• 제목, 요약, 키워드: G-Rh2

검색결과 389건 처리시간 0.035초

Effects of Ginsenosides $Rg_3$ and $Rh_2$ OH the Proliferation of Prostate Cancer Cells

  • Kim Hyun-Sook;Lee Eun-Hee;Ko Sung-Ryong;Choi Kang-Ju;Park Jong-Hee;Im Dong-Soon
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.429-435
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    • 2004
  • Ginseng has an anti-cancer effect in several cancer models. This study was to characterize active constituents of ginseng and their effects on proliferation of prostate cancer cell lines, LNCaP and PC3. Cell proliferation was measured by $[^3H]$thymidine incorporation, the intracellular calcium concentration by a dual-wavelength spectrophotometer system, effects on mite-gen-activated protein (MAP) kinases by Western blotting, and cell attachment and morphologic changes were observed under a microscope. Among 11 ginsenosides tested, ginsenosides $Rg_3\;and\;Rh_2$ inhibited the proliferation of prostate cancer cells. $EC_{50}s\;of\;Rg_3\;and\;Rh_2$ on PC3 cells were $8.4{\mu}M\;and\;5.5{\mu}M$, respectively, and $14.1{\mu}M\;and\;4.4{\mu}M$ on LNCaP cells, respectively. Both ginsenosides induced cell detachment and modulated three modules of MAP kinases activities differently in LNCaP and PC3 cells. These results suggest that ginsenosides $Rg_3\;and\;Rh_2$-induced cell detachment and inhibition of the proliferation of prostate cancer cells may be associated with modulation of three modules of MAP kinases.

상대(相對) 습도(濕度)가 토마토의 Ca흡수(吸收)에 미치는 영향(影響) (Effect of Relative Humidity on Calcium Uptake of Tomato Plant)

  • 조일환
    • 한국토양비료학회지
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.178-183
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    • 1997
  • 본 실험는 토마토 촉성재배시(促成栽培時) 시설내(施設內) 고습환경(高濕環境)에서 높은 배꼽썩음과(果) 발생(發生)과 근권부의 Ca흡수와의 관련성을 구명하기 위해 수행(遂行)하였다. 1) 가습처리(加濕處理)의 시설내(施設內) 기온(氣溫)은 제습(除濕) 하우스보다 $3.1^{\circ}C$ 낮았고, 상대습도(相對濕度)는 12시경(時傾)에 약(約) 70%로 제습(除濕) 하우스보다 20% 높았다. 2) 근건물중당(根乾物重當) 도관(導管)을 통한 수분유출속도(水分流出速度)는 배꼽썩음과가 23%발생된 가습처리(加濕處理)가 배꼽썩음과(果)가 발생(發生)되지 않은 제습처리(除濕處理)보다 $0.24g{\cdot}g^{-1}{\cdot}h^{-1}$ 빨랐고, Ca, Mg, K, Mn, Zn의 도관유출속도(導管流出速度)도 빨랐다. 3) 도관(導管)의 유출액(流出液)과 수경액(水耕液)의 무기성분농도(無機成分濃度)는 유출액(流出液)의 Ca, Mg, K가 수경액(水耕液)보다 2~4배높고, Mn, Zn은 양액(養液)이 다소높았다. 이상의 결과(結果)를 종합(綜合)하면 토마토 촉성재배시(促成栽培時) 고습(高濕)에의해 배꼽썩음과(果) 발생(發生)이 많은 것은 근권부(根圈部)의 Ca흡수 저해(沮害)보다는 흡수된 Ca의 식물체내(植物體內) 분배(分配)의 장해(障害)라고 생각된다.

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연포장재 필름의 물성 및 포장방법이 개별포장한 수삼의 저장성에 미치는 영향 (Influence of Physical Property of Soft Film and Packaging Method on the Storage Stability of Individually Packaged Fresh Ginseng)

  • 손현주;김은희;노길봉;정광식;김정한
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.45-52
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    • 2001
  • 50 g내외의 4년근 수삼을 물로 세척한 후 한 뿌리씩 기능성 연포장재 필름 주머니(200$\times$300 m)에 넣고 밀봉하여 $25^{\circ}C$에서 저장하면서 연포장재 필름의 물성과 포장방법이 개별포장 수삼의 저장성에 미치는 영향을 조사하였다. 산소투과도는 2.5~1900 cc/m$^2$.day.atm으로 각기 다르고 투습도는 4.0~5.0 g/m$^2$.day.90%RH으로 서로 비슷한 연포장재필름을 사용하였을 때 수삼의 외관품질은 산소투과도가 낮을수록 양호하였다. 투습도가 1.5-6.3 g/m$^2$.day.90%RH 수준으로 각기 다르고 산소투과도는 3.4~5.4 cc/m$^2$.day.atm범위로 비교적 낮은 연포장재 필름을 사용하였을 때 수삼의 외관품질은 투습도가 3.5g/m$^2$.day.90%RH인 연포장재 시험군에서 가장 양호하였고 투습도가 이보다 높거나 낮은 경우에는 수삼의 외관품질 불량률이 증가하는 경향이었다. 한편수삼을 연포장재 필름 주머니에 넣고 상압포장, 진공포장, 이산화탄소 충전포장, 이산화탄소-질소(30:70) 혼합가스 충전포장, 이산화탄소-산소-질소(25:5:70) 혼합가스 충전포장 등의 방법으로 포장하여 $25^{\circ}C$에서 저장하였을 때 이산화탄소-산소-질소(25:5:70) 혼합가스 충전포장 시험군의 외관품질이 가장 양호하였고 진공포장 시험군은 특히 저장 후반에 외관품질이 급격히 저하되는 경향을 나타내었다. 따라서 수삼을 산소투과도가 낮고 투습도가 3.5g/m$^2$.day.90%RH내외인 연포장재 필름 주머니에 한 뿌리씩 넣고 이산화탄소-산소-질소(25:5:70) 혼합가스로 충전하여 저장하면수삼의 외관품질을 장기간 양호하게 유지시킬 수 있을 것으로 예상된다.

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Effect of GnRH or Estradiol on Emergence of a New Follicular Wave, Follicular Development and Pregnancy Rate in a CIDR-Based Timed Al Protocol in Holstein Cows

  • Kim, Ui-Hyung;Nam, Hyun-Wok;Kang, Hyun-Gu;Kim, Ill-Hwa
    • 한국발생생물학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.125-125
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    • 2003
  • The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of GnRH or estradiol in a CIDR-based timed Al (TAI) protocol on follicular turnover, synchronized ovulation and pregnancy rates in Holstein cows. Cows were treated at random stages of the estrus cycle with an insertion of an intravigal progesterone (1.9 g) device (CIDR, Day 0) and either no other treatment (control group; n=10), injection of 100 ug fertirelin acetate (GnRH group; n=10) or 4 mg estradiol benzoate (estradiol group; n=10). Seven days later devices were removed and an injection of 25 mg $PGF_{2$\alpha$}$ was administered. On Day 9, 100 ug GnRH was administered. Cows received a fixed-time insemination 16 h after injection of the GnRH. (중략)

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로다민 기반 염료감응형 태양전지의 제조 및 특성 분석 (Fabrication and Characterization of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells Based on Rhodamine Dyes)

  • 최강훈;정혜인;안병관
    • 한국전기전자재료학회논문지
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    • v.28 no.11
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    • pp.731-736
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    • 2015
  • Rhodamine B (RhB) was utilized as a dye sensitizer for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) and its photovoltaic property was examined under the illumination of AM 1.5 G, $100mWcm^{-2}$. DSSCs based on RhB exhibited typical photovoltaic properties with an open-circuit voltage ($V_{OC}$) of 0.34 V, a short-circuit current ($J_{SC}$) of $1.55mA{\cdot}cm^{-2}$, a fill factor (FF) of 50%, and a conversion efficiency (PCE) of 0.26%. In order to further improve the photovoltaic properties of RhB-based DSSCs, the effect of (i) incorporating a strong electron-donating NCS unit into the RhB molecular backbone, (ii) combining a bis-negatively charged zinc complex anion ($Zn-dmit_2$, dmit=di-mercapto-dithiol-thione) with the amine cation of RhB, (iii) co-adsorbing RhB dyes with chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA) molecules onto porous $TiO_2$ electrodes, was investigated and discussed.

해양에서 분리한 bacillus sp. RH-5에 의한 사람 Low Density Lipoprotein(LDL) 산화에 대한 항산화 활성 (Antioxidative Activity Against Oxidation of Human Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) by Bacillus sp. RH -5 Isolated from Marine Origin)

  • 류병호;정진웅;김동석;박종옥
    • 한국식품위생안전성학회지
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.6-13
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    • 1998
  • 해양미생물로부터 사람 Low Density Lipoprotein(LDL)에 대한 항산화 활성 균주를 검색 하였든 바 부산 인근연안에서 항산화 활성이 높은 Bacillus sp. RH-5를 분리 동정하였다. Bacillus sp. RH-5의 항산화 활성물질의 생산 최적 배지는 1.0% glucose, 0.25% polypeptone, 0.25% yeast extract, 0.01% $FeSO_4{\cdot}7H_2O$, 50% sea water 이였다. 이때 최적 조건은 pH 7.0, 배양오도는 $30^{\circ}C$ 및 배양시간은 48시간에서 항산화 활성이 가장 높았다. 사람 LDL을 $1~5\;\mu\textrm{M}\;CuSo_4$ 존재하에서 산화 시킨 결과 Bacillus sp. RH-5 배양액의 ethyl acetate 추출물의 500 및 $1,000\;\mu\textrm{g}/ml$에서 산화가 억제되었으며 또 $5\;\mu\textrm{M}\;CuSo_4$ 존재하에서 산화 시킨 LDL의 전기 영동거리는 native LDL 보다 다소 높았으나 LDL에 ethyl acetate 추출물을 첨가한 경우 그 이동거리는 native LDL과 거의 비슷하였다.

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Direct Action of Genistein on the Hypothalamic Neuronal Circuits in Female Rats

  • Lee, Woo-Cheol;Lee, Sung-Ho
    • 한국발생생물학회지:발생과생식
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.35-41
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    • 2010
  • Mammalian reproduction is regulated by a feedback circuit of the key reproductive hormones such as GnRH, gonadotropin and sex steroids on the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis. In particular, the onset of female puberty is triggered by gain of a pulsatile pattern and increment of GnRH secretion from hypothalamus. Previous studies including our own clearly demonstrated that genistein (GS), a phytoestrogenic isoflavone, altered the timing of puberty onset in female rats. However, the brain-specific actions of GS in female rats has not been explored yet. The present study was performed to examine the changes in the activities of GnRH neurons and their neural circuits by GS in female rats. Concerning the drug delivery route, intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection technique was employed to eliminate the unwanted actions on the extrabrain tissues which can be occurred if the testing drug is systemically administered. Adult female rats (PND 100, 210-230 g BW) were anaesthetized, treated with single dose of GS ($3.4{\mu}g$/animal), and sacrificed at 3 hrs post-injection. To determine the transcriptional changes of reproductive hormone-related genes in hypothalamus, total RNAs were extracted and applied to the semi-quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). ICV infusion of GS significantly raised the transcriptional activities of enhanced at puberty1 (EAP-1, p<0.05), glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD67, p<0.01) which are known to modulate GnRH secretion in the hypothalamus. However, GS infusion could not change the mRNA level of nitric oxide synthase 2 (NOS-2). GS administration significantly increased the mRNA levels of KiSS-1 (p<0.001), GPR54 (p<0.001), and GnRH (p<0.01) in the hypothalami, but decreased the mRNA levels of LH-$\beta$ (p<0.01) and FSH-$\beta$ (p<0.05) in the pituitaries. Taken together, the present study indicated that the acute exposure to GS could directly activate the hypothalamic GnRH modulating system, suggesting the GS's disrupting effects such as the early onset of puberty in immature female rats might be derived from premature activation of key reproduction related genes in hypothalamus-pituitary neuroendocrine circuit.

Concentration-dependent in vitro Anti-osteoarthritis Effects of Mixed Formula - Pomegranate Concentrate Powder: Eucommiae Cortex: Achyranthis Radix 5:4:1 (g/g) on the Primary Cultured Rat Articular Chondrocytes

  • Choi, Beom Rak;Ku, Sae Kwang;Kang, Su Jin;Park, Hye Rim;Sung, Mi Sun;Lee, Young Joon;Park, Ki Moon
    • 동의생리병리학회지
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.131-140
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    • 2019
  • The objective of present study is to evaluate concentration-dependent in vitro anti-osteoarthritic (OA) effects of synergic mixed formula consisted of dried pomegranate juice concentrate powder, Eucommiae Cortex aqueous extract and Achyranthis Radix aqueous extract 5:4:1 (g/g) mixture on the primary cultured rat articular chondrocytes. First, any cytotoxic effect of mixture was observed using MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium Bromide) assay. Next, cyto-protective effect of test substances was evaluated by using the recombinant human interleukin $(rhIL)-1{\alpha}$ induced chondrocytes. In addition, anti-inflammatory effects were also observed on the lipopolysaccaride (LPS) treated chondrocytes through prostaglandin $E_2(PGE_2)$ productions and 5-lipoxygenase (LPO) activities, and inhibitory effects on matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and MMP-9 activities were observed on $rhIL-1{\alpha}$ treated chondrocytes with their extracellular matrix (ECM) related mRNA expressions. No obvious cytotoxic effects of mixture were demonstrated. Inflammatory damages of chondrocytes and related ECM degradations induced by treatment of LPS or $rhIL-1{\alpha}$ were significantly and concentration-dependently inhibited by pretreatment of mixture from a concentration level of 0.001 mg/ml to 1 mg/ml. In addition, mixture showed $IC_{50}$ for $rhIL-1{\alpha}-induced$ MMP-2 and MMP-9 activities as 44.01 and $162.47{\mu}g/ml$, and also showed $EC_{50}$ for $rhIL-1{\alpha}-induced$ inhibition of collagen type II, SOX9 and aggrecan mRNA expression as 8.61, 10.79 and $4.47{\mu}g/ml$, respectively. It is observed that mixture showed concentration-dependent anti-inflammatory and cytoprotective ECM preserved effects on the primary cultured rat articular chondrocytes without cytotoxicity.

광전기촉매 공정과 전기/UV 공정을 이용한 염료의 색 제거

  • 박영식;김동석
    • 한국환경과학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.452-457
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    • 2008
  • 분말 TiO$_2$를 코팅한 전극은 전기저항으로 인해 0.5 A 이상의 전류를 인가할 수 없었으며, 1 A를 적용하였을 때 60분의 반응시간 후 최종 RhB 농도를 측정한 결과 Ru/Ti 전극의 RhB 농도 감소 가장 큰 것으로 나타났고, Ru/Ti > Ti > SG-TiO$_2$ > Th-TiO$_2$로 나타났다. 전기분해 공정만 적용한 경우 RhB 농도 감소의 순서는 Ru/Ti = Ti > SG-TiO$_2$ > Th-TiO$_2$ 전극의 순서로 나타났다. UV만 적용한 경우 RhB 제거는 작았으며, Ti와 Ru/Ti 전극은 UV만 적용한 경우와 RhB 제거농도가 비슷하였는데 이는 전극 표면에서 광촉매 반응이 일어나지 않는다는 것을 의미한다. 반면 TiO$_2$를 전극 표면에 형성하거나 코팅한 전극은 UV만 적용한 경우보다 RhB 농도가 낮게 나타났고, TiO$_2$가 형성되거나 코팅된 전극은 P-TiO$_2$ > Th-TiO$_2$ > SG-TiO$_2$의 순서로 나타났으나 차이는 크지 않았다. 광전기촉매 공정에서 시너지 효과가 거의 없는 것은 전극 표면에 코팅되거나 형성된 TiO$_2$의 양이 적고 광촉매 반응에 의한 분해 정도가 낮아 전자-정공의 재결합 감소효과가 적기 때문인 것으로 사료되었다. Th-TiO$_2$와 SG-TiO$_2$ 전극의 경우 전해질로 Na$_2$SO$_4$를 사용한 경우의 RhB 농도가 NaCl을 사용한 경우보다 RhB 낮게 나타났으나, Ti와 Ru/Ti 전극의 경우는 반대 현상이 나타났다. 이와 같은 결과는 광촉매 반응이 높은 Th-TiO$_2$와 SG-TiO$_2$ 전극에서의 Cl$^-$의 광촉매 반응 저해현상이 높게 나타났기 때문이라고 사료되었다. 반면 DSA 전극인 Ti와 Ru/Ti 전극의 경우 광촉매 반응이 거의 나타나지 않기 때문에 주반응인 전기분해 반응에서의 촉진 반응이 지배적이기 때문에 Th-TiO$_2$와 SG-TiO$_2$ 전극과는 정 반대의 현상이 나타났다고 사료되었다. 전기/UV 공정에서는 최적 전류는 0.75 A, NaCl 투입량은 0.5 g/L로 나타났으며, 최적 UV램프 전력은 16 W인 것으로 나타났다.

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유전자 재조합 사람 erythropoietin, GC-rhEPO의 일반약리작용 (General Pharmacology of G(7-rhEPO\ulcorner a New Recombinant Ruman Erythropoietin)

  • 한성규;김선돈;정원휘;이호성;김성남;백대현;허재욱;성연희;류판동
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.184-193
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    • 2000
  • To evaluate GC-rhEPO, human erythropoietin produced by recombinant DNA technique, its general pharmacological properties were investigated in experimental animals administering intravenously and in vitro test system. GC-rhEPO at doses of 70,700 and 7,000 IU/kg body weight had no influence on general behavior, spontaneous motor activity, thiopental-inducted sleeping time, writhing syndrome induced by acetic acid, strychnine-induced convulsions, charchoal meal propulsion in mice, and body temperature, gastric juice secretion, urine and electrolyte excretion in rats. In anesthetized rabbits, GC-rhEPO (70, 700 and 7,000 lU/kg, i.v.) did not alter respiratory rate, blood pressure, heat rate. In in vitro experiments, GC-rhEPO did not affect the contractions of the isolated ileum of guinea pigs and the muscle twitchs of isolated neuromuscular junction of the rats. In addition, GC-rhEPO did not affect the blood coagulation time and ADP-induced platelet aggregation in plasma of rabbits. Taken together, these results indicate that GC-rhEPO does not induce any adverse effects in the experimental animals.

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