• Title, Summary, Keyword: G-Rh2

Search Result 387, Processing Time 0.049 seconds

Inhibitory Effect of Protopanxatriol Ginsenosides in an Oxazolone-induced Mouse Psoriatic Model

  • Shin, Young-Wook;Bae, Eun-Ah;Han, Myung-Joo;Kim, Dong-Hyun
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
    • /
    • v.30 no.3
    • /
    • pp.95-99
    • /
    • 2006
  • When the inhibitory effect of ginsenoside (G) Re isolated from ginseng and its metabolites G-Rg1, G-F1, G-Rh1 and protopanaxatriol in mouse ear skin psoriasis stimulated by oxazolone was investigated, G-Re and its metabolites suppressed mouse ear swelling stimulated by oxazolone. Among these agents tested, G-Rh1 most potently suppressed ear swelling as well as mRNA expression of COX-2 and proinflammatory cytokines $IL-1{\beta},\;TNF-{\alpha}$ and $interferon-{\gamma}$. These findings suggest that G-Rh1 may improve chronic dermatitis and psoriasis.

A Study of Peripheral Blood and Bone Marrow Responses Depends on the Frequency of rhG-CSF Administration in Dogs (개에서 재조합 과립구 자극 인자 (rh G-CSF)의 투여 간격에 따른 말초혈액과 골수의 반응에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Ji-Hyun;Jee, Cho-Hee;Won, Jin-Hee;Jung, Hae-Won;Moon, Jong-Hyun;Cho, Kyu-Woan;Kang, Byeong-Teck;Jung, Dong-In
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
    • /
    • v.31 no.2
    • /
    • pp.77-84
    • /
    • 2014
  • The present study evaluated that responses of peripheral and bone marrow depends on the frequency of recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (rhG-CSF) administration in dogs. The rhG-CSF has been revealed that have a beneficial effect for dogs with myelosuppression secondary to chemotherapy or radiation but there were no studies about the frequency of administration in dogs. In this research, rhG-CSF was administrated $5{\mu}g/kg$ subcutaneously for each two-dogs group as follows: (1) every day for trial, (2) every other day for trial, (3) every third day for trial. The peripheral blood analysis including direct microscopic differential counts of one hundred cells was performed every day. Bone marrow aspiration was performed before administration of rh G-CSF, on the day of 0, 3, 9 and when the WBC counts were decreased within the normal range (day 12 or 13). Rh G-CSF was well-tolerated and showed no side effects in all dogs. According to the present study, $5{\mu}g/kg$ administration of rhG-CSF have cell-specific, frequency-related effect on bone marrow and peripheral blood. Furthermore, the effects of rhG-CSF administration on bone marrow sustained during the study and prolonged at least 3 days after discontinuing of rhG-CSF treatment.

Effect of Operating Parameters on Electrochemical Degradation of Rhodamine B by Three-dimensional Electrode (3차원 전극을 사용한 Rhodamine B의 전기분해에 미치는 운전인자의 영향)

  • Kim, Dong-Seog;Park, Young-Seek
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
    • /
    • v.35 no.4
    • /
    • pp.295-303
    • /
    • 2009
  • A simulated wastewater containing the dye Rhodamine B (RhB) was electrolytically treated using a three-dimensional electrode reactor equipped with granular activated carbon (GAC) as particle electrode. The effect of type of packing material (GAC, ACF, Nonwoven fabric fiber coated with activated carbon), amounts of GAC packing (25-100 g), current (0.5-3 A) and electrolyte concentration (0.5-3 g/l) was evaluated. Experimental results showed that performance for RhB decolorization of the 3 three-dimensional electrodes lie in: GAC > Nonwoven fabric fiber > ACF. When considered RhB decolorization, oxidants concentration and electric power, optimum GAC dosage was 50 g. Generated concentration of 3 oxidants ($ClO_2$, free Cl, $H_2O_2$) was increased with increase of applied current, however optimum current for RhB degradation was 2.5 A. The oxidants concentration was increased with increase of NaCl concentration and optimum NaCl dosage for RhB degradation was 1.5 g/l.

Induced Ovulation in Catfish (Silurus asotus) by GnRH-Analogue (생식소자극호르몬방출호르몬 유사물질에 의한 메기(Silurus asotus)의 배란유도)

  • Kwon Hyuk-Chu;Choi Nack-Joong;Park Hong-Yang
    • Journal of Aquaculture
    • /
    • v.9 no.3
    • /
    • pp.205-213
    • /
    • 1996
  • Experiments were carried out to investigate the effect of GnRH-analogue (GnRH-a) on the induction of ovulation in catfish, S. asotus. Fully matured female catfish ($250\~600\;g$) received a single intraperitoneal injection of GnRH-a ($50\~200\;{\mu}g/kg{\cdot}body$ weight) showed the successful induction of ovulation. More than $86\%$ of treated females were ovulated after injection of GnRH-a ($90\;{\mu}g/kg$) at $25{\pm}1^{\circ}C$. The majority of spawning took place within 22 to 25 hours after the injection. The gonadosomatic index (GSI) and pseudo-GSI in the group treated with $120\;{\mu}g/kg$ GnRH-a were $23-30\%$ and $18-21\%$, respectively. Average fertilization and hatching rates were $94\%\;and\;81\%$, respectively. Electron microscopically, gonadotrophs of maturing female catfish were characterized by the presence of numerous small, electron-dense granules of approximately $150\~300$ nm in diameter and a few larger, less electron-dense granules of approximately $800\~1000$ nm in size in their cytoplasm. Gonadotrophs of GnRH-a treated catfish showed that their was a distinct decrease in number of small and large granules. The rough endoplasmic reticulum was composed of numerous cisternae conspicuosly dilated to various degrees.

  • PDF

Effects of Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone on Reproductive Performance of Early Postpartum Dairy Cows and Cystic Cows (Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone의 투여(投與)가 산욕기(産褥期)의 유우(乳牛)와 난소낭종유우(卵巢囊腫乳牛)의 번식효율(繁殖效率)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Hwang, Woo Suk
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
    • /
    • v.21 no.1
    • /
    • pp.59-64
    • /
    • 1981
  • Holstein-Friesian cows(n=284) were given $100{\mu}g$ of gonadotropin-releasing hormone(GnRH) or saline solution by intramuscular injection at 10 to 22 days after parturition, and were investigated their reproductive performance and frequency of ovarian cysts. Among them 28 cystic cows were injected with $150{\mu}g$ of GnRH intramuscularly and examined the recovery rate. The results obtained in this study were summarized as follows: 1. The interval from calving to 1st ovulation was reduced from 28.2 days in controls to 16.5 days for cows given GnRH (p<0.01). 2. The intervals from calving to 1st estrus and from calving to conception were extended significantly in control group (p<0.05). 3. Inseminations per conception and conception rate at 1st insemination did not reveal difference between two groups. 4. Frequency of ovarian cysts was reduced from 14.0% in control to 4.20% for cows given GnRH (p<0.05). 5. Of the 28 cystic cows receiving $150{\mu}g$ of GnRH, 23(82.1%) responded to 1st treatment and returned to estrus $24.2{\pm}4.3$ days after treatment. 6. These data provide evidence for reduction in infertility and reproductive disorders in early postpartum dairy cows given GnRH as a prophylactic.

  • PDF

Optimization of Extracellular Production of Recombinant Human Bone Morphogenetic Protein-7 (rhBMP-7) with Bacillus subtilis

  • Kim, Chun-Kwang;Rhee, Jong Il
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
    • /
    • v.24 no.2
    • /
    • pp.188-196
    • /
    • 2014
  • Extracellular production of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-7 (rhBMP-7) was carried out through the fermentation of Bacillus subtilis. Three significant fermentation conditions and medium components were selected and optimized to enhance the rhBMP-7 production by using the response surface methodology (RSM). The optimum values of the three variables for the maximum extracellular production of rhBMP-7 were found to be 2.93 g/l starch, 5.18 g/l lactose, and a fermentation time of 34.57 h. The statistical optimization model was validated with a few fermentations of B. subtilis in shake flasks under optimized and unoptimized conditions. A 3-L jar fermenter using the shake-flask optimized conditions resulted in a higher production (413 pg/ml of culture medium) of rhBMP-7 than in a shake flask (289.1 pg/ml), which could be attributed to the pH being controlled at 6.0 and constant agitation of 400 rpm with aeration of 1 vvm.

3차원 전극을 이용한 염료의 색 제거

  • Park, Yeong-Sik;Kim, Dong-Seok
    • Proceedings of the Korean Environmental Sciences Society Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.213-216
    • /
    • 2008
  • 2차원 전극의 RhB 분해 성능은 Pt(+)-Pt(-) > Pt(+)-Sus(-) > Sus(+)-Sus(-) 전극의 순으로 나타났다. 3차원 전극은 Pt-ACF-Pt 전극만 2차원 전극보다 초기 반응속도가 낮고 최종 RhB농도가 높은 것으로 나타났으나 다른 전극은 충전물 종류에 관계 없이 2차원 전극보다 초기 반응속도가 높은 것으로 나타났다. 음극의 종류에 관계없이 3차원 전극의 충전물에 따른 RhB 분해는 GAC > Nonwoven fabric fiber > ACF로 나타났다. GAC 충전량이 50 g 이상에서 RhB 분해속도는 거의 유사한 것으로 나타났으나 전력을 고려한 단위 W당 시간당 RhB 농도 감소를 나타내었다. 그림에서 보듯이 최적 GAC 충전량은 50 g로 사료되었다. 최적 전류는 2.5 A로 사료되었다.

  • PDF

Hypophyseal and Gonadal Response to GnRH in Buffalo Heifers (Bubalus bubalis)

  • Singh, C.;Madan, M.L.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.11 no.4
    • /
    • pp.416-421
    • /
    • 1998
  • The objective of this study was to investigate the responsiveness of hypophysis and gonads to synthetic GnRH among noncycling Murrah buffalo heifers at 24 months of age. The plasma FSH, LH, estradiol and progesterone levels were measured in blood samples collected at 1 hour before and upto 18th day subsequent to the administration of GnRH ($(200 {\mu}g)$) or saline (2 ml). The pretreatment levels of plasma FSH, LH estradiol and progesterone among GnRH treated heifers (N = 6) were $11.55{\pm}0.57ng/ml$, $0.68{\pm}0.06ng/ml$, $19.84{\pm}0.82pg/ml$ and $0.45{\pm}0.07ng/ml$ respectively. A quick elevation of FSH (p < 0.01) and LH (p < 0.05) within 5 min of GnRH administration was observed in all the heifers. The peak FSH ($74.97{\pm}18.63ng/ml$) and LH ($3.09{\pm}0.54ng/ml$) level was obtained at 30 min of GnRH administration. The elevated level of plasma estradiol on 5th to 18th day, FSH on 7th to 9th day (n = 3) and the progesterone on 13th to 18th day (n = 2) of GnRH injection was obtained. The study indicates that gonads of buffalo heifers at 24 months of age are responsive of GnRH induced gonadotropin release for folliculogenesis and luteal tissue formation

Disinfection of Penicillium-infected Wheat Seed by Gaseous Chlorine Dioxide

  • Jeon, Young-ah;Lee, Ho-sun;Lee, Young-yi;Lee, Sokyoung;Sung, Jung-sook
    • Research in Plant Disease
    • /
    • v.21 no.2
    • /
    • pp.45-49
    • /
    • 2015
  • Seeds of wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cv. Olgeurumil) were infected with Penicillium sp. at mean infection rate of 83%. Penicillium sp. was detected in endosperm with bran but not in embryo. Gaseous chlorine dioxide ($ClO_2$) effectively inhibited growth of Penicillium sp. at concentration of 5 to $20{\mu}g/ml$. As treatment duration was extended from 1 to 3 h, growth of Penicillium sp. was completely suppressed even at $10{\mu}g/ml$. There was no significant reduction in the incidence of Penicillium sp. at 30% relative humidity (RH). However, the incidence of Penicillium sp. was 27.7% at 50% RH, further those were 3.5% and 0.2% at 70% and 80% RH, respectively. Seed germination was not affected by $ClO_2$ treatment at all the RH conditions. Water-soaked seeds (30% seed moisture content) showed a drastic reduction in the incidence of Penicillium sp. when treated at more than $10{\mu}g/ml$ of $ClO_2$. The incidences of Penicillium sp. were 3.3, 1.8 and 1.2% at 10, 15 and $20{\mu}g/ml$, respectively. The incidence of Penicillium sp. in dry seeds with 9.7% seed moisture content did not reduce when treated with 5 and $10{\mu}g/ml$ at 50% RH although it tended to decrease as $ClO_2$ concentration increased to $20{\mu}g/ml$. Seed germination was not affected by $ClO_2$ treatment at the tested concentrations. These results indicated that gaseous $ClO_2$ was effective disinfectant to wheat seeds infected with Penicillium sp. and that the effectiveness of $ClO_2$ strongly increased when moisture content around or inside of the seed was increased.

Effects of Operating Parameters on Electrochemical Degradation of Rhodamine B and Formation of OH Radical Using BDD Electrode (BDD 전극을 이용한 OH 라디칼 생성과 염료 분해에 미치는 운전인자의 영향)

  • Park, Young-Seek;Kim, Dong-Seog
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
    • /
    • v.19 no.9
    • /
    • pp.1143-1152
    • /
    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study is to degradation of Rhodamine B (RhB, dye) and N, N-Dimethyl-4-nitrosoaniline (RNO, indicator of the electro-generation of OH radical) in solution using boron doped diamond (BDD) electrode. The effects of applied current (0.2~1.0 A), electrolyte type (NaCl, KCl, and $Na_2SO_4$) and electrolyte concentration (0.5~3.0 g/L), solution pH (3~11) and air flow rate (0~4 L/min) were evaluated. Experimental results showed that RhB and RNO removal tendencies appeared with the almost similar thing, except of current. Optimum current for RhB degradation was 0.6 A, however, RNO degradations was increased with increase of applied current. The RhB and RNO degradation of Cl type electrolyte were higher than that of the sulfate type. The RhB and RNO degradation were increased with increase of NaCl concentration and optimum NaCl dosage was 2.5 g/L. The RhB and RNO concentrations were not influenced by pH under pH 7. Optimum air flow rate for the oxidants generation and RhB and RNO degradation were 2 L/min. Initial removal rate of electrolysis process was expressed Langmuir - Hinshelwood equation, which is used to express the initial removal rate of UV/$TiO_$2 process.