• Title/Summary/Keyword: GLUE

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Efficient Uncertainty Analysis of TOPMODEL Using Particle Swarm Optimization (입자군집최적화 알고리듬을 이용한 효율적인 TOPMODEL의 불확실도 분석)

  • Cho, Huidae;Kim, Dongkyun;Lee, Kanghee
    • Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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    • v.47 no.3
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    • pp.285-295
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    • 2014
  • We applied the ISPSO-GLUE method, which integrates the Isolated-Speciation-based Particle Swarm Optimization (ISPSO) with the Generalized Likelihood Uncertainty Estimation (GLUE) method, to the uncertainty analysis of the Topography Model (TOPMODEL) and compared its performance with that of the GLUE method. When we performed the same number of model runs for the both methods, we were able to identify the point where the performance of ISPSO-GLUE exceeded that of GLUE, after which ISPSOGLUE kept improving its performance steadily while GLUE did not. When we compared the 95% uncertainty bounds of the two methods, their general shapes and trends were very similar, but those of ISPSO-GLUE enclosed about 5.4 times more observed values than those of GLUE did. What it means is that ISPSOGLUE requires much less number of parameter samples to generate better performing uncertainty bounds. When compared to ISPSO-GLUE, GLUE overestimated uncertainty in the recession limb following the maximum peak streamflow. For this recession period, GLUE requires to find more behavioral models to reduce the uncertainty. ISPSO-GLUE can be a promising alternative to GLUE because the uncertainty bounds of the method were quantitatively superior to those of GLUE and, especially, computationally expensive hydrologic models are expected to greatly take advantage of the feature.

Efficient Uncertainty Estimation of TOPMODEL Using Particle Swarm Optimization : Case Studies for Texas Watersheds (입자군집최적화 기법을 통한 TOPMODEL의 효율적인 불확실도 분석 : Texas 유역을 대상으로)

  • Park, Jeongha;Cho, Huidae;Kim, Dongkyun
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • 2017.05a
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    • pp.161-161
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    • 2017
  • 본 연구는 효율적인 매개변수 추정 방법인 Isolated-Speciation Particle Swarm Optimization(ISPSO)와 불확실도 분석 기법인 GLUE를 결합한 ISPSO-GLUE의 개념을 도입하였다. 임의 매개변수 추출을 방식인 GLUE 기법과 ISPSO-GLUE와의 효율성 비교를 위해 분포형 강우-유출모형인 TOPMODEL에 적용하였으며, 추정된 매개변수에 대한 모의 유량치를 이용하여 성능을 비교하였다. 연구대상지는 Texas의 $1000{\times}2000km^2$ 크기 내외의 두 유역을 택하였으며, 2002-2007년을 보정기간으로 하고, 2008-2013년을 검증기간으로 설정하였다. 불확실도 분석에 10개의 TOPMODEL 매개변수를 이용하고, 우도함수로는 Nash-Sutcliffe(NS) Coefficient이용하여 0.6이상 기준으로 행동모형을 구분하였다. 분석 결과 모수 추정성능면에서, 누적 최대 NS 값과 행동 모형의 개수는 전반적으로 ISPSO-GLUE에서 큰 값을 보였으나, 불확실도 구간에 속하는 관측치는 GLUE에서 더 높은 경향을 보였다. 이는 ISPSO-GLUE의 편향된 모수 추정으로 불확실도 구간이 작아지며, 포함되는 관측치가 GLUE에 비하여 적게 되는 것으로 확인되었다. ISPSO-GLUE의 개선을 통하여 TOPMODEL에 대한 적용성을 증진시키고, 값비싼 수문모형에 대한 매개변수 추정에 더 큰 효과를 가져올 것으로 기대된다.

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Analysis of Cow Hide Glue Binder in Traditional Dancheong by Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay

  • Yu, Jia;Chung, Yong Jae
    • Journal of Conservation Science
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.363-372
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    • 2019
  • Animal glue has been used as a binder in Dancheong since the Joseon dynasty. Binders play an important role in determining the physical characteristics of a painting layer. The analysis of binders can be used to identify the materials and techniques used in traditional Dancheong. Binders can be investigated using physicochemical component analyses methods such as gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, and fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, but the detection characteristics vary depending on the degradation properties of the pigment and binder. Therefore, cross-validation using a combination of physicochemical analysis and enzyme immunoassay is used to increase the reliability of the results. In this study, we present an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) as an example of an enzyme immunoassay as a method for analyzing animal glue, a traditional binder used in Korea. The applicability of ELISA was tested using commercial animal glue, in addition to animal glue produced using a variety of extraction conditions. The animal glue was analyzed in a Noerok-additionally coated-replica sample to evaluate the possibility of analyzing the animal glue in a paint layer mixed with pigment. Based on the results, we performed an assay on the use of animal glue in the Dancheong sample of the temples of the Joseon dynasty, that are estimated to have been built in the 17th century.

Hemostatic effect of fibrin glue for sternal marrow bleeding. (흉골 출혈에 대한 fibrin glue의 지혈 효과)

  • Lee, Hong-Seop;Park, Guk-Yang;Kim, Chang-Ho
    • Journal of Chest Surgery
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.683-687
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    • 1987
  • Bleeding from bone marrow after sternotomy for open cardiac surgery can be sometimes difficult to control and even lead to reoperation for hemostasis. A clinical comparative study was carried out to demonstrate the hemostatic effect of fibrin glue [Beriplast] for sternal marrow bleeding after sternotomy for open heart surgery. Postoperative blood loss was measured in two patient groups, group A included 19 patients operated upon from June to October 1987 and the fibrin glue was applied to the sternal marrow together with collagen fleece and group B consisted of 22 patients from January to May 1987 and only collagen fleece was applied without fibrin glue. There was no difference between two groups in age and sex distributions, coagulation state, method of extracorporeal circulation and operative management. The blood loss one hour after operation was 2.04 ml/hr/kg in group A and 3.55 ml/hr/kg in group B [P<0.001]. The most significant difference was observed during the first 4 hours after surgery with 1.34 ml/hr/kg versus 2.05 ml/hr/kg. over the following 20 hours the amount of drainage from the chest tubes was identical in both groups. Fibrin glue reduces blood loss after open heart surgery by local hemostasis at sternum. Our study has shown that local application of fibrin glue to sternal marrow is an effective method of controlling the sternal bleedings. No side effect or complication of fibrin glue was noted.

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Analysis of animal glue by pyrolysis/GC/MS (열분해/GC/MS에 의한 아교의 분석)

  • Park, Jongseo
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.221-227
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    • 2015
  • Animal glue is a traditional material that was used widely as an adhesive in cultural artifacts, such as Buddhist paintings, dancheong (traditional multicolored paintwork on wooden buildings), mother-of-pearl inlay, and so on. Spectroscopic methods, such as infrared spectroscopy, have been used for the analysis of animal glue. However, such methods do not yield sufficient information about the constituents of the glue. Because pyrolysis/GC/MS analysis is able to estimate the components of a material through the examination of its pyrolyzed products, it is useful for the analysis of polymeric material. In this study, pyrolysis/GC/MS analysis was used to determine the chemical composition of animal glue. The appropriate conditions for analyzing animal glue were established by examining pyrolysis temperature, quantity of the sample, and the repeatability of the method. Some products of pyrolysis were identified. We also analyzed commercial gelatin and animal glue using the established method and found almost no differences in chromatograms among the samples. The results will be used as supporting data to confirm the use of animal glue in cultural artifacts and to replace traditional animal glue by commercial gelatin.

The Effect of the Characteristics of Tipping Paper, Plug Wrap and Glue on the Cigarette Ventilation (팁페이파, 필터권지 및 접착제 특성이 제품담배 공기희석율에 미치는 영향)

  • 김정열;김종열;신창호
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Tobacco Science
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.60-66
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    • 2002
  • The ventilation rate of a ventilated filter cigarette depends on the details of its construction and on the properties of its components such as tobacco column pressure drop, filter pressure drop, tipping paper and plug wrap permeability, and vent position. Also, It was affected by the condition of adhesion of glue between tipping paper and plug wrap. This study was carried out to find the effect of surface properties of tipping paper and plug wrap, and a characteristics of glue on the ventilation rate of cigarettes. Our results indicated that the surface properties of tipping paper and plug wrap affected on the ventilation rate of cigarette. Also, the variation of ventilation rate was affected by the surface properties of tipping paper and the size of glue particles. We also found that the surface properties of tipping paper and plug wrap, and the emersion size of glue were the major factors to concern in the design for materials of cigarettes.

Lifetime improvement of Organic Light Emitting Diode by Using LiF Thin Film and UV Glue Encapsulation

  • Hsieh, Huai-En;Huang, Bohr-Ran;Juang, Fuh-Shyang;Tsai, Yu-Sheng;Chang, Ming-Hua;Liu, Mark.O.;Su, Jou-yeh
    • 한국정보디스플레이학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 2007.08b
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    • pp.1703-1705
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    • 2007
  • Before the ultra-violet glue encapsulation, the research evaporated LiF thin film on device surface to be the extra packaging layer for improving the lifetime of organic light-emitting diode. The formula of UV glue was specially developed. We found 100 nm LiF is the optimum thickness. The best lifetime obtained by using LiF and special UV glue is 2.4 times longer than those by commercial UV glue.

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A Study on the Application of Dobak-glue for Fixation Painting Layer of Earthen Mural (토벽화 채색층 고착처리를 위한 도박풀 적용 연구)

  • Kim, Seol Hui;Han, Kyeong Soon;Lee, Hwa Soo
    • Journal of Conservation Science
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    • v.33 no.6
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    • pp.553-564
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    • 2017
  • This report compared and analyzed the degree of surface change and results of a deterioration experiment to assess the possibility of using Dobak glue as an adhesive in the fossilizing treatment of the paint layer in earthen mural paintings. The weathering experiments were performed with a color-difference meter (CR-400, MINOLTA). After the experiment, Cinnabar 3% specimens, which exhibited diverse changes in the durability test, were additionally tested with a reflection-transmission device (CARY-5000, AGILENT). Post UV degradation, most of the Dobak-glue samples exhibited lesser color change than animal-glue samples, and after moisture absorption and drying, the 0.5% and 3% Dobak samples displayed a lower degree of change in the value of color difference. Furthermore, results of the reflection-transmission test after deterioration indicated that Dobak glue presented a lesser color change than animal glue. Therefore, if Dobak glue is used as a consolidating agent, discoloration on account of degradation is minimal.

Effects of bone healing capacity by autologous fibrin glue in experimental bone defect dogs (개에서 자가 fibrin glue가 골 결손치유에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jong-il;Song, Ha-na;Kim, Nam-soo
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.45 no.2
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    • pp.273-278
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    • 2005
  • This study was investigated of the bone healing capacity by autologous fibrin glue in experimental bone defect dogs. The autologous fibrin glue manufactured just before the experiment was mixed with the concentrated fibrinogen from whole blood of the experimental dog and bovine thrombin. The experimental group was constituted with seven dogs. The experimental osteotomy was performed 5 mm length in bilateral region of proximal diaphyseal fibulae. The defected regions of experimental group were filled with the autologous fibrin glue by duploject. The experimental regions had been radiographed biweekly for 16 weeks to observe new bone formation and union. Bone alkaline phophatase (BALP) in all groups was evaluated biweekly till the end of the experiment to determine osteoblast activities. New bone formation had been observed in five regions of three dogs at four weeks after the experimental treatment and in two regions of one dog at ten weeks. The other seven regions of the experimental group and control group were not observed new bone formation until the end of the experiment. BALP value in four dogs observed new bone formation was increased to 97.10 IU/L (453.96%) at two weeks after the experimental treatment. The results of this experiment were suggested that the autologous fibrin glue was moderately effective in new bone formation in dogs.

Confirming Animal Glue in Dancheong Sample by Pyrolysis/GC/MS (열분해/GC/MS에 의한 재현 단청 시편에서 아교의 확인)

  • Park, Jong Seo;Kim, Mi Jeong;Kim, Soon Kwan
    • Journal of Conservation Science
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.21-32
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    • 2016
  • Animal glue is a traditional material used extensively as adhesive and binder in mother-of-pearl, wooden structure, traditional painting, etc. Analysis of animal glue is usually performed with IR(infrared spectroscopy) based on the IR absorption of functional group. But, it has a limitation in confirming animal glue when a sample consists of several materials because of overlapping of the absorption band. Py/GC/MS(pyrolysis/gas chromatography/mass spectrometry) is a useful tool in analyzing the constituent of polymeric materials like animal glue by identifying their pyrolysate with very small amount of sample. In this study, confirmation of animal glue in a Dancheong sample was tried with this method. Characteristic pyrolytic compounds of animal glue and tung oil used in Dancheong were identified. Dancheong sample painted with Noerok as a coloring material, animal glue and tung oil was prepared and it was possible to find characteristic peaks of animal glue after thermal degradation and artificial weathering experiment. From this, we found that animal glue can be detected using py/GC/MS in cultural heritage samples consisting of several materials and in different condition. IR was also tried to analyze Dancheong sample and the results were compared with those of py/GC/MS for the detection of animal glue.