• Title, Summary, Keyword: GC/ECD

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Comparison of three analytical methods for PCBs-containing liquid wastes (폴리염화비페닐류 함유 액상폐기물 시험방법별 분석결과 비교)

  • Kim, Kyeo-Keun;Yoon, Seong-Kyu;Bae, Woo-Keun
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.278-283
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    • 2010
  • This study was performed to compare the analytical results among L2000DX and two GC/ECD methods (rapid and conventional). 15 samples of transformer oils were collected to compare the analytical results. In the analytical results of PCBs-containing transformer oil, the PCBs concentrations were in the range of 4.4 mg/L to 182.8 mg/L with L2000DX, N.D. to 14.63 mg/L with conventional GC/ECD, and N.D. to 13.03 mg/L using rapid GC/ECD. The PCB concentrations detected with the L2000DX showed a large difference to those detected with GC/ECD methods. Otherwise, little difference was shown between the two GC/ECD methods at a concentration range lower than 4 mg/L, although the rapid GC/ECD method tended to detect a slightly lower concentration near the regulation criteria of Korea for 2 mg/L.

Applicability of Using GC-PDD (Pulsed Discharge Detector) for Multiresidual Pesticides Analysis

  • Oh, Chang-Hwan
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.959-966
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    • 2006
  • The electron-capture detector (ECD) of gas chromatographs (GC) has been used widely in pesticide analysis. However, as ECD relies on radioactive material, it is troublesome to purchase and maintain. Therefore, potent replacements for ECD were investigated. A Pulsed-discharge detector (PDD) for ECD was tested and the analytical results of PDD (ECD mode), ${\mu}ECD$, and nitrogen-phosphorus detector (NPD) were compared for 107 pesticides including organochroline, organophosphorus, pyrethroids etc. The number of pesticides identified at the lowest limit of detection (LOD) was 36, 29, and 2 for PDD, ${\mu}ECD$, and NPD, respectively. The remaining pesticides showed same response to PDD and ${\mu}ECD$. The GC-PDD analysis of pesticides spiked into representative agricultural products (brown rice, spinach, and mandarin oranges) also showed good and/or equivalent recoveries using $GC-{\mu}ECD$.

Analytical method of the polychlorinated biphenyls in soil using GC/ECD and GC/MS (GC/ECD 및 GC/MS을 이용한 토양 중 PCBs 분석방법 고찰)

  • Kim, Tae-Seung;Shin, Sun-Kyoung;Yoon, Jeong-Ki;Kim, Jong-Ha;Kim, Hyoung Seop;Lee, Jeong Ah
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.91-108
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    • 2007
  • This study was investigated both the Korean official soil test method and the international various methods for PCBs in soil sample. The analytical guideline of PCBs in contaminated soil were proposed based on the official soil test methods by discussing the extraction, column cleanup, instrumental conditions, quantification methods of peak matching and individual isomers. The total 28 soil samples were selected by consideration of PCBs-contamination, land use etc., and then analyzed using gas chromatography/electron capture detection (GC/ECD) and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry(GC/MS). In this study, the PCBs were not detected as peak matching method using GC/ECD, but PCBs detected $0.002{\sim}0.487{\mu}g/kg$ using GC/MS in background concentrations.

Multi-residue Analysis of Pesticides using GC-TOF/MS, ECD, NPD with QuEChERS Sample Preparation (QuEChERS 전처리법과 GC-TOF/MS, ECD, NPD를 이용한 잔류농약 다성분분석)

  • Park, Jungwook;Kim, Aekyung;Kim, Jongpil;Lee, Hyanghee;Park, Duckwoong;Moon, Sujin;Ha, Dongryong;Kim, Eunsun;Seo, Kyewon
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.278-295
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    • 2014
  • Fast and accurate multi-residue pesticides inspecting method needs in Agro-Fishery Products Inspection Center. So, We tried to seek the optimum method using GC-TOF/MS, GC-ECD, GC-NPD after QuEChERS sample preparation. In GC-TOF/MS, 138 kinds of pesticide were spiked at 0.3 and $0.5{\mu}g/g$for the identification and quantification in lettuce sample. Recoveries of 77 pesticides were between 70 and 130% with RSD (relative standard deviation lower than 20% at $0.3{\mu}g/g$. In GC-ECD, NPD, 146 kinds of pesticide were spiked for the identification and quantification in lettuce. Recoveries of 61 species were between 70 and 130% with lower than 20%. These results indicated that GC-TOF/MS, GC-ECD, NPD analysis with the QuEChERS sample preparation can be partly applied to multi-residue pesticides in vegetables.

GC/MS and GC/ECD Analysis of Residual Pesticides in Herbal drugs (GC/MS와 GC/ECD를 이용한 한약재 중 잔류 농약의 분석)

  • Kim, Ho-Kyoung;Park, So-Yeon;Ko, Byoung-Seob
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.44-51
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    • 1999
  • Analysis of residual pesticides in herbal drugs was performed by GC-ECD and GC-MS. Especially, selected ion monitoring(SIM) technique was applied to increase the GC/MS sensitivity. Analysis of residual pesticides was determined sensitivity and selectively without any internal standard by setting the SIM technique to their characteristic fragments for quantitation ion and confirmation ion. The combination of two detector, GC-ECD and MS-SIM technique, is abailable for determining a multiclass residual pesticides in herbal drugs. The average recoveries through the method were $65.9%{\sim}99.7%$ in herbal drugs. The data of gas chromatographic analysis was compared with the limits of residual pesticides in herbal drugs and agricultural foods. 4. 4-DDT was detected above the limits to the residual pesticides in herbal drugs. Diazinon and EPN were detected, but the limits of residual pesticides were less than that of agricultural foods.

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Determination of Quintozene Residues in Agricultural Commodities Using GC-ECD/MS (GC-ECD/MS를 이용한 농산물 중 Quintozene의 잔류분석)

  • Ahn, Kyung-Geun;Kim, Gyeong-Ha;Kim, Gi-Ppeum;Hwang, Young-Sun;Hong, Seung-Beom;Lee, Young Deuk;Choung, Myoung-Gun
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.195-203
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    • 2015
  • Quintozene, pentachloronitrobenzene (PCNB) is a contact fungicide for control of soilborne phytopathogenic fungi during cultivation of diverse crops. It was introduced to agricultural use around 1930's as a substitute for mercurial disinfectants. Although quintozene had been first registered in Korea on 1969. However, now it was banned to use due to its high residue levels in selected harvest products. Also, high possibility is expected that the residue may be contained in imported agricultural commodities as it is still used widely over the world. Therefore, this study was conducted to establish a determination method for quintozene residue in crops using GC/ECD/MS. Quintozene residue was extracted with acetonitrile from representative samples of five raw products which comprised hulled rice, soybean, Kimchi cabbage, green pepper, and apple. The extract was diluted with saline water, and n-hexane partition was followed to recover quintozene from the aqueous phase. Florisil column chromatography was additionally employed for final clean up of the extract. The quintozene was quantitated by GLC with ECD, using a DB-1 capillary column. The crops were fortified with quintozene at 3 levels per crop. Mean recoveries ranged from 79.9% to 102.7% in five representative agricultural commodities. The coefficients of variation were less than 4.3%. Quantitative limit of quintozene was 0.004 mg/kg in representative five crop samples. A GC/MS with selected-ion monitoring was also provided to confirm the suspected residue. Therefore, this analytical method was reproducible and sensitive enough to determine the residue of quintozene in agricultural commodities.

Fundamental study on the development of the testing method of Triclosan with GC/ECD and GC/MS (GC/ECD 및 GC/MS를 이용한 트리클로산 정량분석에 관한 기초 연구)

  • Jeong, Hui-Jae;Lee, Jae-In;Kweon, Deok-Jun;Eom, Hui-Jeong;Choi, Zel-Ho;Choi, Ki-In
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.410-415
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    • 2012
  • In this study, a fundamental study was conducted to establish the method for quantitative analysis and pretreatment of triclosan, one of the chemicals to be used as bactericides, detergents, and sterilizers. The extraction efficiency of triclosan was the highest when it was extracted by soxhlet apparatus with n-hexane, and it showed a satisfactory result when the samples were analyzed with both GC/ECD and GC/MS. To evaluate the reproductivity of the results, each 30 reference samples made with paper filter and cotton wool was prepared in this study. From the results with high extraction effectiveness, low analysis deviation, and good statistical analysis data, the method for the extraction and analysis for triclosan were resonable for the paper and textile samples applied in this study.

Derivatization and Residual Determination of MCPP in Soil Leachate (토양 침투수중 MCPP의 유도체화 및 잔류분석)

  • Hong, Moo-Ki;Smith, Albert E.
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.199-208
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    • 1994
  • Analytical methods for the determination of the derivatives of the herbicide (${\pm}$)-2-(4-chloro-2-methylphenoxy)propionic acid (MCPP) by capillary column gas chromatography with mass spectrometer (GC-MS) and electron-capture detection (GC-ECD) were studied. A successful procedure was introduced for the ester preparation using $H_2SO_4$, as the catalyst and the alcohol 2,2,2-trichloroethanol (TCE) or 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol (TFE). The identificaiton and elucidation of MCPP by GC-MS spectrometry following the esterification with diazomethane, $BF_3$/methanol, $H_2SO_4$/methanol, TCE, TFE, or pentafluorobenzyl bromide (PFB) were carried out. A comparison of the response-sensitivities among those MCPP esters was made with GC-ECD. Although the methylation product of MCPP was confirmed by GC-MS, its low sensitivity to the ECD limited the detection of MCPP. TCE, TFE, and PFB derivatization methods resulted in a high rate of MCPP esterifications and very sensitive ECD molecular responses. Based on efficiency, convenience, worker safety, and least sample contamination, TFE esterificaiton was considered as the superior method for MCPP analysis to the other methods of derivatization. An accurate method is described for quantifying MCPP in soil leachates by GC-ECD at very low concentrations without the requirement of a complicated clean-up process. As a result, MCPP residues at concentrations of less than $0.1{\mu}g$ in 100ml soil leachate were detected.

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Development of Analytical Method for Fipronil Residues in Agricultural Commodities Using GC-ECD/MS (GC-ECD/MS를 이용한 농산물 중 Fipronil의 잔류 분석법 개발)

  • Ahn, Kyung-Geun;Kim, Gyeong-Ha;Kim, Gi-Ppeum;Hwang, Young-Sun;Kang, In-Kyu;Lee, Young Deuk;Choung, Myoung-Gun
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.309-317
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    • 2015
  • BACKGROUND: An analytical method was developed using GC-ECD/MS to precisely determine the residue of fipronil, a phenylpyrazole insecticide used to control a wide range of foliar and soil-borne pests.METHOD AND RESULTS: Fipronil residue was extracted with acetone from representative samples of five raw products which comprised hulled rice, soybean, Kimchi cabbage, green pepper, and apple. The extract was diluted with saline water, and fipronil was partitioned into n-hexane/dichloromethane (20/80, v/v) to remove polar co-extractives in the aqueous phase. Florisil column chromatography was additionally employed for final purification of the extract. Fipronil was separated and quantitated by GC-ECD using a DB-17 capillary column. Accuracy of the proposed method was validated by the recovery from crop samples fortified with fipronil at 3 levels per crop in each triplication.CONCLUSION: Mean recoveries ranged from 86.6% to 106.0% in five representative agricultural commodities. The coefficients of variation were less than 10%. Limit of quantitation of fipronil was 0.004 mg/kg as verified by the recovery experiment. A confirmatory technique using GC/MS with selected-ion monitoring was also provided to clearly identify the suspected residue. Therefore, this analytical method was reproducible and sensitive enough to determine the residue of fipronil in agricultural commodities.

Screening procedure for organochlorinated pesticide residues in meat fat using a matrix solid phase dispersion(MSPD) extraction and GC/ECD (MSPD법과 GC/ECD를 이용한 식육중의 잔류농약 분석)

  • 백미순;이영철;박병옥;김창수;박유순
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.15-23
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    • 1999
  • A multiresidue, simple and rapid isolation technique known as matrix-solid phase dispersoin (MSPD) for the extraction and quantitative gas chromatographic/electron capture detection (GC/ECD) determination of 14 organochlorinated pesticides($\alpha$-BHC, ($\beta$-BHC, ($\gamma$-BHC, aldrin, dieldrin, endrin, heptachlor, ($\alpha$-endosulfan, ($\beta$-endosulfan, endosulfan sulfate, p,p'-DDE, o,p'-DDD, p,p'-DDD, p,p'-DDT) from meat fats. The 14 pesticide were fortified into meat fat(0.5g) and blend with 2g $C_{18}$, $C_{18}$meat fat matrix blend and 2g activated florisil comprise an extraction column from which the pesticides are eluted by adding 8ml acetonitrile. Then 2${\mu}\ell$ of the eluate is analyzed by GC/ECD. Unfortified blank controls are tested similarly. The eluate contained all the pesticide analytes and was free of interfering coextractants. Recovery rate(31.3-500ng/g) were ranged from 80$\pm$4% to 97$\pm$4%. Any organochlorinated pesticides were not detected in 120 samples of beef and pork collected from slaughter houses in Kyeonggi province.

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