• Title, Summary, Keyword: GPS satellite orbit prediction

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GPS Satellite Orbit Prediction Based on Unscented Kalman Filter

  • Zheng, Zuoya;Chen, Yongqi;Xiushan, Lu;Zhixing, Du
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • v.1
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    • pp.191-196
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    • 2006
  • In GPS Positioning, the error of satellite orbit will affect user's position accuracy directly, it is important to determine the satellite orbit precise. The real-time orbit is needed in kinematic GPS positioning, the precise GPS orbit from IGS would be delayed long time, so orbit prediction is key to real-time kinematic positioning. We analyze the GPS predicted ephemeris, on the base of comparison of EKF and UKF, a new orbit prediction method is put forward based on UKF in this paper, the result shows that UKF improves the orbit predicted precision and stability. It offers a new method for others satellites orbit determination as Galileo, and so on.

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OPERATIONAL ORBIT DETERMINATION USING GPS NAVIGATION DATA

  • Hwang Yoola;Lee Byoung-Sun;Kim Jaehoon
    • Bulletin of the Korean Space Science Society
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    • pp.376-379
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    • 2004
  • Operational orbit determination (OOD) depends on the capability of generating accurate prediction of spacecraft ephemeris in a short period. The predicted ephemeris is used in the operations such as instrument pointing and orbit maneuvers. In this study the orbit prediction problem consists of the estimating diverse arc length orbit using GPS navigation data, the predicted orbit for the next 48 hours, and the fitted 30-hour arc length orbits of double differenced GPS measurements for the predicted 48-hour period. For 24-hour orbit arc length, the predicted orbit difference from truth orbit was 205 meters due to the along-track error. The main error sources for the orbit prediction of the Low Earth Orbiter (LEO) satellite are solar pressure and atmosphere density.

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Long-Term GPS Satellite Orbit Prediction Scheme with Virtual Planet Perturbation (가상행성 섭동력을 고려한 긴 주기 GPS 위성궤도예측기법)

  • Yoo, Seungsoo;Lee, Junghyuck;Han, Jin Hee;Jee, Gyu-In;Kim, Sun Yong
    • Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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    • v.18 no.11
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    • pp.989-996
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this paper is to analyze GPS (Global Positioning System) satellite orbital mechanics, and then to propose a novel long-term GPS satellite orbit prediction scheme including virtual planet perturbation. The GPS orbital information is a necessary prerequisite to pinpointing the location of a GPS receiver. When a GPS receiver has been shut down for a long time, however, the time needed to fix it before its reuse is too long due to the long-standing GPS orbital information. To overcome this problem, the GPS orbital mechanics was studied, such as Newton's equation of motion for the GPS satellite, including the non-spherical Earth effect, the luni-solar attraction, and residual perturbations. The residual perturbations are modeled as a virtual planet using the least-square algorithm for a moment. Through the modeling of the virtual planet with the aforementioned orbital mechanics, a novel GPS orbit prediction scheme is proposed. The numerical results showed that the prediction error was dramatically reduced after the inclusion of virtual planet perturbation.

ESTIMATION OF A GENERAL ALONG-TRACK ACCELERATION IN THE KOMPSAT-1 ORBIT

  • Lee, Byoung-Sun;Lee, Jeong-Sook;Kim, Jae-Hoon
    • Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.89-96
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    • 2002
  • General along-track acceleration was estimated in the KOMPSAT-1 orbit determination process. Several sets of the atmospheric drag and solar radiation pressure coefficients were also derived with the different spacecraft area. State vectors in the orbit determination with the different spacecraft area were compared in the time frame. The orbit prediction using the estimated coefficients was performed and compared with the orbit determination results. The orbit prediction with the different general acceleration values was also carried out for the comparison

GPS Satellite Repeat Time Determination and Orbit Prediction Based on Ultra-rapid Orbits (초신속궤도력 기반 GPS 위성 repeat time 산출 및 궤도 예측)

  • Lee, Chang-Moon;Park, Kwan-Dong;Kim, Hye-In;Park, Jae-Min
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.411-420
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    • 2009
  • To plan a GPS survey, they have to decide if a survey can be conducted at a specific point and time based on the predicted GPS ephemeris. In this study, to predict ephemeris, we used the repeat time of a GPS satellite. The GPS satellite repeat time was determined by analysing correlation among three-dimensional satellite coordinates provided by the 48-hour GPS ephemeris in the ultra-rapid orbits. By using the calculated repeat time and Lagrange interpolation polynomials, we predicted GPS orbits f3r seven days. As a result, the RMS of the maximum errors in the X, Y, and Z coordinates were 39.8 km 39.7 km and 19.6 km, respectively. And the maximum and average three-dimensional positional errors were 119.5 km and 48.9 km, respectively. When the maximum 3-D positioning error of 119.5 km was translated into the view angle error, the azimuth and elevation angle errors were 9.7'and 14.9', respectively.

Operational Report of the Mission Analysis and Planning System for the KOMPSAT-I

  • Lee, Byoung-Sun;Lee, Jeong-Sook;Kim, Jae-Hoon;Lee, Seong-Pal;Kim, Hae-Dong;Kim, Eun-Kyou;Choi, Hae-Jin
    • ETRI Journal
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.387-400
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    • 2003
  • Since its launching on 21 December 1999, the Korea Multi-Purpose Satellite-I (KOMPSAT-I) has been successfully operated by the Mission Control Element (MCE), which was developed by the ETRI. Most of the major functions of the MCE have been successfully demonstrated and verified during the three years of the mission life of the satellite. This paper presents the operational performances of the various functions in MAPS. We show the performance and analysis of orbit determinations using ground-based tracking data and GPS navigation solutions. We present four instances of the orbit maneuvers that guided the spacecraft form injection orbit into the nominal on-orbit. We include the ground-based attitude determination using telemetry data and the attitude maneuvers for imaging mission. The event prediction, mission scheduling, and command planning functions in MAPS subsequently generate the spacecraft mission operations and command plan. The fuel accounting and the realtime ground track display also support the spacecraft mission operations.

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Orbit Determination Error Analysis for the KOMPSAT (다목적 실용위성의 궤도 결정 오차 분석)

  • 이정숙;이병선
    • Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.437-447
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    • 1998
  • Orbit error analysis was performed for the GPS navigation solutions and ground station tracking data of the KOMPSAT (Korea Multi-Purpose SATellite), which will be launched in 1999 for cartography of Korean peninsula as main mission. A least square method was used for the orbit determination and prediction error simulation including tracking data noises and dynamic modeling errors. It was found that a short-term periodic orbit determination error was caused by the tracking data noise and dominant orbit prediction error was caused by solar flux uncertainty.

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Operational Report of the Mission Analysis and Planning System for the KOMPSAT-I

  • Lee, Byoung-Sun;Lee, Jeong-Sook;Kim, Jae-Hoon;Lee, Seong-Pal;Kim, Hae-Dong;Kim, Eun-Kyou;Park, Hae-Jin
    • Bulletin of the Korean Space Science Society
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    • pp.46-46
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    • 2003
  • Since its launching on 21 December 1999, the KOrea Multi-Purpose SATellite-Ⅰ (KOMPSAT-Ⅰ) has been successfully operated by the Mission Control Element (MCE), which was developed by the Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute (ETRI). Most of the major functions of the MCE have been successfully demonstrated and verified during the three years of the mission life of the satellite. The Mission Analysis and Planning Subsystem (MAPS), which is one of the four subsystems in the MCE, played a key role in the Launch and Early Orbit Phase (LEOP) operations as well as the on-orbit mission operations. This paper presents the operational performances of the various functions in MAPS. We show the performance and analysis of orbit determinations using ground-based tracking data and GPS navigation solutions. We present four instances of the orbit maneuvers that guided the spacecraft from injection orbit into the nominal on-orbit. We include the ground-based attitude determination using telemetry data and the attitude maneuvers for imaging mission. The event prediction, mission scheduling, and command planning functions in MAPS subsequently generate the spacecraft mission operations and command plan. The fuel accounting and the realtime ground track display also support the spacecraft mission operations. We also present the orbital evolutions during the three years of the mission life of the KOMPSAT-Ⅰ.

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Orbit Prediction using Almanac for GLONASS Satellite Visibility Analysis (GLONASS 위성 가시성 분석을 위한 알마낙 기반 궤도 예측)

  • Kim, Hye-In;Park, Kwan-Dong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.119-127
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    • 2009
  • Even though there are next generation Global Navigation Systems in development, only GPS and GLONASS are currently available for satellite positioning. In this study, GLONASS orbits were predicted using Keplerian elements in almanac and the orbit equation. For accuracy validation, predicted orbits were compared with precise ephemeris. As a result, the 3-D maximum and RMS (Root Mean Square) errors were 155.4 km and 56.3 km for 7-day predictions. Also, the GLONASS satellite visibility predictions were compared with real observations, and they agree perfectly except for several epochs when the satellite signal was blocked nearby buildings.

Mission Operations of the KOMPSAT-1 satellite

  • Kim, Hae-Dong;Kim, Eun-Kyou;Park, Hae-Jin
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.92.5-92
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    • 2001
  • The KOMPSAT-1(Korea Multi-Purpose Satellite-1) is the first multi-purpose satellite funded by Korean government for the purpose of remote sensing and scientific data gathering in KOREA. It has successfully achieved its own mission since Dec. 21, 1999. This paper provides an overview of the KOMPSAT-1 missions and addresses the nominal mission planning and operation flow. This paper also describes the routine operational orbit determination and orbit prediction process using GPS navigation solution data. Meanwhile, some problems due to inexperience of the multiple mission operations during LEOP(Launch & Early Orbit Phase) and early normal mission were investigated. Then, resolutions that include the development of new mission planning tool are addressed. The KOMPSAT-1´s missions become more complicated rather than its Initially designed ones. In order to accomplish ...

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