• Title, Summary, Keyword: GPDH activity

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Regulation and Expression of Glycerol-3-phosphate Dehydrogerlase (GPDH) in Drosophila melanogaster (노랑초파리의 $\alpha$-Glycerol-3-phosphate Dehydrogenase (GPDH)의 발현과 조절)

  • 김세재;이정주남궁용김경진
    • The Korean Journal of Zoology
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.123-130
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    • 1991
  • Several parameters of u -glycerol-3-pholphate dehydrogenase (GPDH) such as activity, content and translatable mRNA levels were measured to elucidate mechanism underlving developmental and tissue specific regulation of 6PDH activity in Drosophila melonogastrr. In adult segments, most of total GPDH activity (62%1 Iwas detected in thorax where GPDH-1 resided, while 32% of total GPDH aUiviD was only detected in abdomen where GPDH-3 resided. The relative synthesis of GPDH was, however, similar in both tissues, although 58% of total GPDH was synthesized in abdomen. These results strongly suggest that the turnover rate of the abdominal enzyme (GPDH-3) was much more rapid than that of thoracic enzymes (GPDH-1). In nitro translation and immunoblotting experiments also indicate that GPDH-3 was arised by posttranslational modification from a single polypeptide (GPDH-1).

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Effects of Testosterone, 17β-estradiol, and Progesterone on the Differentiation of Bovine Intramuscular Adipocytes

  • Oh, Young Sook;Cho, Sang Bum;Baek, Kyung Hoon;Choi, Chang Bon
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.18 no.11
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    • pp.1589-1593
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    • 2005
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of testosterone, 17$\beta$-estradiol, and progesterone on the differentiation of bovine intramuscular adipocytes (BIA). Stromal-vascular (SV) cells were obtained from M. longissimus dorsi of 20 months old Korean (Hanwoo) steers, and were cultured in DMEM containing 5% FBS. The proliferated BIA were induced to differentiate with 0.25 $\mu$M dexamethasone, 0.5 mM 1-methyl-3-isobutyl-xanthine and 10 $\mu$g/ml insulin. During differentiation, the cells were treated with testosterone, 17$\beta$-estradiol, and progesterone at concentrations of $10^{-10}$, $10^{-9}$, and $10^{-8}$ M, respectively, for 12 days. Regardless of its concentration, testosterone remarkably reduced lipid droplets in the cytosol of BIA. On the other hand, 17$\beta$-estradiol and progesterone increased the accumulation of lipid droplets in BIA. Testosterone significantly (p<0.05) decreased GPDH activities with a dose-dependent pattern. 17$\beta$-Estradiol treatment onto BIA during differentiation, however, increased GPDH activity showing the highest activity (11.3 nmol/mg protein/min) at $10^{-10}$ M. Treatment of BIA with progesterone also increased (p<0.05) GPDH activity with the highest activity (13.8 nmol/mg protein/min) at $10^{-9}$ M. In conclusion, the results in the current study suggest that testosterone inhibits differentiation of BIA by suppressing GPDH activity while 17$\beta$-estradiol and progesterone have adverse effects.

Effects of Loquat(Eriobotrya japonica Lindl.) Extracts in Different Aerial Components on Differentiation of 3T3-L1 Cells and Pig Preadipocytes (비파 부위별 추출물이 3T3-L1 세포와 돼지 지방전구세포의 분화에 미치는 효과)

  • Lee, Hwan;Lee, Jae-Joon
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.863-873
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    • 2016
  • The current study was undertaken to determine the effects of the ethanol extracts of loquat (Eriobotrya japonica Lindl.) seeds, flesh or leaves on the differentiation of 3T3-L1 cells and male pig preadipocytes. The cell number was measured with the MTT assay after trypsin digestion. The cell differentiation was determined by measuring the glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GPDH) activity and triglyceride(TG) content. No cytotoxicity was observed from the loquat flesh and leaf ethanol extracts at concentrations of 5, 10, 25, 50, 100 or $200{\mu}g/mL$ in 3T3-L1 cells and pig preadipocytes. However, the cell viability of neither cell line were affected by up $50{\mu}g/mL$ of loquat seed ethanol extract. Treatment with the loquat seed and leaf ethanol extracts significantly suppressed the terminal differentiation of both cell lines in a dose-dependent manner, as confirmed by the decrease in the glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase(GPDH) activity and TG content. Treatment with the loquat seed and leaf ethanol extracts inhibited the GPDH activity and reduced the TG content of both cell types more effectively than that with the loquat flesh ethanol extract. The most potent anti-adipogenic effect was obtained in the case of the ethanol extract of loquat seeds.

Effect of Garlic Oil on Fatty Acid Accumulation and Glycerol-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenase Activity in Differentiating Adipocytes

  • He, M.L.;Yang, W.Z.;You, J.S.;Chaves, A.V.;Mir, P.S.;Benchaar, C.;McAllister, T.A.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.22 no.12
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    • pp.1686-1692
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    • 2009
  • Garlic oil (GAR, Allium sativum L.) has been studied as a feed additive to improve animal production performance and decrease methane emission in ruminants. The present study was designed to determine the possible effect of GAR on fatty acid composition and accumulation in animal fat tissue using a cell model. 3T3-L1 preadipocytes at $2{\times}10^{4}\;mL^{-1}$ were seeded to 24-well plates and allowed to proliferate to reach confluence. The cells were then treated with media containing 0, 2.5, 5, 10, 20 and 40 $\mu{g}$ $mL^{-1}$ of GAR during the differentiation period for 8 days. Media containing dexamethasone, methyl-isobutylxanthine and insulin was applied during the first 2 days of the early differentiation period. On day 8 sub-sets of the wells were stained with oil red-O and the remaining cells were harvested for determination of glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase [EC 1.1.1.8] (GPDH) activity (n = 6) and cellular fatty acid concentration (n = 6). It was found that supplementation of GAR increased (p<0.05) the ratio of monounsaturated fatty acids/saturated fatty acids in the adipocytes and showed inhibitory effect (p<0.05) on the post-confluent proliferation. With relative low dosage, GAR (5-20 $\mu{g}$ $mL^{-1}$) increased (p<0.05) the GPDH activity without affecting the cellular fatty acid concentration, while a high dosage (40 $\mu{g}$ $mL^{-1}$) inhibited (p<0.05) fatty acid accumulation and decreased GPDH activity. Supplementation of GAR had an effect on cell post-confluent proliferation, differentiation and fatty acid accumulation. However, the effect may be diverse and depends on the dose applied.

Reduction of Body Weight by Capsaicin is Associated with Inhibition of Glycerol-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenase Activity and Stimulation of Uncoupling Protein 2 mRNA Expression in Diet-induced Obese Rats

  • Ann, Ji-Young;Lee, Mak-Soon;Joo, Hyun-Jin;Kim, Chong-Tai;Kim, Yang-Ha
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.210-216
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    • 2011
  • Capsaicin is a pungent component of red pepper, which is widely consumed as food adjuncts. The present study was performed to investigate anti-obesity effects of capsaicin in diet-induced obese rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (n=14) were fed with a high-fat diet (Control) or high-fat diet containing 0.016% capsaicin (w/w) (Capsaicin) for 8 weeks. The final body weight and the mass of white adipose tissue were significantly lower in capsaicin supplemented group compared to control. Dietary capsaicin ameliorated lipid profiles with decrease in the plasma concentrations of triglycerides and total cholesterol, and decrease in the levels of total lipids and triglycerides in the liver. Activity of glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GPDH), an indicator of triglyceride biosynthesis in white adipose tissue, decreased by 35% in the group supplemented with capsaicin. However, consumption of capsaicin increased the expression of uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2) in white adipose tissue, which is related to energy consumption. Our data suggests that capsaicin may reduce body weight and fat accumulation in high fat diet-induced obese rats. These effects may be mediated, at least partially, by the upregulation of UCP2 gene expression and its ability to inhibit GPDH activity.

The Role of Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and Mitogenic Activated Protein Kinase on the Differentiation of Ovine Preadipocytes

  • Choi, K.C.;Shrestha, S.G.;Roh, S.G.;Hishikawa, D.;Kuno, M.;Tsuzuki, H.;Hong, Y.H.;Sasaki, S.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.16 no.8
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    • pp.1199-1204
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    • 2003
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the role of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3 kinase) and the mitogenactivating protein (MAP) kinase pathway on the differentiation of ovine preadipocytes. In order to investigate this issue, we monitored glycerol 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GPDH) activity during differentiation with specific inhibitors of PI3 kinase and MAP kinase-Erk kinase, LY294002 and PD098059, respectively. The preadipocytes, which were obtained from ovine subcutaneous adipose tissues, were proliferated to confluence and then differentiated to adipocytes in differentiation medium with each inhibitor for 10 days. The confluent preadipocytes and differentiated adipocytes at days 3, 7 and 10 were harvested for assay of GPDH activity. LY294002 inhibited the differentiation program in dose- and day-dependent manners during 10 days of differentiation. PD098059 did not affect GPDH activity during differentiation. Furthermore, the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor ${\gamma}2$ (PPAR-${\gamma}2$), the representative early gene of differentiation, was markedly reduced by LY294002 treatment, although PD098059 did not change it. Our results demonstrated that the activation of PI3 kinase contributes to the differentiation process of ovine preadipocytes.

The Effects of Herbal Extract Mixture on Anti-Obesity (항비만에 대한 생약복합물의 효과)

  • Chin, Hwi-Seung;Pack, Keum-Ju;Pack, Seung-Hee;Kim, Jae-Ki
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.32-38
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    • 2009
  • In this study, we investigated the anti-obesity activity of the herbal extract mixture (HEM). The inhibitory effect of HEM on triglyceride accumulation of 3T3-L1 preadipocyte was examined by Oil-Red O staining. HEM inhibited the triglyceride accumulation of 3T3-L1 preadipocyte cell and reduced glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GPDH) activity. We further investigated the effect of HEM in prevention of obesity in male ICR mouse for 5 weeks. Experimental groups were divided into high fat diet group (HFD), HFD supplemented with 100 mg/kg HEM group (HEM1) and HFD supplemented with 200 mg/kg HEM group (HEM2). Body weight and food efficiency ration of HEM1 and HEM2 was decreased by 52% and 50% and by 45% and 50%, respectively. The amount of adipocyte in body weight was decreased. Blood triglyceride and total cholesterol of HEM1 was significantly decreased. These results indicate that HEM may be useful in preventing obesity.

The Effects of Polymannuronates on Leptin in 3T3-L1 Adipocytes (3T3-L1 지방세포 내의 Leptin에 미치는 Polymannuronates의 영향)

  • KIM In-Hye;NAM Teak-Jeong
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.37 no.5
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    • pp.372-379
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    • 2004
  • This study evaluated polymanuronates on the differentiation of 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Polymannuronates increased glucose utilization and reduced the accumulation of triglycerides in the cells. The differentiation showed the same results as Oil red O staining. Also, the polymannuronates inhibited GPDH activity as a result of the restrained adipogenesis promotion process in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. The addition of the differentiation promotion factor to 3T3-L1 promoted the differentiation of adipocytes and increased the expression of the leptin level. However the addition of polymannuronates inhibited differentiation of adipocytes and the leptin secretion level in cells by checking the leptin protein level in the culture media. As well as this, it also inhibited the transcriptional mechanism and leptin mRNA expression. These results suggest that the addition of polymannuronates improves the physiological function of 3T3-L1 cells by reducing the accumulation of triglyceride and GPDH activity, and the repressing expression of leptin at a molecular level.

Inhibitory Effects of Serotonin Derivatives on Adipogenesis (홍화씨 추출물 유래 세로토닌 유도체의 지방전구세포 분화억제 효능에 대한 연구)

  • Jung, Eun-Sun;Kim, Seung-Beom;Kim, Moo-Han;Shin, Seong-Woo;Lee, Jong-Sung;Park, Deok-Hoon
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.171-176
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    • 2011
  • N-feruloylserotonin (FS) and N-(pcoumaroyl) serotonin (CS), serotonin derivatives, which have been isolated as major and unique phenolics of safflower seed extract (SSE), are member of hydroxycinnamic acid amides and are implicated in the defense against pathogen infection and insect feeding. In this study, we evaluate inhibitory effects of N-(p-Coumaroyl)serotonin and N-Feruloylserotonin on adipogenesis using oil-red O staining, triglyceride and GPDH activity. we found that while serotonin itself did not suppress differentiation of preadipocytes into adipocytes, N-(p-Coumaroyl)serotonin and N-Feruloylserotonin inhibited the differentiation of preadipocytes into adipocytes in a concentration-dependent manner. In addition, they showed antioxidant effects in DPPH assay. Taken together, these results show that N-feruloylserotonin (FS) and N-(pcoumaroyl) serotonin (CS) suppress differentiation of preadipocytes, suggesting the possibility that these serotonin derivatives can be utilized as an anti-obesity agent.

Effects of Yeoldahanso-tang, a Sasang Constitutional Herbal Prescription for Taeeumin, on the Adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 Cells (태음인(太陰人) 열다한소탕(熱多寒少湯)이 3T3-L1 지방전구세포(脂肪前驅細胞) 분화(分化)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Yoo, Sae-Rom;Jeong, Soo-Jin;Shin, Hyeun-Kyoo
    • Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.75-83
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    • 2012
  • Objectives : Although Yeoldahanso-tang (YDHST) has been widely used for treatment of obesity and its related diseases such as hyperinsulinemia and hypertension for Taeeumin, no scientific evidence has reported yet to support its ability to work against these metabolic disorders. Our study was aimed to investigate the anti-obesity effect of YDHST extract on the cellular differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes into adipocytes. Methods : 3T3-L1 preadipocytes were differentiated into adipocytes by adding insulin, dexamethasone and 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX) for 8 days in the absence or presence of YDHST extract. Anti-obesity effects of YDHST extract were evaluated by Oil Red O staining, glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GPDH) activity, triglyceride contents, and leptin production. Results : YDHST extract remarkably prevented lipid accumulation with no cytotoxicity in the differentiated 3T3-L1 cells. In addition, YDHST extract decreased contents of triglyceride 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Consistently, YDHST extract caused a significant inhibition of GPDH activity and leptin production in a dose-dependent manner. Conclusions : Our findings suggest that Sasang constitutional herbal formula YDHST for Tae-eumin has anti-obesity activity by regulation of the adipogenesis process in vitro. Additional study will be required to further confirm the inhibitory effect on adipocyte differentiation by using in vivo animal model.