• Title/Summary/Keyword: Fur quality

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A Structured Approach for Integrating Technology and Business Strategies

  • Park, Yong-Hyun
    • International Journal of Quality Innovation
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.29-37
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    • 2002
  • This paper presents a framework for processing a structured approach of R&D investment. It presents nine steps to operate R&D investment from analysis of environment situation to review and feedback its activity. Also fundamental questions fur effective R&D management in business are discussed and after that critical eight success factors for R&D investment are discussed.

Acoustic Characteristics of Watermelon for Internal Quality Evaluation (내부품질 판정을 위한 수박의 음파특성)

  • 최동수;최규홍;이강진;이영희;김만수
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.59-66
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    • 2002
  • The objectives of the study were to analyze the acoustic characteristics related to the internal quality factors of watermelon(Citrulus Vulgaris Schrad). Among the various internal quality factors, only four factors such as ripeness, inside cavity, yellow belt and blood flesh were considered in this study. Relationships between the internal quality factors, the day after fruit set and the day after harvest were also investigated. Test apparatus was the same as the apparatus described in the previous study(Choi et at., 2000). The selected sample was divided into four groups; 69 samples used for ripeness tests 56 samples for ripeness test along the day after fruit set and for yellow belt detection, 60 samples for ripeness along the day after harvest 44 samples fur blood flesh detection. It was shown that the first peak frequencies shifted to the lower range and the energy ratios of the bandwidths between 0∼550 Hz to the bandwidths between 850∼2500 Hz increased as the day after fruit set elapsed. Since the acoustic responses of the watermelon such as frequency and magnitude began to change from 10 days after harvest, the storage period of watermelon in a normal temperature condition seemed to be approximately 10 days after harvest. The ratios of the first peak amplitude to the maximum peak amplitude fur the sound watermelon showed the higher value than that fur watermelon with cavity inside, and the separation between the sound and cavity inside could be accomplished by the ratio value of 0.25. The energy ratios (0∼550 Hz/850∼2,500 Hz) for the watermelon with cavity inside showed the higher value than 2.3. The frequency characteristics of the yellow belt watermelon appeared mostly in the range of 600∼900 Hz frequencies. The yellow belt watermelon showing the energy spectral density function at this frequency range to be over 70 seemed to be not a marketable commodity, The energy ratios(0∼550 Hz/850∼2,500 Hz) for the blood flesh watermelon showed the higher value than 3.5.

INTEGRATED WATER RESOURCES AND QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM USING GIS/RS TECHNOLOGIES

  • Shim, Kyu-Cheoul;Shim, Soon-Bo;Lee, Yo-Sang
    • Water Engineering Research
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.85-92
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    • 2002
  • There has been continuous efforts to manage water resources for the required water quality criterion at river channel in Korea. However, we could obtain the partial improvement only for the point sources such as, waste waters from urban and factory site through the water quality management. Therefore, it is strongly needed that the best management practice throughout the river basin fur water quality management including non-point sources pollutant loads. This problem should be resolved by recognizing the non-point sources pollutant loads from the upstream river basin to the outlet of the basin depends on the landuse and soil type characteristics of the river basin using the computer simulation by a distributed model based on the detailed investigation and application of Geographic Information System (GIS). The purpose of this study is consisted of the three major distributions, which are the investigation of spread non-point sources pollutants throughout the river basin, development of the base maps to represent and interpret the input and outputs of the distributed simulation model, and prediction of non-point sources pollutant loads at the outlet of a up-stream river basin using Agricultural Non-Point Sources Model (AGNPS). For the validation purpose, the Seom-Jin River basin was selected with two flood events in 1998. The results of this application showed that the use of combined a distributed model and an application of GIS was very effective fur the best water resources and quality management practice throughout the river basin

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Development of a Cabbage Loader

  • Chang, Y.C.;Cho, S.I.;Park, J.G.;Yeo, W.Y.
    • Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.73-78
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    • 2002
  • Cabbage is one of the most important vegetable in Korea. The cabbage production was mainly based on human labor A comprehensive research fur substituting the human labor by machines has been performed until now. In general, cabbage is cultivated on hillside in Korea. Picking up the harvested cabbages in field and carrying to a vehicle fur transportation are very laborious work. Manual transportation of cabbage is likely to damage the quality and is also a cause to increase the cost of cabbage production. This study was to develop and evaluate a prototype cabbage loader fur efficient and safe transportation of cabbage. The developed loader was a semi-tracked vehicle operated by a hydraulic system, allowing the safe transportation and loading of cabbage in a steep field. The maximum loading weight of the loader was 1.0 ton. By using two sets of safety devices attached to the loader to avoid the roll-over in a steep field, the static rollover slopes were increased up to 34.0% and 37.4% fur the left and the rear direction, respectively The maximum field speed was about 6km/hr with two cabbage pallets of 750kg at a 25% inclined field. The loading capacity of the loader was about 35 pallets/hr when picking up, carrying, and unloading two cabbage pallets for one loading operation. The loading capacity was more than 8 times in comparison with the conventional human labor. The developed loader could be used fur loading and carrying the other vegetables. The study suggested a possible approach for designing the field machines operated on hillside.

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Study on the Relationships among Water Quality Parameters in Agricultural Reservoirs (농업용 저수지의 수질항목간의 상관관계 조사)

  • 전지홍;함종화;윤춘경;황순진;김호일
    • Magazine of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.136-145
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    • 2002
  • Monitoring data from agricultural reservoirs throughout the country were analyzed to evaluate the limiting factor fur algal growth and relationships between Chl-a, total phosphorus (TP), and total nitrogen (TN). Total 394 reservoirs ranging from below 500 ㎥ to over 50 million ㎥ in storage volume were monitored from 1990 to 2000 with respect to TP, W, Chl-a, and their annual mean values were used fur the analysis. Based on N/P ratio, the dominant limiting factor for algal growth was turned out to be phosphorus in agricultural reservoirs (about 83%). Therefore, the proper managements of phosphorus in the agricultural watershed appear to be crucial to prevent excessive on algal growth. The effects of phosphorus and nitrogen ware most eminent during the summer period. And the effect of nutrients on the algal biomass (Chl-a) development appeared to be greater in smaller the reservoirs than in larger ones. Generally, Chl-a and TP demonstrated a close relationship while that of Chl-a and TN showed less correlationship. Chl-a and chemical oxygen demand (COD) also showed a good relationship. Beth ratios of Chl-a / TP and Chl-a / COD relationships were within the range of literature values. Quantitative analysis of TP and COD is relatively convenient compared to that of Chl-a, and the relationship between TP and COD and Chl-a from this study could be used beneficially for water quality management of agricultural reservoirs and related water quality modeling.

A Study on Deflection of Tool in Ball-End Milling (볼 엔드밀 가공시 공구변형에 관한 연구)

  • Du, Seung;Seo, Han-Won;Yoo, Ki-Hyun;Seo, Nam-Sub
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.721-724
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    • 2000
  • This paper presents a prediction of tool deflection and resulting machining error fur sculptured surface productions in the ball-end milling process. Due to the different materials and the dimensions of the tool holder and cutter, a cantilever hem model with three uniform sections is proposed fur the tool deflection model. The ability of this model has been verified by a machining experiment. In this study, cutting force and machining error are investigated. This paper provides the prediction of machining error for sculptured surface to improve machining quality for industrial application.

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Ultrasonic Inspection of Internal Defects of Potatoes (초음파를 이용한 감자의 내부결함검사)

  • Kim, In-Hoon;Jung, Kyu-Hong;Jang, Kyung-Young;Seo, Ryun;Kim, Man-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.82-88
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    • 2003
  • The nondestructive internal quality evaluation of agricultural products has been strongly required from the needs for individual inspection. Recently, the ultrasonic wave has been considered as a solution fur this problem, and an ultrasonic system was constructed for the ultrasonic NDE of fruits and vegetables in our previous work. In this paper, the practical applicability of our ultrasonic system is tested fur the inspection of internal defects (central cavity) in Atlantic potato. Sound speed and RMS of transmitted ultrasonic wave signal were measured and classification algorithm using 2 dimensional stochastic analysis. was presented. Experimental results showed greater value of sound speed and RMS (root mean square) of transmitted signal in normal samples than in abnormal samples with cavity. Also a stochastic method to distinguish normal and abnormal showed fault detection rate less than 5%.

Laser Processing Characteristic of Polystyrene Foam Pattern (폴리스티렌 폼 패턴의 레이저 가공 특성)

  • Kim, Jae-Do;Kang, Kyoung-Ho
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.772-778
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    • 2003
  • Polystyrene foam is easily melted and vapoured by heat, has a proper quality in the pattern manufacturing and has a low price. The objective of this study is to develop a rapid prototyping method fur polystyrene foam pattern manufacuring to use the eliminative pattern casting (EPC). Applying fur the rapid prototyping concept reversely, the unnecessary part of section is vapored away by heat source of laser beam. In order to examine the applicability between laser beam process and polystyrene foam material, the basic experiments such as hole, line, plane and contour process are carried out. With these results, various three-dimensional shape patterns are made and this rapid prototyping tool for polystyrene foam manufacturing.

Development of Real-Time Vision-Based Fabric Inspection System (비전 시스템을 이용한 실시간 섬유결점 검사기 개발)

  • 조지승;정병묵;박무진
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.20 no.9
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    • pp.92-99
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    • 2003
  • Quality inspection of textile products is an important problem for fabric manufacturers. This paper presents an automatic vision-based system for quality control of web textile fabrics. Typical web material is 1-3m wide and is driven with speeds ranging from 20m/min to 200m/min. At the present, the quality assessment procedures are performed manually by expert. But worker can not detect more than 60% of the present defect and inspect the fabric if moving faster than 30m/min. To increase the overall quality and homogeneity of textile, an automated visual inspection system is needed fur the productivity. However, the existing inspection system are too expensive to purchase for small companies. In this paper, the proposed PC based real-time inspection algorithm gives low cost textile inspection system, high detection rate with good accuracy and low rate of false alarms. The method shows good results in the detection of several types of fabric defects.

Quality Measures for Image Comparison Based on Correlation of Fuzzy Sets

  • Vlachos, Ioannis K.;Sergiadis, George D.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Intelligent Systems Conference
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    • pp.563-566
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    • 2003
  • Quality measures play an important role in the field of image processing. Such measures are commonly used to assess the performance of different algorithms that are designed to perform a specific image processing task. In this paper we propose two novel measures for image quality assessment based on the notion of correlation between fuzzy sets. Two different definitions fur the correlation between fuzzy sets have been used. In order to calculate the proposed quality measures two approaches were evaluated, one with direct application of the measures to the image′s pixels and the other using the fuzzy set corresponding to the normalized histogram of the image. A comparative study of the proposed measures is performed by investigating their behavior using images with different types of distortions, such as impulsive "salt at pepper" noise, additive white Gaussian noise, multiplicative speckle noise, blurring, gamma distortion, and JPEG compression.

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