al 합금도금강판의 Zn-MgZn2 공정조직의 부식거동)

  • Lee, Jae-Won;Son, Hong-Gyun;Min, Jae-Gyu;Yu, Yeong-Ran;Gwak, Yeong-Jin;Kim, Tae-Yeop
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Surface Engineering Conference
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    • pp.280-280
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    • 2012
  • Mg의 첨가한 Zn-Mg-Al 합금도금강판에 형성된 $Zn-MgZn_2$ 공정조직의 부식거동을 이해하고자 진공 고주파 용해로 $MgZn_2$ 제작한 후 Zn와 galvanic coupling하여 $MgZn_2$합금과 Zn간의 galvanic corrosion 거동을 알아보았다. $MgZn_2-Zn$ galvanic coupling의 SVET 결과에서 $MgZn_2$가 anode, Zn가 cathode가 됨을 확인되었다. $MgZn_2$의 Zn와의 galvanic corrosion 평가에서 galvanic current는 Zn 보다 낮은 potential에서 anodic current density를 나타내었으며, galvanic potential은 $MgZn_2$전위로부터 두 합금의 혼합전위를 향해 증가함을 알 수 있었다. Zn-Mg-Al 합금도금강판의 염수분무 평가에서도 초기 $Zn-MgZn_2$ 공정조직에서 $MgZn_2$가 용출되는 것이 관찰되었다.

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Corrsion of Ni-Ze Electrodeposited Alloy (아연-니켈합금 전기도금층의 부식특성)

  • 예길촌;신현준
    • Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.39-46
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    • 1988
  • Corrosion behavior of 5-26wt% Ni-Zn electrodeposited alloys was investigated by means of dipping electrochmical polarization measurement and galvanic coupling test. The weight loss and anodic polarization curve of coatings were measured by means of dipping and polarization measurement respectively. The galvanic protection effect of alloy coatings was measured by galvanic coupling test and the surface morpholgy of coatings was observed after corrosion testing. Our findings support thous of previous investigations showing that ${\gamma}$single phase coatings, while galvanic pprotection effect of dual phase coatings improved in comparison with ${\gamma}$single phase coating. The formation of colony in coating of ${\gamma}$and η+${\gamma}$ dual phsae caused the localized corrsion and increased the corrosion rate of the Ni-Zn coating.

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The Study on the Corrosion Characteristics of Al-Alloy Shell for Cooler (알루미늄합금 원통냉각기의 부식 특성에 관한 연구)

  • 임우조;김성진;윤병두
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.152-157
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    • 2003
  • Most Recently, with rapid development in marine industries such as marine structures and ship, there occurs much interest in the study of corrosion characteristics which play an important role in design of cooling water system like heat-exchanger. Especially, as operating environment of fresh cooling water system in vessels is acidified, this system is seriously corroded. In this study, to study on the corrosion characteristics of Al-alloy shell for cooler, the electrochemical polarization test of materials for the marine fresh water cooler such as Al-alloy, Cu and naval brass was carried out in fresh water. And thus the polarization resistance and anodic polarization behavior of Al-alloy, Cu and naval brass are investigated. Also, galvanic corrosion characteristics of Al-alloy coupled with Cu and naval brass is considered. The main results obtained are as follows ; (1) The current density of corrosion is high in order of Al-alloy > naval brass > Cu (2) As anodic potential increases, the corrosion resistance of naval brass is better than that of Cu. (3) The galvanic corrosion of Al-alloy coupled with Cu and naval brass is activated than corrosion of Al-alloy.

Electrochemical Study on the Effect of Post-Weld Heat Treatment Affecting to Corrosion Resistance Property of the Weldment of SCM440 Steel (SCM440강 용접부의 내식성에 미치는 용접후 열처리효과에 관한 전기화학적 연구)

  • 김성종;김진경;김종호;김기준;김영식;문경만
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.78-88
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    • 2000
  • The effect of post-weld heat treatment(PWHT) of SCM440 steel was investigated with parameters such as micro-Vickers hardness, corrosion potential, polarization behaviors, galvanic current, Al anode generating current and Al anode weight loss, etc. Each hardness of three parts(HAZ, BM, WM) by PWHT is lower than each of as-welded parts. However, hardness of WM area was the highest among those three parts in case of both PWHT and as-welded. Corrosion potential of WM part was the highest among those three parts and WM area was also acted as cathode without regard to PWHT. The magnitude of corrosion potential difference among three parts by PWHT was larger than that of three parts of as-welded, and corrosion current by galvanic cell of these three parts by PWHT was also larger compared to as-welded. Therefore, it is suggested that corrosion resistance property of SCM440 steel is decreased by PWHT than as-welded. However, both Al anode generating current and anode weight loss were also increased by PWHT compared to as-welded when SCM400 steel is cathodically protected by Al anode.

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Identification of the Failure of VFD Heat Sink at Fossil Power Plant

  • Jung, Jine-sung;Lee, Han-sang;Kim, Min-tae;Kim, Eui-hyun
    • Corrosion Science and Technology
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.153-156
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    • 2009
  • The water cooling system for VFD (Variable Frequency Drive) of a fossil fuel power plant was reported to be shut down due to a water leak at the metal connection of the heat-sink to the hoses. In order to identify the cause of the failure, the system was visually inspected, and corrosion products were analyzed with SEM equipped with EDX. The failure was observed repeatedly at the nipples of certain location, suggesting galvanic corrosion. In a U-shaped heat sink with two nipples, for inlet and outlet, only one nipple was corrosively damaged at the tip, while the other was not. Most of the corrosion products were observed at the sound nipple and in the filter, identified as $Cu(OH)_2$. Some other corrosion products, composed of mostly $Cu_2O$, were found at the corrosively attacked nipple. A fair amount of Cl was also detected on the surface of the damaged nipple. It was concluded that galvanic corrosion was occurred due to a current leakage over the whole system, and the damage was accelerated by the accumulated chlorine ions in the cooling water.

Effects of Torsional Stress on the Corrosion Characteristics in the Rotor Assembly of Marine Diesel Engine Supercharger (선박용 디젤엔진 과급기 로터 접합체의 부식특성에 미치는 비틀림응력의 영향)

  • Jo, S.K.;Kong, Y.S.;Kim, Y.D.
    • Journal of the Korea Society For Power System Engineering
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.50-56
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    • 2005
  • The corrosion experiment was performed for 120 hours on the specimens in the natural seawater tank with four steps of the loaded torsional stress. The surface corrosion pattern of SCM440 area was showed global corrosion and narrow pitting, that was cause by galvanic corrosion between friction welded IN713LC and SCM440. But corrosion does not proceeded from IN713LC area. Initially, the average relative electrode potential and corrosion current were decreased suddenly, by and large, it was stabilized gradually tend to decreasing with the elapse of the immersion time. The corrosion rate was decreased by increasing the load stress, but 200 MPa specimen was showed most large value.

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Effect of Post-CMP Cleaning On Electrochemical Characteristics of Cu and Ti in Patterned Wafer

  • Noh, Kyung-Min;Kim, Eun-Kyung;Lee, Yong-Keun;Sung, Yun-Mo
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.174-178
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    • 2009
  • The effects of post-CMP cleaning on the chemical and galvanic corrosion of copper (Cu) and titanium (Ti) were studied in patterned silicon (Si) wafers. First, variation of the corrosion rate was investigated as a function of the concentration of citric acid that was included in both the CMP slurry and the post-CMP solution. The open circuit potential (OCP) of Cu decreased as the citric acid concentration increased. In contrast with Cu, the OCP of titanium (Ti) increased as this concentration increased. The gap in the OCP between Cu and Ti increased as citric acid concentration increased, which increased the galvanic corrosion rate between Cu and Ti. The corrosion rates of Cu showed a linear relationship with the concentrations of citric acid. Second, the effect of Triton X-$100^{(R)}$, a nonionic surfactant, in a post-CMP solution on the electrochemical characteristics of the specimens was also investigated. The OCP of Cu decreased as the surfactant concentration increased. In contrast with Cu, the OCP of Ti increased greatly as this concentration increased. Given that Triton X-$100^{(R)}$ changes its micelle structure according to its concentration in the solution, the corrosion rate of each concentration was tested.

A Study on Analysis Method of Underwater Electric Field Signature due to Ship's Corrosion and Corrosion Protection System (선체 부식 및 부식 방지장치에 의한 수중 전기장 신호 해석 방안 연구)

  • Chung, Hyun-Ju;Yang, Chang-Seob;Jeon, Jae-Jin
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.43-52
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    • 2008
  • The galvanic corrosion of a vessel, or systems fitted to minimize the ship's corrosion such as ICCP (Impressed Current Cathodic Protection) system and sacrificial anodes, can lead to significant electrical current flow in the sea. The presence of vessel's current sources associated with corrosion will give rise to detectable electric field surrounding the vessel and can put it at risk from mine threats. For this reason, it is necessary to design corrosion protection systems so that they don't only prevent a hull corrosion but also minimize the electric field signature. In this paper, we describe theoretical backgrounds of underwater electric field signature due to corrosion and corrosion protection system on naval vessels and analysis results of the electric field according to the ship's hull and it's propeller coating damage and ICCP anode displacement.

Effect of Annealing Heat Treatment to Corrosion Resistance of a Copper (구리의 내식성에 미치는 어닐링 열처리의 영향)

  • Kim Jin-Kyung;Moon Kyung-Man;Lee Jin-Kyu
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.654-661
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    • 2005
  • Copper is a well known alloying element that is used to improve the resistance to general corrosion of stainless steel And also Cu cation have the anti-fouling effect to inhibit adhesion of the marine algae and shellfish to the surface of heat exchanger cooling pipe or outside wall of the ship, Therefore there are some anti-fouling methods such as anti-fouling Paint mixed with copper oxide or MGPS(Marine Growth Preventing System) by using Cu cation dissolved to the sea wather solution. Cu cation can be dissolved spontaneously by galvanic current due to Potential difference between Cu and cooling pipe of heat exchanger with Ti material, which may be one of the anti-fouling designs. In this study the effect of annealing heat treatment to galvanic current and Polarization behavior was investigated with a electrochemical points of view such as measurement of corrosion Potential, anodic polarization curve. cyclic voltammetric curve, galvanic current etc The grain size of the surface in annealed at $700^{\circ}C$ was the smallest than that of other annealing temperatures. and also the corrosion Potential showed more positive potential than other annealing temperatures. The galvanic current between Ti and Cu with annealed at $700^{\circ}C$ was the largest value in the case of static condition. However its value in the case of flow condition was the smallest than the other temperatures. Therefore in order to increase anti-fouling effect by Cu cation, the optimum annealing temperature in static condition of sea water is $700^{\circ}C$, however non- heat treated specimen in the case of flow condition may be desirable.