• Title, Summary, Keyword: Fusion DEMO Reactor

Search Result 6, Processing Time 0.03 seconds

PRELIMINARY ESTIMATION OF ACTIVATED CORROSION PRODUCTS IN THE COOLANT SYSTEM OF FUSION DEMO REACTOR

  • Noh, Si-Wan;Lee, Jai-Ki;Shin, Chang-Ho;Kwon, Tae-Je;Kim, Jong-Kyung;Lee, Young-Seok
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
    • /
    • v.37 no.2
    • /
    • pp.63-69
    • /
    • 2012
  • The second phase of the national program for fusion energy development in Korea starts from 2012 for design and construction of the fusion DEMO reactor. Radiological assessment for the fusion reactor is one of the key tasks to assure its licensability and the starting point of the assessment is determination of the source terms. As the first effort, the activities of the coolant due to activated corrosion product (ACP) were estimated. Data and experiences from fission reactors were used, in part, in the calculations of the ACP concentrations because of lack of operating experience for fusion reactors. The MCNPX code was used to determine neutron spectra and intensities at the coolant locations and the FISPACT code was used to estimate the ACP activities in the coolant of the fusion DEMO reactor. The calculated specific activities of the most nuclides in the fusion DEMO reactor coolant were 2-15 times lower than those in the PWR coolant, but the specific activities of $^{57}Co$ and $^{57}Ni$ were expected to be much higher than in the PWR coolant. The preliminary results of this study can be used to figure out the approximate radiological conditions and to establish a tentative set of radiological design criteria for the systems carrying coolant in the design phase of the fusion DEMO reactor.

TOKAMAK REACTOR SYSTEM ANALYSIS CODE FOR THE CONCEPTUAL DEVELOPMENT OF DEMO REACTOR

  • Hong, Bong-Guen;Lee, Dong-Won;In, Sang-Ryul
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
    • /
    • v.40 no.1
    • /
    • pp.87-92
    • /
    • 2008
  • Tokamak reactor system analysis code was developed at KAERI (Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute) and is used here for the conceptual development of a DEMO reactor. In the system analysis code, prospects of the development of plasma physics and the relevant technology are included in a simple mathematical model, i.e., the overall plant power balance equation and the plasma power balance equation. This system analysis code provides satisfactory results for developing the concept of a DEMO reactor and for identifying the necessary R&D areas, both in the physics and technology areas for the realization of the concept. With this system analysis code, the performance of a DEMO reactor with a limited extension of the plasma physics and technology adopted in the ITER design. The main requirements for the DEMO reactor were selected as: 1) demonstrate tritium self-sufficiency, 2) generate net electricity, and 3) achieve a steady-state operation. It was shown that to access an operational region for higher performance, the main restrictions are presented by the divertor heat load and the steady-state operation requirements.

Core Technologies Derivation of Fusion DEMO Reactor Applying TRL and AHP (TRL과 AHP를 적용한 핵융합 실증로 핵심기술 도출)

  • CHANG, Hansoo;KIM, Youbean;CHOI, Wonjae;THO, Hyunsoo
    • Journal of Technology Innovation
    • /
    • v.22 no.4
    • /
    • pp.145-164
    • /
    • 2014
  • Nuclear fusion is one of the most promising options for generating large amounts of carbon-free energy in the future. Major countries such as China, EU, and Japan have established a national plan for DEMO construction and they are implementing it. Korea has started a nuclear fusion research and development by the KSTAR project started in 1995. There are matured needs for a full-scale research and development initiatives to ensure competition with the major countries for DEMO as well as achieve the final goal to commercialize fusion energy. In this paper, we apply the TRL and AHP methods in order to identify the key technologies to conduct DEMO R&D. We propose the priorities of future R&D on DEMO by deriving a core technology in the field. At first, we review the scientific theory of fusion and trend of progress of DEMO activities in major countries. For previous studies, we review TRL and AHP methods to examine the technology classification system of DEMO and identify key technologies. We apply TRL method to identify readiness level of DEMO technologies and AHP to compensate shortcoming of TRL. The key technologies of DEMO to be secured from a synthesis result of the TRL and AHP are burning plasma, plasma facing material, structural material, high frequency heating, neutral particle beam, safety, plasma diagnostic, and simulation technologies.

Design and simulation of a blanket module with high efficiency cooling system of tokamak focused on DEMO reactor

  • Sadeghi, H.;Amrollahi, R.;Zare, M.;Fazelpour, S.
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
    • /
    • v.52 no.2
    • /
    • pp.323-327
    • /
    • 2020
  • In this study, the neutronic calculation to obtain tritium breeding ratio (TBR) in a deuterium-tritium (D-T) fusion power reactor using Monte Carlo MCNPX is done. In addition, by using COMSOL software, an efficient cooling system is designed. In the proposed design, it is adequate to enrich up to 40% 6Li. Total tritium breeding ratio of 1.12 is achieved. The temperature of helium as coolant gas never exceed 687℃. As regards the tolerable temperature of beryllium (650℃), the design of blanket module is done in the way that beryllium temperature never exceed 600℃. The main feature of this design indicates the temperature of helium coolant is higher than other proposed models for blanket module, therefore power of electricity generation will increase.

CURRENT STATUS OF NUCLEAR FUSION ENERGY RESEARCH IN KOREA

  • Kwon, My-Eun;Bae, Young-Soon;Cho, Seung-Yon;Choe, Won-Ho;Hong, Bong-Geun;Hwang, Yong-Seok;Kim, Jin-Yong;Kim, Kee-Man;Kim, Yaung-Soo;Kwak, Jong-Gu;Lee, Hyeon-Gon;Lee, San-Gil;Na, Yong-Su;Oh, Byung-Hoon;Oh, Yeong-Kook;Park, Ji-Yeon;Yang, Hyung-Lyeol;Yu, In-Keun
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
    • /
    • v.41 no.4
    • /
    • pp.455-476
    • /
    • 2009
  • The history of nuclear fusion research in Korea is rather short compared to that of advanced countries. However, since the mid-1990s, at which time the construction of KSTAR was about to commence, fusion research in Korea has been actively carried out in a wide range of areas, from basic plasma physics to fusion reactor design. The flourishing of fusion research partly owes to the fact that industrial technologies in Korea including those related to the nuclear field have been fully matured, with their quality being highly ranked in the world. Successive pivotal programs such as KSTAR and ITER have provided diverse opportunities to address new scientific and technological problems in fusion as well as to draw young researchers into related fields. The frame of the Korean nuclear fusion program is now changing from a small laboratory scale to a large national agenda. Coordinated strategies from different views and a holistic approach are necessary in order to achieve optimal efficiency and effectiveness. Upon this background, the present paper reflects upon the road taken to arrive at this point and looks ahead at the coming future in nuclear fusion research activities in Korea.

Process Suggestion and HAZOP Analysis for CQ4 and Q2O in Nuclear Fusion Exhaust Gas (핵융합 배가스 중 CQ4와 Q2O 처리공정 제안 및 HAZOP 분석)

  • Jung, Woo-Chan;Jung, Pil-Kap;Kim, Joung-Won;Moon, Hung-Man;Chang, Min-Ho;Yun, Sei-Hun;Woo, In-Sung
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
    • /
    • v.56 no.2
    • /
    • pp.169-175
    • /
    • 2018
  • This study deals with a process for the recovery of hydrogen isotopes from methane ($CQ_4$) and water ($Q_2O$) containing tritium in the nuclear fusion exhaust gas (Q is Hydrogen, Deuterium, Tritium). Steam Methane Reforming and Water Gas Shift reactions are used to convert $CQ_4$ and $Q_2O$ to $Q_2$ and the produced $Q_2$ is recovered by the subsequent Pd membrane. In this study, one circulation loop consisting of catalytic reactor, Pd membrane, and circulation pump was applied to recover H components from $CH_4$ and $H_2O$, one of $CQ_4$ and $Q_2O$. The conversion of $CH_4$ and $H_2O$ was measured by varying the catalytic reaction temperature and the circulating flow rate. $CH_4$ conversion was 99% or more at the catalytic reaction temperature of $650^{\circ}C$ and the circulating flow rate of 2.0 L/min. $H_2O$ conversion was 96% or more at the catalytic reaction temperature of $375^{\circ}C$ and the circulating flow rate of 1.8 L/min. In addition, the amount of $CQ_4$ generated by Korean Demonstration Fusion Power Plant (K-DEMO) in the future was predicted. Then, the treatment process for the $CQ_4$ was proposed and HAZOP (hazard and operability) analysis was conducted to identify the risk factors and operation problems of the process.